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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Time Series Classification Using Deep Learning For Process Planning: A Case From The Process Industry, Nijat Mehdiyev, Johannes Lahann, Andreas Emrich, David Lee Enke, Peter Fettke, Peter Loos Oct 2017

Time Series Classification Using Deep Learning For Process Planning: A Case From The Process Industry, Nijat Mehdiyev, Johannes Lahann, Andreas Emrich, David Lee Enke, Peter Fettke, Peter Loos

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Multivariate time series classification has been broadly applied in diverse domains over the past few decades. However, before applying the classification algorithms, the vast majority of current studies extract hand-engineered features that are assumed to detect local patterns in the time series. Therefore, the efficiency and precision of these classification approaches are heavily dependent on the quality of variables defined by domain experts. Recent improvements in the deep learning domain offer opportunities to avoid such an intensive hand-crafted feature engineering which is particularly important for managing the processes based on time-series data obtained from various sensor networks. In our paper ...


Establishing Rules For Self-Organizing Systems-Of-Systems, David M. Curry, Cihan H. Dagli Oct 2017

Establishing Rules For Self-Organizing Systems-Of-Systems, David M. Curry, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Self-organizing systems-of-systems offer the possibility of autonomously adapting to new circumstances and tasking. This could significantly benefit large endeavors such as smart cities and national defense by increasing the probability that new situations are expediently handled. Complex self-organizing behaviors can be produced by a large set of individual agents all following the same simple set of rules. While biological rule sets have application in achieving human goals, other rules sets may be necessary as these goals are not necessarily mirrored in nature. To this end, a set of system, rather than biologically, inspired rules is introduced and an agent-based model ...


Instance Selection Using Genetic Algorithms For An Intelligent Ensemble Trading System, Youngmin Kim, David Lee Enke Oct 2017

Instance Selection Using Genetic Algorithms For An Intelligent Ensemble Trading System, Youngmin Kim, David Lee Enke

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Instance selection is a way to remove unnecessary data that can adversely affect the prediction model, thereby selecting representative and relevant data from the original data set that is expected to improve predictive performance. Instance selection plays an important role in improving the scalability of data mining algorithms and has also proven to be successful over a wide range of classification problems. However, instance selection using an evolutionary approach, as proposed in this study, is different from previous methods that have focused on improving accuracy performance in the stock market (i.e., Up or Down forecast). In fact, we propose ...


Loading Time Flexibility In Cross-Docking Systems, Dincer Konur, Mihalis M. Golias Sep 2017

Loading Time Flexibility In Cross-Docking Systems, Dincer Konur, Mihalis M. Golias

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this study, we investigate truck-to-door assignment problem for loading outgoing trucks in a cross-docking system with flexible handling times. Specifically, a truck's loading time depends on the number of workers assigned to the outbound door, where the truck is being loaded. An optimization problem is formulated to jointly determine the number of workers and the trucks to be loaded at each door. The resulting problem is a nonlinear integer programming model. Due to the complexity of this model, two evolutionary heuristic methods are proposed for solution. First heuristic method is based on truck assignments while the second heuristic ...


Application Of An Artificial Neural Network To Predict Graduation Success At The United States Military Academy, Gene Lesinski, Steven Corns, Cihan H. Dagli Nov 2016

Application Of An Artificial Neural Network To Predict Graduation Success At The United States Military Academy, Gene Lesinski, Steven Corns, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents a neural network approach to classify student graduation status based upon selected academic, demographic, and other indicators. A multi-layer feedforward network with backpropagation learning is used as the model framework. The model is trained, tested, and validated using 5100 student samples with data compiled from admissions records and institutional research databases. Nine input variables consist of categorical and numeric data elements including: high school rank, high school quality, standardized test scores, high school faculty assessments, extra-curricular activity score, parent's education status, and time since high school graduation. These inputs and the multi-layer neural network model are ...


