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2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 199

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Integrating Balanced Scorecard And Simulation Modelling To Improve Emergency Department Performance In Irish Hospitals, Amr Arisha, Waleed Abo-Hamad, Khaled Ismail Dec 2010

Integrating Balanced Scorecard And Simulation Modelling To Improve Emergency Department Performance In Irish Hospitals, Amr Arisha, Waleed Abo-Hamad, Khaled Ismail

Conference papers

In the healthcare sector, there is a requirement for innovative solutions in managing the high levels of complexity and uncertainty within Emergency Departments (EDs). Simulation modeling is currently seen as a competent means of analyzing EDs, which allows changes effects to be understood and predicted more easily. The Balanced Scorecard (BSC), well-known performance management concept, has become a steering method in approaching new improvement cycles. This paper presents a methodology that integrates BSC and simulation modeling to improve the performance of ED in a University Hospital in North Dublin. BSC design began with understanding patient's needs, ED activities, as ...


Evaluation Of Optimization Algorithms For Improvement Of A Transportation Companies (In-House) Vehicle Routing System, Jian Han Dec 2010

Evaluation Of Optimization Algorithms For Improvement Of A Transportation Companies (In-House) Vehicle Routing System, Jian Han

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Vehicle routing problem (VRP) is the main issue of the transportation. It is becoming more and more popular. Trucking companies play an important role in the transportation industry. Most trucking companies are developing their own software to make profit. Often, the software is used for routing optimization models to minimize cost because the first work is organized over the road.

Linear Programming and saving heuristics are traditional algorithms for solving the vehicle routing problems. However, none of the companies want to make a decision of routing by calculating with mathematics models in their companies. So the vehicle routing software is ...


Innovating Continuous Review Policies With Rfid, Angela Garza Dec 2010

Innovating Continuous Review Policies With Rfid, Angela Garza

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Inventory accuracy is critical for NASA astronauts in space. In 2004, astronauts onboard the International Space Station (ISS) nearly had to de-man their outpost due to the fact the replenishment of consumables were uncertain. Automated Identification Technologies (AITs) such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) can be utilized to minimize the occurrence of situations like this one. RFID has been used to aid inventory management systems by providing real time availability of the item information including location and status. The benefit of RFID over barcodes is immense as it allows users to employ continuous review models. Barcodes are only capable of ...


Evaluating Obselete Inventory Policies In A Hospital's Supply Chain, Maurice D. Cavitt Dec 2010

Evaluating Obselete Inventory Policies In A Hospital's Supply Chain, Maurice D. Cavitt

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Numerous organizations are currently facing inventory management problems including distributing inventory on time and maintaining the appropriate inventory level to satisfy the end user. Organizations understand the importance of inventory accuracy as any error will increase the purchasing and holding costs affecting investment decisions. Lack of information about effective measures that will allow management to make important business decisions motivated this research to identify a decision criterion for warehouse management. A feasible solution of calculating the carrying cost ratio from purchasing and holding cost is the main objective of this thesis. The carrying cost ratio will allow managers to make ...


A Predictive Modeling For Water Consumption And Wastewater Flow Management For A Food Processing Manufacturer, Jairo A. De Jesus Dec 2010

A Predictive Modeling For Water Consumption And Wastewater Flow Management For A Food Processing Manufacturer, Jairo A. De Jesus

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

The City of Cumming, GA, issues special permits for industrial users of sewer services, who meet one or more criteria of discharge regulations. The criteria includes discharge of 25,000 gallons per day or more of processed wastewater, the presence for the potential to inhibit the Advanced Water Reclamation Facility (AWRF) treatment processes, the potential to cause AWRF’s bio-solids to be contaminated, and other regulations. The Food Processing Manufacturer in this study is a meat processing facility (processes pork cooked sausage) and its operation and associated wastewater treatment plant meets at least one of the criteria requiring a special ...


