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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering Commons

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1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Effects Of Ergonomic Worksite Changes On Risks For Cumulative Trauma Disorders Of The Upper Body In An Assembly And Press Operation Job, David B. Mahone Dec 1994

Effects Of Ergonomic Worksite Changes On Risks For Cumulative Trauma Disorders Of The Upper Body In An Assembly And Press Operation Job, David B. Mahone

Theses

Cumulative trauma of the upper body is associated with a variety of individual and job factors. An effort to optimize the human-hardware interface to minimize cumulative trauma is favored. Workers in a set of jobs had complained about hand/wrist and shoulder discomfort. One job was selected for testing alternate machine controls and worksite layout. Electromyography was used to test muscle activity, and photogoniometry was used to measure posture.

For the group of ten worker-subjects, statistically significant decreases in hand/wrist and shoulder muscle activity were found. A marginal, but significant increase in neck muscle activity was also found. When ...


Acuta Enews December 1994, Vol. 23, No. 12 Dec 1994

Acuta Enews December 1994, Vol. 23, No. 12

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board report

President's message

George Mason University becomes "virtual campus"

Phone fraud at Salve Regina

Campus-wide network at James Madison

From ACUTA Headquarters


Acuta Enews November 1994, Vol. 23, No. 11 Nov 1994

Acuta Enews November 1994, Vol. 23, No. 11

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board report

President's message

Institutional Excellence Award winners

NANP

Telecome helps Financial Aid at Mizzou

Managing 30 years into the future


Erfahrungen Mit Busspuren In Usa, Vukan R. Vuchic Nov 1994

Erfahrungen Mit Busspuren In Usa, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Building Oriented Surface Generation Through Iges Specification, Jujiang Bao Oct 1994

Building Oriented Surface Generation Through Iges Specification, Jujiang Bao

Theses

This thesis focuses the use of Initial Graphics Exchange Specification to generate automatically three dimensional surfaces. Currently, different CAD systems utilize their own data formats to generate graphic databases which are not compatible with one another. Besides, most of the existing CAD systems require an interactive data input process which is very much time consuming. In order to solve above problems, an efficient algorithm has been developed in this research to automatically generate portable graphic database following ICES specifications. This portable graphic database can be adopted by different commercial CAD/CAM systems. Using the proposed method, the current design process ...


Acuta Enews October 1994, Vol. 23, No. 10 Oct 1994

Acuta Enews October 1994, Vol. 23, No. 10

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Special Emphasis Toll Fraud

Board Report

President's Message

ACUTA President

On the Campus of...

DC at a glance


Analysis Of Efficiency Measures For Block Diagonal Machine-Component Charts, Hamid Seifoddini, Manocher Djassemi Sep 1994

Analysis Of Efficiency Measures For Block Diagonal Machine-Component Charts, Hamid Seifoddini, Manocher Djassemi

Industrial Technology and Packaging

Group efficiency measures have been developed to evaluate machine-component charts for the formation of cellular manufacturing systems. In this paper the existing grouping efficiency measures will be evaluated by determining the relationship between the values of a grouping efficiency measure and the performance of the corresponding cellular manufacturing system.


Acuta Enews September 1994, Vol. 23, No. 9 Sep 1994

Acuta Enews September 1994, Vol. 23, No. 9

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board report

President's message

Just Say Yes

Developing Excellence

Conference photos

The Confident Decision Maker

Positive about Change

Information Highway


Relationship Between Technical Knowledge And Price-Perceived Quality In An Industrial Setting, Jeannie Helen Caicedo Aug 1994

Relationship Between Technical Knowledge And Price-Perceived Quality In An Industrial Setting, Jeannie Helen Caicedo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As proven by many studies, non-industrial consumers perceive price as a strong quality indicator. However, the applicability of this behavior to an industrial setting has been long questioned. It is hypothesized in this research that the levels of price-perceived quality will decrease in an industrial setting as the technical knowledge of the buyer increases. Judgement Sampling method was used to select the most appropriate sample for this study. Since engineers are particularly important influencers in the purchase decision process in organization, engineering students and professors were chosen as the study population. A survey was administered to a sample population that ...


