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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering Commons

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Mechanical Engineering

2015

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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Optimal Configuration Of Remanufacturing Supply Network With Return Quality Decision, Mohannad Radhi, Guoqing Zhang Sep 2015

Optimal Configuration Of Remanufacturing Supply Network With Return Quality Decision, Mohannad Radhi, Guoqing Zhang

Mechanical, Automotive & Materials Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Techno-Economic Analysis Of Advanced Biofuel Production Based On Bio-Oil Gasification, Qi Li, Yanan Zhang, Guiping Hu Sep 2015

Techno-Economic Analysis Of Advanced Biofuel Production Based On Bio-Oil Gasification, Qi Li, Yanan Zhang, Guiping Hu

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This paper evaluates the economic feasibility of a hybrid production pathway combining fast pyrolysis and bio-oil gasification. The conversion process is simulated with Aspen Plus® for a 2000 t d-1 facility. Techno-economic analysis of this fast pyrolysis and bio-oil gasification pathway has been conducted to assess the economic feasibility. A total capital investment of $438 million has been estimated and the minimum fuel selling price (MSP) is $5.6 per gallon of gasoline equivalent. The sensitivity analysis shows that the MSP is most sensitive to internal rate of return, fuel yield, biomass feedstock cost, and fixed capital investment. Monte-Carlo simulation ...


Operator-Centered Task Analysis: A Hybrid Methodology For Human-Machine Interaction Observation In The Field, Chase Meusel, Norene Kelly, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Brian Gilmore, Bruce Newendorp Sep 2015

Operator-Centered Task Analysis: A Hybrid Methodology For Human-Machine Interaction Observation In The Field, Chase Meusel, Norene Kelly, Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Brian Gilmore, Bruce Newendorp

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

The practice of human factors in agriculture presents numerous challenges for the researcher. Difficulties include measuring operator behaviors in the agricultural field as well as identifying individual tasks, order of tasks, length of tasks, and operator motivation for each task. To confidently build a baseline for how operators use and appropriate their resources during the planting agricultural season, a variety of qualitative and quantitative research methods were combined to create OCTA (operator-centered task analysis), a hybrid methodology to observe, document, explain, and potentially predict operator behaviors in the field. The OCTA model draws from four main methodologies: observation, interview, behavioral ...


Developing Entrepreneurial Thinking In Engineering Students By Utilizing Integrated Online Modules, Ronald S. Harichandran, Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Nadiye O. Erdil, Cheryl Q. Li, Jean Nocito-Gobel, Samuel Bogan Daniels Jun 2015

Developing Entrepreneurial Thinking In Engineering Students By Utilizing Integrated Online Modules, Ronald S. Harichandran, Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Nadiye O. Erdil, Cheryl Q. Li, Jean Nocito-Gobel, Samuel Bogan Daniels

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publications

An approach to develop entrepreneurial thinking skills in engineering students by integrating online modules into existing courses is described. Eighteen online modules covering a variety of topics will be developed. Developers for the modules are selected by reviewing proposals submitted in response to a broadly distributed request for proposals. Developers undergo extensive training before embarking upon module development. Students will complete each standalone module outside of class hours. Instructors who deploy a module in their course will develop contextual course assignments that reinforce concepts covered in the modules. These instructors also undergo training and are assisted by an external consultant ...


Warpage And Shape Distortion In Laser Metal Sintering, Xuan Wang May 2015

Warpage And Shape Distortion In Laser Metal Sintering, Xuan Wang

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is the primary method to fabricate metal and ceramic components in additive manufacturing. Due to the anisotropy of powder material, the sintering rate difference will inevitably causes shape change, distortion , and other defects of sintered parts. In this paper, a continuum model was developed to simulate the SLS process. The developed model has been successful to predict sintering kinetics. The impact of processing parameters, such as laser power, scanning speed, hatching distance, and particle size has been studied . The proposed method provides an innovative tool to optimize SLS process parameters.


A Case Study Of Multiple-Use Finish Electrodes For Die-Sinking Edm, Troy A. Robertson May 2015

A Case Study Of Multiple-Use Finish Electrodes For Die-Sinking Edm, Troy A. Robertson

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

This study examines the use of one finishing electrode to finish multiple dies without remachining the electrode. The multiple-use electrode finishing experiment in this study addresses technology in the die-forging industry. Methods of manufacturing spherical straight bevel forge gear dies have relied on die-sinking Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) practices that showed great potential for advancement. The focus of this study is solely on the improvements of electrode use in EDM finishing-processes. The surface finish quality itself is not an area of concern other than maintaining that it does not diminish. The focused concern is maximizing the process by using one ...