Design Of Assembly Lines With The Concurrent Consideration Of Productivity And Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders Using Linear Models, Zhan Xu Dec 2010

Design Of Assembly Lines With The Concurrent Consideration Of Productivity And Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders Using Linear Models, Zhan Xu

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

The productivity of assembly lines is considerably affected by the health condition of assembly workers, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are common occupational diseases among assembly workers due to repetitive motions or heavy working loads. The conventional approaches to decreasing WMSD risks in the assembly lines include slowing the work-pace or applying job rotations. These adjustments usually focus on individual assembly workers at the station level but not the work allocation among the workers at the whole assembly line level, and thus may decrease the line productivity. To avoid these negative effects, some research started considering ergonomic characteristics at the ...


Adaptive User Interface For Semi-Automatic Operation: Patent Application, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers, Karen Feigh, Robert E. De Mers Dec 2010

Adaptive User Interface For Semi-Automatic Operation: Patent Application, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers, Karen Feigh, Robert E. De Mers

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A method is provided for semi-automatic operation of a portable control device for a remote-controlled, unmanned vehicle. The method includes the steps of monitoring parameters of an operational environment of the portable control device, switching from a manual operation mode to a semi-automatic operation mode in response to occurrence of predetermined criteria within the operational environment, and presenting a semi-automatic operation graphical user interface to a user of the portable control device. The semi-automatic operation graphical user interface includes a reduced set of user interfaces for the semi-automatic operation mode presented by the portable control device.


A Dynamic Approach To Determine The Product Flow Nature In Apparel Supply Chain Network, Mohammed Marufuzzaman, Ahmed M. Deif Dec 2010

A Dynamic Approach To Determine The Product Flow Nature In Apparel Supply Chain Network, Mohammed Marufuzzaman, Ahmed M. Deif

Industrial Technology and Packaging

This paper presents a novel metric, product flow number, to determine the product flow nature across the supply chain of apparel industries. The metric is based on mapping the dynamics of fluid flow across a pipe to product flow across a supply chain. Numerical analysis is conducted to examine the impact of the different metric parameters on the product flow. Results showed that smooth dynamics can be achieved through scaling production and extending delivery times, while undesirable dynamics are tied to complex product designs and increasing number of suppliers. Finally, the paper demonstrated how the new metric can be used ...


Acuta Enews December 2010, Vol 39, No. 12 Dec 2010

Acuta Enews December 2010, Vol 39, No. 12

ACUTA Newsletters

ln This lssue

Security Snapshot: Notre Dame

From the president..........Matt Arthur, Washington Univ. in St. Louis, ACUTA President

Tech Talk: Network of the People, by the People, and........... Kevin Tanzillo, Dux PR

That Smarts!

Establish Yourself on the ACUTA Community

ACUTA Webinar: Employer-Provided Cell Phone Policies

Nominate Now for 201 1 ACUTA Ruth A. Michalecki Leadership Award

Learn More about Financing lT, Network Management..... and More from Your Desktop

Board Report............ George Denbow, Univ. of Texas, ACUTA Secretary/Treasurer

Washington Update Newsletter

Professional Organizations Help Fill the Gaps Jeffry Handal, LSU

lnfo Links ............ Rondy Hayes, Univ. of Northern lowa ...


Estimation Of Mechanical Properties Of Soft Tissue Subjected To Dynamic Impact, Mohamed R.S Amar Dec 2010

Estimation Of Mechanical Properties Of Soft Tissue Subjected To Dynamic Impact, Mohamed R.S Amar

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

This study attempted to estimate the damping properties of human tissue by using spring and damper system as a model. Data of impacting human tissue at the deltoid area was used to obtain a continuous, second order system to represent the mass-spring-damper system. A discrete ARMA(2,1) model was fitted using the data obtained from experiments in which the deceleration of a pendulum impacting human shoulders in the area of the deltoid muscle was measured. The data of the deceleration was integrated twice to obtain estimates of displacement. The integration was done until the maximum displacement occurred at zero ...


Using A Quality Based Analytic Hierarchy Process To Do Decision-Making Analysis In Transportation, Dejing Kong Dec 2010

Using A Quality Based Analytic Hierarchy Process To Do Decision-Making Analysis In Transportation, Dejing Kong

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

The automated identification technology, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), provides the potential to reduce costs in the transportation operations. Local Department of Transportation (DOT) offices have to carefully consider technologies such as RFID when considering their use for operation such as Right of Way (ROW) property control. ROW operations require strategic planning in that inventory and access rights can be contestable in a myriad of situations. This research investigates the comprehensive impacts of using RFID systems for ROW inventory tracking. We utilize the House of Quality as a means to integrating strategic shareholders needs and their impact on the measurement of ...


