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Sustainability

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Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

A Framework For Collaboration Among Regional Food System Participants, Anuj Mittal, Veronica M. White, Caroline Krejci Jan 2017

A Framework For Collaboration Among Regional Food System Participants, Anuj Mittal, Veronica M. White, Caroline Krejci

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Horizontal collaboration can benefit supply chain partners by increasing their collective competitiveness. However, each participant in the collaboration typically maintains its own individual business objectives. Therefore, such collaborations require a standard operational framework that specifies the allocation of participant responsibilities and benefits. While horizontal collaboration in regional food supply chains is common, very few participants have adopted this type of standard framework. As a result, the sharing of resources and information among partners tends to be inefficient and potentially contentious. This paper describes our efforts to formalize a supply chain collaboration that has developed among several regional food hubs and ...


Improving Carbon Efficiency Through Container Size Optimization And Shipment Consolidation, Nang Laik Ma, Kar Way Tan, Edwin Lik Ming Chong Sep 2016

Improving Carbon Efficiency Through Container Size Optimization And Shipment Consolidation, Nang Laik Ma, Kar Way Tan, Edwin Lik Ming Chong

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Purpose: Many manufacturing companies that ship goods through full container loads found themselves under-utilizing the containers and resulting in higher carbon footprint per volume shipment. One of the reasons is the choice of non-ideal container sizes for their shipments. Consolidation fills up the containers more efficiently that reduces the overall carbon footprint. The objective of this paper is to support decisions on selection of appropriate combination of container sizes and shipment consolidation for a manufacturing company. We develop two-steps model which first takes the volumes to be shipped as an input and provide the combination of container sizes required; then ...


Analysis Of Food Hub Commerce And Participation Using Agent-Based Modeling: Integrating Financial And Social Drivers, Caroline C. Krejci, Richard Stone, Michael Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert Feb 2016

Analysis Of Food Hub Commerce And Participation Using Agent-Based Modeling: Integrating Financial And Social Drivers, Caroline C. Krejci, Richard Stone, Michael Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Objective: Factors influencing long-term viability of an intermediated regional food supply network (food hub) were modeled using agent-based modeling techniques informed by interview data gathered from food hub participants.

Background: Previous analyses of food hub dynamics focused primarily on financial drivers rather than social factors and have not used mathematical models.

Method: Based on qualitative and quantitative data gathered from 22 customers and 11 vendors at a midwestern food hub, an agent-based model (ABM) was created with distinct consumer personas characterizing the range of consumer priorities. A comparison study determined if the ABM behaved differently than a model based on ...


Improving Regional Food Hub Operational Efficiency With Lean Practices, Anuj Mittal, Michelle Zugg, Caroline Krejci Jan 2016

Improving Regional Food Hub Operational Efficiency With Lean Practices, Anuj Mittal, Michelle Zugg, Caroline Krejci

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Food hubs aggregate and distribute regionally-produced food and help small and mid-sized farmers find markets for their products. They provide a valuable service as an intermediary between consumers and farmers who value sustainable food systems. However, their internal operations are often highly inefficient, and as a result they struggle to meet their customers’ expectations. To maintain low operational costs, food hubs often depend upon volunteer labor. However, an inconsistent and improperly trained volunteer labor force can lead to inventory and order fulfillment errors. Additionally, because many food hubs are unable to afford sophisticated inventory management software, they employ ad-hoc methods ...


Assessing Values-Based Sourcing Strategies In Regional Food Supply Networks: An Agent-Based Approach, Caroline C. Krejci, Michael C. Dorneich, Richard T. Stone Oct 2015

Assessing Values-Based Sourcing Strategies In Regional Food Supply Networks: An Agent-Based Approach, Caroline C. Krejci, Michael C. Dorneich, Richard T. Stone

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The recent increase in demand for regionally produced food has resulted in a need for more efficient distribution methods. To connect regional food producers and consumers, intermediated regional food supply networks have developed. The intermediary, known as a regional food hub, serves as an aggregation point for products and information. It may also act as a filter to ensure that the requirements of both producers and consumers are consistently met. This paper describes an empirically based agent-based model of a regional food network in central Iowa that is intermediated by a food hub. The model was used to test a ...


