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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Graduated Stress Exposure In Virtual Spaceflight Hazard Training, Tor T. Finseth, Nir Keren, Michael C. Dorneich, Warren D. Franke, Clayton C. Anderson, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2018

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Graduated Stress Exposure In Virtual Spaceflight Hazard Training, Tor T. Finseth, Nir Keren, Michael C. Dorneich, Warren D. Franke, Clayton C. Anderson, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Psychological and physiological stress experienced by astronauts can pose risks to mission success. In clinical settings, gradually increasing stressors help patients develop resilience. It is unclear whether graduated stress exposure can affect responses to acute stressors during spaceflight. This study evaluated psychophysiological responses to potentially catastrophic spaceflight operation, with and without graduated stress exposure, using a virtual reality environment. Twenty healthy participants were tasked with locating a fire on a virtual International Space Station (VR-ISS). After orientation, the treatment group (n = 10) practiced searching for a fire while exposed to a low-level stressor (light smoke), while the control group (n ...


Development Of Design Requirements For A Cognitive Assistant In Space Missions Beyond Low Earth Orbit, Güliz Tokadl, Michael C. Dorneich Oct 2017

Development Of Design Requirements For A Cognitive Assistant In Space Missions Beyond Low Earth Orbit, Güliz Tokadl, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This study describes the development of requirements for a cognitive assistant (CA) for use onboard a space vehicle/station. For missions beyond low Earth orbit (LEO), delayed communication will limit mission control’s ability to support the space crew in real time. During off-nominal situations, where no procedures have been developed prior to missions, crews must develop responses in real time and may increasingly rely on automation. A systematic approach was used to model the domain knowledge of the collaborative decision-making process of current space operations, extrapolate to missions beyond LEO, and develop the design requirements for a CA. Document ...


Interaction Of Automation Visibility And Information Quality In Flight Deck Information Automation View Document, Michael C. Dorneich, Rachel Dudley, Emmanuel Letsu-Dake, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael Dillard, Erik Nelson Jul 2017

Interaction Of Automation Visibility And Information Quality In Flight Deck Information Automation View Document, Michael C. Dorneich, Rachel Dudley, Emmanuel Letsu-Dake, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael Dillard, Erik Nelson

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

An empirical study evaluated key human factors issues related to automation visibility and information quality, based on a refined definition of information automation. Next-generation air transportation system operational concepts will dramatically affect the types and amount of information available on flight decks. Information automation systems collect, process, and present information to support pilot tasks and awareness. The definition of flight deck information automation was refined to differentiate it from other types of automation. Pilots interacted with an example information automation system to investigate the premise that automation visibility will have an impact on the ability of pilots to detect problems ...


Evaluation Of The Display Of Cognitive State Feedback To Drive Adaptive Task Sharing, Michael C. Dorneich, Břetislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiři Vašek, Stephen D. Whitlow, Martijn Beekhuyzen Mar 2017

Evaluation Of The Display Of Cognitive State Feedback To Drive Adaptive Task Sharing, Michael C. Dorneich, Břetislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiři Vašek, Stephen D. Whitlow, Martijn Beekhuyzen

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This paper presents an adaptive system intended to address workload imbalances between pilots in future flight decks. Team performance can be maximized when task demands are balanced within crew capabilities and resources. Good communication skills enable teams to adapt to changes in workload, and include the balancing of workload between team members This work addresses human factors priorities in the aviation domain with the goal to develop concepts that balance operator workload, support future operator roles and responsibilities, and support new task requirements, while allowing operators to focus on the most safety critical tasks. A traditional closed-loop adaptive system includes ...


Datalink Message Prioritization System And Method, Stephen Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers, Chris Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Thea L. Feyereisen Jan 2017

Datalink Message Prioritization System And Method, Stephen Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers, Chris Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Thea L. Feyereisen

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system and method are provided for prioritizing incoming datalink messages. When a datalink message is received in an aircraft, it is parsed into individual information elements. The relevance of the received datalink message is then assessed from the individual information elements. The received datalink message is then categorized into one of a plurality of playback priority categories, based on the assessed relevance of the received datalink message.


