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Administrative Law

2000

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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Fcc’S Financial Qualification Requirements: Economic Evaluation Of A Barrier To Entry For Minority Broadcasters, Yale M. Braunstein Dec 2000

The Fcc’S Financial Qualification Requirements: Economic Evaluation Of A Barrier To Entry For Minority Broadcasters, Yale M. Braunstein

Federal Communications Law Journal

When analyzing issues surrounding minority ownership of media, scholars have often noted that policy discussions in the area suffer from the linked problems of inadequate data and a lack of tools with which to analyze the data that do exist and might be collected. In Issue Three of Volume 51, several authors made this particular observation. To address this problem, This Article shows how one may use economic analysis and a financial model of a "typical" radio broadcaster to quantify the effects of specific policies. Specifically, the Article focuses on barriers to entry imposed by the FCC’s financial qualification ...


The Rights Of Common Carriers And The Decision Whether To Be A Common Carrier Or A Non-Regulated Communications Provider, James H. Lister Dec 2000

The Rights Of Common Carriers And The Decision Whether To Be A Common Carrier Or A Non-Regulated Communications Provider, James H. Lister

Federal Communications Law Journal

The decision whether to be a regulated common carrier or a non-regulated communications provider carries with it numerous benefits and burdens that must be weighed. Although one may automatically assume that non-regulation is preferable, that may not always be the case. This Article directly addresses the decision of whether to be a lightly-regulated non-dominant common carrier or a non-regulated private carrier. The Article argues that certain statutory and regulatory rights enjoyed by common carriers are more important than the minimal regulatory burdens associated with non-dominant common carrier regulation.


The Fcc’S Implementation Of The 1996 Act: Agency Litigation Strategies And Delay, Rebecca Beynon Dec 2000

The Fcc’S Implementation Of The 1996 Act: Agency Litigation Strategies And Delay, Rebecca Beynon

Federal Communications Law Journal

Since it began promulgating rules to implement the local competition provisions of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, the FCC has been under attack in the courts. The road has been a rough one, and the Commission has lost on a good many issues. The Commission has regularly accused its opponents in these legal battles-chiefly the incumbent local exchange carriers-of using litigation to impede the implementation of the 1996 Act’s local competition provisions. As discussed in this Article, if litigation has in fact slowed the introduction of competition in the local exchange markets, the Commission itself must share some of ...


Too Much Power, Too Little Restraint: How The Fcc Expands Its Reach Through Unenforceable And Unwieldy “Voluntary” Agreements, Bryan N. Tramont Dec 2000

Too Much Power, Too Little Restraint: How The Fcc Expands Its Reach Through Unenforceable And Unwieldy “Voluntary” Agreements, Bryan N. Tramont

Federal Communications Law Journal

The character of a regulatory agency is most severely tested at the zenith of its power. When the Federal Communications Commission ("FCC" or "Commission") breaks free of the limitations imposed by the law, the Commission’s leadership sets its own course. It is at these times, when legal oversight is at a minimum, that it becomes most important for the agency to "pay more attention to justice." Unfortunately, as outlined in this Article, the FCC has often failed this test of institutional character. In at least three contexts, the Commission has proven to be something less than a benevolent master ...


The Approaches Of The European Commission And The U.S Antitrust Agencies Towards Exclusivity Clauses In Licensing Agreements, Sergio Baches Opi Dec 2000

The Approaches Of The European Commission And The U.S Antitrust Agencies Towards Exclusivity Clauses In Licensing Agreements, Sergio Baches Opi

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

This Article examines and compares the differing treatment of territorial restraints in licensing agreements under United States (U.S.) antitrust law and European Union (E.U.) competition law. While in the U.S. vertical territorial restraints are assessed under the Rule of Reason, in the E.U. they often are considered illegal per se, unless exempt under the E.U. Technology Transfer Regulation or by an express decision of the Commission addressed to the parties to the licensing agreement. Yet, even if a licensing agreement is exempt under the E.U. Regulation, the Regulation imposes severe time limitations on exclusivity ...