Information Quality On The World Wide Web: A User Perspective, Jaikrit Kandari Dec 2010

Information Quality On The World Wide Web: A User Perspective, Jaikrit Kandari

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Information Quality has emerged as an important measure for the success of Information Systems. At the same time the World Wide Web has established itself as the key infrastructure for information administration, exchange, and publication. Users are getting information from the web at the click of a button however they must filter sub-standard information before they can use quality content. Researchers have aimed to address this problem by suggesting various information quality frameworks. Research till date has seen twenty important Information Quality (IQ) frameworks emerge. These models though varied in their approach and application share a number of characteristics regarding ...


Evaluation Of Periodontal Scaling Task And Development Of Force-Endurance Models For Simulated Scaling Task, Vettrivel Gnaneswaran Dec 2010

Evaluation Of Periodontal Scaling Task And Development Of Force-Endurance Models For Simulated Scaling Task, Vettrivel Gnaneswaran

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Force exertion is critical in grasping and holding activities at sub-maximal levels. Exertion misjudgments lead to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) impairing performance and productivity. Published literatures on grasping have addressed the force balance and endurance issues for non-prehensile movements of hand. However, little information is available on the force exerted in precision gripping employed in health care. Professionals, especially dental hygienists, when treating patients adopt awkward postures for extended period leading to cumulative trauma. Literatures on cumulative trauma have identified force exertion to be an important risk factor. Lack of information on fatigue with precision gripping motivated this research to establish ...


Targeting Net Zero Energy At Marine Corps Air Station Miramar: Assessment And Recommendations, Samuel Booth, John Barnett, Kari Burman, Joshua Hambrick, Michael S. Helwig, Robert Westby Dec 2010

Targeting Net Zero Energy At Marine Corps Air Station Miramar: Assessment And Recommendations, Samuel Booth, John Barnett, Kari Burman, Joshua Hambrick, Michael S. Helwig, Robert Westby

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Technical Reports and White Papers

In 2008, the Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Energy (DOE) defined a joint initiative to address military energy use by identifying specific actions to reduce energy demand and increase use of renewable energy on DoD installations. A Task Force comprised of representatives from the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the four military Services, DOE’s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) was established. In light of DoD priorities, early attention was given to the possibility of net zero energy military installations (NZEI), that is, installations that would meet their energy ...


Characterization Of Dynamic Behaviors In A Hexapod Robot, Haldun Komsuoglu, Anirudha Majumdar, Yasemin Aydin, Daniel E. Koditschek Dec 2010

Characterization Of Dynamic Behaviors In A Hexapod Robot, Haldun Komsuoglu, Anirudha Majumdar, Yasemin Aydin, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper investigates the relationship between energetic effi- ciency and the dynamical structure of a legged robot’s gait. We present an experimental data set collected from an untethered dynamic hexapod, EduBot [1] (a RHex-class [2] machine), operating in four distinct manually selected gaits. We study the robot’s single tripod stance dynamics of the robot which are identified by a purely jointspace-driven estimation method introduced in this paper. Our results establish a strong relationship between energetic efficiency (simultaneous reduction in power consumption and in- crease in speed) and the dynamical structure of an alternating tripod gait as measured by ...


On The Comparative Analysis Of Locomotory Systems With Vertical Travel, G.C. Haynes, Daniel E. Koditschek Dec 2010

On The Comparative Analysis Of Locomotory Systems With Vertical Travel, G.C. Haynes, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper revisits the concept of specific resistance, a dimensionless measure of locomotive efficiency often used to compare the transport cost of vehicles (Gabrielli & von Karman 1950), and extends its use to the vertical domain. As specific resistance is designed for comparing horizontal locomotion, we introduce a compensation term in order to offset the gravitational potential gained or lost during locomotion. We observe that this modification requires an additional, experimentally fitted model estimating the efficiency at which a system is able to transfer energy to and from gravitational potential. This paper introduces a family of such models, thus introducing methods ...


