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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering Commons

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2011

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Articles 31 - 60 of 142

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Influence Of Process Parameters On Health Outcome, Vijaya K. Musunuru Aug 2011

Influence Of Process Parameters On Health Outcome, Vijaya K. Musunuru

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

In the recent years, healthcare organizations have realized that quality in providing service is critical for their survival in this competitive world. This increased attention to service quality has forced many health care providers to reevaluate their systems to stay in business. The main purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis “Process Quality predicts the Product quality (patient satisfaction) in the healthcare domain”. The objective of this study was three- fold. The first objective is to analyze historical data both on patient satisfaction and on provider attributes to yield process parameters for a particular area in a hospital ...


Supply Chain Management: Scm Key To Competitiveness, Edward Sweeney Aug 2011

Supply Chain Management: Scm Key To Competitiveness, Edward Sweeney

Practitioner Journals

Any meaningful attempt to eliminate waste and improve cost competitiveness in the Irish packaging sector must have a strong focus on how the supply chain is designed and managed.


Taxisim: A Multiagent Simulation Platform For Evaluating Taxi Fleet Operations, Shih-Fen Cheng, Thi Duong Nguyen Aug 2011

Taxisim: A Multiagent Simulation Platform For Evaluating Taxi Fleet Operations, Shih-Fen Cheng, Thi Duong Nguyen

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Taxi service is an important mode of public transportation in most metropolitan areas since it provides door-to-door convenience in the public domain. Unfortunately, despite all the convenience taxis bring, taxi fleets are also extremely inefficient to the point that over 50% of its operation time could be spent in idling state. Improving taxi fleet operation is an extremely challenging problem, not just because of its scale, but also due to fact that taxi drivers are self-interested agents that cannot be controlled centrally. To facilitate the study of such complex and decentralized system, we propose to construct a multiagent simulation platform ...


Bring Your Own Water Treatment System: United States Patent, Evan A. Thomas, Maximilian Gold Aug 2011

Bring Your Own Water Treatment System: United States Patent, Evan A. Thomas, Maximilian Gold

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

A method and apparatus for filtering a fluid is presented. In one embodiment, the apparatus converts contaminated water into water having a lower turbidity and bacterial contamination level than the contaminated water. The apparatus includes a settling unit for at least partially settling a portion of the water; a filter unit having a filtration media; wherein the filtration media comprises sand, anthracite coal, burnt rice husks, diatomaceous earth, gravel, pumice gravel, or combinations thereof; a sanitation unit; wherein the sanitation unit is an ultraviolet disinfection unit; a backwash unit; wherein the settling unit is in fluid communications with the filter ...


Investigation Of Rfid Readability For License Plates In Static And Motion Testing, Srinivasan Venkatesan Jul 2011

Investigation Of Rfid Readability For License Plates In Static And Motion Testing, Srinivasan Venkatesan

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

The most important function of RFID in vehicle tracking is to store information concerning tagged elements in order to improve the overall performance of movable asset management. There is a need to discover an RFID system for the tracking of vehicles, as existing vehicle tracking systems are undependable. Experiments were performed with SIRIT, SAVI, and RF code RFID systems under differing conditions, attaching the tag to the license plate instead of the windshield. Different spacers were also tested to reduce the effect of metal surfaces on RFID signals.

Preliminary experiments were performed before stationary and motion testing in order to ...


Integration Of A Real Option Of An Environmental Project, Qi Yang Jul 2011

Integration Of A Real Option Of An Environmental Project, Qi Yang

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

This thesis explores a problem of how to evaluate environmental projects under the Carbon Cap-and-Trade Scheme (CCTS) from the perspective of an individual firm. The focus is the integration of a real option approach for project investment timing and financial carbon option approach for carbon credit management. The real option is for a mid or long term decision on when to invest on the environmental project, and the financial option is for a supplementary decision to hedge short-term residue risks. Two uncertainties (the carbon price and carbon credit demand) are considered, and their changes are represented by a lattice of ...


A Digital Hydraulic Valve, Actuated Using A Piezoelectric Linear Motor, Brian C. Bevill Jul 2011

A Digital Hydraulic Valve, Actuated Using A Piezoelectric Linear Motor, Brian C. Bevill

Purdue Polytechnic Directed Projects

Proportional control in hydraulics is widely utilized. The most widely used current types of proportional valves utilize solenoid technology. While this technology has been around for decades and has been proven an effective means of control, there is always a demand for improved performance of advancing technologies. Integrating piezoelectric devices as a means to control hydraulic systems helps advance control for hydraulic systems.

