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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering Commons

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1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 36

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Determination Of A Flexibility Range For Cellular Manufacturing Systems Under Product Mix Variations, Hamid Seifoddini, Manocher Djassemi Dec 1997

Determination Of A Flexibility Range For Cellular Manufacturing Systems Under Product Mix Variations, Hamid Seifoddini, Manocher Djassemi

Industrial Technology and Packaging

One of the underlying assumptions in cellular manufacturing is that product mix is relatively stable over time. In this paper, a procedure for the sensitivity analysis of the performance of a cellular manufacturing system with respect to changes in the product mix is presented and a flexibility range representing the capability of the system in dealing with these changes is determined using simulation modelling. The simulation results in this study show that as the changes in the product mix increase the superiority of the performance of the cellular manufacturing system to the corresponding job shop system diminishes.


Acuta Enews December 1997, Vol. 26, No. 12 Dec 1997

Acuta Enews December 1997, Vol. 26, No. 12

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Sixth Annual Institutional Excellence Awards Competition

Slamming on the Rise

President's Column

Slamming

Board Report

A Great Seminar

Board Approves New Appointments

Meet Me at.... UM

Technology Timetable

On the Move

1998 ACUTA Events

Spotlight

DC at a Glance

Journal Editorial Calendar for 1998

Welcome New Members


Acuta Enews November 1997, Vol. 26, No. 11 Nov 1997

Acuta Enews November 1997, Vol. 26, No. 11

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Second Annual ACUTA Student Paper Competition

SLCC Telecom Bails Out

Board Report

SLCC

President's Column

Negotiating a Wireless Contract

Seminar Looks at Networks, Legislative & Regulatory Issue

Is There a Back Door to Your Long Distance?

DC at a Glance

Welcome New Members

Rat Wire Schools

Spotlight


Acuta Enews October 1997, Vol. 26, No. 10 Oct 1997

Acuta Enews October 1997, Vol. 26, No. 10

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Marketing Ethernet at Mizzou

Board Report

President's Message

Maximizing Call Center Potential

Welcome New Members

ACUTA Committees at Work

Spotlight

Mizzou

Marketing Committee Needs You!

Lisa Cheshire, CMP

Semer Chairs ASAE Technology Section

DC at a Glance

ACUTA Event Calendar

"Telco Network Whale"


Modeling And Comparison Of Wormhole Routed Mesh And Torus Networks, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan Oct 1997

Modeling And Comparison Of Wormhole Routed Mesh And Torus Networks, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

2D-mesh and torus networks have often been proposed as the interconnection pattern for parallel computers. In addition, wormhole routing has increasingly been advocated as a method of reducing latency. Most analysis of wormhole routed networks, however, has focused on the torus and the broader class of k-ary n-cubes to which it belongs. This paper presents a performance model for the wormhole routed mesh, and it compares the performance of the mesh and torus based on theoretical and empirical analyses.


Acuta Enews September 1997, Vol. 26, No. 9 Sep 1997

Acuta Enews September 1997, Vol. 26, No. 9

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Telecom Goes Marketing

Board Report

President's Message

Marketing Telecom

Thanks to Sprint for Sponsoring Directory

User Groups Meet in Atlanta and Online

Resource Library Update

Last Call for Directory Updates!

On the Move....

Guide to Distance Learning Available

Internet Call Manager

Spotlight

DC at a Glance

Welcome New Members

ACUTA Event Calendar


Acuta Enews August 1997, Vol. 26, No. 8 Aug 1997

Acuta Enews August 1997, Vol. 26, No. 8

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

26th Annual Conference: Highlights from Atlanta

Board Report

President's Message

Rains Came Down, Floods Came Up

Faster Internet Access Over Existing Wiring

Spotlight

Directory Update

Welcome New Members

DC at a Glance

ACUTA Event Calendar

Instant Info


An Improved Analytical Model For Wormhole Routed Networks With Application To Butterfly Fat-Trees, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan Aug 1997

An Improved Analytical Model For Wormhole Routed Networks With Application To Butterfly Fat-Trees, Ronald I. Greenberg, Lee Guan

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

A performance model for wormhole routed interconnection networks is presented and applied to the butterfly fat-tree network. Experimental results agree very closely over a wide range of load rate. Novel aspects of the model, leading to accurate and simple performance predictions, include (1) use of multiple-server queues, and (2) a general method of correcting queuing results based on Poisson arrivals to apply to wormhole routing. These ideas can also be applied to other networks.


