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Simulation

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Articles 1 - 30 of 131

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Analysis Of A Garment-Oriented Textile Recycling System Via Simulation Approach, Reyhaneh Yavari May 2019

Analysis Of A Garment-Oriented Textile Recycling System Via Simulation Approach, Reyhaneh Yavari

Major Papers

The textile industry is one of the polluting industries on the planet. Public awareness has increased manufacturers responsibility and forced them to shift from linear to the circular production line to reduce the amount of environmental impact such as; energy and freshwater consumption, toxic and fertilizer usage and cutting down the use of raw material. Also, some new business strategies like fast fashion which is a recent trend in the fashion industry by offering fast changing trend and inexpensive designs accelerate the process of purchasing new clothes that end up in landfills. Recycling, remanufacturing and reusing are some practices that ...


Simulating Alternative Tuberculosis Diagnosis Methods In Underdeveloped Countries, Luke Turner May 2019

Simulating Alternative Tuberculosis Diagnosis Methods In Underdeveloped Countries, Luke Turner

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Tuberculosis is the deadliest infectious disease in the world; it is especially rampant in underdeveloped countries because they do not have the infrastructure, technology, or funding to properly combat the infection. However, the development of portable point-of-care diagnosis machines can reverse this epidemic as they far surpass conventional laboratory identification. The question now is where to place these machines, which is a difficult decision with a lack of data. Therefore, a flexible simulation model is created to test the implementation of these machines with different countries and configurations. The simulation tests the baseline model and three proposed implementations of the ...


Modeling Of Complex Parts For Industrial Waterjet Cleaning, Braden James May 2019

Modeling Of Complex Parts For Industrial Waterjet Cleaning, Braden James

Theses and Dissertations

Industrial high-pressure waterjet cleaning is common to many industries. The modeling in this paper functions inside a collaborative robotic framework for high mix, low volume processes where human robot collaboration is beneficial. Automation of pressure washing is desirable for economic and ergonomic reasons. An automated cleaning system needs path simulation and analysis to give the operator insight into the predicted cleaning performance of the system. In this paper, ablation, the removal of a substrate coating by waterjet, is modeled for robotic cleaning operations. The model is designed to work with complex parts often found in spray cleaning operations, namely parts ...


Extraction Of Thorium Dioxide And Other Ree Oxides From Monazite Ore, Bradley M. Bennett, Julia Johnson, Kelsey Hay, Chelsea Connolly-Horton May 2019

Extraction Of Thorium Dioxide And Other Ree Oxides From Monazite Ore, Bradley M. Bennett, Julia Johnson, Kelsey Hay, Chelsea Connolly-Horton

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Foster Care Support Foundation Volunteer And Capital Outreach Analysis, Abeer Bhatti, Alexandro Martinez, Sunny Patel, Desmond Vail Apr 2019

Foster Care Support Foundation Volunteer And Capital Outreach Analysis, Abeer Bhatti, Alexandro Martinez, Sunny Patel, Desmond Vail

Senior Design Project For Engineers

Care Support Foundation (FCSF) provides free goods to children in Georgia. Annually, 11,000 volunteers are needed to deal with the massive influx of donations and fundraising events. Through our analyses, we aim to make recommendations to the FCSF, which can help raise funds and implement mitigating strategies that would increase funds and improve the foundation.


Teaching Modeling To Engineers In An Undergraduate Simulation Course, Vikram Mittal, Robert Kewley, Brett Lindberg Nov 2018

Teaching Modeling To Engineers In An Undergraduate Simulation Course, Vikram Mittal, Robert Kewley, Brett Lindberg

West Point Research Papers

A significant challenge in teaching simulation to undergraduate students is to find a way to allow them to model a real world referent system within time and student skill constraints. Several research sources highlight not only the important challenge of model development (Garcia and Ceneno, 2009, Tako, 2011) but also the increased need for model development instruction among engineers (Grasas et. al., 2013, Saltzman and Roeder, 2013). One approach to this challenge is to use a general purpose discrete event simulation software package within the course, but this presents two challenges. Teaching the package to the students takes significant time ...


Sequence-Based Simulation-Optimization Framework With Application To Port Operations At Multimodal Container Terminals, Mariam Aladdin Kotachi Jul 2018

Sequence-Based Simulation-Optimization Framework With Application To Port Operations At Multimodal Container Terminals, Mariam Aladdin Kotachi

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Theses & Dissertations

It is evident in previous works that operations research and mathematical algorithms can provide optimal or near-optimal solutions, whereas simulation models can aid in predicting and studying the behavior of systems over time and monitor performance under stochastic and uncertain circumstances. Given the intensive computational effort that simulation optimization methods impose, especially for large and complex systems like container terminals, a favorable approach is to reduce the search space to decrease the amount of computation.

