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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Acuta Enews December 2003, Vol 32, No 12 Dec 2003

Acuta Enews December 2003, Vol 32, No 12

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

From the President........................ Walter L. Czerniak, Northern Illinois Univ.

Tech Talk................................. Kevin Tanzillo, Dux Public Relations

Eleanor Smith, ACUTA Business Manager, Retires

Meet ACUTAs New Business Manager, Margaret Riley

Wireless lndustry Announces Recycling lnitiative...................... CTIA

DC Update........................ Whitney Johnson, Retired, Northern Michigan univ.

ACUTA Member Sites to See

Thanks to Sponsors for '03

ACUTA: Have You Shopped the eStore Lately?

Welcome New Members


Why Toyota And Honda Topped The 2002 J.D. Power Quality Study, Susan Lightle, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, John Talbott Dec 2003

Why Toyota And Honda Topped The 2002 J.D. Power Quality Study, Susan Lightle, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, John Talbott

Accounting Faculty Publications

Toyota again topped the annual J. D. Power and Associates quality study released in late May of 2002. Toyota scored the highest mark ever with l 07 defects per l 00 vehicles, while Honda came in second with 113 defects. The study was based on responses of approximately 65,000 new car owners queried during their first 90-days of ownership.

These results do not surprise us, as we have been fortunate to make numerous sojourns to the Toyota plant in Georgetown, Kentucky, and observe the manufacturing processes. These trips were normally facilitated by a former Japanese student of ours, Minako ...


The Effects Of Semantic And Syntactic Instruction On User Performance And Satisfaction In Search User Interface Design, Jennifer M. Bandos Nov 2003

The Effects Of Semantic And Syntactic Instruction On User Performance And Satisfaction In Search User Interface Design, Jennifer M. Bandos

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The design of interfaces to facilitate user search has become critical for search engines, ecommerce
sites, and intranets. This study investigated the use of targeted instructional hints to improve search by measuring the quantitative effects of users' performance and satisfaction.

The effects of syntactic, semantic and exemplar search hints on user behavior were evaluated in an empirical investigation using naturalistic scenarios. Combining the three search hint components, each with two levels of intensity, in a factorial design generated eight search engine interfaces. Eighty participants participated in the study and each completed six realistic search tasks.

Results revealed that the inclusion ...


Acuta Enews November 2003, Vol 32, No. 11 Nov 2003

Acuta Enews November 2003, Vol 32, No. 11

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

From ACUTA Headquarters................................. Jeri A. Semer, CAE, Executive Director

Tech Talk................................................. Kevin Tanzillo, Dux Public Relations

No Spam for Me, Please

VolP Design Recommendations................................. John Garrison, Alcate

DC Update....................... Whitney Johnson, Retired, Northern Michigan Univ.

Thanks to Exhibitors for '03

ACUTA Board Report................................... Carmine Piscopo, Providence College

Welcome New Members

ACUTA: Have You Shopped the eStore Lately?


Economic Simulation Modeling Of Reprocessing Alternatives For Corn Masa Byproducts, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Thomas L. Richard, Carl J. Bern, Rolando A. Flores Nov 2003

Economic Simulation Modeling Of Reprocessing Alternatives For Corn Masa Byproducts, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Thomas L. Richard, Carl J. Bern, Rolando A. Flores

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Increasing production of corn masa for tortillas, chips, and related snack foods is resulting in large quantities of organic residuals requiring environmentally sound management. These byproduct streams appear suitable for use as livestock feed material, thus eliminating landfilling costs. Possibilities for developing livestock feed include direct shipping to livestock feeding facilities, blending prior to shipping, extrusion processing, pellet mill processing, and dehydration. To assess the viability of these options for reprocessing masa byproducts as livestock feed materials, an economic model was developed and applied to each of these alternatives. Through a series of simulation runs with this model, it was ...