Multi-Period Cell Loading And Job Sequencing In A Cellular Manufacturing System, Gokhan Egilmez, Gürsel A. Süer Jan 2015

Multi-Period Cell Loading And Job Sequencing In A Cellular Manufacturing System, Gokhan Egilmez, Gürsel A. Süer

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publications

In this paper, a multi-period cell loading problem is addressed, where the objectives are to minimise the number of tardy jobs (nT) in a multi-period planning horizon and optimise the scheduling of tardy jobs. Three cell loading and job scheduling strategies are proposed and tested with two newly developed mixed integer programming models. Additionally, three types of due dates (tight, medium and loose) and three different demand levels were considered. Finally, two tardy job assignment methods were proposed to observe the impact on nT. Case problems were solved based on minimising nT, Tmax and total tardiness ...


Traci Impact Assessment Of Transportation Manufacturing Nexus In The U.S.: A Supply Chain-Linked Cradle-To-Gate Lca, Yong Shin Park, Gokhan Egilmez Jan 2015

Traci Impact Assessment Of Transportation Manufacturing Nexus In The U.S.: A Supply Chain-Linked Cradle-To-Gate Lca, Yong Shin Park, Gokhan Egilmez

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publications

Sustainable transportation is an inevitable component of sustainable development intitiatives for mitigating the climate change impacts and stabilizing the rising carbon emissions thus global temperature. In this context, comprehensive analysis of the environmental impact of transportation can play a critical role towards quantifying the midpoint environmental and human health related impacts associated with the transportation activities triggered by manufacturing sectors. This study traces the life cycle impact of the U.S. transportation and manufacturing sectors’ nexus using Tool for the Reduction and Assessment of Chemicals and Other Environmental Impacts (TRACI) in the context of the Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment ...


Syllabus: Introduction To Mechanical And Industrial Engineering, Erin Baker Jan 2015

Syllabus: Introduction To Mechanical And Industrial Engineering, Erin Baker

Sustainability Education Resources

Student teams will explore engineering analysis and design under the theme of Engineering Sustainability: Energy and the Environment, incorporating economics, environmental impacts, and social concerns. ENGIN 113 is intended to introduce students to the fields of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Engineering, and to provide students with important skills that they will need to be successful in college and the professional world. The specific course objectives are to:  Develop effective teamwork skills, including peer- and self-evaluation.  Practice critical thinking and engineering problem solving.  Take a systems approach to design, incorporating economics, environment, and social concerns  Develop information literacy.  Communicate technical material ...


Classroom Exercise: Intro To Mechanical And Industrial Engineering, Erin Baker Jan 2015

Classroom Exercise: Intro To Mechanical And Industrial Engineering, Erin Baker

Sustainability Education Resources

This classroom exercise was developed for Introduction to Mechanical and Industrial Engineering; Engineering Sustainability: Energy and the Environment. This is a freshman class with a class size of about 200. It is intended to get students to think critically about energy in the economy; to recognize the power of technological change; and to inspire them to work toward solving climate change.


Size Effects In Human Visual Inspection For Micro/Meso Scale Parts, Sri Harsha Kavuri Jan 2015

Size Effects In Human Visual Inspection For Micro/Meso Scale Parts, Sri Harsha Kavuri

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Visual inspection has been a major method of quality control in conventional manufacturing processes for the last fifty years. Utilizing trained human inspectors to perform this visual inspection has been the most effective means of maintaining quality control. Extensive research has been performed to understand the factors that influence the human inspection process.

In the recent years, there has been a significant emphasis on manufacturing at the smaller end of the size-spectrum such as Micro and Meso scale manufacturing. Quality control at becomes a challenging task due to the extremely small sizes. Several automated visual inspection techniques have been proposed ...


A Simulation-Based Approach To Risk Assessment And Mitigation In Supply Chain Networks, Mamadou Seck, Ghaith Rabadi, Christian Koestler Jan 2015

A Simulation-Based Approach To Risk Assessment And Mitigation In Supply Chain Networks, Mamadou Seck, Ghaith Rabadi, Christian Koestler

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

We present in this paper a simulation-based approach to evaluate the risk associated with supply chain disruptions caused by failures in some supply chains nodes and measure the impact of such disruptions on supply chain key performance measures (KPIs) of interest. The proposed framework enables analysts and managers to repeatedly assess the risk to their supply chains based on various simulated scenarios and identify the most critical nodes whose disruption will have the highest impact on the KPIs of interest. As a result, companies can focus on the most critical supply chain assets and develop targeted mitigation plans that minimize ...