A maritime port can consist of multiple terminals with specific functionalities and specialized equipment. A container terminal is one of several facilities in a port ...


Modeling And Simulation Of Microgrid, Ahmad Alzahrani, Mehdi Ferdowsi, Pourya Shamsi, Cihan H. Dagli May 2018

Modeling And Simulation Of Microgrid, Ahmad Alzahrani, Mehdi Ferdowsi, Pourya Shamsi, Cihan H. Dagli

Cihan H. Dagli

Complex computer systems and electric power grids share many properties of how they behave and how they are structured. A microgrid is a smaller electric grid that contains several homes, energy storage units, and distributed generators. The main idea behind microgrids is the ability to work even if the main grid is not supplying power. That is, the energy storage unit and distributed generation will supply power in that case, and if there is excess in power production from renewable energy sources, it will go to the energy storage unit. Therefore, the electric grid becomes decentralized in terms of control ...


Finalist—2017 M&Som Practice-Based Research Competition—The Hurricane Decision Simulator: A Tool For Marine Forces In New Orleans To Practice Operations Management In Advance Of A Hurricane, Eva D. Regnier, Cameron A. Mackenzie May 2018

Finalist—2017 M&Som Practice-Based Research Competition—The Hurricane Decision Simulator: A Tool For Marine Forces In New Orleans To Practice Operations Management In Advance Of A Hurricane, Eva D. Regnier, Cameron A. Mackenzie

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The U.S. Marine Forces Reserve (MFR) in New Orleans is frequently threatened by hurricanes. To protect the safety of personnel and their families while maintaining mission capability, the Commander must make timely decisions to set up an alternate headquarters and allow for an orderly evacuation. The MFR relies on forecasts from the National Hurricane Center, but these forecasts are uncertain, are updated frequently, and can be difficult to interpret in the context of the MFR's decision timeline. In addition, there are few opportunities to learn from experience.We developed the Hurricane Decision Simulator (HDS) to allow MFR personnel ...


Efficient Redundancy Techniques In Cloud And Desktop Grid Systems Using Map/G/C-Type Queues, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy, Alexander Rumyantsev May 2018

Efficient Redundancy Techniques In Cloud And Desktop Grid Systems Using Map/G/C-Type Queues, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy, Alexander Rumyantsev

Srinivas Chakravarthy

Cloud computing is continuing to prove its flexibility and versatility in helping industries and businesses as well as academia as a way of providing needed computing capacity. As an important alternative to cloud computing, desktop grids allow to utilize the idle computer resources of an enterprise/community by means of distributed computing system, providing a more secure and controllable environment with lower operational expenses. Further, both cloud computing and desktop grids are meant to optimize limited resources and at the same time to decrease the expected latency for users. The crucial parameter for optimization both in cloud computing and in ...


Modeling And Simulation Of Microgrid, Ahmad Alzahrani, Mehdi Ferdowsi, Pourya Shamsi, Cihan H. Dagli May 2018

Modeling And Simulation Of Microgrid, Ahmad Alzahrani, Mehdi Ferdowsi, Pourya Shamsi, Cihan H. Dagli

Pourya Shamsi

Complex computer systems and electric power grids share many properties of how they behave and how they are structured. A microgrid is a smaller electric grid that contains several homes, energy storage units, and distributed generators. The main idea behind microgrids is the ability to work even if the main grid is not supplying power. That is, the energy storage unit and distributed generation will supply power in that case, and if there is excess in power production from renewable energy sources, it will go to the energy storage unit. Therefore, the electric grid becomes decentralized in terms of control ...


Modeling And Simulation Of Microgrid, Ahmad Alzahrani, Mehdi Ferdowsi, Pourya Shamsi, Cihan H. Dagli May 2018

Modeling And Simulation Of Microgrid, Ahmad Alzahrani, Mehdi Ferdowsi, Pourya Shamsi, Cihan H. Dagli

Mehdi Ferdowsi

Complex computer systems and electric power grids share many properties of how they behave and how they are structured. A microgrid is a smaller electric grid that contains several homes, energy storage units, and distributed generators. The main idea behind microgrids is the ability to work even if the main grid is not supplying power. That is, the energy storage unit and distributed generation will supply power in that case, and if there is excess in power production from renewable energy sources, it will go to the energy storage unit. Therefore, the electric grid becomes decentralized in terms of control ...


