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2018

Industrial Engineering

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Articles 1 - 30 of 278

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

A Biofuel Supply Chain Equilibrium Analysis With Subsidy Consideration, Amirsaman Hamzeh Bajgiran Dec 2018

A Biofuel Supply Chain Equilibrium Analysis With Subsidy Consideration, Amirsaman Hamzeh Bajgiran

Theses and Dissertations

Growing environmental concerns in the last few decades along with the energy security issues have led governments to take actions to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels and enhance renewable energy usage, including biofuels. Enforcement of federal or state mandates and regulations that obligate a certain amount of biofuel production are one of the main levers that governments use to achieve their goals. In the U.S. as an example, Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) requires the production of 36 billion gallons of ethanol by 2022, 21 billion gallons of which should be advanced biofuels derived from biostocks other than corn ...


Heuristic Algorithm To Minimize Total Weighted Tardiness On The Unrelated Parallel Machine With Sequence Dependent Setup And Future Ready Time, Tzu Yi Li Dec 2018

Heuristic Algorithm To Minimize Total Weighted Tardiness On The Unrelated Parallel Machine With Sequence Dependent Setup And Future Ready Time, Tzu Yi Li

Theses and Dissertations

This study presents a heuristic algorithm to minimize total weighted tardiness on unrelated parallel machines with sequence-dependent setup time and future ready time. We propose a new rule based on Apparent Tardiness Cost (ATC). The performance of the rule is evaluated on unrelated parallel machines. In order to solve a problem, we use a look-ahead method and a job-swap method. When a machine becomes idle, the heuristic compares the jobs on the machine and selects the one with the smallest total tardiness value to carry out a process.

The propose heuristic is divided into three stages: The first stage employs ...


In Silico Analysis Of Advanced Processing Methods For Light-Weight Alloys Powders, Marjan Nezafati Dec 2018

In Silico Analysis Of Advanced Processing Methods For Light-Weight Alloys Powders, Marjan Nezafati

Theses and Dissertations

Light-weight Al and Mg-based metal-matrix nanocomposites (MMNCs) are lauded as one of the most promising structural materials for vehicle, military, and construction applications. These MMNCs are often synthesized using the powder metallurgy (PM) process under liquid nitrogen cryogenic environments to control the grain sizes. It is believed that proper incorporation of the nitrogen species into the bulk lattice during processing could strongly enhance the mechanical properties of MMNCs by forming N-rich dispersoids. In this work, using the density-functional theory (DFT), the adsorption, absorption and diffusion behavior of nitrogen molecule/atoms have been studied and related to t Al and Mg ...


Midpoint And Endpoint Sustainability Assessment Of U.S. And China Manufacturing: A Comparative Mrio+Recipe Analysis, Mustafa Saber Dec 2018

Midpoint And Endpoint Sustainability Assessment Of U.S. And China Manufacturing: A Comparative Mrio+Recipe Analysis, Mustafa Saber

Master's Theses

Manufacturing is among the most important industries for an economy, which creates value-added, fosters innovation, stimulates employment and economic growth. Therefore, manufacturing industries are crucial for a country’s sustainable development not only for economic reasons but also for social (.e.g. employment, tax, etc.) and environmental ones. Thus, manufacturing activities’ contribution to the economy is critically related with environmental and social impacts. Sustainable economic growth is essential and necessary for a country to provide all necessary goods and services to its growing population.

And, this is highly linke with the creation of new jobs and in this context, manufacturing ...


Global Renewable And Nonrenewable Energy Use Impact Assessment Of U.S. Manufacturing: An Integrated Cradle-To-Gate Lca And Dea Approach, Bahadir Ezici Dec 2018

Global Renewable And Nonrenewable Energy Use Impact Assessment Of U.S. Manufacturing: An Integrated Cradle-To-Gate Lca And Dea Approach, Bahadir Ezici

Master's Theses

In this thesis, U.S. manufacturing industries` global supply chain-linked energy use and economic output are investigated considering a total of 16 renewable and nonrenewable energy carriers. A multiregion input output (MRIO) framework is employed to conduct the global supply chain-linked energy use impact assessment. The study period was between 1995 and 2014 based on data availability. Thus, 20 MRIO models were developed. Each MRIO model consists of the 40 largest economies of the world and the rest of the world (ROW) as the 41st country. Each country’s economy was structured into 35 manufacturing and service industries based on ...