User Interface Device For Adaptive Systems, Stephen Whitlow, Claudia Keinrath, Michael C. Dorneich Jan 2017

User Interface Device For Adaptive Systems, Stephen Whitlow, Claudia Keinrath, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system for providing feedback regarding the division of automated and operator tasks is provided. The system includes a display device and a processor. The processor is configured to at least selectively supply image rendering display commands to the display device that cause the display device to simultaneously render an operator pane, an automation pane, and a shared pane. The operator pane displays one or more tasks that have been allocated for execution by a human operator, the automation pane displays one or more tasks that have been allocated for execution by automation, and the shared pane displays one or ...


Using Remote Nde, Including External Experts In The Inspection Process, To Enhance Reliability And Address Todays Nde Challenges, Norbert G. Meyendorf, Ralf Schallert, Saveri Pal, Leonard J. Bond Jan 2017

Using Remote Nde, Including External Experts In The Inspection Process, To Enhance Reliability And Address Todays Nde Challenges, Norbert G. Meyendorf, Ralf Schallert, Saveri Pal, Leonard J. Bond

Center for Nondestructive Evaluation Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

The paper discusses the challenges for NDE operating in the environment of advanced manufacturing techniques characterized by networking of systems. The information environment is impacting all industrial areas (Industry 4.0) and production of individual components tailored to meet the needs of individual customers. The emerging approach of using remote NDE is seen as a potential technique to increase reliability of NDE inspections by integrating additional specialist in to the decision process by “tele-presence.” This can also help to leverage the scarce resource of senior inspectors and have them engaged with industrial inspections at multiple sites. This distance engagement has ...


Human Performance Risks And Benefits Of Adaptive Systems On The Flight Deck, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Robert Demers Nov 2016

Human Performance Risks And Benefits Of Adaptive Systems On The Flight Deck, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Robert Demers

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Objective. Human performance risks and benefits of adaptive systems were identified through a systematic analysis and pilot evaluation of adaptive system component types and characteristics. Background. As flight-deck automation is able to process ever more types of information in sophisticated ways to identify situations, it is becoming more realistic for adaptive systems to adapt behavior based on their own authority. Method. A framework was developed to describe the types and characteristics of adaptive system components and was used to perform a risk/benefit analysis to identify potential issues. Subsequently, eight representative adaptive system storyboards were developed for an evaluation with ...


The Challenges Of Building Intelligent Tutoring Systems For Teams, Desmond Bonner, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot Winer, Anne M. Sinatra, Anna Slavina, Anastacia Macallister, Joseph Holub Sep 2016

The Challenges Of Building Intelligent Tutoring Systems For Teams, Desmond Bonner, Stephen B. Gilbert, Michael C. Dorneich, Eliot Winer, Anne M. Sinatra, Anna Slavina, Anastacia Macallister, Joseph Holub

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Intelligent Tutoring Systems have been useful for individual instruction and training, but have not been widely created for teams, despite the widespread use of team training and learning in groups. This paper reviews two projects that developed team tutors: the Team Multiple Errands Task (TMET) and the Recon Task developed using the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT). Specifically, this paper 1) analyzes why team tasks have significantly more complexity than an individual task, 2) describes the two team-based platforms for team research, and 3) explores the complexities of team tutor authoring. Results include a recommended process for authoring a ...


Mixed-Initiative Transfer Of Datalink-Based Information, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers May 2016

Mixed-Initiative Transfer Of Datalink-Based Information, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system and method are provided for transferring datalink-based information into an aircraft flight management system. When a datalink message is received in an aircraft, it is parsed into individual information elements. The operational impact of the received datalink message on the aircraft is determined from the individual information elements. A method of supplying pilot feedback regarding the received datalink message is determined from the determined operational impact. The pilot feedback regarding the received datalink message is supplied using the determined method. At least selected portions of the individual information elements are selectively transferred into the aircraft flight management system ...