Detection And Modeling Of Wind Ramp Events In Smart Grid, Xingbang Du May 2018

Detection And Modeling Of Wind Ramp Events In Smart Grid, Xingbang Du

Theses and Dissertations

Wind ramp events have a significant influence of uncertainty in wind power production. In order to build an efficient decision-making systems for the smart grid, developing statistical models based on analysis of historical data of wind ramp events is indispensable. In this paper, we design a detection algorithm to analyze historical data, build distribution models to predict and simulate wind ramp events. Phase-type distribution consists of a convolution of the Exponential distribution which can be used to apply Markov decisions process and identify the factors which can cause wind ramp events. We use three types of Phase-type distribution to fit ...


Real-Time Modeling Of Gas-Electric Dependencies: An Optimal Control Approach, Qinxu Gu May 2018

Real-Time Modeling Of Gas-Electric Dependencies: An Optimal Control Approach, Qinxu Gu

Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, several turbine-governor models such as GAST model and GGOV1 model are implemented. The simulation of the models takes electric power and speed as the variable input, respectively, to see what will influence the fuel consumption and mechanical power. These two models are implemented in detail and incorporated with non-windup limiters. Different implementations for the non-windup limiters are considered and compared. In addition to the single gas turbine model, its integration to a power system model is developed as well. We consider two-area systems, one with simple primary speed droop control and one with supplementary automatic generation control.


Dispensing Medical Countermeasures In Public Health Emergencies Via Home Health Agencies And Points Of Distribution, Anna Hudgeons May 2018

Dispensing Medical Countermeasures In Public Health Emergencies Via Home Health Agencies And Points Of Distribution, Anna Hudgeons

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

A major concern regarding emergency preparedness on the state government level involves the handling and dispensing of the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) of medicinal supplies. Each state is required to update and maintain a plan of action for dispensing SNS materials that would effectively provide care to the state’s population in times of distress. This research evaluates a state’s ability to dispense an adequate amount of medicine to her population in a timely manner, specifically after it has been received by the state government. Although simulation modeling has previously been utilized to replicate the dispensing process at pre-designated ...


Simulation-Based Analysis And Optimization Of The United States Army Performance Appraisal System., Lee A. Evans May 2018

Simulation-Based Analysis And Optimization Of The United States Army Performance Appraisal System., Lee A. Evans

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, a discrete event simulation framework is considered to replicate the dynamics, structure, and regulatory constraints placed on the officers in the U.S. Army. Using performance appraisal data provided by the United States Army Human Resources Command, we create a multi-objective response function that quantifies the human behavior associated with evaluating subordinates. Utilizing simulation-optimization techniques for model validation enables estimating unknown input parameters, such as human behavior, based on historical data. Furthermore, the model allows users to analyze the effects of current constraints on the evaluation system and the effects of proposed personnel policy changes.The effectiveness ...


Efficient Redundancy Techniques In Cloud And Desktop Grid Systems Using Map/G/C-Type Queues, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy, Alexander Rumyantsev Mar 2018

Efficient Redundancy Techniques In Cloud And Desktop Grid Systems Using Map/G/C-Type Queues, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy, Alexander Rumyantsev

Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Publications

Cloud computing is continuing to prove its flexibility and versatility in helping industries and businesses as well as academia as a way of providing needed computing capacity. As an important alternative to cloud computing, desktop grids allow to utilize the idle computer resources of an enterprise/community by means of distributed computing system, providing a more secure and controllable environment with lower operational expenses. Further, both cloud computing and desktop grids are meant to optimize limited resources and at the same time to decrease the expected latency for users. The crucial parameter for optimization both in cloud computing and in ...


Demonstrating The Functionality And Efficacy Of Blockchain-Based System In Healthcare Using Simulation Tools, Jad S. Mubaslat Jan 2018

Demonstrating The Functionality And Efficacy Of Blockchain-Based System In Healthcare Using Simulation Tools, Jad S. Mubaslat

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Blockchain and cryptocurrencies have been a rapidly growing industry and area of academic research since Bitcoin's launch in early 2009. Blockchains have already been applied in spaces outside of finance, such as healthcare. This work explores the Bitcoin blockchain and a blockchain-based care coordination system through the use of modeling and simulation tools. Two agent based models are constructed: one to represent the Bitcoin blockchain, and a second to represent a blockchain-based care coordination system, MDChain. Insight is provided that is relevant to current issues within the Bitcoin community and predictions are made as to its future. The feasibility ...


