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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering Commons

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2018

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Articles 1 - 30 of 228

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Thermal Comfort In Heated-And-Ventilated-Only Warehouses, Christian Taber, Donald G. Colliver Dec 2018

Thermal Comfort In Heated-And-Ventilated-Only Warehouses, Christian Taber, Donald G. Colliver

Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Faculty Publications

Building energy codes and standards contain minimum requirements that provide a path to energy efficient buildings and building systems. ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1 and the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) are the main national building code models in the United States. Both Standard 90.1 and the IECC are updated on three-year cycles with the goal of reducing building energy consumption.


Reactive Navigation In Partially Known Non-Convex Environments, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Daniel E. Koditschek Dec 2018

Reactive Navigation In Partially Known Non-Convex Environments, Vasileios Vasilopoulos, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper presents a provably correct method for robot navigation in 2D environments cluttered with familiar but unexpected non-convex, star-shaped obstacles as well as completely unknown, convex obstacles. We presuppose a limited range onboard sensor, capable of recognizing, localizing and (leveraging ideas from constructive solid geometry) generating online from its catalogue of the familiar, non-convex shapes an implicit representation of each one. These representations underlie an online change of coordinates to a completely convex model planning space wherein a previously developed online construction yields a provably correct reactive controller that is pulled back to the physically sensed representation to generate ...


Credit Assignment For Collective Multiagent Rl With Global Rewards, Duc Thien Nguyen, Akshat Kumar, Hoong Chuin Lau Dec 2018

Credit Assignment For Collective Multiagent Rl With Global Rewards, Duc Thien Nguyen, Akshat Kumar, Hoong Chuin Lau

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Scaling decision theoretic planning to large multiagent systems is challenging due to uncertainty and partial observability in the environment. We focus on a multiagent planning model subclass, relevant to urban settings, where agent interactions are dependent on their collective influence'' on each other, rather than their identities. Unlike previous work, we address a general setting where system reward is not decomposable among agents. We develop collective actor-critic RL approaches for this setting, and address the problem of multiagent credit assignment, and computing low variance policy gradient estimates that result in faster convergence to high quality solutions. We also develop difference ...


Design And Implementation Of Decision Support For Traffic Management At Multipurpose Port Gates, Ketki Kulkarni, Hoong Chuin Lau, Hai Wang, Sathyavarathan Sivabalasingam, Trong Khiem Tran Dec 2018

Design And Implementation Of Decision Support For Traffic Management At Multipurpose Port Gates, Ketki Kulkarni, Hoong Chuin Lau, Hai Wang, Sathyavarathan Sivabalasingam, Trong Khiem Tran

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Effective traffic management can help port operators gain a competitive edge in service level and efficient use of limited resources. One critical aspect of traffic management is gate operations management, ensuring a good customer experience to logistic carriers and considering the impact of congestion in and around the port. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of a decision support tool to help gate operators plan for future scenarios with fluctuating demand and limited resources. We propose a simulation optimization framework which incorporates theoretical results from queuing theory to approximate complex multi-lane multi-server systems. Our major contribution in ...


Integrated Reward Scheme And Surge Pricing In A Ride-Sourcing Market, Hai Yang, Chaoyi Shao, Hai Wang, Jieping Ye Dec 2018

Integrated Reward Scheme And Surge Pricing In A Ride-Sourcing Market, Hai Yang, Chaoyi Shao, Hai Wang, Jieping Ye

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Surge pricing is commonly used in on-demand ride-sourcing platforms (e.g., Uber, Lyft and Didi) to dynamically balance demand and supply. However, since the price for ride service cannot be unlimited, there is usually a reasonable or legitimate range of prices in practice. Such a constrained surge pricing strategy fails to balance demand and supply in certain cases, e.g., even adopting the maximum allowed price cannot reduce the demand to an affordable level during peak hours. In addition, the practice of surge pricing is controversial and has stimulated long debate regarding its pros and cons. To address the limitation ...


Teen Driver System Modeling: A Tool For Policy Analysis, Celestin Missikpode, Corrine Peek-Asa, Daniel V. Mcgehee, James Torner, Wayne Wakeland, Robert Wallace Dec 2018

Teen Driver System Modeling: A Tool For Policy Analysis, Celestin Missikpode, Corrine Peek-Asa, Daniel V. Mcgehee, James Torner, Wayne Wakeland, Robert Wallace

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of teen deaths in spite of preventive efforts. Prevention strategies could be advanced through new analytic approaches that allow us to better conceptualize the complex processes underlying teen crash risk. This may help policymakers design appropriate interventions and evaluate their impacts.