Budget-Constrained Regression Model Selection Using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming, Jingying Zhang Dec 2018

Budget-Constrained Regression Model Selection Using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming, Jingying Zhang

Theses and Dissertations

Regression analysis fits predictive models to data on a response variable and corresponding values for a set of explanatory variables. Often data on the explanatory variables come at a cost from commercial databases, so the available budget may limit which ones are used in the final model.

In this dissertation, two budget-constrained regression models are proposed for continuous and categorical variables respectively using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming (MINLP) to choose the explanatory variables to be included in solutions. First, we propose a budget-constrained linear regression model for continuous response variables. Properties such as solvability and global optimality of the proposed ...


Smart Disease Prevention App: Informing The Public In Their Own Geographic Location, Apoorva Sulakhe, Shafali Rana, Zoe Disori, William Nogay, Kyle Plummer, Meredith Shannon, Morgan Young, Alyssa Zielinski, Vincent G. Duffy Nov 2018

Smart Disease Prevention App: Informing The Public In Their Own Geographic Location, Apoorva Sulakhe, Shafali Rana, Zoe Disori, William Nogay, Kyle Plummer, Meredith Shannon, Morgan Young, Alyssa Zielinski, Vincent G. Duffy

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Apoorva Sulakhe and Shefali Rana are graduate students in the School of Industrial Engineering at Purdue. They have both been teaching assistants under their coauthor, Dr. Vincent Duffy, while supervising multiple projects. Coauthors Zoe Disori, William Nogay, Kyle Plummer, Meredith Shannon, Morgan Young, and Alyssa Zielinski are listed in alphabetical order. They were all seniors in School of Industrial Engineering at the time of this project in 2017. The purpose of their study, described in this article, was to develop an application to provide users with accurate information about diseases spreading in their geographic locations.


A Sustainable Additive Approach For The Achievement Of Tunable Porosity, Sharon Lau, Taylor Yeazel, Ana Miller, Nathan Pfister, Iris V. Rivero Nov 2018

A Sustainable Additive Approach For The Achievement Of Tunable Porosity, Sharon Lau, Taylor Yeazel, Ana Miller, Nathan Pfister, Iris V. Rivero

Sharon Lau

This study aims to design a green additive approach for the fabrication of controlled porosity on hydrogels. Although hydrogels have been of common use in tissue engineering, the generation of controllable porosity remains an issue due to their swelling and degradation properties. Hydrogels in this study were fabricated by physical cross-linking and the porosity was generated by casting the solution in a 3D printed mold prior to physical cross-linking. This approach eliminates the use of chemical cross-linking compounds which are often toxic and not environmentally friendly. Polyvinyl alcohol was selected to validate this technique due to its biocompatibility and adequate ...


Rheological, In Situ Printability And Cell Viability Analysis Of Hydrogels For Muscle Tissue Regeneration, Srikanthan Ramesh, Sam Gerdes, Sharon Lau, Azadeh Mostafavi, Zhenyu (James) Kong, Blake N. Johnson, Ali Tamayol, Prahalada Rao, Iris V. Rivero Nov 2018

Rheological, In Situ Printability And Cell Viability Analysis Of Hydrogels For Muscle Tissue Regeneration, Srikanthan Ramesh, Sam Gerdes, Sharon Lau, Azadeh Mostafavi, Zhenyu (James) Kong, Blake N. Johnson, Ali Tamayol, Prahalada Rao, Iris V. Rivero

Sharon Lau

Advancements in additive manufacturing have made it possible to fabricate biologically relevant architectures from a wide variety of materials. Hydrogels have garnered increased attention for the fabrication of muscle tissue engineering constructs due to their resemblance to living tissue and ability to function as cell carriers. However, there is a lack of systematic approaches to screen bioinks based on their inherent properties, such as rheology, printability and cell viability. Furthermore, this study takes the critical first-step for connecting in-process sensor data with construct quality by studying the influence of printing parameters. Alginate-chitosan hydrogels were synthesized and subjected to a systematic ...