Combining Mobile Technologies For Accurate, Open Source, Privacy Sensitive, Zero Cost, Location Determination, Seamus Rooney Dec 2010

Combining Mobile Technologies For Accurate, Open Source, Privacy Sensitive, Zero Cost, Location Determination, Seamus Rooney

Doctoral

Determining the location of an object or individual using a mobile device (e.g. cell phone) is an important aspect of modern information gathering. Various solutions have been proposed which all have their strengths and weaknesses. To date, no solution has been devised for a mobile device that will work effectively in multiple environments and without assistance from network-provider connections1. To address this, it is argued that the current state of the art can be advanced using a hybrid approach that combines a number of sensor technologies to provide a more reliable, and accurate mobile location determination that functions in ...


Coordinating Production And Recycling Decisions With Stochastic Demand And Return, Jianmai Shi, Guoqing Zhang, Jichang Sha, Saman Hassanzadeh Amin Dec 2010

Coordinating Production And Recycling Decisions With Stochastic Demand And Return, Jianmai Shi, Guoqing Zhang, Jichang Sha, Saman Hassanzadeh Amin

Mechanical, Automotive & Materials Engineering Publications

In this paper, the joint production and recycling problem is investigated for a hybrid manufacturing and remanufacturing system where brand-new products are produced in the manufacturing plant and recycled products are remanufactured into as-new products in the remanufacturing facility. Both the brand-new products and remanufactured products are used to satisfy customer demands. Returns of used products that are recycled from customers are assumed to be stochastic and nonlinearly price-dependent. A mathematical model is proposed to maximize the overall profit of the system through simultaneously optimizing the production and recycling decisions, subject to two capacity constraints — the manufacturing capacity and the ...


On The Comparative Analysis Of Locomotory Systems With Vertical Travel, G. C. Haynes, Daniel E. Koditschek Dec 2010

On The Comparative Analysis Of Locomotory Systems With Vertical Travel, G. C. Haynes, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This paper revisits the concept of specific resistance, a dimensionless measure of locomotive efficiency often used to compare the transport cost of vehicles (Gabrielli & von Karman 1950), and extends its use to the vertical domain. As specific resistance is designed for comparing horizontal locomotion, we introduce a compensation term in order to offset the gravitational potential gained or lost during locomotion. We observe that this modification requires an additional, experimentally fitted model estimating the efficiency at which a system is able to transfer energy to and from gravitational potential. This paper introduces a family of such models, thus introducing methods ...


Map Estimation For Graphical Models By Likelihood Maximization, Akshat Kumar, Shlomo Zilberstein Dec 2010

Map Estimation For Graphical Models By Likelihood Maximization, Akshat Kumar, Shlomo Zilberstein

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Computing a maximum a posteriori (MAP) assignment in graphical models is a crucial inference problem for many practical applications. Several provably convergent approaches have been successfully developed using linear programming (LP) relaxation of the MAP problem. We present an alternative approach, which transforms the MAP problem into that of inference in a finite mixture of simple Bayes nets. We then derive the Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm for this mixture that also monotonically increases a lower bound on the MAP assignment until convergence. The update equations for the EM algorithm are remarkably simple, both conceptually and computationally, and can be implemented ...


X-Rhex: A Highly Mobile Hexapedal Robot For Sensorimotor Tasks, Kevin C. Galloway, Galen Clark Haynes, B. Deniz Ilhan, Aaron M. Johnson, Ryan Knopf, Goran A. Lynch, Benjamin N. Plotnick, Mackenzie White, Daniel E. Koditschek Nov 2010

X-Rhex: A Highly Mobile Hexapedal Robot For Sensorimotor Tasks, Kevin C. Galloway, Galen Clark Haynes, B. Deniz Ilhan, Aaron M. Johnson, Ryan Knopf, Goran A. Lynch, Benjamin N. Plotnick, Mackenzie White, Daniel E. Koditschek

Technical Reports (ESE)

We report on the design and development of X-RHex, a hexapedal robot with a single actuator per leg, intended for real-world mobile applications. X-RHex is an updated version of the RHex platform, designed to offer substantial improvements in power, run-time, payload size, durability, and terrain negotiation, with a smaller physical volume and a comparable footprint and weight. Furthermore, X-RHex is designed to be easier to build and maintain by using a variety of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components for a majority of its internals. This document describes the X-RHex architecture and design, with a particular focus on the new ability of ...