Acuta Enews August 1994, Vol. 23, No. 8 Aug 1994

Acuta Enews August 1994, Vol. 23, No. 8

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board Report

President's message

CUPA Administrative Compensation Survey

WSU partnership

Phone registration at SMSU


Short-Term Improvements For Septa's Regional Rail System, Vukan R. Vuchic, Shinya Kikuchi, Eric C. Bruun, Partha Chakroborty, Yong Shin Eun, Janaki Parameswaran, Nikola Krstanoski, Natasa Vukadinovic Aug 1994

Short-Term Improvements For Septa's Regional Rail System, Vukan R. Vuchic, Shinya Kikuchi, Eric C. Bruun, Partha Chakroborty, Yong Shin Eun, Janaki Parameswaran, Nikola Krstanoski, Natasa Vukadinovic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

SEPTA has made significant improvements on its Regional Rail System since its takeover from Conrail some 10 years ago. This system now offers highly reliable service; stations are clean, many have obtained improved platforms, signs and other equipment; Trailpasses are used extensively. Yet, the ridership is low relative to the excellent coverage the network provides, and it has had a predominantly declining trend. Moreover, financial results are unsatisfactory: the Regional Rail Division's operating ratio is considerably lower than the other SEPTA divisions' ratios. There is a serious danger that the system will continue along a "spiral" of increasing fares ...


Optimum Symbol-By-Symbol Detection Of Uncoded Digital Data Over The Gaussian Channel With Unknown Carrier Phase, Pooi Yuen Kam, Seng Siew Ng, Tock Soon Ng Aug 1994

Optimum Symbol-By-Symbol Detection Of Uncoded Digital Data Over The Gaussian Channel With Unknown Carrier Phase, Pooi Yuen Kam, Seng Siew Ng, Tock Soon Ng

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

A theory of optimum receiver design for symbol-by-symbol detection of an uncoded digital data sequence received over the Gaussian channel with unknown carrier phase is presented. Linear suppressed-carrier modulation is assumed. The work here aims at laying a conceptual foundation for optimum symbol-by-symbol detection, and rectifies existing approaches to the problem. The optimum receiver structure is obtained explicitly for an arbitrary carrier phase model, but its computational requirements are too heavy in general for any practical implementation. In one important special case, namely, the case in which the carrier phase can be treated as a constant over some K+1 ...


A Functional Architecture For Automated Highway Traffic Planning, H.-S. Jacob Tsao Jul 1994

A Functional Architecture For Automated Highway Traffic Planning, H.-S. Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

In a fully automated Automated Highway System (AHS), the roadside control system and the vehicles themselves are responsible for moving the large number of vehicles safely and efficiently. Therefore, the task of operating an AHS is drastically different from and much more complex than its conventional counterpart. Resulting from a large number of design options, there exist many possible ways to operate an AHS. Each of these possible operating scenarios will support a different set of functions. A crucial task in AHS R&D is to evaluate and compare these potentially large number of different AHS operating scenarios with respect ...


Acuta Enews July 1994, Vol. 23, No. 7 Jul 1994

Acuta Enews July 1994, Vol. 23, No. 7

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board Report

President's message

White papers/Blue papers

Yale Telecom

The year the lights went on in Georgia

Curtin University


Automated Manpower Rostering: Techniques And Experience, C. M. Khoong, Hoong Chuin Lau, L. W. Chew Jul 1994

Automated Manpower Rostering: Techniques And Experience, C. M. Khoong, Hoong Chuin Lau, L. W. Chew

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

We present ROMAN, a comprehensive, generic manpower rostering toolkit that successfully handles a wide spectrum of work policies found in service organizations. We review the use of various techniques and methodologies in the toolkit that contribute to its robustness and efficiency, and relate experience gained in addressing manpower rostering problems in industry.


A Preliminary Model For Lot Sizing In Semiconductor Manufacturing, Tali F. Carmon, Steven Nahmias Jun 1994

A Preliminary Model For Lot Sizing In Semiconductor Manufacturing, Tali F. Carmon, Steven Nahmias

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

No abstract provided.