Evaluating Forecasting Methods By Considering Different Accuracy Measures, Nijat Mehdiyev, David Lee Enke, Peter Fettke, Peter Loos Nov 2016

Evaluating Forecasting Methods By Considering Different Accuracy Measures, Nijat Mehdiyev, David Lee Enke, Peter Fettke, Peter Loos

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Choosing the appropriate forecasting technique to employ is a challenging issue and requires a comprehensive analysis of empirical results. Recent research findings reveal that the performance evaluation of forecasting models depends on the accuracy measures adopted. Some methods indicate superior performance when error based metrics are used, while others perform better when precision values are adopted as accuracy measures. As scholars tend to use a smaller subset of accuracy metrics to assess the performance of forecasting models, there is a need for a concept of multiple accuracy dimensions to assure the robustness of evaluation. Therefore, the main purpose of this ...


Genetic Algorithm Optimization Of Sos Meta-Architecture Attributes For Fuzzy Rule Based Assessments, Andrew Renault, Cihan H. Dagli Nov 2016

Genetic Algorithm Optimization Of Sos Meta-Architecture Attributes For Fuzzy Rule Based Assessments, Andrew Renault, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The analysis of an acknowledged systems of systems (SoS) meta-architecture requires a preliminary method for potential trade space exploration to ensure compliance to evolving capability requirements. It is important to assess the SoS meta-architecture concept to ensure that it satisfies all stakeholder needs and requirements in the early stages of development. There are numerous linguistic terms called key performance attributes (KPAs) that could be used to assess the different aspects of the architectures capabilities, however, too many KPAs could complicate the assessment. The initial population of suitable KPAs is reduced through non-derivative based optimization employed by a genetic algorithm (GA ...


Multiobjective System Of Systems Architecting With Performance Improvement Funds, Hadi Farhangi, Dincer Konur, Cihan H. Dagli Nov 2016

Multiobjective System Of Systems Architecting With Performance Improvement Funds, Hadi Farhangi, Dincer Konur, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A System of Systems architecting problem aims to determine a selection of systems, which are capable of providing a set of desired capabilities. A SoS architect usually has multiple objectives in generating efficient architectures such as minimization of the total cost and maximization the overall performance of the SoS. This study formulates a biobjective SoS architecting problem with these two objectives. Here, we consider that, by allocating funds to the systems, the SoS architect can improve the performance of the capabilities the systems can provide. The resulting architecting problem is a biobjective mixed-integer linear programming model. Specifically, the system selection ...


Combining Max-Min And Max-Max Approaches For Robust Sos Architecting, Hadi Farhangi, Dincer Konur, Cihan H. Dagli Nov 2016

Combining Max-Min And Max-Max Approaches For Robust Sos Architecting, Hadi Farhangi, Dincer Konur, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A System of Systems (SoS) architecting problem requires creating a selection of systems in order to provide a set of capabilities. SoS architecting finds many applications in military/defense projects. In this paper, we study a multi-objective SoS architecting problem, where the cost of the architecture is minimized while its performance is maximized. The cost of the architecture is the summation of the costs of the systems to be included in the SoS. Similarly, the performance of the architecture is defined as the sum of the performance of the capabilities, where the performance of a capability is the sum of ...


Entity Resolution Using Convolutional Neural Network, Ram Deepak Gottapu, Cihan H. Dagli, Bharami Ali Nov 2016

Entity Resolution Using Convolutional Neural Network, Ram Deepak Gottapu, Cihan H. Dagli, Bharami Ali

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Entity resolution is an important application in field of data cleaning. Standard approaches like deterministic methods and probabilistic methods are generally used for this purpose. Many new approaches using single layer perceptron, crowdsourcing etc. are developed to improve the efficiency and also to reduce the time of entity resolution. The approaches used for this purpose also depend on the type of dataset, labeled or unlabeled. This paper presents a new method for labeled data which uses single layered convolutional neural network to perform entity resolution. It also describes how crowdsourcing can be used with the output of the convolutional neural ...