Supporting Concealable Stigma At Work : The Lgb Experience, Brittney Brinkley Nov 2018

Supporting Concealable Stigma At Work : The Lgb Experience, Brittney Brinkley

Theses & Dissertations

Diversity research has provided valuable insight into the dynamics of stigma at work. Research has also brought attention to the unique experiences of individuals with concealable, or invisible, stigmatized identities (CSIs) albeit use of the same methodology used to study visible stigma. The current study proposes a theoretical model which consists of a framework of relationships strongly supported in existing workplace diversity literature while introducing moderating variables that are particularly relevant to the experience of employees with CSIs: group commitment strength, identity manifestation, and identity suppression. Further, the profuse use of disclosure as a single measure of identity communication is ...


Characterizing Interfacial Bonds In Hybrid Metal Am Structures, John Ross Linn Nov 2018

Characterizing Interfacial Bonds In Hybrid Metal Am Structures, John Ross Linn

Theses and Dissertations

The capabilities of various metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) processes, such as Powder Bed Fusion – Laser (PBF-L) and Direct Energy Deposition (DED) are increasing such that it is becoming ever more common to use them in industrial applications. The ability to print atop a substrate broadens that scope of applications. There is ongoing research regarding the mechanical properties of additively processed materials, but little regarding the interaction between additive material and its substrate. An understanding of the mechanical and performance properties of the AM/substrate interface is imperative. This paper describes a study of the strength properties of AM/substrate interfaces ...


Statistical Monitoring Of Queuing Networks, Yaren Bilge Kaya Oct 2018

Statistical Monitoring Of Queuing Networks, Yaren Bilge Kaya

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Queuing systems are important parts of our daily lives and to keep their operations at an efficient level they need to be monitored by using queuing Performance Metrics, such as average queue lengths and average waiting times. On the other hand queue lengths and waiting times are generally random variables and their distributions depend on different properties like arrival rates, service times, number of servers. We focused on detecting the change in service rates in this report. Therefore, we monitored queues by using Cumulative Sum(CUSUM) charts based on likelihood ratios and compared the Average Run Length values of different ...


Modeling And Simulation In Undergraduate Education In Industrial Engineering Program : Opportunities And Challenges, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy Oct 2018

Modeling And Simulation In Undergraduate Education In Industrial Engineering Program : Opportunities And Challenges, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy

Srinivas Chakravarthy

Industrial Engineering (IE), as we all know, is centered on people and processes. First, the industrial engineers interact with people to get a better understanding of the problems the businesses and industries face. Secondly, using the skills and techniques learned in the classroom settings, they offer implementable solutions in practice. Further, the Industrial Engineers always look for ways to continuously improve the process and the products. In this talk, we will present the opportunities and challenges that undergraduate IE students as well as the educators face in dealing with two key skill sets: Modeling and Simulation, which are essential (among ...


A Single‐Machine Scheduling Problem With Random Processing Times, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy Oct 2018

A Single‐Machine Scheduling Problem With Random Processing Times, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy

Srinivas Chakravarthy

We consider the problem of scheduling n jobs with random processing times on a single machine in order to minimize the expected variance of the completion times. We prove a number of results, including one to the effect that the optimal schedule must be V shaped when the jobs have identical means or variances or have exponential processing times.


A Finite Capacity Dynamic Priority Queueing Model With Phase Type Services, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy Oct 2018

A Finite Capacity Dynamic Priority Queueing Model With Phase Type Services, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy

Srinivas Chakravarthy

No abstract provided.