Modeling And Simulation Of Microgrid, Ahmad Alzahrani, Mehdi Ferdowsi, Pourya Shamsi, Cihan H. Dagli Nov 2017

Modeling And Simulation Of Microgrid, Ahmad Alzahrani, Mehdi Ferdowsi, Pourya Shamsi, Cihan H. Dagli

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Complex computer systems and electric power grids share many properties of how they behave and how they are structured. A microgrid is a smaller electric grid that contains several homes, energy storage units, and distributed generators. The main idea behind microgrids is the ability to work even if the main grid is not supplying power. That is, the energy storage unit and distributed generation will supply power in that case, and if there is excess in power production from renewable energy sources, it will go to the energy storage unit. Therefore, the electric grid becomes decentralized in terms of control ...


Personalized Decision Modeling For Intervention And Prevention Of Cancers, Fan Wang Aug 2017

Personalized Decision Modeling For Intervention And Prevention Of Cancers, Fan Wang

Theses and Dissertations

Personalized medicine has been utilized in all stages of cancer care in recent years, including the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Since prevention and early intervention are particularly crucial in reducing cancer mortalities, personalizing the corresponding strategies and decisions so as to provide the most appropriate or optimal medical services for different patients can greatly improve the current cancer control practices. This dissertation research performs an in-depth exploration of personalized decision modeling of cancer intervention and prevention problems. We investigate the patient-specific screening and vaccination strategies for breast cancer and the cancers related to human papillomavirus (HPV), representatively. Three popular ...


Patterns In Team Communication During A Simulation Game, David M. Baca, Ray Luechtefeld, Steve Eugene Watkins Jul 2017

Patterns In Team Communication During A Simulation Game, David M. Baca, Ray Luechtefeld, Steve Eugene Watkins

Steve Eugene Watkins

The development of communication skills is a necessary preparation for effective engineering teamwork. Argyris' "Theory of Action" provides a framework for understanding patterns in team dialogue. Students can benefit from an awareness of these patterns. The theory highlights the detection and correction of errors by sharing information during group collaboration and interactions. Quality decision-making can be enhanced when members of a team develop high degrees of openness and interdependence. Quality decision-making can be diminished when members of a team regulate the information shared within the team. This work analyzes team interactions from simulation games used in an interdisciplinary engineering course ...


An Optimization Model For Operating Room Scheduling To Reduce Blocking Across The Perioperative Process, Amin Abedini, Wei Li, Honghan Ye Jul 2017

An Optimization Model For Operating Room Scheduling To Reduce Blocking Across The Perioperative Process, Amin Abedini, Wei Li, Honghan Ye

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Operating room (OR) scheduling is important. Because of increasing demand for surgical services, hospitals must provide high quality care more efficiently with limited resources. When constructing the OR schedule, it is necessary to consider the availability of downstream resources, such as intensive care unit (ICU) and post anaesthesia care unit (PACU). The unavailability of downstream resources causes blockings between every two consecutive stages. In this paper we address the master surgical schedule (MSS) problem in order to minimize blockings between two consecutive stages. First, we present a blocking minimization (BM) model for the MSS by using integer programming, based on ...


Performance Analysis Of Organizations As Complex Systems., William C. Harrington Jr. May 2017

Performance Analysis Of Organizations As Complex Systems., William C. Harrington Jr.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation provides a method for evaluating the difference in performance after an organization makes a change while considering the stochastic nature in which it operates. A procedure that uses simulation to estimate outcomes by adjusting controllable parameters and leaving uncontrolled parameters unadjusted is proposed. As healthcare organizations are considered as highly complex systems, a case study involving a scheduling tactic change in the mother-baby service line of a hospital is used to demonstrate application of this procedure. The goal in the case study was to reduce delays in transitioning care of mother patients from the labor and delivery unit ...


Analysis Of Food Hub Commerce And Participation Using Agent-Based Modeling: Integrating Financial And Social Drivers, Caroline C. Krejci, Richard Stone, Michael Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert Apr 2017

Analysis Of Food Hub Commerce And Participation Using Agent-Based Modeling: Integrating Financial And Social Drivers, Caroline C. Krejci, Richard Stone, Michael Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert

Richard T. Stone

Objective: Factors influencing long-term viability of an intermediated regional food supply network (food hub) were modeled using agent-based modeling techniques informed by interview data gathered from food hub participants.

Background: Previous analyses of food hub dynamics focused primarily on financial drivers rather than social factors and have not used mathematical models.

Method: Based on qualitative and quantitative data gathered from 22 customers and 11 vendors at a midwestern food hub, an agent-based model (ABM) was created with distinct consumer personas characterizing the range of consumer priorities. A comparison study determined if the ABM behaved differently than a model based on ...