Task Allocation Via Multi-Agent Coalition Formation: Taxonomy, Algorithms And Complexity, Hoong Chuin Lau, L. Zhang Nov 2003

Task Allocation Via Multi-Agent Coalition Formation: Taxonomy, Algorithms And Complexity, Hoong Chuin Lau, L. Zhang

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Coalition formation has become a key topic in multiagent research. In this paper, we propose a preliminary classification for the coalition formation problem based on three driving factors (demands, resources and profit objectives). We divide our analysis into 5 cases. For each case, we present algorithms and complexity results. We anticipate that with future research, this classification can be extended in similar fashion to the comprehensive classification for the job scheduling problem.


Acuta Enews October 2003, Vol. 32, No. 10 Oct 2003

Acuta Enews October 2003, Vol. 32, No. 10

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

From the President.................... Walter L. Czerniak, President

Fire Safety: Should Cables Have a Warning Label?.......................... Frank Bisbee &, Diane Santarelli

ACUTA Board Report....................... Jeri semer, ACUTA Executive Director

Tech Talk.................. Kevin Tanzillo, Dux Public Relations

DC Update Whitney Johnson, Retired, Northern Michigan Univ.

ACUTA: Help Yourself to a Buffet of Benefits!

Welcome New Members


Multi-Agent Coalition Via Autonomous Price Negotiation In A Real-Time Web Environment, Hoong Chuin Lau, W. S. Lim Oct 2003

Multi-Agent Coalition Via Autonomous Price Negotiation In A Real-Time Web Environment, Hoong Chuin Lau, W. S. Lim

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

In e-marketplaces, customers specify job requests in real-time and agents form coalitions to service them. This paper proposes a protocol for self-interested agents to negotiate prices in forming successful coalitions. We propose and experiment with two negotiation schemes: one allows information sharing while the other does not.


An Active Learning Environment In An Integrated Industrial Engineering Curriculum, Frank Peters, John K. Jackman, Sarah M. Ryan, Sigurdur Olafsson Oct 2003

An Active Learning Environment In An Integrated Industrial Engineering Curriculum, Frank Peters, John K. Jackman, Sarah M. Ryan, Sigurdur Olafsson

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

We are developing a new learning environment that supports a suite of interrelated modules based on real-world scenarios. The primary goals of the project are to integrate industrial engineering courses, improve students’ information technology skills, and enhance students’ problem solving skills. In particular, metacognitive abilities will be strengthened as students apply domain knowledge, data, methods and software tools while monitoring their own solution processes. This paper presents the design of two modules that have been developed.


Discrete Event Simulation Implemented In A Virtual Environment, Jason Kelsick, Lori Buhr, Cheryl Moller, Judy M. Vance Sep 2003

Discrete Event Simulation Implemented In A Virtual Environment, Jason Kelsick, Lori Buhr, Cheryl Moller, Judy M. Vance

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Virtual reality (VR) technology provides a human-computer interface that allows participants to interact naturally with digital objects which are represented as three-dimensional images that occupy positions in a three-dimensional world. Related to problems of engineering design and manufacturing, this new technology offers engineers the ability to work with computer models in a three-dimensional, immersive environment. This paper describes a virtual reality application where the results of a discrete event simulation of a manufacturing cell are integrated with a virtual model of the cell to produce a virtual environment. The program described in this paper, the VRFactory, combines results from a ...


Acuta Enews September 2003, Vol. 32, No. 9 Sep 2003

Acuta Enews September 2003, Vol. 32, No. 9

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

32nd Annual Conference Highlights

ACUTA Members' Needs and Preferences................ Jeri Semer, CAE, Executive Director

ACUTA Board Report Carmine Piscopo, Providence College

Provisioning: lt Really Has Nothing To Do with Vitttes................. Kevin Tarzillo, Dux Public Relations

New Additions to Telecommunications Relay Services (2).................. Dave Ostrom, Washington State Univ

Winners, Winners, Winners!