Identifying Key Factors Associated With High Risk Asthma Patients To Reduce The Cost Of Health Resources Utilization, Amani Ahmad Oct 2018

Identifying Key Factors Associated With High Risk Asthma Patients To Reduce The Cost Of Health Resources Utilization, Amani Ahmad

LSU Master's Theses

Asthma is associated with frequent use of primary health services and places a burden on the United States economy. Identifying key factors associated with increased cost of asthma is an essential step to improve practices of asthma management.

The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with over utilization of primary health services and increased cost via claims data and to explore the effectiveness of case management program in reducing overall asthma related cost.

Claims data analysis for Medicaid insured asthma patients in Louisiana was conducted. Asthma patients were identified using their ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes, forward variable ...


Evaluating The Effect Of Shear Stress On Graft-To Zwitterionic Polycarboxybetaine Coating Stability Using A Flow Cell, Andrew Belanger, Andre Decarmine, Shaoyi Jiang, Keith Cook, Kagya Amoako Oct 2018

Evaluating The Effect Of Shear Stress On Graft-To Zwitterionic Polycarboxybetaine Coating Stability Using A Flow Cell, Andrew Belanger, Andre Decarmine, Shaoyi Jiang, Keith Cook, Kagya Amoako

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publications

The effect of surface coatings on the performance of antifouling activity under flow can be influenced by the flow/coating interactions. This study evaluates the effect of surface coatings on antifouling activity under different flows for the analyses of coating stability. This was done by exposing DOPA-PCB-300/dopamine coated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to physiological shear stresses using a recirculation system which consisted of dual chamber acrylic flow cells, tygon tubing, flow probe and meter, and perfusion pumps. The effect of shear stress induced by phosphate buffered saline flow on coating stability was characterized with differences in fibrinogen adsorption between control (coated ...


Efficacy Of Virtual Models In A Production Systems Course, Lawrence Whitman, Barbara Chaparro Oct 2018

Efficacy Of Virtual Models In A Production Systems Course, Lawrence Whitman, Barbara Chaparro

Barbara S. Chaparro

Wichita State University has developed an integrated set of virtual reality models of an aircraft assembly line. These models are intended to provide students an ‘artifact’ of industrial and manufacturing engineering by providing a realistic environment for initial learning and application. By utilizing a virtual model of the line, students are able to view the process and interrogate the process details, make changes and observe the effects, and gain a better understanding of the concepts and their interrelationships. This paper presents the method used to assess if virtual models (computer models of a real factory) lead to: improved perception of ...


Solid-State Processing Approach To Enhance The Mechanical Properties Of Polypropylene, Sharon Lau, Srikanthan Ramesh, Iris V. Rivero, Lashanda Korley Oct 2018

Solid-State Processing Approach To Enhance The Mechanical Properties Of Polypropylene, Sharon Lau, Srikanthan Ramesh, Iris V. Rivero, Lashanda Korley

Sharon Lau

Agenda: Background; Research Problem; Methodology; Results and Discussion; Conclusions.


Maximizing Financial Benefit Of Lean Six Sigma Projects Through Optimized Selection Criteria, Colin Wasiloff Oct 2018

Maximizing Financial Benefit Of Lean Six Sigma Projects Through Optimized Selection Criteria, Colin Wasiloff

Engineering Management, Information, and Systems Research Theses and Dissertations

As evolving threats across the globe keep pace with increasing budget constraints, the US Army’s major subordinate commands and their sub-organizations are constantly challenged to do more with less. Resources such as human capital, information technology, facilities, and budgeted funding are stretched as thin as ever, while requirements to serve the Warfighter remain paramount. Each dollar of financial benefit gained through cost reduction efforts at the US Army can affect the Warfighter directly. Budgeted money saved or avoided is reprogrammed both locally and atop the hierarchy at the Department of Treasury to serve the Warfighter better.

Ordinal Logistic Regression ...