Optimizing The B.O.B., Valerie N. Washington, Douglas Starzec Apr 2017

Optimizing The B.O.B., Valerie N. Washington, Douglas Starzec

Honors College Capstones and Theses

The Kennesaw State University Department of Transportation manages the Big Owl Bus (B.O.B.). The B.O.B. has 9 routes which provide transportation around and between the Kennesaw and Marietta campuses, as well as to select off-campus apartment complexes and shopping centers. We utilized a number of methodologies to recommend improvements to the efficiency and accessibility of the B.O.B. We first used the vehicle routing problem to develop a binary integer linear programming model. This allowed us to determine a new set of routes that minimize total travel time across the routes. Next, we developed an ...


A Predictor Analysis Framework For Surface Radiation Budget Reprocessing Using Design Of Experiments, Patricia Allison Quigley Apr 2017

A Predictor Analysis Framework For Surface Radiation Budget Reprocessing Using Design Of Experiments, Patricia Allison Quigley

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Earth’s Radiation Budget (ERB) is an accounting of all incoming energy from the sun and outgoing energy reflected and radiated to space by earth’s surface and atmosphere. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Surface Radiation Budget (SRB) project produces and archives long-term datasets representative of this energy exchange system on a global scale. The data are comprised of the longwave and shortwave radiative components of the system and is algorithmically derived from satellite and atmospheric assimilation products, and acquired atmospheric data. It is stored as 3-hourly, daily, monthly/3-hourly, and ...


Capacity Planning And Production Scheduling For Aircraft Painting Operations, Xiangzhen Li, Caroline Krejci, Cameron A. Mackenzie, John K. Jackman, Guiping Hu, Charles Y. Hu, Adam A. Graunke, Gabriel A. Bumett Jan 2017

Capacity Planning And Production Scheduling For Aircraft Painting Operations, Xiangzhen Li, Caroline Krejci, Cameron A. Mackenzie, John K. Jackman, Guiping Hu, Charles Y. Hu, Adam A. Graunke, Gabriel A. Bumett

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Long-term capacity planning and production scheduling present significant challenges for the aviation industry. Our research has integrated three different modeling methodologies to effectively forecast future demand for aircraft painting and then assess and manage the capacity that is needed to meet these requirements. First, an innovative forecasting approach was developed in which stochastic processes were used to model aircraft demand over a selected time interval. These demand forecasts were used as inputs to an integer programming model, which was used to find optimal monthly aircraft painting schedules. This approach supports for resource allocation that is based on optimal scheduling, rather ...


Operations Research Applications In Multi-Allelic Trait Introgression In Plant Breeding, Ye Han Jan 2017

Operations Research Applications In Multi-Allelic Trait Introgression In Plant Breeding, Ye Han

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Plant breeding has been defined as the art and science of producing desired characteristics through artificial selection. Practiced since the beginning of civilizations, plant breeders in the 20th Century made enormous changes to important agronomic traits. In the 21st Century, increasing demands for food, fiber, and energy with less water, land, fuel, and fertilizer will force plant breeding to become more efficient and effective. With the application of operations research, we frame the multi-allelic trait introgression project in plant breeding into an engineering system. We also discuss the major problems encountered and create new metrics or models to improve this ...


Active Shooter Simulations: An Agent-Based Model Of Civilian Response Strategy, Alexandria Stewart Jan 2017

Active Shooter Simulations: An Agent-Based Model Of Civilian Response Strategy, Alexandria Stewart

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Active shooter situations are becoming increasingly more common in the United States. From 2014 to 2015, there were 40 active shooter incidents, with a total of 231 casualties. Because of this increase in the frequency of incidents, it is important for law enforcement officers to be able to quickly respond to these situations. Quicker response times by law enforcement can result in fewer casualties. It is also important for civilians to be properly trained on how to react if they are in an active shooter situation themselves; all civilians must be able to assess the situation and know the most ...


Theory And Practice Of Supply Chain Synchronization, Michael Prokle Jan 2017

Theory And Practice Of Supply Chain Synchronization, Michael Prokle

Doctoral Dissertations

In this dissertation, we develop strategies to synchronize component procurement in assemble-to-order (ATO) production and overhaul operations. We focus on the high-tech and mass customization industries which are not only considered to be very important to create or keep U.S. manufacturing jobs, but also suffer most from component inventory burden.

In the second chapter, we address the deterministic joint replenishment inventory problem with batch size constraints (JRPB). We characterize system regeneration points, derive a closed-form expression of the average product inventory, and formulate the problem of finding the optimal joint reorder interval to minimize inventory and ordering costs per ...