DC Update................ Whitney Johnson, Retired, Northern Michigan Univ

ACUTA Member Sites to See

Welcome Mew Members


Development Of A Systems Engineering Model Of The Chemical Separations Process: Quarterly Progress Report 5/16/03- 8/15/03, Yitung Chen, Randy Clarksean, Darrell Pepper Aug 2003

Development Of A Systems Engineering Model Of The Chemical Separations Process: Quarterly Progress Report 5/16/03- 8/15/03, Yitung Chen, Randy Clarksean, Darrell Pepper

Separations Campaign (TRP)

Two activities are proposed in this Phase I task: the development of a systems engineering model and the refinement of the Argonne code AMUSE (Argonne Model for Universal Solvent Extraction). The detailed systems engineering model is the start of an integrated approach to the analysis of the materials separations associated with the AAA Program. A second portion of the project is to streamline and improve an integral part of the overall systems model, which is the software package AMUSE. AMUSE analyzes the UREX process and other related solvent extraction processes and defines many of the process streams that are integral ...


Development Of A Systems Engineering Model Of The Chemical Separations Process, Yitung Chen, Sean Hsieh, Randy Clarksean, Darrell Pepper Aug 2003

Development Of A Systems Engineering Model Of The Chemical Separations Process, Yitung Chen, Sean Hsieh, Randy Clarksean, Darrell Pepper

Separations Campaign (TRP)

The AFCI program is developing technology for the transmutation of nuclear waste to address many of the long-term disposal issues. An integral part of this program is the proposed chemical separations scheme.

Nearly all issues related to risks to future generations arising from long-term disposal of such spent nuclear fuel is attributable to about 2% of its content. Such 2% is made up primarily of plutonium, neptunium, americium, and curium (the transuranic elements) and long-lived isotopes of iodine and technetium created as products from the fission process in power reactors. When transuranics are removed from discharged fuel destined for disposal ...


Acuta Enews August 2003, Vol. 32, No. 8 Aug 2003

Acuta Enews August 2003, Vol. 32, No. 8

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Key Words for the Coming Months.................Walter Czerniak, Northern Illinois University

Wi or Wi Not? Taking Wireless to the Max..................... Kevin Tanzillo, Dux Public Relations

New Additions to Telecommunications Relay Service................. Dave Ostrom, Washington State Univ.

DC Update..................... Whitney Johnson, Retired, Northern Michigan Univ.

Board Report................... John Bradley, Rensselaer Polytechnic lnstitute

Welcome New Members


Design And Development Of A Low-Cost High Range Resolution X-Band Radar, Paul C. Cantu Aug 2003

Design And Development Of A Low-Cost High Range Resolution X-Band Radar, Paul C. Cantu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is one of the main tools for microwave remote sensing because of its multi-dimensional high resolution characteristics and the capability to operate in nearly all weather conditions, day and night. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) initiated the design and development of a low-cost airborne SAR in January 2001 to support our Airborne Remote Sensing Program. The objectives of this project are separated into various evolutionary stages. This thesis will focus on the initial phase of design and construction of an X-band high range resolution radar (HRR) using basic RF /microwave and digital components. The following stages ...


A Generic Object-Oriented Tabu Search Framework, Hoong Chuin Lau, Wee Chong Wan, Xiaomin Jia Aug 2003

A Generic Object-Oriented Tabu Search Framework, Hoong Chuin Lau, Wee Chong Wan, Xiaomin Jia

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Presently, most tabu search designers devise their applications without considering the potential of design and code reuse, which consequently prolong the development of subsequent applications. In this paper, we propose a software solution known as Tabu Search Framework (TSF), which is a generic C++ software framework for tabu search implementation. The framework excels in code recycling through the use of a welldesigned set of generic abstract classes that clearly define their collaborative roles in the algorithm. Additionally, the framework incorporates a centralized process and control mechanism that enhances the search with intelligence. This results in a generic framework that is ...


