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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

The Challenges Of Building Intelligent Tutoring Systems For Teams, Desmond Bonner, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot Winer, Anne M. Sinatra, Anna Slavina, Anastacia Macallister, Joseph Holub Sep 2016

The Challenges Of Building Intelligent Tutoring Systems For Teams, Desmond Bonner, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot Winer, Anne M. Sinatra, Anna Slavina, Anastacia Macallister, Joseph Holub

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Intelligent Tutoring Systems have been useful for individual instruction and training, but have not been widely created for teams, despite the widespread use of team training and learning in groups. This paper reviews two projects that developed team tutors: the Team Multiple Errands Task (TMET) and the Recon Task developed using the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT). Specifically, this paper 1) analyzes why team tasks have significantly more complexity than an individual task, 2) describes the two team-based platforms for team research, and 3) explores the complexities of team tutor authoring. Results include a recommended process for authoring a ...


Homcam: A Wireless 360-Degree Wearable Streaming Camera For Remote Situational Awareness, Brian Peck, Stephen Gilbert, Eliot Winer, Robert Ray Sep 2016

Homcam: A Wireless 360-Degree Wearable Streaming Camera For Remote Situational Awareness, Brian Peck, Stephen Gilbert, Eliot Winer, Robert Ray

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The growth of mobile and wearable technologies has enabled a host of new applications, including remote situational awareness, in which a device worn by a remote partner can simulate being present in the remote location for an observer. We illustrate this idea by constructing the HomCam, a helmet-based omnidirectional video system that gives an observer the 360-degree perspective of a remote wearer. To our knowledge, the HomCam was the first wearable system that enabled real-time streaming of 360-degree video to a remote location built from commercial-of-the-shelf hardware. This paper describes related efforts, the HomCam prototype, its visual display, and an ...


The Impact Of Inspector’S Cognitive Style On Performance In Various Visual Inspection Display Tasks, Richard T. Stone, Thomas M. Schnieders, Chen-Shuang Wei, Tyler Oviatt Sep 2016

The Impact Of Inspector’S Cognitive Style On Performance In Various Visual Inspection Display Tasks, Richard T. Stone, Thomas M. Schnieders, Chen-Shuang Wei, Tyler Oviatt

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Three aspects of visual inspection were considered in this study. The three aspects considered to effect inspection performance are (1) cognitive styles, (2) feedforward training (job aid), and (3) pacing. In this study, the Matching Familiar Figures Test (MFFT) was administered and the basic (control), static (self- pacing), and hybrid (systematic pacing) displays were used to investigate the pacing effect. The objective was to classify the inspectors into different categories via the MFFT based on their cognitive styles, and also to investigate inspection performance (accuracy and response time) affected by the job aids as cognitive styles. The results indicate that ...


Politeness In Machine-Human And Human-Human Interaction, Joachim Meyer, Chris Miller, Peter Hancock, Ewart De Visser, Michael Dorneich Sep 2016

Politeness In Machine-Human And Human-Human Interaction, Joachim Meyer, Chris Miller, Peter Hancock, Ewart De Visser, Michael Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Computers communicate with humans in ways that increasingly resemble interactions between humans.Nuances in expression and responses to human behavior become more sophisticated, and they approachthose of human-human interaction. The question arises whether we want systems eventually to behave likehumans, or whether systems should, even when much more developed, still adhere to rules that aredifferent from the rules governing interpersonal communication. The panel addresses this issue fromvarious perspectives, eventually aiming to gain some insights into the question of the direction to which thedevelopment of machine-human communication and the etiquette implemented in the systems shouldmove.


The Economic Costs Of Natural Disasters, Terrorist Attacks, And Other Calamities: An Analysis Of Economic Models That Quantify The Losses Caused By Disruptions, Amro Al Kazimi, Cameron A. Mackenzie Jan 2016

The Economic Costs Of Natural Disasters, Terrorist Attacks, And Other Calamities: An Analysis Of Economic Models That Quantify The Losses Caused By Disruptions, Amro Al Kazimi, Cameron A. Mackenzie

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Over the past decade, numerous studies have estimated the economic impacts of a variety of disruptions. Most of these studies are based on macroeconomic models that quantify the direct and indirect economic losses from a disruption. Direct economic losses occur due to damaged facilities or when consumers change their purchasing behavior because of the disruption. Indirect economic losses occur when directly impacted businesses consequently reduce their orders to their suppliers. Indirect economic losses are often larger than direct economic losses. This paper compiles the results from these economic models in order to compare the costs of different disruptions and help ...


Improving Risk Assessment Communication, Mark A. Gallagher, Cameron A. Mackenzie, David M. Blum, Douglas A. Boerman Jan 2016

Improving Risk Assessment Communication, Mark A. Gallagher, Cameron A. Mackenzie, David M. Blum, Douglas A. Boerman

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Assessors often diminish communicating risk to show a single category or color without providing a full context of the evaluation, basis, and assumptions behind the risk assessment. We attempt to remedy that by presenting an approach to communicate risk assessments more completely with a clearer understanding of these issues. First, we specify assessor should present necessary information as part of a standard risk assessment statement. This information is discussed in four groups: 1) the activity or a collection of activities being assessed, 2) the context of the assessment (who made it, when, with what scope, and how rigorously), 3) setting ...