Impact Of Communication Latency On The Bus Voltage Of Centrally Controlled Dc Microgrid During Islanding, Mahmoud Saleh, Yusef Esa, Ahmed Mohamed Oct 2018

Impact Of Communication Latency On The Bus Voltage Of Centrally Controlled Dc Microgrid During Islanding, Mahmoud Saleh, Yusef Esa, Ahmed Mohamed

Publications and Research

Maintaining a sustainable and reliable source of energy to supply critical loads within a renewable energy based microgrid (MG) during blackouts is directly related to its bus voltage variations. For example, voltage variation might trigger protection devices and disconnect DERs within the MG. Centrally controlled MGs (CCMGs) type is dependent on communication. Therefore, it is very important to analyze the impact of communication networks performance degradation, such as latency, on the bus voltage of CCMGs. This paper investigates the effect of wireless communication technologies latency on the bus voltage and performance of centralized DC MGs. Two mathematical models were developed ...


Conditions Under Which Adjustability Lowers The Cost Of A Robust Linear Program, Ali Haddad-Sisakht, Sarah M. Ryan Oct 2018

Conditions Under Which Adjustability Lowers The Cost Of A Robust Linear Program, Ali Haddad-Sisakht, Sarah M. Ryan

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The adjustable robust counterpart (ARC) of an uncertain linear program extends the robust counterpart (RC) by allowing some decision variables to adjust to the realizations of some uncertain parameters. The ARC may produce a less conservative and costly solution than the RC does but cases are known in which it does not. While the literature documents some examples of cost savings provided by adjustability (particularly affine adjustability), it is not straightforward to determine in advance whether they will materialize. The affine adjustable robust counterpart, while having a tractable structure, still may be much larger than the original problem. We establish ...


A Solid-State Processing Approach To Enhance The Mechanical Performance Of Polyolefins, Sharon Lau, Srikanthan Ramesh, Iris V. Rivero, Lashanda Korley Sep 2018

A Solid-State Processing Approach To Enhance The Mechanical Performance Of Polyolefins, Sharon Lau, Srikanthan Ramesh, Iris V. Rivero, Lashanda Korley

Sharon Lau

This study aims to present and evaluate the use of solid-state processing for improving the mechanical properties of polyolefins. Isotactic polypropylene (i-PP) was selected to be studied due to its inferior mechanical properties in comparison to common plastics such as polyethylene (PET) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Recently, i-PP has garnered attention due to its attributes such as low-cost and recyclability. However, it requires additional processing to improve its mechanical performance. In this study, cryomilling was used to introduce various concentrations (0.2 - 1 wt. %) of diparamethyldibenzyldiene sorbitol (MDBS), as reinforcing agent, into the i-PP polymer. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential ...


Application Of Bayesian Belief Network For Agile Kanban Backlog Estimation, Eric D. Weflen, Kevin Korniejczuk, Sharon Lau, Steven S. Kryk, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Iris V. Rivero Sep 2018

Application Of Bayesian Belief Network For Agile Kanban Backlog Estimation, Eric D. Weflen, Kevin Korniejczuk, Sharon Lau, Steven S. Kryk, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Iris V. Rivero

Sharon Lau

What is Agile Kanban?

• Different from Kanban for JIT manufacturing!

• Visualization of workflow

• Limit work in process (WIP)


Application Of Bayesian Belief Network For Agile Kanban Backlog Estimation, Eric Weflen, Kevin Korniejczuk, Sharon Lau, Steven Kryk, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Iris V. Rivero Sep 2018

Application Of Bayesian Belief Network For Agile Kanban Backlog Estimation, Eric Weflen, Kevin Korniejczuk, Sharon Lau, Steven Kryk, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Iris V. Rivero

Sharon Lau

This paper presents an approach based on influence diagrams for reducing uncertainty in Agile Kanban backlog feature completion time. Agile project management techniques, including SCRUM and Kanban, are prevalent in software development and spreading to other product development fields. A key artifact of Agile is the product backlog, containing work which needs to be completed by the development team. Internal and external stakeholders often require projections for completion of backlogged requests or features. Current estimation techniques such as duration assignments through planning poker and the use of story points to calculate velocity require persistent team input, while task counting has ...