Dynamic Stability Of Two Tractor Front-End Loader Systems, Michael J. Bader, Linus R. Walton, Larry G. Wells Jul 1997

Dynamic Stability Of Two Tractor Front-End Loader Systems, Michael J. Bader, Linus R. Walton, Larry G. Wells

Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Faculty Publications

A one-quarter scale model tractor and loader were designed, fabricated, and used in an experiment to evaluate two tractor-loader configurations relative to stability using roll angle as the means of assessment. The nonconventional loader system consisted of a conventional loader attached to a steerable carrier which in turn was attached to the tractor by the front axle and drawbar of the tractor. The stabilizing axle for the non-conventional loader system was the front axle as opposed to the conventional system in which the stabilizing axle was the rear axle. The experiment showed that the non-conventional loader had an inherent advantage ...


Acuta Enews July 1997, Vol. 26, No. 7 Jul 1997

Acuta Enews July 1997, Vol. 26, No. 7

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

ACUTA Conference Webcast

Board of Directors 1997-98

Board Report

President's Message

Welcome New Members

Music on Hold: Too Soft... Too Loud

Voicemail: Technology We Love to Hate

Spotlight

Anniversaries to Be Recognized

DC at a Glance

Supreme Court Rules Against Communications Decency Act


Development Of A Mechatronics Design Studio, Sema E. Alptekin Jun 1997

Development Of A Mechatronics Design Studio, Sema E. Alptekin

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Mechatronics is a combination of mechanics, electronics and information technology intended to raise the intelligence level and flexibility of products and devices. There is a need to develop programs and laboratories in Mechatronics to create an understanding of how new technologies influence the traditional methods of designing products and manufacturing systems. A model "Mechatronics Design Studio" has recently been developed to support the Mechatronics and Manufacturing Automation courses offered at Cal Poly's Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering Department. Laboratory experiments have been developed and several student projects have been completed. In this paper, an overview of the design studio and ...


Acuta Enews June 1997, Vol. 26, No. 6 Jun 1997

Acuta Enews June 1997, Vol. 26, No. 6

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

University of North Dakota Weathers Flood

Board Report

Welcome Donna

Calling All Authors

Internet 2 Goals

Welcome New Members

Spotlight

DC at a Glance

Competition Comes to Canada Telecom

FCC Modifies Caller ID


Acuta Enews May 1997, Vol. 26, No. 5 May 1997

Acuta Enews May 1997, Vol. 26, No. 5

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Slate of Nominees Approved

Be a Moderator of Monitor at ACUTA's 26th Annual Conference

Board Report

Univ. of Delaware to Host ACUTA Mid-Atlantic & New England Local Event

Dues Notices Mailed

Welcome Melanie

ACUTA Committees at Work

Spotlight

DC at a Glance

Regulation of BOC Long Distance Services Revised

Welcome New Members


A Robust Unit Commitment Algorithm For Hydro-Thermal Optimization, Chao-An Li, Chung-Li Tseng, E. Hsu, R. B. Johnson, A. J. Svoboda May 1997

A Robust Unit Commitment Algorithm For Hydro-Thermal Optimization, Chao-An Li, Chung-Li Tseng, E. Hsu, R. B. Johnson, A. J. Svoboda

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents a unit commitment algorithm which combines the Lagrangian relaxation (LR), sequential unit commitment (SUC), and optimal unit decommitment (UD) methods to solve a general hydro-thermal optimization (HTO) problem. The authors argue that this approach retains the advantages of the LR method while addressing the method''s observed weaknesses to improve overall algorithm performance and quality of solution. The proposed approach has been implemented in a version of PG&E''s HTO program, and test results are presented.


Acuta Enews April 1997, Vol. 26, No. 4 Apr 1997

Acuta Enews April 1997, Vol. 26, No. 4

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Achievement Award Nominations

Listserve Discusses Directory Assistance

Board Report

ATM at UNM

E-mail Etiquette

Spotlight

DC at a Glance

"Internet 2" Links North Carolina

Welcome New Members

Members on the Move


Acuta Enews March 1997, Vol. 26, No. 3 Mar 1997

Acuta Enews March 1997, Vol. 26, No. 3

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Student Paper Competition Nears Deadline

U.S. Court of Appeals stays FCC Detariffing Order

Board Nominations Due April 12

Welcome New Members

Board Report

Same as Sales, But No Commission

Spotlight

DC at a Glance

Publications Committee

ACUTA Membership Renewal


Acuta Enews February 1997, Vol.26, No. 2 Feb 1997

Acuta Enews February 1997, Vol.26, No. 2

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Call for Nominations for 1997-98

ACUTA Board of Directors

Effective Presentations

Board Report

Welcome New Members

Is It a Virus- Or a Hoax?