Using Neural Networks To Forecast Volatility For An Asset Allocation Strategy Based On The Target Volatility, Youngmin Kim, David Lee Enke Nov 2016

Using Neural Networks To Forecast Volatility For An Asset Allocation Strategy Based On The Target Volatility, Youngmin Kim, David Lee Enke

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The objective of this study is to use artificial neural networks for volatility forecasting to enhance the ability of an asset allocation strategy based on the target volatility. The target volatility level is achieved by dynamically allocating between a risky asset and a risk-free cash position. However, a challenge to data-driven approaches is the limited availability of data since periods of high volatility, such as during financial crises, are relatively rare. To resolve this issue, we apply a stability-oriented approach to compare data for the current period to a past set of data for a period of low volatility, providing ...


Utility Of Baroreflex Sensitivity As A Marker Of Stress, Amanda A. Anderson, Nir Keren, Andrew Lilja, Kevin Godby, Stephen B. Gilbert, Warren D. Franke Jun 2016

Utility Of Baroreflex Sensitivity As A Marker Of Stress, Amanda A. Anderson, Nir Keren, Andrew Lilja, Kevin Godby, Stephen B. Gilbert, Warren D. Franke

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Presently, adaptive systems use various cognitive and cardiovascular measures to evaluate the functional state of the operator. One marker that has been largely ignored as an assessment tool is baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). This study examined the extent to which BRS changed in response to acute psychological and physical stressors. A total of 20 participants underwent 6-min exposures to a psychological stressor and a physical stressor. Baroreceptor sensitivity, blood pressure, heart rate, heart rate variability, stroke volume, cardiac output, mean blood pressure, total peripheral resistance, left ventricular ejection time, and pre-ejection period were continuously measured at rest and throughout the testing ...


Optimizing Macd Parameters Via Genetic Algorithms For Soybean Futures, Phoebe S. Wiles, David Lee Enke Nov 2015

Optimizing Macd Parameters Via Genetic Algorithms For Soybean Futures, Phoebe S. Wiles, David Lee Enke

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

To create profits, traders must time the market correctly and enter and exit positions at ideal times. Finding the optimal time to enter the market can be quite daunting. The soybean market can be volatile and complex. Weather, sentiment, supply, and demand can all affect the price of soybeans. Traders typically use either fundamental analysis or technical analysis to predict the market for soybean futures' contracts. Every agricultural future's contract or security contract is different in its nature, volatility, and structure. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to optimize the moving average convergence divergence parameter values from traditionally ...


Determination Of Rule Patterns In Complex Event Processing Using Machine Learning Techniques, Nijat Mehdiyev, Julian Krumeich, David Lee Enke, Dirk Werth, Peter Loos Nov 2015

Determination Of Rule Patterns In Complex Event Processing Using Machine Learning Techniques, Nijat Mehdiyev, Julian Krumeich, David Lee Enke, Dirk Werth, Peter Loos

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Complex Event Processing (CEP) is a novel and promising methodology that enables the real-time analysis of stream event data. The main purpose of CEP is detection of the complex event patterns from the atomic and semantically low-level events such as sensor, log, or RFID data. Determination of the rule patterns for matching these simple events based on the temporal, semantic, or spatial correlations is the central task of CEP systems. In the current design of the CEP systems, experts provide event rule patterns. Having reached maturity, the Big Data Systems and Internet of Things (IoT) technology require the implementation of ...


Selecting Attributes, Rules, And Membership Functions For Fuzzy Sos Architecture Evaluation, Louis Pape, Siddhartha Agarwal, Cihan H. Dagli Nov 2015

Selecting Attributes, Rules, And Membership Functions For Fuzzy Sos Architecture Evaluation, Louis Pape, Siddhartha Agarwal, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The development of the FILA-SoS meta-architecture approach to acknowledged systems of systems (SoS) analysis allows a relatively unbiased method for exploring a potential SoS architecture space. This paper delves more deeply into the process of building the lists of desirable fuzzy attributes of a SoS, developing rules for combining attribute values to an overall assessment, and discovering membership function shapes that work well. A wide range of options exist for all the individual elements of SoS assessment. Some recommendations for finding an appropriate combination for the adjustable parameters of fuzzy assessment models through random architecture chromosome testing and iteration are ...


