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Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering Commons

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Mechanical Engineering

2009

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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Hero Of Alexandria: Greek Mathematician And Engineer, David B. Hollander Nov 2009

Hero Of Alexandria: Greek Mathematician And Engineer, David B. Hollander

History Publications

Hero invented, improved, or at least preserved the designs for a variety of devices, including a surveying instrument, a catapult, a coin-operated water dispenser, and automata. His most famous invention was the aeolipile, a forerunner of the steam engine.


Reinforcement-Learning-Based Output-Feedback Control Of Nonstrict Nonlinear Discrete-Time Systems With Application To Engine Emission Control, Peter Shih, Brian C. Kaul, Jagannathan Sarangapani, J. A. Drallmeier Oct 2009

Reinforcement-Learning-Based Output-Feedback Control Of Nonstrict Nonlinear Discrete-Time Systems With Application To Engine Emission Control, Peter Shih, Brian C. Kaul, Jagannathan Sarangapani, J. A. Drallmeier

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A novel reinforcement-learning-based output adaptive neural network (NN) controller, which is also referred to as the adaptive-critic NN controller, is developed to deliver the desired tracking performance for a class of nonlinear discrete-time systems expressed in nonstrict feedback form in the presence of bounded and unknown disturbances. The adaptive-critic NN controller consists of an observer, a critic, and two action NNs. The observer estimates the states and output, and the two action NNs provide virtual and actual control inputs to the nonlinear discrete-time system. The critic approximates a certain strategic utility function, and the action NNs minimize the strategic utility ...


Effect Of The Alumina Shell On The Melting Temperature Depression For Aluminum Nanoparticles, Valery I. Levitas, Michelle L. Pantoya, Garima Chauhan, Iris Rivero Aug 2009

Effect Of The Alumina Shell On The Melting Temperature Depression For Aluminum Nanoparticles, Valery I. Levitas, Michelle L. Pantoya, Garima Chauhan, Iris Rivero

Aerospace Engineering Publications

The dependence of aluminum (Al) melting temperature on particle size was studied using a differential scanning calorimeter and thermogravitmetric analyzer for particles encapsulated in an oxide shell. Pressure generation within the Al core leads to an increase in melting temperature in comparison with traditional melting temperature depression calculated using the Gibbs−Thomson equation. On the basis of elasticity theory, the pressure in the Al core at the onset of melting is caused mainly by surface tension at the alumina−air and Al−alumina interfaces. This implies that pressure due to the difference in thermal expansion of aluminum and alumina relaxes ...


Drop Impact Reliability Of Edge-Bonded Lead-Free Chip Scale Packages, Andrew Farris, Jianbiao Pan, Albert Liddicoat, Michael Krist, Nicholas Vickers, Brian J. Toleno, Dan Maslyk, Dongkai Shangguan, Jasbir Bath, Dennis Willie, David A. Geiger Jul 2009

Drop Impact Reliability Of Edge-Bonded Lead-Free Chip Scale Packages, Andrew Farris, Jianbiao Pan, Albert Liddicoat, Michael Krist, Nicholas Vickers, Brian J. Toleno, Dan Maslyk, Dongkai Shangguan, Jasbir Bath, Dennis Willie, David A. Geiger

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

This paper presents the drop test reliability results for edge-bonded 0.5 mm pitch lead-free chip scale packages (CSPs) on a standard JEDEC drop reliability test board. The test boards were subjected to drop tests at several impact pulses, including a peak acceleration of 900 Gs with a pulse duration of 0.7 ms, a peak acceleration of 1500 Gs with a pulse duration of 0.5 ms, and a peak acceleration of 2900 Gs with a pulse duration of 0.3 ms. A high-speed dynamic resistance measurement system was used to monitor the failure of the solder joints. Two ...


Guidance Directrix Generation Using Laser Sensors, Santosh Pitla, Joe D. Luck, Scott A. Shearer Jun 2009

Guidance Directrix Generation Using Laser Sensors, Santosh Pitla, Joe D. Luck, Scott A. Shearer

Conference Presentations and White Papers: Biological Systems Engineering

A sensor array consisting of two laser sensors was utilized to determine the guidance directrix (offset distance-d, heading angle-ø) that are required as reference inputs for an automated guidance system. The sensor array was evaluated in both laboratory and field conditions. Under laboratory conditions the sensor array replicated the physical profile of the target surface with a 4% error in determining the heading angle. Field tests were conducted in two types of crops; corn and alfalfa. The sensor array identified the cut-crop edge profile ahead of the tractor and replicated distinct shapes of the cut-crop edge. RMSE values in determining ...


