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Full-Text Articles in Law

Attitudes Toward Corporate Responsibility: A Psycholegal Perspective, Valerie P. Hans Jan 1990

Attitudes Toward Corporate Responsibility: A Psycholegal Perspective, Valerie P. Hans

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

One of the most striking phenomena in the contemporary legal world is the shift toward holding businesses and corporations responsible for harm. Legal theorists and historians maintain that today business corporations are expected to provide compensation for injuries that in earlier times would have been attributed to individuals or to fate. Furthermore, criminal charges against businesses and business executives are becoming commonplace.

Despite a good deal of legal scholarship on the shift toward holding businesses culpable for harms, psychologists have conducted little systematic research on public views of corporate responsibility. How do people conceptualize the civil liability or criminal responsibility ...


The Jury's Response To Business And Corporate Wrongdoing, Valerie P. Hans Oct 1989

The Jury's Response To Business And Corporate Wrongdoing, Valerie P. Hans

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

Some of the most vociferous criticisms of the jury relate to its performance in cases involving business and corporate wrongdoing. The jury's competence in such cases is assaulted on a variety of fronts. Critics question the jury's factfinding ability in cases with business and corporate parties, and doubt whether lay jurors can understand the often complex and esoteric evidence of business wrongdoing. Others claim that bias and prejudice, rather than evidence, determine jury decisions about businesses and corporations. The presumed biases cut both ways. The generally positive regard in which the public holds business is credited with creating ...


Responses To Corporate Versus Individual Wrongdoing, Valerie P. Hans, M. David Ermann Jun 1989

Responses To Corporate Versus Individual Wrongdoing, Valerie P. Hans, M. David Ermann

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

For many years, researchers assumed that the public was indifferent to corporate wrongdoing, but recent surveys have discovered evidence to the contrary. Taking insights from these data a step further, this study employed an experimental design to examine whether people responded differently to corporate versus individual wrongdoers. We varied the identity of the central actor in a scenario involving harm to workers. Half the respondents were informed that a corporation caused the harm; the remainder were told that an individual did so. Respondents applied a higher standard of responsibility to the corporate actor. For identical actions, the corporation was judged ...


Creditors' Rights Against Participants In A Leveraged Buyout, Emily Sherwin Feb 1988

Creditors' Rights Against Participants In A Leveraged Buyout, Emily Sherwin

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Corporate Behavior And The Social Efficiency Of Tort Law, John A. Siliciano Aug 1987

Corporate Behavior And The Social Efficiency Of Tort Law, John A. Siliciano

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Collective Bargaining And The Coase Theorem, Stewart J. Schwab Jan 1987

Collective Bargaining And The Coase Theorem, Stewart J. Schwab

Cornell Law Faculty Publications


The Undersecured Creditor In Reorganizations And The Nature Of Security, Theodore Eisenberg May 1985

The Undersecured Creditor In Reorganizations And The Nature Of Security, Theodore Eisenberg

Cornell Law Faculty Publications


Product Liability And The Passage Of Time: The Imprisonment Of Corporate Rationality, James A. Henderson Jr. Oct 1983

Product Liability And The Passage Of Time: The Imprisonment Of Corporate Rationality, James A. Henderson Jr.

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

In theory, the product liability system should induce manufacturers to invest in product safety at the socially optimal level, i.e., the level at which the marginal cost of the investment equals the marginal cost of product-related accidents thereby avoided. In reality, however, this inducement may be weakened by countervailing incentives, causing manufacturers in marginal cases to forgo investment that would appear to be cost-effective. Professor Henderson argues that in these cases corporate rationality has been "imprisoned" by two "real-world" phenomena. First, a manufacturer may postpone product improvements lest they be viewed by potential claimants and juries as a confession ...


Bankruptcy Law In Perspective: A Rejoinder, Theodore Eisenberg Feb 1983

Bankruptcy Law In Perspective: A Rejoinder, Theodore Eisenberg

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

Professor Harris challenges my argument that bankruptcy reform takes place in an environment too isolated from the rest of the legal world. He also challenges each of the three illustrations I offered to support my thesis. Discussion of his views on the environment in which reform occurs is best deferred until after discussion of his analysis of my three illustrations.


A Critique Of The Business-Purpose Doctrine, Robert S. Summers Dec 1961

A Critique Of The Business-Purpose Doctrine, Robert S. Summers

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

The aims of this article are: (1) to define the nature and significance of the business-purpose doctrine as applied in the field of Federal income taxation; (2) to summarize several considerations that support abandonment of the doctrine; and (3) to consider whether a substitute doctrine is needed. Several recent cases indicate that the influence of the business-purpose doctrine is declining, and in the recent case of Knetsch v. United States the Supreme Court appears to have substituted an alternative doctrine. The dual thesis of the present article is that the business-purpose doctrine ought to be abandoned and that there is ...


The Rights And Liabilities Of A Stockholder In A New York Stock Corporation, Frederick Bush Skinner Jan 1896

The Rights And Liabilities Of A Stockholder In A New York Stock Corporation, Frederick Bush Skinner

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.


Corporations Private And Public An Attempt To Define Their Duties And Their Liabilities, Felix Reifschneider Jr. Jan 1895

Corporations Private And Public An Attempt To Define Their Duties And Their Liabilities, Felix Reifschneider Jr.

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

Presented for the Degree of Bachelor of Laws.


Liability Of Municipal Corporations For Negligence, Benjamin Levy Jan 1895

Liability Of Municipal Corporations For Negligence, Benjamin Levy

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.


Preferential Assignments Of Insolvent Corporations, Allen T. Stewart Jan 1895

Preferential Assignments Of Insolvent Corporations, Allen T. Stewart

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.


Liability Of Corporations For Torts, Lyman Hicok Gallagher Jan 1895

Liability Of Corporations For Torts, Lyman Hicok Gallagher

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.


Corporate Liability Ex-Delicto, Andrews James Mcintyre Jan 1895

Corporate Liability Ex-Delicto, Andrews James Mcintyre

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.


The Contract Of Subscription To Corporate Stock, John Fred Woodell Jan 1895

The Contract Of Subscription To Corporate Stock, John Fred Woodell

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.


Power Of Legislature To Repeal Or Alter A Corporate Franchise, Donald Stewart Moore Jun 1894

Power Of Legislature To Repeal Or Alter A Corporate Franchise, Donald Stewart Moore

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

Thesis for Degree of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.)


The Decision In Maine Vs Grand Trunk Ry (142 U.S. ,217.), Frederick Cohoon Gladden Jan 1894

The Decision In Maine Vs Grand Trunk Ry (142 U.S. ,217.), Frederick Cohoon Gladden

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.


The Formation And Organization Of A Corporation, John G. Snyder Jan 1894

The Formation And Organization Of A Corporation, John G. Snyder

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.


Receiverships Of Corporations, Robert Lathrop Jan 1894

Receiverships Of Corporations, Robert Lathrop

Historical Theses and Dissertations Collection

No abstract provided.