Piezoelectric stack devices have been used to control hydraulic systems with success. Advantages of these stacks include being relatively small with a high power to weight ratio, using less energy than solenoid operations, and being fast acting ...


Effect Of Palletized Box Offset On Compression Strength Of Unitized And Stacked Empty Corrugated Fiberboard Boxes, S. Paul Singh, Jay Singh, Koushik Saha Jul 2011

Effect Of Palletized Box Offset On Compression Strength Of Unitized And Stacked Empty Corrugated Fiberboard Boxes, S. Paul Singh, Jay Singh, Koushik Saha

Industrial Technology and Packaging

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of pallet type, tie-sheet and stack configuration on compression strength of a palletized load of boxes. Four boxes made from similar board grade and different dimensions were selected for this study. The column stack configuration which represented the control was compared with the 3 stack configurations either on a CHEP® or GMA pallet. The unitized load either had a tie-sheet in between layers or no tie-sheet between layers of boxes on the respective pallets, for compression strength comparison with the control unitized load represented by a column stack configuration. This ...


Effect Of Horizontal Offset On Vertical Compression Strength Of Stacked Corrugated Fiberboard Boxes, Jay Singh, S. Paul Singh, Koushik Saha Jul 2011

Effect Of Horizontal Offset On Vertical Compression Strength Of Stacked Corrugated Fiberboard Boxes, Jay Singh, S. Paul Singh, Koushik Saha

Industrial Technology and Packaging

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of horizontal offset on the compression strength of stacked box configurations. Four different boxes of varying sizes and similar board combinations, made from similar flute but different manufacturers were studied. The single box compression strength for each type of box was determined to represent as the control for this study. The compression strength of control boxes were compared to overall strength of a three-high stack and in three different offset configurations. In addition a set of perfectly aligned boxes were compared to overall strength of a three-high stack and in ...


Acuta Enews July 2011, Vol 40, No. 7 Jul 2011

Acuta Enews July 2011, Vol 40, No. 7

ACUTA Newsletters

ln This lssue

From the President: The "T" in ACUTA....... Joe Harrington, Boston College

Second Dues lnvoices Mailed

The Daily Grind: What's on Your Desk Today?.......... Mona Brennan-Cotes, Univ. of Western Ontario

Calling All Young Professionals Amy Burton, ACUTA Mgr., Membership Mkt. & Corp. Relations

"The Future of Voice Communications": Winter Journal Looking for Articles

Board Report..................Riny Ledgerwood, San Diego State Univ.

Share Your RFIs/RFPs

Good Question on the ACUTA Listserv

lnfo Links ......... Randy Hayes, Univ. of Northern lowa

Disaster Recovery Requires Lots of What-lfs.................... Gary Audin, Delphi, lnc.

ACUTA Fall Seminar in Boston

ACUTA Webinar: Transitioning to ...


A Study On Facility Planning Using Discrete Event Simulation: Case Study Of A Grain Delivery Terminal., Sarah M. Asio Jul 2011

A Study On Facility Planning Using Discrete Event Simulation: Case Study Of A Grain Delivery Terminal., Sarah M. Asio

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

The application of traditional approaches to the design of efficient facilities can be tedious and time consuming when uncertainty and a number of constraints exist. Queuing models and mathematical programming techniques are not able to capture the complex interaction between resources, the environment and space constraints for dynamic stochastic processes. In the following study discrete event simulation is applied to the facility planning process for a grain delivery terminal. The discrete event simulation approach has been applied to studies such as capacity planning and facility layout for a gasoline station and evaluating the resource requirements for a manufacturing facility. To ...


Systems & Design Thinking: A Conceptual Framework For Their Intergration, John Pourdehnad, Erica R. Wexler, Dennis V. Wilson Jul 2011

Systems & Design Thinking: A Conceptual Framework For Their Intergration, John Pourdehnad, Erica R. Wexler, Dennis V. Wilson

Organizational Dynamics Working Papers

This paper explores the relationship between Systems and Design Thinking. It specifically looks into the role of Design in Systems Thinking and how looking at the world through a systems lens influences Design. Our intention is to show the critical concepts developed in the Systems and Design Thinking fields, their underlying assumptions, and the ways in which they can be integrated as a cohesive conceptual framework.

While there are many important distinctions that must be considered to understand the similarities and differences of these concepts, gaining a complete understanding of these factors is more than can be covered in this ...


