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Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Vulnerability Assessment And Re-Routing Of Freight Trains Under Disruptions: A Coal Supply Chain Network Application, Ridvan Gedik, Hugh Medal, Chase Rainwater, Edward A. Pohl, Scott J. Mason Nov 2014

Vulnerability Assessment And Re-Routing Of Freight Trains Under Disruptions: A Coal Supply Chain Network Application, Ridvan Gedik, Hugh Medal, Chase Rainwater, Edward A. Pohl, Scott J. Mason

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publications

In this paper, we present a two-stage mixed integer programming (MIP) interdiction model in which an interdictor chooses a limited amount of elements to attack first on a given network, and then an operator dispatches trains through the residual network. Our MIP model explicitly incorporates discrete unit flows of trains on the rail network with time-variant capacities. A real coal rail transportation network is used in order to generate scenarios to provide tactical and operational level vulnerability assessment analysis including rerouting decisions, travel and delay costs analysis, and the frequency of interdictions of facilities for the dynamic rail system.


A Control-Chart Based Method For Solder Joint Crack Detection, Jianbiao Pan Sep 2014

A Control-Chart Based Method For Solder Joint Crack Detection, Jianbiao Pan

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Many researchers have used different failure criteria in published solder joint reliability studies. Since the reported timeto-failure would be different if different failure criteria were used, it would be difficult to compare the reported reliability life of solder joints from one study to another. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of failure criteria on the reported thermal fatigue life and determine which failure criterion could detect failure sooner. First, the application of the control-chart-based method in a thermal cycling reliability study is described. The reported time-to-failure data were then compared based on four different failure criteria ...


Life Cycle Assessment Of The Production Of Hydrogen And Transportation Fuels From Corn Stover Via Fast Pyrolysis, Yanan Zhang, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Jul 2014

Life Cycle Assessment Of The Production Of Hydrogen And Transportation Fuels From Corn Stover Via Fast Pyrolysis, Yanan Zhang, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This life cycle assessment (LCA) evaluates and quantifies the environmental impacts of the production of hydrogen and transportation fuels from the fast pyrolysis and upgrading of corn stover. Input data for this analysis come from Aspen Plus modeling, a GREET model database and a U.S Life Cycle Inventory Database. SimaPro 7.3 software is employed to estimate the environmental impacts. The results indicate that the net fossil energy input is 0.25 MJ and 0.23 MJ per km traveled for a light-duty vehicle fueled by gasoline and diesel fuel, respectively. Bio-oil production requires the largest fossil energy input ...


An Integrated Approach To Developing Technical Communication Skills In Engineering Students, Ronald S. Harichandran, David J. Adams, Michael Collura, Nadiye O. Erdil, David Harding, Jean Nocito-Gobel, Amy Thompson Jun 2014

An Integrated Approach To Developing Technical Communication Skills In Engineering Students, Ronald S. Harichandran, David J. Adams, Michael Collura, Nadiye O. Erdil, David Harding, Jean Nocito-Gobel, Amy Thompson

Engineering and Applied Science Education Faculty Publications

The Project to Integrate Technical Communication Habits (PITCH) is being implemented across seven engineering and computer science undergraduate programs. The overarching goal of PITCH is to develop written, oral and visual communication skills and professional habits in engineering students. PITCH activities begin in the very first semester and are reinforced and extended through all four years of each program. Senior design becomes the culminating experience in which students demonstrate the skills and habits acquired through PITCH courses. Student outcomes for the project were established based on an extensive survey of employers, alumni and faculty. Communication instruments include technical memoranda, poster ...


An Integrated Approach To Information Modeling For The Sustainable Design Of Products, Douglas C. Eddy, Sundar Krishnamurty, Ian R. Grosse, Paul Witherell, Kemper E. Lewis Apr 2014

An Integrated Approach To Information Modeling For The Sustainable Design Of Products, Douglas C. Eddy, Sundar Krishnamurty, Ian R. Grosse, Paul Witherell, Kemper E. Lewis

Center for e-Design Publications

The design of more sustainable products can be best accomplished in a tradeoff-based design process that methodically handles conflicting objectives. Such conflicts are often seen between, environmental impact, cost, and product performance. To support such a process, this paper proposes the development of an environment where sustainability considerations are explicitly introduced early into the design process. This explicitness is provided by integrating the requirements information of sustainability standards and regulations directly into the design process. The emergence of the semantic web provides an interoperable environment in which the context and meaning of knowledge about the relationships among various domains can ...


Integrated Supply Chain Design For Commodity Chemicals Production Via Woody Biomass Fast Pyrolysis And Upgrading, Yanan Zhang, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Apr 2014

Integrated Supply Chain Design For Commodity Chemicals Production Via Woody Biomass Fast Pyrolysis And Upgrading, Yanan Zhang, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

This study investigates the optimal supply chain design for commodity chemicals (BTX, etc.) production via woody biomass fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing pathway. The locations and capacities of distributed preprocessing hubs and integrated biorefinery facilities are optimized with a mixed integer linear programming model. In this integrated supply chain system, decisions on the biomass chipping methods (roadside chipping vs. facility chipping) are also explored. The economic objective of the supply chain model is to maximize the profit for a 20-year chemicals production system. In addition to the economic objective, the model also incorporates an environmental objective of minimizing life cycle greenhouse ...


