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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Traffic Control For Automated Highway Systems: A Conceptual Framework, H.-S. Jacob Tsao Sep 1995

Traffic Control For Automated Highway Systems: A Conceptual Framework, H.-S. Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

This paper proposes a conceptual framework for designing a traffic control scheme. It adopts a top-down approach to defining major design steps starting with high-level feature definition. With the desired features defined, the top-down approach then identifies and defines moves and related planning and movement functions that are required for supporting the desired features. The paper takes a systems view and identifies the safety issues regarding the movement coordination of the large number of vehicles on an Automated Highway System (AHS).


Linearly-Constrained Entropy Maximization Problem With Quadratic Costs And Its Applications To Transportation Planning Problems, Shu-Cherng Fang, Jacob Tsao Jan 1995

Linearly-Constrained Entropy Maximization Problem With Quadratic Costs And Its Applications To Transportation Planning Problems, Shu-Cherng Fang, Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

Many transportation problems can be formulated as a linearly-constrained convex programming problem whose objective function consists of entropy functions and other cost-related terms. In this paper, we propose an unconstrained convex programming dual approach to solving these problems. In particular, we focus on a class of linearly-constrained entropy maximization problem with quadratic cost, study its Lagrangian dual, and provide a globally convergent algorithm with a quadratic rate of convergence. The theory and algorithm can be readily applied to the trip distribution problem with quadratic cost and many other entropy-based formulations, including the conventional trip distribution problem with linear cost, the ...


A Staggered-Diamond Design For Automated/Manual-Hov Highway-To-Highway Interchanges And Constraints On Ahs Design For Accommodating Automated Highway Change, Jacob Tsao Jan 1995

A Staggered-Diamond Design For Automated/Manual-Hov Highway-To-Highway Interchanges And Constraints On Ahs Design For Accommodating Automated Highway Change, Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

This paper consists of two components. The First component addresses a key AHS infrastructure support issue—providing eight extra connector ramps, in addition to the eight existing highway-to-highway connector ramps for the conventional manual traffic, at a highway-to-highway interchange for accommodating continuous automated driving from one highway to the crossing highway. The proposed staggered-diamond design requires only four, instead of eight, separate structures and hence greatly increases the feasibility of AHS infrastructure support. However, the reduced infrastructure complexity at such interchanges could still constrain considerably the design, operation and evolution of AHS. This is the focus of the second component ...


Stage Definition For Ahs Deployment And An Ahs Evolutionary Scenario, Jacob Tsao Jan 1995

Stage Definition For Ahs Deployment And An Ahs Evolutionary Scenario, Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

Pros and cons of various mature Automated Highway Systems (AHS) have been a subject of intense study. However, such discussions are nothing but intellectual exercises unless the issue of how to evolve, in a planned and managed fashion, the current highway systems towards these mature AHS is also addressed. Since full functionality of a mature AHS cannot be realized suddenly, discrete functional steps must be identified and optimized. This paper defines an evolutionary stage towards a mature AHS as any discernible functional increment whose realization may encounter considerable difficulties requiring a significant amount of conscious effort to overcome. A good ...