Towards A Unified Definition Of Supply Chain Management, Edward Sweeney Jul 2011

Towards A Unified Definition Of Supply Chain Management, Edward Sweeney

Articles

A wide range of definitions of supply chain management (SCM) have been developed over the last three decades. The philosophy of SCM is based firmly on a recognition that it is only by working in a more integrated manner that competitive advantage can be maximised. However, for this to become a reality the development of common definitions and understandings between supply chain partners is a critical success factor. The corollary of this is that a lack of definitional consistency and a common understanding is an inhibitor to the successful adoption of SCM thinking in practice. This paper reviews a number ...


Optimal Replacement In The Proportional Hazards Model With Semi-Markovian Covariate Process And Continuous Monitoring, Xiang Wu, Sarah M. Ryan Jul 2011

Optimal Replacement In The Proportional Hazards Model With Semi-Markovian Covariate Process And Continuous Monitoring, Xiang Wu, Sarah M. Ryan

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Motivated by the increasing use of condition monitoring technology for electrical transformers, this paper deals with the optimal replacement of a system having a hazard function that follows the proportional hazards model with a semi-Markovian covariate process, which we assume is under continuous monitoring. Although the optimality of a threshold replacement policy to minimize the long-run average cost per unit time was established previously in a more general setting, the policy evaluation step in an iterative algorithm to identify optimal threshold values poses computational challenges. To overcome them, we use conditioning to derive an explicit expression of the objective in ...


Methodology For Assessing Measurement Error For Casting Surface Inspection, G. Daricilar, Frank E. Peters Jul 2011

Methodology For Assessing Measurement Error For Casting Surface Inspection, G. Daricilar, Frank E. Peters

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Visual assessment of objects is critical to many fields including metalcasting. While the output for such a task is often a simple attribute, theproblem studied here is for inspection tasks requiring an output that defines shape, size and location of anomalous areas, which are random and are not defined a priori. This paper defines a methodology to quantify the amount of repeatability and reproducibility variation. The application of the methodology for the visual surface assessment of steel castings reveals significant repeatability and reproducibility error. The work presented here is the impetus for current efforts that are defining the capabilities of ...


Virtual Reality Integrated Welder Training, Richard T. Stone, Kristopher Patrick Watts, Peihan Zhong Jul 2011

Virtual Reality Integrated Welder Training, Richard T. Stone, Kristopher Patrick Watts, Peihan Zhong

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Training in the welding industry is a critical and often costly endeavor; this study examines the training potential, team learning, material consumption, and cost implications of using integrated virtual reality technology as a major part of welder training. In this study, 22 participants were trained using one of two separate methods (traditional training (TT) and virtual reality integrated training (VRI)). The results demonstrated that students trained using 50% virtual reality had training outcomes that surpassed those of traditionally trained students across four distinctive weld qualifications (2F, 1G, 3F, 3G). In addition, the VRI group demonstrated significantly higher levels of team ...


Sustainable Oxygen: A Low Power Approach For Providing Emergency Medical Oxygen For Spacecraft And Hospitals In Developing Countries, Anndee L. Huff, Evan Rhead, Zdenek Zumr, Evan A. Thomas Jul 2011

Sustainable Oxygen: A Low Power Approach For Providing Emergency Medical Oxygen For Spacecraft And Hospitals In Developing Countries, Anndee L. Huff, Evan Rhead, Zdenek Zumr, Evan A. Thomas

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

An oxygen concentrator targeting an 80% reduction in power demand over commercial systems is being developed using a pressure swing adsorption process. This system is targeted for a service interval five times longer than commercial systems, and is tolerant to high humidity environments- the leading cause of device failure in developing countries. This system could provide emergency medical oxygen in a spacecraft without increasing oxygen concentration in the vehicle. Flight surgeons seek this capability, but presently, there is no system that meets power, size, and delivery rate requirements. This type of system is also well suited for medical oxygen in ...


Social Innovation Concepts At Nasa: Integrating International Development Challenges And Hands-On Prototyping With Spacecraft Design Training, Leonard Yowell, Evan A. Thomas Jul 2011

Social Innovation Concepts At Nasa: Integrating International Development Challenges And Hands-On Prototyping With Spacecraft Design Training, Leonard Yowell, Evan A. Thomas

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The NASA Johnson Space Center Social Innovation program has been designed to encourage innovation within the NASA community that benefits both NASA's core mission as well as human needs domestically and internationally. By encouraging internal and external collaboration and providing resources including the new Johnson Space Center "Sandbox" design shop, new innovations are anticipated. Technologies developed for the human exploration of space share similar requirements with appropriate technology for the developing world. The technology goals of keeping people alive in a difficult environment involve addressing requirements for low maintenance and robustness and often include using renewable energy sources. Technologies ...