Modular Crates – A Holistic Design Approach For Optimizing Cube Size In Industrial Packaging, Marshal Louie, Kumar B Sep 2018

Modular Crates – A Holistic Design Approach For Optimizing Cube Size In Industrial Packaging, Marshal Louie, Kumar B

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Global market is a field where all industries strive to provide personalized product for every customer demand in order to compete with their competitors in the business battlefield. Product personalization varies with customer to customer which increases the product variety. When the product size variability is vast, producing packages for every individual product is not only difficult but also increases the design time, production time, total manufacturing cost and inventory cost. For the present scenario, Industrial packages does not opt customizability for variable product sizes. Customized package for personalized product is achievable only by redesigning the existing distribution package with ...


Ranking Importance Of Exoskeleton Design Aspects, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone Sep 2018

Ranking Importance Of Exoskeleton Design Aspects, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The objective of this research project was to determine what a conglomerate of professionals consider as the most important metrics to consider when designing an exoskeleton for training. Over 400 researchers, engineers, and scientists were polled in a ranked order survey covering more than 50 different aspects in engineering design. These aspects were identified from a cogent literature review for consideration. While there are a slew of papers covering the results of exoskeleton designs as posture support mechanisms, rehabilitation mechanisms, tools to assist or replace body functions, and human performance augmentation, few cover what aspects were considered in the engineering ...


Assessment And Comparison Of Aviation Manufacturing Industries Throughout Mexico And Brazil, Omar E. Morsi, Kelly A. Whealan-George, Aaron D. Clevenger Aug 2018

Assessment And Comparison Of Aviation Manufacturing Industries Throughout Mexico And Brazil, Omar E. Morsi, Kelly A. Whealan-George, Aaron D. Clevenger

Aaron D. Clevenger

This literature review serves to provide insight and understanding in regards to the evolving aviation manufacturing industry throughout the globe and more specifically, Mexico and Brazil. Increased demand for aircraft units both in the commercial and private sectors have led to unprecedented expansions in aircraft manufacturing across the industry. In order to illuminate certain potentials and current growth levels of such industries, this review will delve into an array of information and specifications in regards to economic, political, and cultural influences throughout both Mexican and Brazilian markets respectively. In conclusion, the review will identify the transformation of an aviation manufacturing ...


The Effect Of Rest Period On Fatigue Using Electromyography During Manual Lifting, Nandakumar Prabhakar Aug 2018

The Effect Of Rest Period On Fatigue Using Electromyography During Manual Lifting, Nandakumar Prabhakar

LSU Master's Theses

Manual materials handing (MMH) is the main cause and concern for injuries in the working population which lead to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). MSDs significantly contribute to the cost of workers’ compensation and loss of productivity, thus impacting economy of the United States. MSDs are mainly caused due to over exertion and fatigue experienced by workers involved in manual materials handling. In addition to over-exertion and fatigue, lack of short and frequent rest intervals between tasks contributes to the risk of MSDs. The objective of this research was to study the effect of rest period on muscle fatigue using electromyography (EMG ...


Robust Allocation Of Funds For Nonstructural Flood Risk Mitigation In Coastal Louisiana, Simón Gómez Sierra, David R. Johnson, Matthew P. Shisler, Zachariah T. Richardson Aug 2018

Robust Allocation Of Funds For Nonstructural Flood Risk Mitigation In Coastal Louisiana, Simón Gómez Sierra, David R. Johnson, Matthew P. Shisler, Zachariah T. Richardson

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Coastal Louisiana is a critical economic, ecological and cultural asset, acting as a major hub for waterborne commerce, fisheries, and the petrochemical industry, and also as one of the world’s unique wetlands. Unfortunately, this rich environment is in great danger from the threat of hurricanes and storm surge flooding. Direct economic losses are estimated to average $2.7 billion per year under current conditions, and this could increase to $12 billion a year, or more, within 50 years if nothing is done. To prevent this catastrophe, Louisiana has developed a Comprehensive Master Plan for a Sustainable Coast, which plans ...