Methods: System Dynamics methodology was used as a new way of representing factors involved in the underlying process of teen crash risk. Systems dynamics modeling is relatively new to public health analytics and is a promising tool to examine relative influence of multiple interacting factors in predicting a health outcome. Dynamics ...


Evaluating The Reliability, Coverage, And Added Value Of Crowdsourced Traffic Incident Reports From Waze, Mostafa Amin-Naseri, Pranamesh Chakraborty, Anuj Sharma, Stephen B. Gilbert, Mingyi Hong Dec 2018

Evaluating The Reliability, Coverage, And Added Value Of Crowdsourced Traffic Incident Reports From Waze, Mostafa Amin-Naseri, Pranamesh Chakraborty, Anuj Sharma, Stephen B. Gilbert, Mingyi Hong

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Traffic managers strive to have the most accurate information on road conditions, normally by using sensors and cameras, to act effectively in response to incidents. The prevalence of crowdsourced traffic information that has become available to traffic managers brings hope and yet raises important questions about the proper strategy for allocating resources to monitoring methods. Although many researchers have indicated the potential value in crowdsourced data, it is crucial to quantitatively explore its validity and coverage as a new source of data. This research studied crowdsourced data from a smartphone navigation application called Waze to identify the characteristics of this ...


Process Improvement For Material Breakdown, Steven Brousseau, Matthew Klug, Kirshanthi Ganesa Moorthy, Michael Patten Nov 2018

Process Improvement For Material Breakdown, Steven Brousseau, Matthew Klug, Kirshanthi Ganesa Moorthy, Michael Patten

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

Cell workers at Cardinal Glass are spending too much time and labor manually breaking down larger materials into smaller and more usable parts.


Batch To Single Piece Flow, Ryan Hood, Miles Martin, Michael Shultz Nov 2018

Batch To Single Piece Flow, Ryan Hood, Miles Martin, Michael Shultz

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

Assess the current T1 Snap product line and propose a move from batch production to single piece flow.


Integrating Tool Holders For Vertical Lathe, Garrett Deschaine, Graham Fiebiger, Nicholas Gambs, Brendan Maye, Theodore Payne Nov 2018

Integrating Tool Holders For Vertical Lathe, Garrett Deschaine, Graham Fiebiger, Nicholas Gambs, Brendan Maye, Theodore Payne

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

• In order to run Sandvik Coromant Capto C8 tooling the operator must remove the existing stick tool holder from the vertical lathe’s ram. This process takes several hours and has the potential to damage the ram.

• Avoid removing the stick tool holder when running C8 and cam lock style tooling.


Grain Cart Compaction Impact, Tyler Ehlers, Kyle Lafrenz Nov 2018

Grain Cart Compaction Impact, Tyler Ehlers, Kyle Lafrenz

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

• Soil compaction poses a large threat in potential yield reduction in row crop operations across the globe.

• The tractor and grain cart is the heaviest piece of machinery pulled through a field, making it the most likely to leave highest level of compaction.


Keying Process, Benjamin Shaver, Jacob Raveling, Mary Gail Knutson Nov 2018

Keying Process, Benjamin Shaver, Jacob Raveling, Mary Gail Knutson

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

The current process for setting guide keys into aluminum extrusions is performed manually. It is a tedious and unergonomic process. The team needs to evaluate the process for improvement or replacement.


Designing And Building A Grain Dryer Test Stand, Luke Fischer, Travis Hursh, Riley Schnell, Jet Wayne Nov 2018

Designing And Building A Grain Dryer Test Stand, Luke Fischer, Travis Hursh, Riley Schnell, Jet Wayne

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

The ISU Feed Mill is in need of an operating grain dryer test stand that can accurately represent four different grain mixing styles used in the market today.


Creation Of The Ideal Welding Cell For Sprayer Booms, Paul Appleget, Katie Larson, Matthew Rowan, Jon Thomas Nov 2018

Creation Of The Ideal Welding Cell For Sprayer Booms, Paul Appleget, Katie Larson, Matthew Rowan, Jon Thomas

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

Welding production requires an increase to 2 machines per day. Hagie has full capability to keep up with John Deere’s standards set by a newer business deal between the companies.


Separation Of Nutrient Solids And Liquids In Swine Manure, Lucas Meyer, Mason Moeller, Todd Muell Nov 2018

Separation Of Nutrient Solids And Liquids In Swine Manure, Lucas Meyer, Mason Moeller, Todd Muell

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

• Producers want to provide transportation of solids and increase the available storage capacity of a storage system by separating nutrients produced in a shallow pit, external storage swine facility.

• Producers transporting manure to fields don’t want to pay to transport slurry that is 95% water.