Real-World Parameter Tuning Using Factorial Design With Parameter Decomposition, Aldy Gunawan, Hoong Chuin Lau, Elaine Wong Jul 2011

Real-World Parameter Tuning Using Factorial Design With Parameter Decomposition, Aldy Gunawan, Hoong Chuin Lau, Elaine Wong

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

In this paper, we explore the idea of improving the efficiency of factorial design for parameter tuning of metaheuristics. In a standard full factorial design, the number of runs increases exponentially as the number of parameters. To reduce the parameter search space, one option is to first partition parameters into disjoint categories. While this may be done manually based on user guidance, an automated approach proposed in this paper is to apply a fractional factorial design to partition parameters based on their main effects where each partition is then tuned independently. With a careful choice of fractional design, our approach ...


Scalable Multiagent Planning Using Probabilistic Inference, Akshat Kumar, Shlomo Zilberstein, Marc Toussaint Jul 2011

Scalable Multiagent Planning Using Probabilistic Inference, Akshat Kumar, Shlomo Zilberstein, Marc Toussaint

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Multiagent planning has seen much progress with the development of formal models such as Dec-POMDPs. However, the complexity of these models -- NEXP-Complete even for two agents -- has limited scalability. We identify certain mild conditions that are sufficient to make multiagent planning amenable to a scalable approximation w.r.t. the number of agents. This is achieved by constructing a graphical model in which likelihood maximization is equivalent to plan optimization. Using the Expectation-Maximization framework for likelihood maximization, we show that the necessary inference can be decomposed into processes that often involve a small subset of agents, thereby facilitating scalability. We ...


Message-Passing Algorithms For Quadratic Programming Formulations Of Map Estimation, Akshat Kumar, Shlomo Zilberstein Jul 2011

Message-Passing Algorithms For Quadratic Programming Formulations Of Map Estimation, Akshat Kumar, Shlomo Zilberstein

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Computing maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation in graphical models is an important inference problem with many applications. We present message-passing algorithms for quadratic programming (QP) formulations of MAP estimation for pairwise Markov random fields. In particular, we use the concave-convex procedure (CCCP) to obtain a locally optimal algorithm for the non-convex QP formulation. A similar technique is used to derive a globally convergent algorithm for the convex QP relaxation of MAP. We also show that a recently developed expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm for the QP formulation of MAP can be derived from the CCCP perspective. Experiments on synthetic and real-world problems ...


Finding Robust-Under-Risk Solutions For Flowshop Scheduling, Steven O. Kimbrough, Ann Kuo, Hoong Chuin Lau Jul 2011

Finding Robust-Under-Risk Solutions For Flowshop Scheduling, Steven O. Kimbrough, Ann Kuo, Hoong Chuin Lau

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

We propose and explore, in the context of benchmark problems for flowshop scheduling, a risk-based concept of robustness for optimization problems. This risk-based concept is in distinction to, and complements, the uncertainty-based concept employed in the field known as robust optimization. Implementation of our concept requires problem solution methods that sample the solution space intelligently and that produce large numbers of distinct sample points. With these solutions to hand, their robustness scores are easily obtained and heuristically robust solutions found. We find evolutionary computation to be effective for this purpose on these problems.


Evolving A Summer Engineering Camp Through Assessment, Katherine Chen, Lizabeth Schlemer, Heather Scott Smith, Teana Fredeen Jun 2011

Evolving A Summer Engineering Camp Through Assessment, Katherine Chen, Lizabeth Schlemer, Heather Scott Smith, Teana Fredeen

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

EPIC (Engineering Possibilities in College) is a one-week summer program for high school students (entering 9th-12th grades) to learn about engineering and experience hands-on labs in a university atmosphere. It's an opportunity for students to explore the different types of engineering available at many universities. The aim of EPIC is to expand the College of Engineering mission to K-12 students: "To educate students for careers of service, leadership and distinction in engineering or other fields by using a participatory, learn by doing, ‘hands-on’ approach".