Novel Technique For Ultra-Sensitive Determination Of Trace Elements In Organic Scintillators, Zelimir Djurcic, D. Glasgow, Lin-Wen Hu, R.D. Mckeown, Andreas Piepke, Robert Swinney, B. Tipton Jul 2003

Novel Technique For Ultra-Sensitive Determination Of Trace Elements In Organic Scintillators, Zelimir Djurcic, D. Glasgow, Lin-Wen Hu, R.D. Mckeown, Andreas Piepke, Robert Swinney, B. Tipton

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

A technique based on neutron activation has been developed for an extremely high sensitivity analysis of trace elements in organic materials. Organic materials are sealed in plastic or high-purity quartz and irradiated at the HFIR and MITR. The most volatile materials such as liquid scintillator (LS) are first preconcentrated by clean vacuum evaporation. Activities of interest are separated from side activities by acid digestion and ion exchange. The technique has been applied to study the liquid scintillator used in the KamLAND neutrino experiment. Detection limits of <2.4×10−15 g 40K/g LS, <5.5×10−15 g Th/g LS, and <8×10−15 g ...


An Empirical Study Of Service Differentiation For Weapon System Service Parts, Vinayak Deshpande, Morris A. Cohen Jul 2003

An Empirical Study Of Service Differentiation For Weapon System Service Parts, Vinayak Deshpande, Morris A. Cohen

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

The question of how to effectively manage items with heterogeneous attributes and differing service requirements has become increasingly important to supply chains that support the delivery of after-sales service. However, there has been little investigation to date on how organizations actually manage inventory levels under such circumstances. This study provides such an investigation, focusing on the logistic system used to manage consumable service parts for weapon systems in the U.S. military. Our findings, based on interviews and rigorous analysis of part attribute and performance data, suggest that in practice a part's service level is negatively affected by an ...


Acuta Enews July 2003, Vol. 32, No. 7 Jul 2003

Acuta Enews July 2003, Vol. 32, No. 7

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

ACUTA Elects New Board of Directors

Congratulations to Milestone Members............................ Jeri Semer, CAE, Executive Director

lnfiniBand Aims to lmprove Data Center Performance........................ Kevin Tanzillo, Dux Public Relations

Comm. College Leverages lT Resources................. Christine J. Holley, lnteractive lntelligence, lnc.

Be a State/ Province Coordinator!............. Harvey Buchanan, Chair, ACUTA Membership Committee

ACUTA Board Report............................ John Bradley, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

DC Update.................... Whitney Johnson, Retired, Northern Michigan Univ.

Welcome New Members

Publications Committee Needs a Few Good Members


A Generic Object-Oriented Tabu Search Framework, Hoong Chuin Lau Jul 2003

A Generic Object-Oriented Tabu Search Framework, Hoong Chuin Lau

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Presently, most tabu search designers devise their applications without considering the potential of design and code reuse, which consequently prolong the development of subsequent applications. In this paper, we propose a software solution known as Tabu Search Framework (TSF), which is a generic C++ software framework for tabu search implementation. The framework excels in code recycling through the use of a welldesigned set of generic abstract classes that clearly define their collaborative roles in the algorithm. Additionally, the framework incorporates a centralized process and control mechanism that enhances the search with intelligence. This results in a generic framework that is ...


A System Dynamics Model Of The Pacific Coast Rockfish Fishery, Wayne Wakeland, Olgay Cangur, Guillermo Rueda, Astrid Scholz Jul 2003

A System Dynamics Model Of The Pacific Coast Rockfish Fishery, Wayne Wakeland, Olgay Cangur, Guillermo Rueda, Astrid Scholz

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper presents a model of the dynamic behavior of the yellowtail rockfish of the Pacific Coast of the United States. The purpose of the model is to generate endogenously the historical data for fish population, fishing vessels, regulatory parameters, and fish harvest. The model was subjected to a variety of tests to determine its sensitivity to changes in key parameters and initial values, including extreme conditions. Model results indicate that acceptable biological catch and fleet capacity must be adjusted quickly in response to changing conditions, in order to improve fishery sustainability. Additional analysis reinforces the policy of setting the ...


Acuta Enews June 2003, Vol. 32, No. 6 Jun 2003

Acuta Enews June 2003, Vol. 32, No. 6

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

ACUTA Annual Conference Headliners

The Value of Volunteering......................... Jeanne Jansenius, Univ. of the South

Leg/Reg lssues Matrix ls Available

Contributing Documents to the ACUTA Resource Library................ Dave Barta, Univ. of Oregon

Load-Lightening Technology Carries Heavy Acronym.......................... Kevin Tanzillo, Dux Public Relations

ACUTA Member Sites to See

Northwestern University Announces C-SPAN/C'SPAN2 Broadcasts via lnternet2

ACUTA Board Report......................... John Bradley, Rensselaer Polytechnic lnstitute

DC Update........................... Whitney Johnson, Retired, Northern Michigan Univ.