Journal Bearing Removal Improvement, Ben Gibson, Matt Johnson, Lucas Kramer, Chad Martin Nov 2018

Journal Bearing Removal Improvement, Ben Gibson, Matt Johnson, Lucas Kramer, Chad Martin

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

• Current method of removing journal bearings from castings is labor intensive, poses safety risks, and creates contamination.

• Develop a new method and, if necessary, tooling, to improve the bearing removal process.


Makusafe Wearable Device Testing, Nicholas Campbell, Alexander Foust, Dawson Knapp, Andrew Yi Nov 2018

Makusafe Wearable Device Testing, Nicholas Campbell, Alexander Foust, Dawson Knapp, Andrew Yi

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

MakuSafe Corporation needs data collected on the strength and comfortability of the holster for their wearable safety device.


Improvement Of Moulder Uptime, Kritika Chopra, Layne Mcmahon, Payton Stadtlander, Trevor Sorensen Nov 2018

Improvement Of Moulder Uptime, Kritika Chopra, Layne Mcmahon, Payton Stadtlander, Trevor Sorensen

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

A cell that consists of 2 moulders, an electronic press, and a robot is not meeting the efficiency and uptime goals that Pella would desire.


Improve Agricultural Practices Through Waterflow Modeling & Visualization, Warren Jennings, Riley Nylin, Josh Pederson, James Pollock Nov 2018

Improve Agricultural Practices Through Waterflow Modeling & Visualization, Warren Jennings, Riley Nylin, Josh Pederson, James Pollock

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

Current farming tools do not provide an easy solution for waterflow modeling; therefore, farmers are not aware of what happens in their fields after rainfall events.


Grain Drying, Brett Olson, Michael Shippy, Jacob Titmus, Todd Van Dyke Nov 2018

Grain Drying, Brett Olson, Michael Shippy, Jacob Titmus, Todd Van Dyke

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

• Mold toxins (Aflatoxin) consumed by children can stunt growth, cause mental impairment and acute poisoning

• Corn left in field is susceptible to loss from insects, rats, birds, and theft


Economic Model For Investing Small Vs. Large Ag Equipment, Jonathan Alas, Chris Davis, Grant Pieper Nov 2018

Economic Model For Investing Small Vs. Large Ag Equipment, Jonathan Alas, Chris Davis, Grant Pieper

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

• Producers can have a difficult decision when it comes to purchasing equipment.

• Producers are always looking to minimize costs and maximize efficiency when it comes to their equipment.

• In a state that is a big player in the agriculture industry it is important for our producers to produce at the highest efficiency possible.


Analysis Of Nutrient Cover Solutions, Nick Jamison, Cole Reighard, Andy Russ Nov 2018

Analysis Of Nutrient Cover Solutions, Nick Jamison, Cole Reighard, Andy Russ

TSM 415 Technology Capstone Posters

Develop a cover for a manure holding structure that will effectively reduce the accumulated rainfall inside the structure and increase the per gallon value of the manure.


Cost Benefit Analysis Of Led Vs Florescent Lighting, Kurtis Clark, Phillip Humphrey Nov 2018

Cost Benefit Analysis Of Led Vs Florescent Lighting, Kurtis Clark, Phillip Humphrey

Student Research

Over the last few years, the state of Oklahoma has been looking at ways to reduce expenses to address concerns about a budget deficit. There have been efforts made to reduce expenses due to the use of energy. It has been said, when the lights are on, work is getting done. Running lights is therefore the cost of doing business. Our research examines the question, “is there a way to provide better lighting while operating at a lower cost.” This research examines the current lighting at Southwestern State University, primarily fluorescent lighting (FL), and a cost benefit analysis of switching ...


Reactive Velocity Control Reduces Energetic Cost Of Jumping With A Virtual Leg Spring On Simulated Granular Media, Sonia F. Roberts, Daniel E. Koditschek Nov 2018

Reactive Velocity Control Reduces Energetic Cost Of Jumping With A Virtual Leg Spring On Simulated Granular Media, Sonia F. Roberts, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Robots capable of dynamic locomotion behaviors and high-bandwidth sensing with their limbs have a high cost of transport, especially when locomoting over highly dissipative substrates such as sand. We formulate the problem of reducing the energetic cost of locomotion by a Minitaur robot on sand, reacting to robot state variables in the inertial world frame without modeling the ground online. Using a bulk-behavior model of high-velocity intrusions into dry granular media, we simulated single jumps by a one-legged hopper using a Raibert-style compression-extension virtual leg spring. We compose this controller with a controller that added damping to the leg spring ...