Empirical Study Utilizing Qfd To Develop An International Marketing Strategy, Cassandra C. Elrod, Sarah M. Stanley, Elizabeth A. Cudney, Caroline Fisher Aug 2015

Empirical Study Utilizing Qfd To Develop An International Marketing Strategy, Cassandra C. Elrod, Sarah M. Stanley, Elizabeth A. Cudney, Caroline Fisher

Business and Information Technology Faculty Research & Creative Works

Customer expectations can be extremely nebulous. This research identifies the demographic segmentations and their respective expectations for the spa market. Interviews were conducted and a subsequent questionnaire was employed to gather the voice of the customer and assess the expectations of spa clientele. All of the data was collected from luxury spas in Hawaii, and consisted of respondents from all over the world. Results of the survey suggest that while men want more tangible benefits of a spa, women prefer the experiential qualities of peace and rejuvenation. Additionally, those of lower to middle income focus on the atmosphere more than ...


Sustainability In Industrial Logistics Operations, Vishnu Siddharth Somanur Paramasivam Apr 2013

Sustainability In Industrial Logistics Operations, Vishnu Siddharth Somanur Paramasivam

Purdue Polytechnic Directed Projects

CO2 concentration in the atmosphere has been rising at a rapid rate. As per the numbers quoted, the concentration has surpassed the safest upper limit suggested by the scientists. CO2 is a green-house gas and is partially responsible for global warming. With the current rate of emissions, it poses a threat to the planet's future and prosperity. Transportation contributes 30% of the overall CO2 emissions. Companies that use transportation are taking sustainability initiatives to reduce the emissions. This project documented some of the sustainability practices followed by the companies currently. It was found that the practices followed three general ...


Sustainable Purchasing Practices: An Investigation Into Current Industry Awareness And Practice, Frank Palisi, Kathryne Newton, Edward Sweeney Feb 2013

Sustainable Purchasing Practices: An Investigation Into Current Industry Awareness And Practice, Frank Palisi, Kathryne Newton, Edward Sweeney

Conference papers

This research study illustrates the importance of sustainable purchasing practices for organizations in the U.S. distribution industry and answers several important questions: what is the current awareness of U.S. organizations regarding sustainable purchasing practices; to what extent are U.S. organizations evaluating, selecting, and retaining suppliers based upon sustainable purchasing practices; and to what extent are sustainable purchasing practices being implemented by the U.S. organizations under study? With an ever increasing global economy, is it critically important for organizations to put in place sustainability practices; the biggest impact organizations can make is often in an organization’s ...


Market Competition And Social Welfare Analysis For E10 And E85 With A 1 Game Theory Model, Minwen Yang, Guiping Hu Jan 2013

Market Competition And Social Welfare Analysis For E10 And E85 With A 1 Game Theory Model, Minwen Yang, Guiping Hu

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

With the increasing concerns about the petroleum reserve, and the global warming, people have been looking for renewable and environmental friendly energy sources to supplement and replace fossil fuels. Ethanol has been an appropriate substitute to fossil fuels. Currently, E10 and E85 are two of the main transportation fuels with ethanol and they are competing in the market. This study investigates the competition between E10 and E85 with an oligopoly Cournot model and derives three indicators from the equilibrium to measure the performance of the market: E85's market share, E85 price premium which indicate the consumers' additional willingness to ...


Sustainability For Die Manufacturing: Comparative Study Of Wedm And Milling, Matthew S. Kalus Dec 2012

Sustainability For Die Manufacturing: Comparative Study Of Wedm And Milling, Matthew S. Kalus

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Sustainability is more important in today's culture due to the increasing demand for a more eco-friendly society. Concentrations in minimizing and reducing environmental impacts, energy and natural resources have been forthcoming in industry. The tool, mold and die industries are the most well known industries that machine harder materials using mills and WEDM. The objective of this thesis was to compare the sustainability differences in both of these machines utilizing the accepted standards for evaluating the manufacturing process performance for sustainability. These standards include the evaluation of the process parameters, raw materials, power, tools and fluids which all contribute ...