Vendor Liaison Committee

DC at a Glance

FCC Designates Wireless Spectrum for School

FCC Extends Campus Station License Terms

Coming Soon to Your IXC: 10XXX Changes


Analytical Models For Vehicle/Gap Distribution On Automated Highway Systems, Jacob Tsao, Randolph W. Hall, Indrajit Chatterjee Jan 1997

Analytical Models For Vehicle/Gap Distribution On Automated Highway Systems, Jacob Tsao, Randolph W. Hall, Indrajit Chatterjee

Faculty Publications

Highway congestion has in recent years become a pervasive problem for urban and suburban areas alike. The concept of Automated Highway Systems is based on the belief that integration of sensing, communication, and control technologies into vehicles and highways can lead to a large improvement in capacity and safety without requiring a significant amount of additional highway right-of-way. A fundamental determinant of Automated Highway Systems capacity is the vehicle-following rule, the rule that governs the behavior of vehicles traveling along a common lane (e.g., the spacing between any two longitudinally adjacent vehicles). Vehicle following affects the longitudinal capacity (achievable ...


Acuta Enews January 1997, Vol.26, No. 1 Jan 1997

Acuta Enews January 1997, Vol.26, No. 1

ACUTA Newsletters

In This Issue

Do You Have a Voice Mail Handbook?

A Few Words of Advice

Board Report

ACUTA Journal: Second Issue Topics

Membership Committee

Reimbursing Personal Calls

Editorial Board Named

DC at a Glance

WCU on the Cutting Edge

Interstate Long Distance Tariffs Eliminated

Block it, again

Welcome New Members


Selecting The "Best" Using Data Envelopment Analysis, Timothy R. Anderson, Akin Uslu Jan 1997

Selecting The "Best" Using Data Envelopment Analysis, Timothy R. Anderson, Akin Uslu

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

One of the most important strengths of Data Envelopment Analysis, (DEA), is that it allows almost complete freedom in the way that each decision making unit, (DMU), evaluates itself relative to its peers. This tends to result in many DMUs receiving a high efficiency score. Particularly when DEA is applied in a decision making context, it may be desirable to select a single option rather than determining the set of efficient alternatives in ranking efficient DMU or to Assist selecting a "best" DMU. Several extensions to DEA have been proposed and used. This paper examines, compares, and integrates a variety ...


An Integrated Approach To Simulation And Activity-Based Costing For Evaluating Alternative Manufacturing Cell Designs, Robert Williams, Paul Savory, Rodney Rasmussen Jan 1997

An Integrated Approach To Simulation And Activity-Based Costing For Evaluating Alternative Manufacturing Cell Designs, Robert Williams, Paul Savory, Rodney Rasmussen

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

One effective technique for improving manufacturing efficiency involves the application of group technology part families and manufacturing cells. Selection of the best or optimum configuration of the manufacturing cell relies on the experience and judgment of the cell designer. This paper describes how activity-based costing (ABC) concepts can be integrated into a discrete-event simulation model and be used to evaluate manufacturing cell configurations. The output of the combined ABC simulation model provides a detailed “Bill of Activity” which allows the cell designer to consider costs as a critical factor in the cell design problem. Alternative cell configurations studied in this ...


Selecting For Random Drug Testing At Union Pacific Railroad, Jennifer Meyer, Paul Savory Jan 1997

Selecting For Random Drug Testing At Union Pacific Railroad, Jennifer Meyer, Paul Savory

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

Many industries have recently implemented programs to detect and deter the use of recreational drugs in the workplace. The transportation industry has received careful government attention, particularly where the safety of the public may be seriously affected by employees who use drugs. Following federal guidelines, Union Pacific Railroad first implemented a random drug-testing plan in 1990. Because the assigned jobs, shifts, and work locations of many railroad employees change frequently, defining the selection population was particularly challenging. In its continuing efforts to validate and improve this plan, Union Pacific Railroad sought an external evaluation to determine the fairness of its ...


Simulating Queue Scheduling Policies For A Spacecraft Simulator, Paul Savory, Gene Saghi Jan 1997

Simulating Queue Scheduling Policies For A Spacecraft Simulator, Paul Savory, Gene Saghi

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

The mission of the Cassini spacecraft is a unique opportunity to gain insights into major scientific questions about Saturn, the creation of the solar system, and the conditions that led to life on Earth. In preparation for the launch, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory developed a software simulator to emulate the hardware data-control system of the spacecraft. Its primary use is to validate and verify commands that will be transmitted to the spacecraft. To improve the performance of the simulator, we used the SIMAN simulation language to model numerous queue-scheduling policies. Implementation of the simulation results combined with a software-code ...


An Aggregation Procedure For Simulating Manufacturing Flow Line Models, Paul Savory, Gerald Mackulak Jan 1997

An Aggregation Procedure For Simulating Manufacturing Flow Line Models, Paul Savory, Gerald Mackulak

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

We develop a formal method for specifying an aggregate discrete-event simulation model of a production flow line manufacturing system. The methodology operates by aggregating production stations or resources of a flow line. Determining the specifications for representing the aggregated resources in a simulation model is the focus of our presentation. We test the methodology for a set of flow lines with exponentially distributed arrival and service times. Comparisons between analytical and simulation results indicate the aggregation approach is quite accurate for estimating average part cycle time.