Analyzing Responses From Likert Surveys And Risk-Adjusted Ranking: A Data Analytics Perspective, Abhijit Gosavi Nov 2015

Analyzing Responses From Likert Surveys And Risk-Adjusted Ranking: A Data Analytics Perspective, Abhijit Gosavi

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

We broadly consider the topic of ranking entities from surveys/opinions. Often, numerous ranks from different respondents are available for the same entity, e.g., a candidate from a pool, and yet an averaging of those ranks may not serve the purpose of identifying a consensus candidate. We first consider a risk-adjusted paradigm for ranking, where the rank is defined as the average (mean) rank plus a scalar times the risk in the rank; we use standard deviation as a risk metric. In case of a candidate being ranked either on the basis of opinions of a selection committee's ...


Noise Canceling In Volatility Forecasting Using An Adaptive Neural Network Filter, Soheil Almasi Monfared, David Lee Enke Nov 2015

Noise Canceling In Volatility Forecasting Using An Adaptive Neural Network Filter, Soheil Almasi Monfared, David Lee Enke

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Volatility forecasting models are becoming more accurate, but noise looks to be an inseparable part of these forecasts. Nonetheless, using adaptive filters to cancel the noise should help improve the performance of the forecasting models. Adaptive filters have the advantage of changing based on the environment. This feature is vital when they are used along with a model for volatility forecasting and error cancellation in the financial markets. Nonlinear Autoregressive (NAR) neural networks have simple structures, but they are efficient tools in error cancelation systems when working with non-stationary and random walk noise processes. For this research, an adaptive threshold ...


A Simulation-Based Approach To Risk Assessment And Mitigation In Supply Chain Networks, Mamadou Seck, Ghaith Rabadi, Christian Koestler Jan 2015

A Simulation-Based Approach To Risk Assessment And Mitigation In Supply Chain Networks, Mamadou Seck, Ghaith Rabadi, Christian Koestler

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

We present in this paper a simulation-based approach to evaluate the risk associated with supply chain disruptions caused by failures in some supply chains nodes and measure the impact of such disruptions on supply chain key performance measures (KPIs) of interest. The proposed framework enables analysts and managers to repeatedly assess the risk to their supply chains based on various simulated scenarios and identify the most critical nodes whose disruption will have the highest impact on the KPIs of interest. As a result, companies can focus on the most critical supply chain assets and develop targeted mitigation plans that minimize ...


How System Errors Affect Aircrew Resource Management (Crm), Justin Y. Adkins, Kevin Macg. Adams, Patrick T. Hester Jan 2015

How System Errors Affect Aircrew Resource Management (Crm), Justin Y. Adkins, Kevin Macg. Adams, Patrick T. Hester

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

System errors, both mechanical and human in nature, can have a grave effect on aircrew judgement in flight. The effects of these errors can be massively compounded during emergency situations. Crew Resource Management (CRM) is an important process aircrews can utilize to minimize risks and enhance assessments. The employment of this technique can be validated by aviation mishaps over the last three decades and how system errors increased the probability of the incident occurring. Suggestions can be made to further prevent similar accidents from occurring in the future utilizing historical aeronautical records. This paper outlines an approach by which systems ...


Data Mining Based Hybridization Of Meta-Raps, Fatemah Al-Duoli, Ghaith Rabadi Jan 2014

Data Mining Based Hybridization Of Meta-Raps, Fatemah Al-Duoli, Ghaith Rabadi

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

Though metaheuristics have been frequently employed to improve the performance of data mining algorithms, the opposite is not true. This paper discusses the process of employing a data mining algorithm to improve the performance of a metaheuristic algorithm. The targeted algorithms to be hybridized are the Meta-heuristic for Randomized Priority Search (Meta-RaPS) and an algorithm used to create an Inductive Decision Tree. This hybridization focuses on using a decision tree to perform on-line tuning of the parameters in Meta-RaPS. The process makes use of the information collected during the iterative construction and improvement phases Meta-RaPS performs. The data mining algorithm ...