Acuta Enews June 1994, Vol. 23, No. 6 Jun 1994

Acuta Enews June 1994, Vol. 23, No. 6

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board report

President's message

White papers/blue papers

TFS takes aim at toll fraud

ITFS Monograph review

Lost on the Information Highway?


An Empirical Investigation Of Total Quality Management (Tqm) Effectiveness In Healthcare Organizations, Lokesh S. Basappa Jun 1994

An Empirical Investigation Of Total Quality Management (Tqm) Effectiveness In Healthcare Organizations, Lokesh S. Basappa

Master's Theses

American hospitals are implementing quality programs to offer higher quality service at reduced cost. However, the results of these programs in many hospitals have often not met expectations.

This research analyzed the effectiveness of Total Quality Management (TQM). The objective of the study was to better understand how TQM strategies can best be applied by hospitals. An empirical survey was distributed to Michigan hospitals and an analysis was performed to meet this objective.

The survey results show that hospitals involved indirectly with quality programs haven't realized that they are implementing TQM strategies. On the other hand some hospitals say ...


Work Measurement Decision Diagram Development And Application At Nasa's Kennedy Space Center, Susan L. Murray, Amanda M. Mitskevich, Joseph J. Pignatiello Jr., Timothy S. Barth, William W. Swart May 1994

Work Measurement Decision Diagram Development And Application At Nasa's Kennedy Space Center, Susan L. Murray, Amanda M. Mitskevich, Joseph J. Pignatiello Jr., Timothy S. Barth, William W. Swart

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents a decision flow diagram developed at NASA's Kennedy Space Center for the selection of the appropriate work measurement methodologies for Space Shuttle processing.


Acuta Enews May 1994, Vol. 23, No. 5 May 1994

Acuta Enews May 1994, Vol. 23, No. 5

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board Report

President's message

VTEL goes to Russia

Video at Univ. of Missouri

DC at a glance

Takin' care of business


The Bus Transit System: Its Underutilized Potential, Vukan R. Vuchic, Eric Christian Bruun, Nikola B Krstanoski, Yong Eun Shin, Shinya Kikuchi, Partha Chakroborty, Vijay Perincherry May 1994

The Bus Transit System: Its Underutilized Potential, Vukan R. Vuchic, Eric Christian Bruun, Nikola B Krstanoski, Yong Eun Shin, Shinya Kikuchi, Partha Chakroborty, Vijay Perincherry

Departmental Papers (ESE)

The bus system represents the most widely used transit mode. Upgraded bus services, primarily those which have partially or fully separated rights-of-way, represent a very cost effective method to improve the balance between automobile and transit. Many measures for improving bus services were introduced since 1970. However, many of these improvements were not maintained: buses were gradually returned to operations in mixed traffic. The report examines the quality of bus services in various cities in North America and worldwide and analyzes the reasons for the phenomenon of “backsliding” or disappearance of bus transit priority measures.


Acuta Enews April 1994, Vol. 23, No. 4 Apr 1994

Acuta Enews April 1994, Vol. 23, No. 4

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board report

President's message

ISDN at WVU

Book reviews

Hold down toll fraud

Takin' care of business


Planning And Control Of Robotic Juggling And Catching Tasks, M. Buehler, Daniel E. Koditschek, P. J. Kindlmann Apr 1994

Planning And Control Of Robotic Juggling And Catching Tasks, M. Buehler, Daniel E. Koditschek, P. J. Kindlmann

Departmental Papers (ESE)

A new class of control algorithms—the “mirror algorithms”— gives rise to experimentally observed juggling and catching behavior in a planar robotic mechanism. The simplest of these algorithms (on which all the others are founded) is provably correct with respect to a simplified model of the robot and its environment. This article briefly reviews the physical setup and underlying mathematical theory. It discusses two significant extensions of the fundamental algorithm to juggling two objects and catching. We provide data from successful empirical verifi cations of these control strategies and briefly speculate on the larger implications for the field of robotics ...