Using Conceptgrid As An Easy Authoring Technique To Check Natural Language Responses, Stephen B. Blessing, Shrenik Devasani, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jivko Sinapov Jan 2015

Using Conceptgrid As An Easy Authoring Technique To Check Natural Language Responses, Stephen B. Blessing, Shrenik Devasani, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jivko Sinapov

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

ConceptGrid provides a template-style approach to check natural language responses by students using a model-tracing style intelligent tutoring system. The tutor-author creates, using a web-based authoring system, a latticestyle structure that contains the set of required concepts that need to be in a student response. The author can also create just-in-time feedback based on the concepts present or absent in the student's response. ConceptGrid is integrated within the xPST authoring tool and was tested in two experiments, both of which show the efficacy of the technique to check student answers. The first study tested the tutor's effectiveness overall ...


A Novel Framework For Visual Detection And Exploration Of Performance Bottlenecks In Organic Photovoltaic Solar Cell Materials, A. Aboulhassan, D. Baum, O. Wodo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, A. Amassian, M. Hadwiger Jan 2015

A Novel Framework For Visual Detection And Exploration Of Performance Bottlenecks In Organic Photovoltaic Solar Cell Materials, A. Aboulhassan, D. Baum, O. Wodo, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, A. Amassian, M. Hadwiger

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Current characterization methods of the so-called Bulk Heterojunction (BHJ), which is the main material of Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) solar cells, are limited to the analysis of global fabrication parameters. This reduces the efficiency of the BHJ design process, since it misses critical information about the local performance bottlenecks in the morphology of the material. In this paper, we propose a novel framework that fills this gap through visual characterization and exploration of local structure-performance correlations. We also propose a formula that correlates the structural features with the performance bottlenecks. Since research into BHJ materials is highly multidisciplinary, our framework enables ...


Influence Of Spatial Variations Of Railroad Track Stiffness And Material Inclusions On Fatigue Life, Celestin Nkundineza Jan 2015

Influence Of Spatial Variations Of Railroad Track Stiffness And Material Inclusions On Fatigue Life, Celestin Nkundineza

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Railroad transportation is very important for economic growth and effective maintenance is one critical factor for its economic sustainability. The high repetitive forces from a moving railcar induce cyclic stresses that lead to rail bending and potential deterioration due to fatigue crack initiation and propagation. Previous research for prediction of fatigue life has been done under the assumptions of a uniform track bed and a homogeneous rail. However the spatial variation of the track stiffness is expected to increase the maximum stresses in the rail and, therefore, accelerate the fatigue process. The research described in this dissertation is focused on ...


Authoring Effective Embedded Tutors: An Overview Of The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (Xpst) System, Stephen B. Gilbert, Stephen B. Blessing, Enruo Guo Jan 2015

Authoring Effective Embedded Tutors: An Overview Of The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (Xpst) System, Stephen B. Gilbert, Stephen B. Blessing, Enruo Guo

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The Extensible Problem Specific Tutor (xPST) allows authors who are not cognitive scientists and not programmers to quickly create an intelligent tutoring system that provides instruction akin to a model-tracing tutor. Furthermore, this instruction is overlaid on existing software, so that the learner’s interface does not have to be made from scratch. The xPST architecture allows for extending its capabilities by the addition of plug-ins that communicate with additional third-party software. After reviewing this general architecture, we describe three major implementations that we have created using the xPST system, each using different third-party software as the learner’s interface ...


Time-Optimal Path Planning For Automated Grain Carts, Mengzhe Zhang, Sourabh Bhattacharya Jan 2015

Time-Optimal Path Planning For Automated Grain Carts, Mengzhe Zhang, Sourabh Bhattacharya

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

In this paper, we address a motion planning problem for an autonomous agricultural vehicle modeled as tractor-trailer system. We first present a numerical approach and a primitive-based approach for computing the time-optimal path based on given static initial and goal configurations. In the former approach, we define a value function for the entire state space. The value function is consistent with the time to reach goal configuration, and it is finally used to compute the optimal trajectory. In the latter approach, based on the regular and singular primitives, we present an algorithm to construct such primitives and derive the final ...