Graduated Stress Exposure Of Spaceflight Hazards In A Virtual Environment, Tor Finseth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Michael C. Dorneich, Clayton C. Anderson Jan 2016

Graduated Stress Exposure Of Spaceflight Hazards In A Virtual Environment, Tor Finseth, Nir Keren, Warren D. Franke, Michael C. Dorneich, Clayton C. Anderson

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Stress experienced by astronauts during high-level hazardous situations may poses risk to personnel wellbeing and to mission success. Stress inoculation training (SIT) provides individuals with experience of minor stressors and coping skills during non-critical times to enhance their resistance to stress. This study evaluates the effect of exposure to a low level stressor on physiological response and cognitive load in high level stressor setting. Simulation of fire emergency on the International Space Station (ISS) in a full-scale, immersive, interactive, 3D virtual reality environment facilitated a process for stress inoculation. The experimental settings included two groups that have been exposed to ...


Situation Aftermath Management System And Method, Michael C. Dorneich, Chris Hamblin, William Rogers, Stephen Whitlow Apr 2015

Situation Aftermath Management System And Method, Michael C. Dorneich, Chris Hamblin, William Rogers, Stephen Whitlow

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system and method for assisting flight crew recovery in the aftermath of an unexpected event is provided. A processor is used to detect that an unexpected event has occurred in an aircraft and, in response to detecting that the unexpected event has occurred, state data are stored in memory. The processor is also used to detect that the unexpected event has been resolved and, in response to detecting that the unexpected event has been resolved, the processor retrieves the state data from the memory, generates an aftermath plan that includes prompts to guide the flight crew to complete the ...


Adaptive User Interface For Semi-Automatic Operation, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers, Karen Feigh, Robert E. De Mers Mar 2015

Adaptive User Interface For Semi-Automatic Operation, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers, Karen Feigh, Robert E. De Mers

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A method is provided for semi-automatic operation of a portable control device for a remote-controlled, unmanned vehicle. The method includes the steps of monitoring parameters of an operational environment of the portable control device, switching from a manual operation mode to a semi-automatic operation mode in response to occurrence of predetermined criteria within the operational environment, and presenting a semi-automatic operation graphical user interface to a user of the portable control device. The semi-automatic operation graphical user interface includes a reduced set of user interfaces for the semi-automatic operation mode presented by the portable control device.


Flight Deck Information Automation: A Human-In-The-Loop In-Trail Procedure Simulation Study, Emmanuel Letsu-Dake, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael Dillard, Michael C. Dorneich, Rachel Dudley Jan 2015

Flight Deck Information Automation: A Human-In-The-Loop In-Trail Procedure Simulation Study, Emmanuel Letsu-Dake, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael Dillard, Michael C. Dorneich, Rachel Dudley

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Information automation systems are generally intended to support pilot tasks and improve flightcrew awareness and decision making, but not to directly control the aircraft or its systems. As a result these systems do not include cases where automation decisions and actions directly affect the aircraft performance, flight path or systems. Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) operational concepts and technologies will dramatically affect both the types and amount of information available on flight decks. Much of that information will be produced by flight deck information automation systems that collect, process, and present that information to the flightcrew. It is therefore ...


Situation Aftermath Management System And Method: Patent Application, Michael C. Dorneich, Chris Hamblin, William Rogers, Stephen Whitlow Jun 2014

Situation Aftermath Management System And Method: Patent Application, Michael C. Dorneich, Chris Hamblin, William Rogers, Stephen Whitlow

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system and method for assisting flight crew recovery in the aftermath of an unexpected event is provided. A processor is used to detect that an unexpected event has occurred in an aircraft and, in response to detecting that the unexpected event has occurred, state data are stored in memory. The processor is also used to detect that the expected event has been resolved and, in response to detecting that the unexpected event has been resolved, the processor retrieves the state data from the memory, generates an aftermath plan that includes prompts to guide the flight crew to complete the ...


Display System And Method For Generating A Display, William Rogers, Michael C. Dorneich, Chris Hamblin, Stephen Whitlow Apr 2014

Display System And Method For Generating A Display, William Rogers, Michael C. Dorneich, Chris Hamblin, Stephen Whitlow

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A display system and method for providing a display. A display system includes a computer processor, the computer processor being configured to receive information from a plurality of sensors. The computer processor is further configured to detect an abnormal situation, based on information received from the plurality of sensors. The display system further includes a database including abnormal situation response procedures in operable communication with the processor, wherein the database is configured to provide the processor with the abnormal situation response procedures upon the detection of an abnormal situation. The display system further includes a display device in operable communication ...