Acuta Enews March 1994, Vol. 23, No. 3 Mar 1994

Acuta Enews March 1994, Vol. 23, No. 3

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board reprt

President's message

Baltimore update

Improvements at the University of Chicago

21st Century technology

Resource Library is growing


A Finite Capacity Queue With Markovian Arrivals And Two Servers With Group Services, Srinivas Chakravarthy, Attahiru S. Alfa Feb 1994

A Finite Capacity Queue With Markovian Arrivals And Two Servers With Group Services, Srinivas Chakravarthy, Attahiru S. Alfa

Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Publications

In this paper we consider a finite capacity queuing system in which arrivals are governed by a Markovian arrival process. The system is attended by two exponential servers, who offer services in groups of varying sizes. The service rates may depend on the number of customers in service. Using Markov theory, we study this finite capacity queuing model in detail by obtaining numerically stable expressions for (a) the steady-state queue length densities at arrivals and at arbitrary time points; (b) the Laplace-Stieltjes transform of the stationary waiting time distribution of an admitted customer at points of arrivals. The stationary waiting ...


Acuta Enews February 1994, Vol. 23, No. 2 Feb 1994

Acuta Enews February 1994, Vol. 23, No. 2

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Board report

Presidents message

What's right...what's wrong? States to develop telecommunications modernization plans

21st century technology


Capacity Of Automated Highway Systems: Effect Of Platooning And Barriers, H.-S. Jacob Tsao, Randolph Hall, Bruce Hongola Feb 1994

Capacity Of Automated Highway Systems: Effect Of Platooning And Barriers, H.-S. Jacob Tsao, Randolph Hall, Bruce Hongola

Faculty Publications

The concept of Automated Highway Systems (AHS) is based on the belief that an appropriate integration of control and communication technologies placed on the vehicle and on the highway can lead to a large improvement in capacity and safety without requiring a significant amount of additional highway right-of-way. Stemming from this belief are various conceptual scenarios for vehicle/highway automation.An AHS consists of two major components: vehicle/highway automation technology and highway operating strategy. In this paper, we study the capacity of key AHS operating scenarios.


The Importance Of Considering Size Effect Along The Cutting Edge In Predicting The Effective Lead Angle For Turning, William J. Endres, Daniel Waldorf Jan 1994

The Importance Of Considering Size Effect Along The Cutting Edge In Predicting The Effective Lead Angle For Turning, William J. Endres, Daniel Waldorf

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

The concept of an effective orthogonal cutting edge in turning is considered. The orientation of this edge in the radial-longitudinal plane, as commonly modeled through an effective lead angle, is studied. The methods of effective lead angle prediction used in numerous previously developed force models are plagued with large errors over ranges of process inputs, in particular feed rate and depth of cut. Four previously developed methods of effective lead angle prediction are reviewed and compared to a new method presented here. This new method accounts for the size effect as introduced through the variation in chip thickness along the ...


Error Recovery In Intelligent Robotic Workcells, R. D. Borchelt, Sema E. Alptekin Jan 1994

Error Recovery In Intelligent Robotic Workcells, R. D. Borchelt, Sema E. Alptekin

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

This paper focuses on the requirements for achieving automated diagnosis and error recovery in a robotic assembly cell. Untended robust operation is the goal which is discussed, and the use of a knowledge-base oriented diagnostic/control system to support on-line error recovery is advocated. It is proposed that error recovery attempts should be made, not only based on information gathered by system sensors, but also by using additional cell-specific knowledge pertaining to recovery strategies. Recovery attempts are to be made even in the absence of complete diagnosis, in order to gather additional information. A control structure developed to implement this ...


A Probabilistic Model For Avcs Longitudinal Collision/Safety Analysis, Jacob Tsao, Randolph Hall Jan 1994

A Probabilistic Model For Avcs Longitudinal Collision/Safety Analysis, Jacob Tsao, Randolph Hall

Faculty Publications

This paper develops a probabilistic model for analyzing longitudinal collision/safety between an abruptly decelerating vehicle and its immediate follower. The input parameters are the length of the gap between the two vehicles, their common speed prior to the failure, the reaction delay of the following vehicle and a bivariate distribution for the two deceleration rates. The output includes the probability of a collision and the probability distribution of the relative speed at collision time We use this model to compare the safety consequences associated with the platooning and “free-agent” longitudinal-separation rules. We also demonstrate that the free-agent rule implemented ...