A Control-Chart Based Method For Solder Joint Crack Detection - Conference Proceeding, Jianbiao Pan Mar 2014

A Control-Chart Based Method For Solder Joint Crack Detection - Conference Proceeding, Jianbiao Pan

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Many researchers have used different failure criteria in the published solder joint reliability studies. Since the reported time-to-failure would be different if different failure criteria were used, it would be difficult to compare the reported reliability life of solder joints from one study to another. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of failure criteria on the reported thermal fatigue life and find out which failure criterion can detect failure sooner. First, the application of the control-chart based method in a thermal cycling reliability study is described. The reported time-to-failure data were then compared based on four ...


Optimal Dredge Fleet Scheduling Within Environmental Work Windows, Heather Nachtmann, Kenneth N. Mitchell, Chase Rainwater, Ridvan Gedik, Edward A. Pohl Jan 2014

Optimal Dredge Fleet Scheduling Within Environmental Work Windows, Heather Nachtmann, Kenneth N. Mitchell, Chase Rainwater, Ridvan Gedik, Edward A. Pohl

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publications

The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers oversees dredging in hundreds of navigation projects annually, through its fleet of government equipment and through individual contracts with private industry. The research presented here sought to examine the decision to allocate dredge resources to projects systemwide under necessary constraints. These constraints included environmental restrictions on when dredging could take place in response to the migration patterns of turtles, birds, fish, and other wildlife; dredge equipment resource availability; and varying equipment productivity rates that affected project completion times. The paper discusses problem definition and model formulation of optimal dredge fleet scheduling within environmental ...


A Natural User Interface For Immersive Design Review, Anastacia Macallister, Eliot H. Winer, Siemens Plm Software, The Boeing Company Jan 2014

A Natural User Interface For Immersive Design Review, Anastacia Macallister, Eliot H. Winer, Siemens Plm Software, The Boeing Company

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

As markets demand engineered products faster, waiting on the cyclical design processes of the past is not an option. Instead, industry is turning to concurrent design and interdisciplinary teams. When these teams collaborate, engineering CAD tools play a vital role in conceptualizing and validating designs. These tools require significant user investment to master, due to challenging interfaces and an overabundance of features. These challenges often prohibit team members from using these tools for exploring alternatives. This paper presents a method allowing users to interact with a design using intuitive gestures and head tracking, all while keeping the model in a ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Spatial Visualization Ability And Drafting Models For Industrial And Technology Education Students, Petros Katsioloudis, Vukica Jovanović, Mildred Jones Jan 2014

A Comparative Analysis Of Spatial Visualization Ability And Drafting Models For Industrial And Technology Education Students, Petros Katsioloudis, Vukica Jovanović, Mildred Jones

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

The article presents the comparative study on the drafting models and spatial visualization ability of industrial and technology education students in the U.S. It discusses how the study was conducted which examined the issue based on technical drawings and with regards to the impacts of model types. The results reportedly revealed three-dimensional models are effective for promoting learning, however more studies have to be conducted.


Techno-Economic Analysis Of Co-Located Corn Grain And Corn Stover Ethanol Plants, Longwen Ou, Tristan Brown, Rajeeva Thilakaratne, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Jan 2014

Techno-Economic Analysis Of Co-Located Corn Grain And Corn Stover Ethanol Plants, Longwen Ou, Tristan Brown, Rajeeva Thilakaratne, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

The goal of this paper is to evaluate the economic performance of co-located corn grain ethanol (Gen 1) and cellulosic ethanol (Gen 2) facilities. We present six scenarios to evaluate the impact of stover-to-grain mass (SGM) ratios on overall minimum ethanol selling price (MESP). For the Gen 1 plant, MESP is $3.18/ gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) while for the Gen 2 plant it is $5.64/GGE. Co-located Gen 1 and Gen 2 plants operating at the lowest SGM ratio of 0.4 generates the lowest overall MESP of $3.73/GGE as well as the highest MESP for ...


Characterization Of Information Automation On The Flight Deck, Rachel Dudley, Michael C. Dorneich, Emmanuel Letsu-Dake, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael Dillard, Erik Nelson Jan 2014

Characterization Of Information Automation On The Flight Deck, Rachel Dudley, Michael C. Dorneich, Emmanuel Letsu-Dake, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Michael Dillard, Erik Nelson

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This paper summarizes the results of analyses to identify characteristics of flight deck information automation systems which can lead to potential human factors issues. Information automation systems are responsible for the collection, processing, analysis, and presentation of information to the flightcrew. Information automation systems can pose human factors issues and challenges particular to this type of automation. This paper presents a formal definition of information automation and identifies characteristics and associated human factors issues in the domain of aircraft flight deck systems. A method was developed to identify a set of consistent and independent characteristics of information automation. Characteristics, a ...


Mild Catalytic Pyrolysis Of Biomass For Production Of Transportation Fuels: A Techno-Economic Analysis, Rajeeva Thilakaratne, Tristan Brown, Yihua Li, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown Jan 2014

Mild Catalytic Pyrolysis Of Biomass For Production Of Transportation Fuels: A Techno-Economic Analysis, Rajeeva Thilakaratne, Tristan Brown, Yihua Li, Guiping Hu, Robert C. Brown

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

A techno-economic analysis of mild catalytic pyrolysis (CP) of woody biomass followed by upgrading of the partially deoxygenated pyrolysis liquid is performed to assess this pathway’s economic feasibility for the production of hydrocarbon-based biofuels. The process achieves a fuel yield of 17.7 wt% and an energy conversion of 39%. Deoxygenation of the pyrolysis liquid requires 2.7 wt% hydrogen while saturation of aromatic rings in the pyrolysis liquid increases total hydrogen consumption to 6.4 wt%. Total project investment is $457 million with annual operating costs of $142 million for a 2000 metric ton per day facility. A ...