Shifting Grounds: How Industry Emergence Changes The Effectiveness Of Knowledge Creation Strategies - The Case Of The U.S. Automotive Airbag Industry, Sebastian K. Fixson, Won Hee Lee Nov 2010

Shifting Grounds: How Industry Emergence Changes The Effectiveness Of Knowledge Creation Strategies - The Case Of The U.S. Automotive Airbag Industry, Sebastian K. Fixson, Won Hee Lee

Technology, Operations & Information Management Working Papers

This paper investigates the effect industry life cycle phase shifts have on the effectiveness of firms’ knowledge creation strategies. Building on literature streams on strategic knowledge management and industry life cycles, we develop theoretical arguments for why the best knowledge search strategy should be different before the emergence of an industry compared to afterwards. Testing our hypotheses empirically in the emerging U.S. automotive airbag industry confirms the powerful forces of industry emergence: the best knowledge search strategy is initially one that looks inward into the organization but outside of the technology area, and later shifts to one that is ...


Evaluation Of The Stress-Energy Methodology To Predict Transmitted Shock Through Expanded Foam Cushions, J. Singh, L. Ignatova, E. Olsen, P. Singh Nov 2010

Evaluation Of The Stress-Energy Methodology To Predict Transmitted Shock Through Expanded Foam Cushions, J. Singh, L. Ignatova, E. Olsen, P. Singh

Industrial Technology and Packaging

Mechanical stresses experienced by packages in the distribution environment include shock and vibration amongst several others. The destructive effects of these hazards can typically be restricted by using cushioning materials to help protect fragile goods during distribution. ASTM D1596 is the conventional standard used to determine shock absorbing performance of a cushioning material for a given combination of static loading, thickness, and drop height. This industry-accepted standard, however, requires significant amounts of transmitted shock data and can be expensive with respect to costs associated with testing and materials amongst others. Alternate stress-energy-based methodologies, developed in the past decade, recommending a ...


Acuta Enews November 2010, Vol 39, No. 11 Nov 2010

Acuta Enews November 2010, Vol 39, No. 11

ACUTA Newsletters

ln This lssue

From ACUTA Headquarters: Relief from Cell Phone Regulations ......Jeri A. Semer, CAE, Executive Dir.

Security ls Not a Game......... Curt Harler

Nominate for ACUTA Board of Directors

Tech Talk: Cyber Security and Collateral Damage........ Kevin Tanzillo, Dux PR

Kansas Universities Get $1.176M Grant from the NSF to Enhance Cyber lnfrastructure

Deadline ls Nov.5 for lnstitutional Excellence Award Nominations

Campus Televideo Releases 2010 Bandwidth and lT Report

PAETEC Provides Catting Service

Learn More about Network Management and Financial lssues without Leaving Your Office

Thanks to Exhibitors and Sponsors at Fall Seminar

Washington Update Newsletter

There ls ...


Comparison Of Classical Analytic Hierarchy Process (Ahp) Approach And Fuzzy Ahp Approach In Multiple-Criteria Decision Making For Commercial Vehicle Information Systems And Networks (Cvisn) Project, Liyuan Zhang Nov 2010

Comparison Of Classical Analytic Hierarchy Process (Ahp) Approach And Fuzzy Ahp Approach In Multiple-Criteria Decision Making For Commercial Vehicle Information Systems And Networks (Cvisn) Project, Liyuan Zhang

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has emerged as an important technology with many possible applications in a wide variety of fields. It is said that RFID can perform well in transportation system. Nebraska Department of Motor Vehicles (NEDMV) is using this technique to perform an analysis on utilizing RFID license plates to assist with Commercial Vehicle Information Systems and Networks (CVISN) program with the cooperation of many other stakeholders. Previous House of Quality (HOQ) analysis evaluates stakeholders’ needs and provides the pairwise comparison values of six important technical requirements for each stakeholder. Based on these, this research aims to seek for ...