Multifunctional Avionic Display, Michael C. Dorneich, Patricia Ververs, Jeffrey M. Rye, Stephen G. Mccauley Mar 2014

Multifunctional Avionic Display, Michael C. Dorneich, Patricia Ververs, Jeffrey M. Rye, Stephen G. Mccauley

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

The present invention provides a screen as defined in claim 1. The screen may include the features of any one or more of dependent claims 2 to 4.

The present invention also provides a method as defined in claim 5. The method may include the features of claim 6.

The above-mentioned problems of current systems are addressed by embodiments of the present invention and will be understood by reading and studying the following specification.

In one embodiment, a display screen for displaying multiple sets of information is provided. The display screen includes at least one region of a select color ...


Cognitive Aircraft Hazard Advisory System (Cahas), Donald C. Kauffman, Michael C. Dorneich Oct 2013

Cognitive Aircraft Hazard Advisory System (Cahas), Donald C. Kauffman, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

Integrated surveillance systems and methods for processing multiple sensor inputs and determining a best route for avoiding multiple hazards. An example method performed on a first aircraft includes generating a plurality of routes for avoiding a previously determined alert from a first advisory system. Then, probability of success information is generated at other advisory systems for each of the plurality of routes. The best route of the plurality of routes is determined based on the generated probabilities and output to the flight crew or other aircraft. The probability of success information includes a previously defined uncertainty value. The uncertainty value ...


Aircraft Situational Awareness Improvement System And Method, Chris Hamblin, Stephen Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers Aug 2013

Aircraft Situational Awareness Improvement System And Method, Chris Hamblin, Stephen Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

The present invention in its various aspects is as set out in the appended claims. In one embodiment, a method for improving aircraft pilot situational awareness includes receiving and processing datalink messages and automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) data in an aircraft. A spatial and temporal situational

model for the aircraft is generated based on the processed datalink messages and the processed ADSB data. At least a portion of the spatial and temporal situational model is rendered on a display device within the aircraft.

In another embodiment, an aircraft pilot situational awareness improvement system includes a display device and a processor ...


Display System And Method For Generating A Display: Patent Application, William Rogers, Michael C. Dorneich, Chris Hamblin, Stephen Whitlow Aug 2013

Display System And Method For Generating A Display: Patent Application, William Rogers, Michael C. Dorneich, Chris Hamblin, Stephen Whitlow

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A display system and method for providing a display. A display system includes a computer processor, the computer processor being configured to receive information from a plurality of sensors. The computer processor is further configured to detect an abnormal situation, based on information received from the plurality of sensors. The display system further includes a database including abnormal situation response procedures in operable communication with the processor, wherein the database is configured to provide the processor with the abnormal situation response procedures upon the detection of an abnormal situation. The display system further includes a display device in operable communication ...


Cognitive Aircraft Hazard Advisory Systems And Methods, Donald C. Kauffman, Michael C. Dorneich Sep 2012

Cognitive Aircraft Hazard Advisory Systems And Methods, Donald C. Kauffman, Michael C. Dorneich

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

The present invention in its various aspects is as set out in the appended claims. The present invention provides integrated surveillance systems and methods for processing multiple sensor inputs and determining a best route for avoiding multiple hazards.

An example method performed on a first aircraft includes generating a plurality of routes for avoiding a previously determined alert from a first advisory system. Then, probability of success information is generated at other advisory systems for each of the plurality of routes. The best route of the plurality of routes is determined based on the generated probabilities and output to the ...