Welcome New Members


A Comparison Of The Operating Characteristics Of Two Cooling Water Systems Using Chlorine And Chlorine Dioxide Biocides, T. R. Bott, I.E. C. Mott May 2003

A Comparison Of The Operating Characteristics Of Two Cooling Water Systems Using Chlorine And Chlorine Dioxide Biocides, T. R. Bott, I.E. C. Mott

Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications

Tests using side streams from an industrial cooling water system have been made to compare the corrosion rates associated with the use of chlorine and chlorine dioxide biocides. Two streams were employed, a "once through" and a recirculating system employing a cooling tower. The water used in the plant originated from a canal. The results of the tests revealed differences in characteristics between the circuits, depending on the biocide used and the operating conditions. The data obtained demonstrated a higher corrosion rate of 1.5 mpy with chlorine compared to 1.0 mpy using chlorine dioxide.


Large-Scale Plasma Polymer Coating On Heat Exchanger Fins For Improving The Wettability, Ki-Hwan Kim, Dae-Hwan Yeu, Samchul Ha, Seok-Keun Koh May 2003

Large-Scale Plasma Polymer Coating On Heat Exchanger Fins For Improving The Wettability, Ki-Hwan Kim, Dae-Hwan Yeu, Samchul Ha, Seok-Keun Koh

Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications

This research presents the results of the recently developed large-scale hydrophilic polymer coating by plasma polymerization, optimum plasma zone (OPZ) process. The excellent hydrophilicity of heat exchanger fin surface could give good effects to efficient drainage of condensate water as well as heat transfer performance. The hydrophilicity of layer treated by large-scale OPZ system is excellent irrespective of line speed from 0.6 m/min to 2.4 m/min. The good lateral uniformity of the hydrophilicity could be acquired in large scale OPZ treatment. The application of OPZ technique to the heat exchanger could enhance the efficiency of heat ...


Fouling And Cleaning Of Modified Stainless Steel Plate Heat Exchangers Processing Milk Products, M. Beuf, G. Rizzo, J. C. Leuliet, H. Müller-Steinhagen, S. Yiantsios, A. Karabelas, T. Benezech May 2003

Fouling And Cleaning Of Modified Stainless Steel Plate Heat Exchangers Processing Milk Products, M. Beuf, G. Rizzo, J. C. Leuliet, H. Müller-Steinhagen, S. Yiantsios, A. Karabelas, T. Benezech

Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications

Fouling of heat exchangers in dairy industries is still quite a severe problem both technically and economically. Altering the surface properties of the heating surfaces would be a way of solving this issue.

Modified steel surfaces were tested in an Alfa Laval V2 plate heat exchanger throughout dairy product sterilization. The behavior was analyzed for 8 different surface treatments, such as coatings (Diamond Like Carbon [DLC], Silica, SiOX, Ni-P-PTFE, Excalibur®, Xylan®) and ion implantation (SiF+, MoS2).

All fouling and cleaning experiments were carried out in standard and well-controlled operating conditions. After fouling, no significant difference could be seen ...


Permanent Hydrophilic Surface Formation By Ion Assisted Reaction, Ki-Hwan Kim, Jun Sik Cho, Sung Han, Young Whoan Beag, Byung Ha Kang, Samchul Ha, Seok-Keun Koh May 2003

Permanent Hydrophilic Surface Formation By Ion Assisted Reaction, Ki-Hwan Kim, Jun Sik Cho, Sung Han, Young Whoan Beag, Byung Ha Kang, Samchul Ha, Seok-Keun Koh

Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications

Since totally wettable hydrophilic polymer surfaces from hydrophobic polymers (PMMA, PTFE, PET and PC) have been demonstrated for the first time at Materials Research Society meeting, 1995 Fall meeting, Boston, the application of ion assisted reaction (IAR), in which energetic ions (0.5~1.5 keV) are irradiated on materials with blowing reactive gases near the irradiating surfaces, has been extended to various polymer, ceramic and metal for creating permanent hydrophilic surfaces. The surface energy was measured by Youngs equation and the highest energy, Es, of 60~70 mN/m, which is similar to surface energy of water (E ...