Telecommunications And Its Practical Application, Athol, Massachusetts, Center For Economic Development Jan 1997

Telecommunications And Its Practical Application, Athol, Massachusetts, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

Rural areas have been experiencing a transition in their economic and social structure. Traditional industries such as agriculture, manufacturing, and resource extraction have been declining. The result has been a displacement of labor in rural areas and instability within rural economies. Upwards of three quarters of rural counties have experienced outmigration in the last decade. Per capita income in rural areas is only two-thirds that of their urban counterparts, and rural poverty rates exceed those in urban areas. Rural areas have traditionally considering how the quality of their education, health, and government services can be incorporated into their overall development ...


Two Parallel Finite Queues With Simultaneous Services And Markovian Arrivals, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy, S. Thiagarajan Jan 1997

Two Parallel Finite Queues With Simultaneous Services And Markovian Arrivals, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy, S. Thiagarajan

Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Publications

In this paper, we consider a finite capacity single server queueing model with two buffers, A and B, of sizes K and N respectively. Messages arrive one at a time according to a Markovian arrival process. Messages that arrive at buffer A are of a different type from the messages that arrive at buffer B. Messages are processed according to the following rules: 1. When buffer A(B) has a message and buffer B(A) is empty, then one message from A(B) is processed by the server. 2. When both buffers, A and B, have messages, then two messages ...


Institutionalization And Structuration: Studying The Links Between Action And Institution, Stephen R. Barley, Pamela S. Tolbert Jan 1997

Institutionalization And Structuration: Studying The Links Between Action And Institution, Stephen R. Barley, Pamela S. Tolbert

Articles and Chapters

Institutional theory and structuration theory both contend that institutions and actions are inextricably linked and that institutionalization is best understood as a dynamic, ongoing process. Institutionalists, however, have pursued an empirical agenda that has largely ignored how institutions are created, altered, and reproduced, in part, because their models of institutionalization as a process are underdeveloped. Structuration theory, on the other hand, largely remains a process theory of such abstraction that it has generated few empirical studies. This paper discusses the similarities between the two theories, develops an argument for why a fusion of the two would enable institutional theory to ...


Engineering Management And Industrial Engineering: Six One Way, A Half Dozen The Other, Susan L. Murray, Stephen A. Raper Jan 1997

Engineering Management And Industrial Engineering: Six One Way, A Half Dozen The Other, Susan L. Murray, Stephen A. Raper

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

To some people engineering management (EM) is a specialty within Industrial Engineering (IE), to others EM is broader than IE. Comparing the histories of the two disciplines shows a clear distinction. Both disciplines have their roots in the work of engineering pioneers at the turn of the century. Work in motion and time study, along with other efficiency driven techniques, was the beginning of IE. Both IE and EM can trace their roots to the era of scientific management and the work of the early pioneers. A noted change for IE occurred after World War II when many programs shifted ...


A Biologically Inspired Connectionist Architecture For Directing Attention To Salient Visual Field Objects, David Lee Enke Jan 1997

A Biologically Inspired Connectionist Architecture For Directing Attention To Salient Visual Field Objects, David Lee Enke

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In an attempt to incorporate basic visual attention abilities into existing artificial vision systems, a neural model of the bidirectional interactions within and between the brain regions believed to be involved in human visual attention has been developed. This model currently gives an artificial vision system the ability to attend to salient, or pop-out features and objects within the vision system''s field of view. After a review of the physiology of human visual attention, a network model of the aforementioned neural interactions is presented, followed by a demonstration of its performance.


An Object-Based Evolutionary Algorithm For Solving Rectangular Piece Nesting Problems, Kanchitpol Ratanapan, Cihan H. Dagli Jan 1997

An Object-Based Evolutionary Algorithm For Solving Rectangular Piece Nesting Problems, Kanchitpol Ratanapan, Cihan H. Dagli

Engineering Management and Systems Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Nesting problems have been tackled by researchers using a vast number of algorithms in the past. Most of the algorithms, however, need to perform on a one-dimensional space. Therefore, the problem must be transformed into a one-dimensional space problem similar to the travelling salesman problem. Consequently, loss of solutions due to the dimensional reduction may occur. In this study, an object-based evolutionary algorithm for rectangular piece nesting problems is proposed. This methodology is created on truly two-dimensional space, allowing new mechanisms (i.e., individual representation, initialization, etc.) and new object-based genetic operators (i.e., hill-climbing, mutation, and recombination operators) to ...