A Look Into The Future Of Wireless Mobile Communication Technologies, Jisun Kim, Tugrul Unsal Daim, Timothy R. Anderson Nov 2010

A Look Into The Future Of Wireless Mobile Communication Technologies, Jisun Kim, Tugrul Unsal Daim, Timothy R. Anderson

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The number of wireless mobile communication service subscribers has reached 4.6 billion worldwide in 2009, and mobile revenues are expected to be over $1 trillion around 2012 according to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (ITU, 2010). A significant number of studies have been done to forecast the growing market and evaluate the new generation technology, the Beyond 3 Generation (B3G). However, there is no study forecasting when any of these new technologies will be commercialized. This paper presents a technical framework for forecasting the commercialization timeline of B3G technologies and provides insight on technology trajectories from 1G to 4G ...


Multi-Product Budget-Constrained Acquistion And Pricing With Uncertain Demand And Supplier Quantity Discounts, Jianmai Shi, Guoqing Zhang Nov 2010

Multi-Product Budget-Constrained Acquistion And Pricing With Uncertain Demand And Supplier Quantity Discounts, Jianmai Shi, Guoqing Zhang

Mechanical, Automotive & Materials Engineering Publications

We consider the joint acquisition and pricing problem where the retailer sells multiple products with uncertain demands and the suppliers provide all unit quantity discounts.The problem is to determine the optimal acquisition quantities and selling prices so as to maximize the retailer’s expected profit, subject to a budget constraint. This is the first extension to consider supplier discounts in the constrained multi-product newsvendor pricing problem. We establish a mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model to formulate the problem, and developaLagrangian based solution approach.Computational results for the test problems involving up to thousand products are reported, which show ...


The Effect Of Sinusoidal Rolling Ground Motion On Lifting Biomechanics, Xiaopeng Ning, Gary A. Mirka Nov 2010

The Effect Of Sinusoidal Rolling Ground Motion On Lifting Biomechanics, Xiaopeng Ning, Gary A. Mirka

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The objective of this study was to quantify the effects of ground surface motion on the biomechanical responses of a person performing a lifting task. A boat motion simulator (BMS) was built to provide a sinusoidal ground motion (simultaneous vertical linear translation and a roll angular displacement) that simulates the deck motion on a small fishing boat. Sixteen participants performed lifting, lowering and static holding tasks under conditions of two levels of mass (5 and 10 kg) and five ground moving conditions. Each ground moving condition was specified by its ground angular displacement and instantaneous vertical acceleration: A): +6°, −0 ...


Heavy Traffic Analysis Of A Simple Closed-Loop Supply Chain, Arka P. Ghosh, Sarah M. Ryan, Lizhi Wang, Ananda Weerasinghe Nov 2010

Heavy Traffic Analysis Of A Simple Closed-Loop Supply Chain, Arka P. Ghosh, Sarah M. Ryan, Lizhi Wang, Ananda Weerasinghe

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

We consider a closed-loop supply chain where new products are produced to order and returned products are refurbished for reselling. The solution to aprice-setting problem enforces the heavy traffic condition, under which we address the production rate control problem for two types of cost functions. Wesolve a drift-control problem for an approximate system driven by a correlated two-dimensional Brownian motion. The solutions to this system are then used to obtain asymptotically optimal control policies. We also conduct a numerical study to explore the effects of different parameters on the optimal production rates and the resulting costs.


Adaptive Algorithms For Coverage Control And Space Partitioning In Mobile Robotic Networks, Jerome Le Ny, George J. Pappas Oct 2010

Adaptive Algorithms For Coverage Control And Space Partitioning In Mobile Robotic Networks, Jerome Le Ny, George J. Pappas

Technical Reports (ESE)

We consider deployment problems where a mobile robotic network must optimize its configuration in a distributed way in order to minimize a steady-state cost function that depends on the spatial distribution of certain probabilistic events of interest. Three classes of problems are discussed in detail: coverage control problems, spatial partitioning problems, and dynamic vehicle routing problems. Moreover, we assume that the event distribution is a priori unknown, and can only be progressively inferred from the observation of the location of the actual event occurrences. For each problem we present distributed stochastic gradient algorithms that optimize the performance objective. The stochastic ...