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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Design By Taking Perspectives: How Engineers Explore Problems, Jaclyn K. Murray, Jaryn A. Studer, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert Apr 2019

Design By Taking Perspectives: How Engineers Explore Problems, Jaclyn K. Murray, Jaryn A. Studer, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen M. Seifert

Industrial Design Publications

Background: Problem exploration includes identifying, framing, and defining design problems and bounding problem spaces. Intentional and unintentional changes in problem understanding naturally occur as designers explore design problems to create solutions. Through problem exploration, new perspectives on the problem can emerge along with new and diverse ideas for solutions. By considering multiple problem perspectives varying in scope and focus, designers position themselves to increase their understandings of the “real” problem and engage in more diverse idea generation processes leading to an increasing variety of potential solutions.

Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to investigate systematic patterns in problem ...


A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall Jan 2018

A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Since affordances provided by packaging features play a major role in facilitating user packaging interaction, it is important to integrate the concept of affordances into the packaging design process and to understand the interrelationships between packaging features and affordances. A framework is proposed for linking user requirements to packaging design features utilizing the concept of affordances. The framework is accomplished in two main steps; first, determine the affordances required to facilitate performing packaging-related tasks, and second, link these affordances to packaging features. Previous packaging usability studies were reviewed to elicit requirements in terms of affordance properties such as intuitiveness, responsiveness ...


Towards Industrial Implementation Of Emerging Semantic Technologies, Jay T. Brindel, Ian R. Grosse, Sundar Krishnamurty, John Altidor, Seth Trachtenberg, Paul Witherell Jan 2011

Towards Industrial Implementation Of Emerging Semantic Technologies, Jay T. Brindel, Ian R. Grosse, Sundar Krishnamurty, John Altidor, Seth Trachtenberg, Paul Witherell

Center for e-Design Proceedings

Every new design, project, or procedure within a company generates a considerable amount of new information and important knowledge. Furthermore, a tremendous amount of legacy knowledge already exists in companies in electronic and non-electronic formats, and techniques are needed for representing, structuring and reusing this knowledge. Many researchers have spent considerable time and effort developing semantic knowledge management systems, which in theory are presumed to address these problems. Despite significant research investments, little has been done to implement these systems within an industrial setting. In this paper we identify five main requirements to the development of an industry-ready application of ...


Automated Fixture Design For A Rapid Machining Process, Wutthigrai Boonsuk, Matthew C. Frank Jan 2009

Automated Fixture Design For A Rapid Machining Process, Wutthigrai Boonsuk, Matthew C. Frank

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Rapid prototyping techniques for CNC machining have been developed in an effort to produce functional prototypes in appropriate materials. One of the major challenges for rapid machining is to develop an automatic fixturing system for securing the part during the machining process. The method proposed in this paper is the use of sacrificial fixturing, similar to the support structures in existing rapid processes like Stereolithography. During the machining process, sacrificial supports emerge incrementally and, at the end of the process, are the only entities connecting the part to the stock material. This paper presents methodologies for the design of sacrificial ...


Design And Innovative Methodologies In A Semantic Framework, Rui Fernandes, Ian R. Grosse, Sundar Krishnamurty, Jack C. Wileden Jan 2007

Design And Innovative Methodologies In A Semantic Framework, Rui Fernandes, Ian R. Grosse, Sundar Krishnamurty, Jack C. Wileden

Center for e-Design Proceedings

Significant expenditure and effort is devoted to the never ending search for reduced product development lifecycle time and increased efficiency. The development of Semantic Web technologies promises a future where knowledge interchange is done seamlessly in open distributed environments. This paper illustrates how Semantic Web technologies in their current state of development can be effectively used to deploy an infrastructure supporting innovation principles and the engineering design processes. A mechanical design was chosen to model the initial phase of a design project using semantic ontologies. This included a set of design requirements, creating a functional model, and making use of ...


Utilizing Assistive Technology Design Projects And Interdisciplinary Teams To Foster Inquiry And Learning In Engineering Design, Janis P. Terpenny, Richard M. Goff, Mitzi R. Vernon, William R. Green Jan 2006

Utilizing Assistive Technology Design Projects And Interdisciplinary Teams To Foster Inquiry And Learning In Engineering Design, Janis P. Terpenny, Richard M. Goff, Mitzi R. Vernon, William R. Green

Center for e-Design Publications

In industry, successful products and systems usually require a collaborative design process with a multitude of participating stakeholders (customers, sales/marketing, industrial designers, engineering designers from various engineering disciplines, manufacturing, distribution, etc.). Addressing this future work environment, interdisciplinary teaming has become an important element of student design projects. For the last several years at Virginia Tech, interdisciplinary design projects have been created with teams of students from the first year Exploration of Engineering Design course in the College of Engineering and students from the second year Industrial Design Program in the College of Architecture and Urban Studies. While students and ...