Mixed-Initiative Transfer Of Datalink-Based Information: Patent Application, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers Mar 2012

Mixed-Initiative Transfer Of Datalink-Based Information: Patent Application, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system and method are provided for transferring datalink-based information into an aircraft flight management system. When a datalink message is received in an aircraft, it is parsed into individual information elements. The operational impact of the received datalink message on the aircraft is determined from the individual information elements. A method of supplying pilot feedback regarding the received datalink message is determined from the determined operational impact. The pilot feedback regarding the received datalink message is supplied using the determined method. At least selected portions of the individual information elements are selectively transferred into the aircraft flight management system ...


Datalink Message Prioritization System And Method: Patent Application, Stephen Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers, Chris Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Thea L. Feyereisen Mar 2012

Datalink Message Prioritization System And Method: Patent Application, Stephen Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers, Chris Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Thea L. Feyereisen

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system and method are provided for prioritizing incoming datalink messages. When a datalink message is received in an aircraft, it is parsed into individual information elements. The relevance of the received datalink message is then assessed from the individual information elements. The received datalink message is then categorized into one of a plurality of playback priority categories, based on the assessed relevance of the received datalink message.


Aircraft Situational Awareness Improvement System And Method: Patent Application, Chris Hamblin, Stephen Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers Mar 2012

Aircraft Situational Awareness Improvement System And Method: Patent Application, Chris Hamblin, Stephen Whitlow, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A system and method are provided for improving aircraft pilot situational awareness. When datalink messages and/or automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) data and/or various other data are received in the aircraft, the received data are processed to generate a spatial and temporal situational model for the aircraft. At least a portion of the spatial and temporal situational model is rendered on a display device within the aircraft.


Improving The Aerospace Capstone Design Experience Through Simulation Based Learning, Wm. Michael Butler, Janis P. Terpenny, Richard M. Goff, Rajkumar S. Pant, Heidi M. Steinhauer Jan 2012

Improving The Aerospace Capstone Design Experience Through Simulation Based Learning, Wm. Michael Butler, Janis P. Terpenny, Richard M. Goff, Rajkumar S. Pant, Heidi M. Steinhauer

Center for e-Design Publications

A key role of universities is to prepare students to work in their chosen profession upon completion of their degree program. Engineering capstone design courses are often the only required courses that challenge students to draw on nearly all of the students’ previous collegiate learning experiences and to synthesize and apply these to creating a new solution to an engineering problem. Aside from internship and co-op experiences, these are often the first courses that expose engineering students to some of the technical and political issues that they will often face in their professional engineering careers. Industry often looks at these ...


Adaptive User Interface For Semi-Automatic Operation: Patent Application, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers, Karen Feigh, Robert E. De Mers Dec 2010

Adaptive User Interface For Semi-Automatic Operation: Patent Application, Michael C. Dorneich, Stephen Whitlow, William Rogers, Karen Feigh, Robert E. De Mers

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Patents

A method is provided for semi-automatic operation of a portable control device for a remote-controlled, unmanned vehicle. The method includes the steps of monitoring parameters of an operational environment of the portable control device, switching from a manual operation mode to a semi-automatic operation mode in response to occurrence of predetermined criteria within the operational environment, and presenting a semi-automatic operation graphical user interface to a user of the portable control device. The semi-automatic operation graphical user interface includes a reduced set of user interfaces for the semi-automatic operation mode presented by the portable control device.


Effect Of The Alumina Shell On The Melting Temperature Depression For Aluminum Nanoparticles, Valery I. Levitas, Michelle L. Pantoya, Garima Chauhan, Iris Rivero Aug 2009

Effect Of The Alumina Shell On The Melting Temperature Depression For Aluminum Nanoparticles, Valery I. Levitas, Michelle L. Pantoya, Garima Chauhan, Iris Rivero

Aerospace Engineering Publications

The dependence of aluminum (Al) melting temperature on particle size was studied using a differential scanning calorimeter and thermogravitmetric analyzer for particles encapsulated in an oxide shell. Pressure generation within the Al core leads to an increase in melting temperature in comparison with traditional melting temperature depression calculated using the Gibbs−Thomson equation. On the basis of elasticity theory, the pressure in the Al core at the onset of melting is caused mainly by surface tension at the alumina−air and Al−alumina interfaces. This implies that pressure due to the difference in thermal expansion of aluminum and alumina relaxes ...