Another Reason To Reform The Federal Regulatory System: Agencies' Treating Nonlegislative Rules As Binding Law, James Hunnicutt Dec 2000

Another Reason To Reform The Federal Regulatory System: Agencies' Treating Nonlegislative Rules As Binding Law, James Hunnicutt

Boston College Law Review

This Note analyzes the nonlegislative rule exception to the rulemaking requirements of the administrative Procedure Act ("APA'). To lend greater accountability to federal agencies, the APA places an obligation on agencies to incorporate public input when creating new rules. Agencies, however; can avoid considering public commentary through a vague exception: section 553(b)(A) of the APA. After analyzing section 553(b)(A), this. Note evaluates how one agency, the Food and Drug Administration, has responded to the confusion surrounding the exception. Finally, this Note considers how the Senate has overlooked problems associated with section 553(b)(A) in the ...


Deference And Disability Discrimination, Rebecca Hanner White Dec 2000

Deference And Disability Discrimination, Rebecca Hanner White

Michigan Law Review

For thirty-five years, the civil rights community has paid scant attention to administrative law principles. Those interested in advancing on-the-job equality for this country's working men and women (or in preserving employer autonomy vis-a-vis federal encroachment) have all but ignored what many consider the arcane technicalities of administrative law. This state of affairs is strange when one considers that administration and enforcement of each of our major federal laws outlawing employment discrimination have been confided to an administrative agency, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC"). The EEOC, however, has historically been given short shrift by litigants and by the ...


Reducing The Overburden: The Doris Coal Presumption And Administrative Efficiency Under The Black Lung Benefits Act, Eric R. Olson Dec 2000

Reducing The Overburden: The Doris Coal Presumption And Administrative Efficiency Under The Black Lung Benefits Act, Eric R. Olson

Michigan Law Review

Coal dust build-up prevents many coal miners' lungs from functioning properly. This condition, commonly referred to as black lung or pneumoconiosis, can make common activities nearly impossible. The Black Lung Benefits Act covers the cost of medical treatment for many affected miners, though procedural impediments often prevent miners from receiving care. The miner's current or former employer, when identifiable, must pay for medical care relating to the miner's black lung. Most disputes over miners' claims for medical care arise when the miner has a history of cigarette smoking and the need for medical care could arise from either ...


The Exclusion Of Hiv-Positive Immigrants Under The Nicaraguan Adjustment And Central American Relief Act And The Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act, Statutory Interpretation, Communicable Disease, Public Health, Legislative Intent, Shayna S. Cook Nov 2000

The Exclusion Of Hiv-Positive Immigrants Under The Nicaraguan Adjustment And Central American Relief Act And The Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act, Statutory Interpretation, Communicable Disease, Public Health, Legislative Intent, Shayna S. Cook

Michigan Law Review

The United States has turned away immigrants infected with the human immunodeficiency virus ("HIV") under the public health exclusion of the Immigration and Nationality Act ("INA") since the mid-1980's. Since Congress codified the HIV exclusion in 1993, any alien applying for an immigrant or nonimmigrant visa, adjustment of status to lawful permanent resident, or refugee status must first have a blood test for HIV. The HIV exclusion is not absolute, however. Each HIV-positive alien can apply for one of two waivers of the HIV exclusion that are available in the INA. When an alien applies for immigrant or permanent ...


Rethinking Patent Law In The Administrative State, Orin S. Kerr Oct 2000

Rethinking Patent Law In The Administrative State, Orin S. Kerr

William & Mary Law Review

This Article challenges the Supreme Court's recent holding that administrative law doctrines should apply to the patent system. The Article contends that the dynamics ofpatent law derive not from public law regulation, but rather from the private law doctrines of contract, property, and tort. Based on this insight, the Article argues that administrative law doctrines such as Chevron and the Administrative Procedure Act should not apply within patent law, and that such doctrines in fact pose a serious threat to the proper functioning of the patent system.


