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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Using Mathematica To Aid Simulation Analysis, Paul Savory Dec 1995

Using Mathematica To Aid Simulation Analysis, Paul Savory

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

As computer power has increased, so has the capability of software developers to write programs that assist people with time-consuming tasks. Mathematica is such a program. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate how Mathematica, a symbolic programming environment, can be used to aid simulation analysis. In addition to a general discussion of Mathematica’s uses, advantages, and disadvantages, several examples will be presented. The examples include using Mathematica for distribution fitting, queueing analysis, random number generation, and creating a surface plot for optimization.


A Psychological Perspective On Service Segmentation Models: The Significance Of Accounting For Consumers' Perceptions Of Waiting And Service, Ziv Carmon, J. George Shanthikumar, Tali F. Carmon Nov 1995

A Psychological Perspective On Service Segmentation Models: The Significance Of Accounting For Consumers' Perceptions Of Waiting And Service, Ziv Carmon, J. George Shanthikumar, Tali F. Carmon

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

We examine how service should be divided and scheduled when it can be provided in multiple separate segments. We analyze variants of this problem using a model with a conventional function describing the waiting cost, that is modified to account for some aspects of the psychological cost of waiting in line. We show that consideration of the psychological cost can result in prescriptions that are inconsistent with the common wisdom of queuing theorists derived according to the conventional approach (e.g., equal load assignments). More generally, our intention in this paper is to illustrate that aspects of the psychological cost ...


Traffic Control For Automated Highway Systems: A Conceptual Framework, H.-S. Jacob Tsao Sep 1995

Traffic Control For Automated Highway Systems: A Conceptual Framework, H.-S. Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

This paper proposes a conceptual framework for designing a traffic control scheme. It adopts a top-down approach to defining major design steps starting with high-level feature definition. With the desired features defined, the top-down approach then identifies and defines moves and related planning and movement functions that are required for supporting the desired features. The paper takes a systems view and identifies the safety issues regarding the movement coordination of the large number of vehicles on an Automated Highway System (AHS).


A Discrete Single Server Queue With Markovian Arrivals And Phase Type Group Services, Attahiru Sule Alfa, K. Laurie Dolhun, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy Mar 1995

A Discrete Single Server Queue With Markovian Arrivals And Phase Type Group Services, Attahiru Sule Alfa, K. Laurie Dolhun, Srinivas R. Chakravarthy

Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Publications

We consider a single-server discrete queueing system in which arrivals occur according to a Markovian arrival process. Service is provided in groups of size no more than M customers. The service times are assumed to follow a discrete phase type distribution, whose representation may depend on the group size. Under a probabilistic service rule, which depends on the number of customers waiting in the queue, this system is studied as a Markov process. This type of queueing system is encountered in the operations of an automatic storage retrieval system. The steady-state probability vector is shown to be of (modified) matrix-geometric ...


Merits Of The Production Volume Based Similarity Coefficient In Machine Cell Formation, Hamid Seifoddini, Manocher Djassemi Jan 1995

Merits Of The Production Volume Based Similarity Coefficient In Machine Cell Formation, Hamid Seifoddini, Manocher Djassemi

Industrial Technology and Packaging

In this paper, two types of similarity coefficients are compared: (1) the Jaccard's coefficient and (2) the production volume based coefficient. Each is used to form a cellular manufacturing system whose performance will be used as a measure of effectiveness of the similarity coefficient. The sum of intercellular and intracellular material handling costs is used as a criterion for performance evaluation.


Linearly-Constrained Entropy Maximization Problem With Quadratic Costs And Its Applications To Transportation Planning Problems, Shu-Cherng Fang, Jacob Tsao Jan 1995

Linearly-Constrained Entropy Maximization Problem With Quadratic Costs And Its Applications To Transportation Planning Problems, Shu-Cherng Fang, Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

Many transportation problems can be formulated as a linearly-constrained convex programming problem whose objective function consists of entropy functions and other cost-related terms. In this paper, we propose an unconstrained convex programming dual approach to solving these problems. In particular, we focus on a class of linearly-constrained entropy maximization problem with quadratic cost, study its Lagrangian dual, and provide a globally convergent algorithm with a quadratic rate of convergence. The theory and algorithm can be readily applied to the trip distribution problem with quadratic cost and many other entropy-based formulations, including the conventional trip distribution problem with linear cost, the ...


A Staggered-Diamond Design For Automated/Manual-Hov Highway-To-Highway Interchanges And Constraints On Ahs Design For Accommodating Automated Highway Change, Jacob Tsao Jan 1995

A Staggered-Diamond Design For Automated/Manual-Hov Highway-To-Highway Interchanges And Constraints On Ahs Design For Accommodating Automated Highway Change, Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

This paper consists of two components. The First component addresses a key AHS infrastructure support issue—providing eight extra connector ramps, in addition to the eight existing highway-to-highway connector ramps for the conventional manual traffic, at a highway-to-highway interchange for accommodating continuous automated driving from one highway to the crossing highway. The proposed staggered-diamond design requires only four, instead of eight, separate structures and hence greatly increases the feasibility of AHS infrastructure support. However, the reduced infrastructure complexity at such interchanges could still constrain considerably the design, operation and evolution of AHS. This is the focus of the second component ...


Stage Definition For Ahs Deployment And An Ahs Evolutionary Scenario, Jacob Tsao Jan 1995

Stage Definition For Ahs Deployment And An Ahs Evolutionary Scenario, Jacob Tsao

Faculty Publications

Pros and cons of various mature Automated Highway Systems (AHS) have been a subject of intense study. However, such discussions are nothing but intellectual exercises unless the issue of how to evolve, in a planned and managed fashion, the current highway systems towards these mature AHS is also addressed. Since full functionality of a mature AHS cannot be realized suddenly, discrete functional steps must be identified and optimized. This paper defines an evolutionary stage towards a mature AHS as any discernible functional increment whose realization may encounter considerable difficulties requiring a significant amount of conscious effort to overcome. A good ...


Issues In Developing An Undergraduate Simulation Course, Paul Savory Jan 1995

Issues In Developing An Undergraduate Simulation Course, Paul Savory

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

Experience in developing an undergraduate simulation course is described. The course introduces the philosophies, principles, and methodologies for discrete-event simulation modeling. Strategy in choosing the course simulation software is discussed, plus important areas of teaching emphasis are highlighted.


Simulation Project Characteristics In Industrial Settings, Paul Savory Jan 1995

Simulation Project Characteristics In Industrial Settings, Paul Savory

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

In a survey of practitioners of discrete-event simulation from industry and research institutes who "build models for money," we asked about project goals, user backgrounds and training, organizational types and activities, software and hardware choices, modeling team composition, and effort allocation within a modeling project. We found that (1) only about half of the practitioners have three or more years experience, (2) many academics feel strongly affiliated with their industry clients rather than with their university employers, (3) shop-floor supervisors rarely lead simulation projects, even though their knowledge of the system may be unparalleled, (4)simulation models are generally described ...