The Inside-Out Classroom: A Win-Win Strategy For Teaching With Technology, Daniel J. Waldorf, Lizabeth Schlemer Jun 2011

The Inside-Out Classroom: A Win-Win Strategy For Teaching With Technology, Daniel J. Waldorf, Lizabeth Schlemer

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

As costs of higher education soar and many universities face uncertain funding models, institutional pressures have increased to improve instructor efficiency. At the same time, U.S. industry leaders and leading educators have called for improvements in engineering education based on more interactive, hands-on student learning experiences. Although many efforts have been made to take advantage of technology to either improve student learning or to maintain student learning while increasing instructor efficiency, few approaches have been shown to improve both learning and efficiency. A teaching method is proposed to improve student learning and increase student satisfaction while also addressing the ...


Design Projects With Out-Of-Town Companies, Lizabeth Schlemer Jun 2011

Design Projects With Out-Of-Town Companies, Lizabeth Schlemer

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

The capstone design class in the industrial engineering department at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly) includes projects with companies. The projects are large ambiguous facilities design problems that allow students to incorporate many aspects of the IE curriculum. For the past 15 years students have been participating in these projects with local companies. Over the past several years, companies from out of town (200 miles to the north in Mountain View or 200 miles to the south in Oxnard) have participated. These out of town companies have presented certain logistical issues, but they have proven to ...


Teaching Design Ideation, Shanna R. Daly, James L. Christian, Seda Yilmaz, Colleen M. Seifert, Richard Gonzalez Jun 2011

Teaching Design Ideation, Shanna R. Daly, James L. Christian, Seda Yilmaz, Colleen M. Seifert, Richard Gonzalez

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Teaching Design IdeationAbstractA continuous challenge for engineering students is to generate creative designs. Many times,creative outcomes can be traced to idea generation; however, engineering students struggle togenerate multiple ideas (Cross, 2001) and become attached to first ideas, even when they realizethose ideas have serious flaws or challenges (Ball et al., 1994; Rowe, 1987; Ullman et al., 1988).Even when students suggest creative ideas, they do not use a specific strategy that can help themexplore the larger potential solution space, limiting their ability to suggest alternative creativesolutions.The challenge for engineering educators, on the other hand, is how to teach ...


E-10a Mc2a Systems Engineering Case Study, Air Force Center For Systems Engineering, William Albery Jun 2011

E-10a Mc2a Systems Engineering Case Study, Air Force Center For Systems Engineering, William Albery

AFIT Documents

No abstract provided.


A System Model For Green Manufacturing, Ahmed M. Deif Jun 2011

A System Model For Green Manufacturing, Ahmed M. Deif

Industrial Technology and Packaging

Manufacturing systems evolution is afunction in multiple external and internal factors. With today’s global awareness of environmental risks as well as the pressing needs to compete through efficiency, manufacturing systems are evolving into a new paradigm. This paper presents a system model for the new green manufacturing paradigm. The model captures various planning activities to migrate from a less green into a greener and more eco-efficient manufacturing. The various planning stages are accompanied by the required control metrics as well as various green tools in an open mixed architecture. The system model is demonstrated by an industrial case study ...


Acuta Enews June 2011, Vol 40, No. 6 Jun 2011

Acuta Enews June 2011, Vol 40, No. 6

ACUTA Newsletters

ln This lssue

From ACUTA Headquarters........ Corinne Hoch, lnterim Executive Director

Voice and Data Networks Weather the Storms at Sewanee.......Jeanne Jansenius, Univ. of the South

Announcing New ACUTA Online forums

CUPA Salary Survey Results

From the ACUTA Community Listserv: VolP lssues

lnfo Links ............ Randy Hayes, Univ. of Northern lowa

Board Report......... Riny Ledgerwad, SDSU

lT's Funny!

Come to Baltimore! Emerging ICT Technologies, Funding ICT Services, and more

View 8 Sessions from the Annual Conference at Your Desktop

Welcome New Members

Check lt Out: Press Releases...Job Postings...RFls/RFPs...Special Deals!...Corporate Webinars


Missouri S&T Engineering Management Capstone Senior Design: Lessons Learned And Challenges To Come, Stephen A. Raper Jun 2011

Missouri S&T Engineering Management Capstone Senior Design: Lessons Learned And Challenges To Come, Stephen A. Raper

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A more traditional, capstone senior design course was recently added as a requirement for Engineering Management undergraduates in the Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Department at Missouri S&T. The case studies course that had served that purpose was deemed to be insufficient for ABET accreditation purposes by department faculty. The most recent 2008 accreditation visit for the department verified this belief and caused the department to launch the new class earlier than anticipated to prove the class would be taught and that it would meet required standards. Thus, no weaknesses or concerns were noted in this area in the final ...