New Source Review Under The Clean Air Act: Time For More Market-Based Incentives?, Todd B. Adams Oct 2000

New Source Review Under The Clean Air Act: Time For More Market-Based Incentives?, Todd B. Adams

Buffalo Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Plain Ambiguities In The Clear Articulation Requirement For State Action Antitrust Immunity: The Case Of State Agencies, C Douglas Floyd Sep 2000

Plain Ambiguities In The Clear Articulation Requirement For State Action Antitrust Immunity: The Case Of State Agencies, C Douglas Floyd

Boston College Law Review

This Article focuses on the application of the state action antitrust inimunity doctrine of Parker v. Brown to the regulatory programs of state administrative agencies having statewide jurisdiction. It concludes that state agencies should be subject to significantly different requirements for antitrust immunity than are local governmental units. This Article also addresses unresolved issues that frequently recur in the context of state administrative action, such as the effect of retroactive intetpretations of state policy by a state agency, whether the clear articulation and active supervision requirements for antitrust immunity play any separate role in the context of administrative policy making ...


How To Achieve Public Participation In Nuclear Waste Decisions: Public Relations Or Transparent Adversary Science, Judy Treichel Jun 2000

How To Achieve Public Participation In Nuclear Waste Decisions: Public Relations Or Transparent Adversary Science, Judy Treichel

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

[Excerpt] "Commercial nuclear reactors in the United States have been producing electricity and highly radioactive wastes for more than forty years. Originally, reluctant utilities built reactors at the urging of Congress, acting in accordance with the Atomic Energy Act. The Act called for promotion of nuclear technology and also provided a shield of secrecy allowing for extensive power to classify information. Wiretapping and other surveillance techniques were allowable if nuclear secrets or interference with nuclear programs were involved. During this time the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) provided films and comic books, and gave speeches in a public relations campaign designed ...


Reflections On The Fcc’S Recent Approach To Structural Regulation Of The Electronic Mass Media, Lili Levi May 2000

Reflections On The Fcc’S Recent Approach To Structural Regulation Of The Electronic Mass Media, Lili Levi

Federal Communications Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Weak Nondelegation Doctrine And American Trucking Associations V. Epa, Gabriel Clark May 2000

The Weak Nondelegation Doctrine And American Trucking Associations V. Epa, Gabriel Clark

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Interpreting Agency Enabling Acts: Misplaced Metaphors In Administrative Law, Lars Noah May 2000

Interpreting Agency Enabling Acts: Misplaced Metaphors In Administrative Law, Lars Noah

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Control And Governance Of Transmission Organizations In The Restructured Electricity Industry, Charles H. Koch, Jr. Apr 2000

Control And Governance Of Transmission Organizations In The Restructured Electricity Industry, Charles H. Koch, Jr.

Florida State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Judicial Review And The Small Business Regulatory Enforcment Fairness Act: An Early Examination Of When And Where Judges Are Using Their Newly Granted Power Over Federal Regulatory Agencies, Jeffrey J. Polich Apr 2000

Judicial Review And The Small Business Regulatory Enforcment Fairness Act: An Early Examination Of When And Where Judges Are Using Their Newly Granted Power Over Federal Regulatory Agencies, Jeffrey J. Polich

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


A History And Analysis Of The Federal Communications Commission’S Response To Radio Broadcast Hoaxes, Justin Levine Mar 2000

A History And Analysis Of The Federal Communications Commission’S Response To Radio Broadcast Hoaxes, Justin Levine

Federal Communications Law Journal

Courts have long held that the government can punish an individual for falsely shouting "Fire!" in a crowded theater. But what is a government agency to do when the venue is none other than a theater of the imagination heard throughout the nation? Ever since the broadcast of Orson Welles's War of the Worlds, the FCC has struggled to find a balance in preventing harmful broadcast hoaxes while still encouraging radio to develop vibrant, imaginative programming. What defines a hoax deemed harmful to the public interest versus one that constitutes mere playful entertainment? This Article details the major events ...