Evidence Of Problem Exploration In Creative Designs, Jaryn A. Studer, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert Nov 2018

Evidence Of Problem Exploration In Creative Designs, Jaryn A. Studer, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert

Industrial Design Publications

Design problems are often presented as structured briefs with detailed constraints and requirements, suggesting a fixed definition. However, past studies have identified the importance of exploring design problems for creative design outcomes. Previous protocol studies of designers has shown that problems can “co-evolve” with the development of solutions during the design process. But to date, little evidence has been provided about howdesigners systematically explore presented problems to create better solutions. In this study, we conducted a qualitative analysis of 252 design problems collected from publically available sources, including award-winning product designs and open-source design competitions. This database offers an independent ...


Teaching Modeling To Engineers In An Undergraduate Simulation Course, Vikram Mittal, Robert Kewley, Brett Lindberg Nov 2018

Teaching Modeling To Engineers In An Undergraduate Simulation Course, Vikram Mittal, Robert Kewley, Brett Lindberg

West Point Research Papers

A significant challenge in teaching simulation to undergraduate students is to find a way to allow them to model a real world referent system within time and student skill constraints. Several research sources highlight not only the important challenge of model development (Garcia and Ceneno, 2009, Tako, 2011) but also the increased need for model development instruction among engineers (Grasas et. al., 2013, Saltzman and Roeder, 2013). One approach to this challenge is to use a general purpose discrete event simulation software package within the course, but this presents two challenges. Teaching the package to the students takes significant time ...


Actuator Transparency And The Energetic Cost Of Proprioception, Gavin Kenneally, Wei-Hsi Chen, Daniel Koditschek Nov 2018

Actuator Transparency And The Energetic Cost Of Proprioception, Gavin Kenneally, Wei-Hsi Chen, Daniel Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

In the field of haptics, conditions for mechanical “transparency”[1] entail such qualities as “solid virtual objects must feel stiff” and “free space must feel free”[2], suggesting that a suitable actuator is able both to do work and readily have work done on it. In this context, seeking actuator transparency has come to mean a preference for minimal dynamics [3] or no impedance [4]. While such general notions seem satisfactory for a haptic interface, actuators with good mechanical transparency are now being used in high-performance robots [5, 6] where once again they must be able to do work, but ...


A Mathematical Framework On Machine Learning: Theory And Application, Bin Shi Nov 2018

A Mathematical Framework On Machine Learning: Theory And Application, Bin Shi

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The dissertation addresses the research topics of machine learning outlined below. We developed the theory about traditional first-order algorithms from convex opti- mization and provide new insights in nonconvex objective functions from machine learning. Based on the theory analysis, we designed and developed new algorithms to overcome the difficulty of nonconvex objective and to accelerate the speed to obtain the desired result. In this thesis, we answer the two questions: (1) How to design a step size for gradient descent with random initialization? (2) Can we accelerate the current convex optimization algorithms and improve them into nonconvex objective? For application ...


Densenet For Anatomical Brain Segmentation, Ram Deepak Gottapu, Cihan H. Dagli Nov 2018

Densenet For Anatomical Brain Segmentation, Ram Deepak Gottapu, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Automated segmentation in brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) plays an important role in the analysis of many diseases and conditions. In this paper, we present a new architecture to perform MR image brain segmentation (MRI) into a number of classes based on type of tissue. Recent work has shown that convolutional neural networks (DenseNet) can be substantially more accurate with less number of parameters if each layer in the network is connected with every other layer in a feed forward fashion. We embrace this idea and generate new architecture that can assign each pixel/voxel in an MR image of ...


Early Detection Of Disease Using Electronic Health Records And Fisher's Wishart Discriminant Analysis, Sijia Yang, Jian Bian, Zeyi Sun, Licheng Wang, Haojin Zhu, Haoyi Xiong, Yu Li Nov 2018

Early Detection Of Disease Using Electronic Health Records And Fisher's Wishart Discriminant Analysis, Sijia Yang, Jian Bian, Zeyi Sun, Licheng Wang, Haojin Zhu, Haoyi Xiong, Yu Li

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) is a simple and effective technique for pattern classification, while it is also widely-used for early detection of diseases using Electronic Health Records (EHR) data. However, the performance of LDA for EHR data classification is frequently affected by two main factors: ill-posed estimation of LDA parameters (e.g., covariance matrix), and "linear inseparability" of the EHR data for classification. To handle these two issues, in this paper, we propose a novel classifier FWDA -- Fisher's Wishart Discriminant Analysis, which is developed as a faster and robust nonlinear classifier. Specifically, FWDA first surrogates the distribution of "potential ...