Study Of The Influence Of Bulk Properties And Surface Tension On The Deposition Process Of Calcium Phosphate On Modified Stainless Steel, R. Rosmaninho, G. Rizzo, H. Müller-Steinhagen, L. F. Melo May 2003

Study Of The Influence Of Bulk Properties And Surface Tension On The Deposition Process Of Calcium Phosphate On Modified Stainless Steel, R. Rosmaninho, G. Rizzo, H. Müller-Steinhagen, L. F. Melo

Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications

In order to reduce the fouling caused by milk during heat treatment, it is important to know more about the deposition process of calcium phosphate, one of the main components of milk fouling, on stainless steel surfaces. The fouling behaviour of calcium phosphate is controlled by several factors related to both the fouling solution properties and the surface characteristics. The present work is focused on the influence of two of these factors: 1) the size and size distribution of the calcium phosphate aggregates formed in solution upon heating and 2) the surface tension values of the deposition surface. It was ...


Numerical Simulation Of The Fouling On Structured Heat Transfer Surfaces (Fouling), Fahmi Brahim, Wolfgang Augustin, Matthias Bohnet May 2003

Numerical Simulation Of The Fouling On Structured Heat Transfer Surfaces (Fouling), Fahmi Brahim, Wolfgang Augustin, Matthias Bohnet

Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications

The objective of this work is to make a contribution to a good and fast prediction of the crystal growth on flat and structured heat transfer surfaces. For the numerical simulation the CFD code Fluent is used. The simulation enables an unsteady calculation of the fouling process and a realistic description of the temporal modification of the flow and temperature fields due to the continuous crystal growth. The numerical simulation of the crystal growth is based on models for the calculation of the deposition (Krause, 1993) and removal (Bohnet, 1990) mass rates. Based on experimental results of Hirsch (Bohnet et ...


Removal Of Particles From A Powdery Fouled Surface Due To Impaction, M. S. Abd-Elhady, C. C.M. Rindt, J. G. Wijers, A. A. Van Steenhoven May 2003

Removal Of Particles From A Powdery Fouled Surface Due To Impaction, M. S. Abd-Elhady, C. C.M. Rindt, J. G. Wijers, A. A. Van Steenhoven

Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications

Particulate fouling is defined as the unwanted deposition of particles on heat exchange surfaces. The fouling layer reduces the heat transfer rate and leads to inefficient operation. The net fouling rate is the result of the difference between the deposition rate and the removal rate of particles. One of the mechanisms that contribute to the removal of particles from powdery fouled surfaces is the collision of an incident particle with the fouled surface. In the present study, removal of particles from powdery fouled surfaces due to an incident particle impact is studied numerically and experimentally. A numerical model is developed ...


Heat Treatment Improvement Of Dairy Products Via Ohmic Heating Processes : Thermal And Hyrodynamic Effect On Fouling, M. A. Ayadi, L. Bouvier, F. Chopard, M. Berthou, J. C. Leuliet May 2003

Heat Treatment Improvement Of Dairy Products Via Ohmic Heating Processes : Thermal And Hyrodynamic Effect On Fouling, M. A. Ayadi, L. Bouvier, F. Chopard, M. Berthou, J. C. Leuliet

Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning: Fundamentals and Applications

Fouling and consequently cleaning of heat exchangers in the dairy industry are nowadays a significant issue still not solved for the processing of quite a large variety of products. Ohmic heating processes for food products a priori are well known to minimize the fouling phenomenon due to a totally different way of heating food by admitting the current directly in the product. Such a technology could be a good alternative to counter both fouling and cleaning aspects when pasteurizing or sterilizing dairy desserts known to generate large amounts of soil on heated surfaces. The aim of this experimental study was ...