Agency Adjudication, The Importance Of Facts, And The Limitations Of Labels, William D. Araiza Mar 2000

Agency Adjudication, The Importance Of Facts, And The Limitations Of Labels, William D. Araiza

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


1999 Amendments To The Florida Administrative Procedure Act: Phantom Menace Or Much Ado About Nothing?, David M. Greenbaum, Lawrence E. Sellers, Jr. Jan 2000

1999 Amendments To The Florida Administrative Procedure Act: Phantom Menace Or Much Ado About Nothing?, David M. Greenbaum, Lawrence E. Sellers, Jr.

Florida State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Do Chemicals Found In Plastic Toys Pose A Threat To The Children Who Play With Them? The European Community's Attempt To Regulate The Use Of Chemical Plasticizers, Patrick J. Jennings Jan 2000

Do Chemicals Found In Plastic Toys Pose A Threat To The Children Who Play With Them? The European Community's Attempt To Regulate The Use Of Chemical Plasticizers, Patrick J. Jennings

Penn State International Law Review

No abstract provided.


Administrative Procedure Act Standards Governing Judicial Review Of Findings Of Fact Made By The Patent And Trademark Office, Peter J. Corcoran Iii Jan 2000

Administrative Procedure Act Standards Governing Judicial Review Of Findings Of Fact Made By The Patent And Trademark Office, Peter J. Corcoran Iii

Richmond Journal of Law & Technology

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (the "PTO") is one of the oldest agencies in the American administrative system. Throughout the history of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ("Federal Circuit") and its predecessor courts, the factual decisions of the PTO administrative boards have been reviewed by the same standard that is applied to decisions of district courts. The standard that has been used is the "clearly erroneous" standard, and its use to review PTO decisions dates back over one hundred years.


The Prison Litigation Reform Act's Administrative Exhaustion Requirement: Closing The Money Damages Loophole, Kathryn F. Taylor Jan 2000

The Prison Litigation Reform Act's Administrative Exhaustion Requirement: Closing The Money Damages Loophole, Kathryn F. Taylor

Washington University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Normalizing Novelty: Regulating Biotechnological Risk At The U.S. Epa, Les Levidow, Susan Carr Jan 2000

Normalizing Novelty: Regulating Biotechnological Risk At The U.S. Epa, Les Levidow, Susan Carr

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Drs. Levidow and Carr examine EPA's regulation of biotechnology in the field of genetically modified organisms.


American Trucking Associations, Inc. V. United States Environmental Protection Agency: A Speed-Bump Along The Highway Of Judicial Deference To Agency Determinations, Amy Quandt Jan 2000

American Trucking Associations, Inc. V. United States Environmental Protection Agency: A Speed-Bump Along The Highway Of Judicial Deference To Agency Determinations, Amy Quandt

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


A Table Of Requirements For Federal Administrative Rulemaking, Mark Seidenfeld Jan 2000

A Table Of Requirements For Federal Administrative Rulemaking, Mark Seidenfeld

Florida State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Battle On The Benches: The Wagner Act And The Federal Circuit Courts Of Appeals, 1935-1942, Douglas J. Feeney-Gallagher Jan 2000

Battle On The Benches: The Wagner Act And The Federal Circuit Courts Of Appeals, 1935-1942, Douglas J. Feeney-Gallagher

Seattle University Law Review

This paper examines the efforts of some circuit court judges to preserve the integrity of the judicial branch against the encroaching power of the New Deal administrative agencies, especially as represented by the National Labord Relations Board (NLRB). This paper offers a historical overview of the relationship between two circuits and the NLRB; one circuit welcomed the Board's aggressive enforcement of the Act, while the other expressed hostility towards the labor agency's powers and interpretation of the Wagner Act. An examination of the NLRB opinions in these two circuits illustrates the opposing judicial attitudes toward the new turn ...


Athletic Commission, Sapna Iyer Jan 2000

Athletic Commission, Sapna Iyer

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


State Bar Of California, Charlotte Wilder, J. D. Fellmeth Jan 2000

State Bar Of California, Charlotte Wilder, J. D. Fellmeth

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.