Sustainable Purchasing Practices: An Investigation Into Current Industry Awareness And Practice., Francis X. Palisi Apr 2012

Sustainable Purchasing Practices: An Investigation Into Current Industry Awareness And Practice., Francis X. Palisi

Purdue Polytechnic Masters Theses

This research study illustrates the growing importance of sustainable purchasing practices and answers two important questions: what is the current awareness of U.S. organizations on sustainable purchasing practices with regards to evaluating, selecting, and retaining suppliers and to what extent are these practices being implemented? The research conducted is based upon an in-depth literature review of green purchasing and sustainability initiatives. With an ever increasing global economy with no intention of slowing down it is ever important to look towards sustainability practices and the biggest impact organizations can make is in the purchasing department. The researcher begins by explaining ...


An Optimization Approach To Assessing The Self-Sustainability Potential Of Food Demand In The Midwestern United States, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt, Randy Boeckenstedt Oct 2011

An Optimization Approach To Assessing The Self-Sustainability Potential Of Food Demand In The Midwestern United States, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt, Randy Boeckenstedt

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Conventional agriculture faces significant challenges as world population grows, food demand increases, and mobility becomes increasingly constrained. Reducing the distance food needs to travel is an important goal of sustainability and resiliency, particularly in the context of a variety of transportation challenges. In this study, we developed a linear programming optimization method to assess the potential of regions to meet dietary requirements with more localized and diversified agricultural systems. Emphasis is on minimizing the distance between population centers and available cropland, accounting for variations in yield among 40 of the most marketable food crops that can be grown in the ...


Toward A More Sustainable, Local Food Production System—From A System Modeling Perspective, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt, Randy Boeckenstedt Jan 2011

Toward A More Sustainable, Local Food Production System—From A System Modeling Perspective, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt, Randy Boeckenstedt

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Localized food production and sourcing is drawing increasing attention due to environmental and health considerations. In this study, we used population, dietary and geographical information to map potential foodsheds with emphasis on minimizing total geographic distribution. We also developed innovative protocols, metrics and optimization methods to analyze the foodshed localization of geographic areas. We used data from Iowa to analyze and validate the optimization model. This study can also be extended to other regions outside of Iowa.


Analyzing Sustainable, Localized Food Production Systems With A Systematic Optimization Model, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt, Randy Boeckenstedt Jan 2011

Analyzing Sustainable, Localized Food Production Systems With A Systematic Optimization Model, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt, Randy Boeckenstedt

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Localized food production and sourcing is drawing increasing attention due to environmental and health considerations. In this study, we used population, dietary and geographical information to map potential foodsheds with emphasis on minimizing total geographic distribution. We also developed innovative protocols, metrics and optimization methods to analyze the foodshed localization of geographic areas. We used data from Iowa to analyze and validate the optimization model. This study can also be extended to other regions outside of Iowa.


A System Dynamics Model Of The Pacific Coast Rockfish Fishery, Wayne Wakeland, Olgay Cangur, Guillermo Rueda, Astrid Scholz Jul 2003

A System Dynamics Model Of The Pacific Coast Rockfish Fishery, Wayne Wakeland, Olgay Cangur, Guillermo Rueda, Astrid Scholz

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper presents a model of the dynamic behavior of the yellowtail rockfish of the Pacific Coast of the United States. The purpose of the model is to generate endogenously the historical data for fish population, fishing vessels, regulatory parameters, and fish harvest. The model was subjected to a variety of tests to determine its sensitivity to changes in key parameters and initial values, including extreme conditions. Model results indicate that acceptable biological catch and fleet capacity must be adjusted quickly in response to changing conditions, in order to improve fishery sustainability. Additional analysis reinforces the policy of setting the ...