Teaming Multi-Level Classes On Industry Projects, Lizabeth Schlemer, Jose Macedo Mar 2009

Teaming Multi-Level Classes On Industry Projects, Lizabeth Schlemer, Jose Macedo

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

For the past few years we experimented with teaming students from a sophomore-level class and a senior-level class to work on industry projects. The classes are “work design” and “facilities design.” Projects are selected to require the application of knowledge from both disciplines. In addition, the projects are selected from small local companies. The intent of this paper is to describe the benefits and difficulties associated with this methodology. While specific classes in this experience are typical of an industrial engineering curriculum, the lessons learned and benefits could translate to other disciplines.


Optimization Of Engineering Tolerance Design Using Revised Loss Functions, Jeh-Nan Pan, Jianbiao Pan Feb 2009

Optimization Of Engineering Tolerance Design Using Revised Loss Functions, Jeh-Nan Pan, Jianbiao Pan

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Engineering tolerance design plays an important role in modern manufacturing. Both symmetric and asymmetric tolerances are common in many manufacturing processes. Recently, various revised loss functions have been proposed for overcoming the drawbacks of Taguchi's loss function. In this article, Kapur's economic tolerance design model is modified and the economic specification limits for both symmetric and asymmetric losses are established. Three different loss functions are compared in the optimal symmetric and asymmetric tolerance design: a revised Taguchi quadratic loss function, an inverted normal loss function and a revised inverted normal loss function. The relationships among the three loss ...


Finding And Optimising The Key Factors For The Multiple-Response Manufacturing Process, Jeh-Nan Pan, Jianbiao Pan, Chun-Yi Lee Jan 2009

Finding And Optimising The Key Factors For The Multiple-Response Manufacturing Process, Jeh-Nan Pan, Jianbiao Pan, Chun-Yi Lee

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

With the advent of modern technology, manufacturing processes became so sophisticated that a single quality characteristic cannot reflect the true product quality. Thus, it is essential to perform the key factor analysis for the manufacturing process with multiple-input (factors) and multiple-output (responses). In this paper, an integrated approach of using the desirability function in conjunction with the Mahalanobis-Taguchi-Gram Schmit (MTGS) system is proposed in order to find and optimise the key factors for a multiple-response manufacturing process. The aim of using the MTGS method is to standardise and orthogonalise the multiple responses so that the Mahalanobis distance for each run ...


Effects Of Reflow Profile And Thermal Conditioning On Intermetallic Compound Thickness For Snagcu Soldered Joints, Jianbiao Pan, Tzu-Chien Chou, Jasbir Bath, Dennis Willie, Brian J. Toleno Jan 2009

Effects Of Reflow Profile And Thermal Conditioning On Intermetallic Compound Thickness For Snagcu Soldered Joints, Jianbiao Pan, Tzu-Chien Chou, Jasbir Bath, Dennis Willie, Brian J. Toleno

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of reflow time, reflow peak temperature, thermal shock and thermal aging on the intermetallic compound (IMC) thickness for Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu (SAC305) soldered joints.
Design/methodology/approach – A four-factor factorial design with three replications is selected in the experiment. The input variables are the peak temperature, the duration of time above solder liquidus temperature (TAL), solder alloy and thermal shock. The peak temperature has three levels, 12, 22 and 32°C above solder liquidus temperatures (or 230, 240 and 250°C for SAC305 and 195, 205, and 215°C ...


The Effect Of Ultrasonic Frequency On Gold Wire Bondability And Reliability, Jianbiao Pan, Minh-Nhat Le, Cuong Van Pham Jan 2009

The Effect Of Ultrasonic Frequency On Gold Wire Bondability And Reliability, Jianbiao Pan, Minh-Nhat Le, Cuong Van Pham

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

This paper presents a systematic study on the effect of 120 KHz ultrasonic frequency on the bondability and reliability of fine pitch gold wire bonding to pads over an organic substrate with gold metallizations. The study was carried out on a thermosonic ball bonder that is allowed to easily switch between ultrasonic frequencies of 60 KHz and 120 KHz by changing the ultrasonic transducer and the ultrasonic generator. Bonding parameters were optimized through the design of experimental methodology for four different cases: 25.4 mm wire at 60 kHz, 25.4 mm wire at 120 kHz, 17.8 mm wire ...


Analysis Of Possible Use Of Identification Technologies In Disassembly, Vukica Jovanović, Sreten Filipović, Gordana Ostojić, Stevan Stankovski, Milovan Lazarević Jan 2009

Analysis Of Possible Use Of Identification Technologies In Disassembly, Vukica Jovanović, Sreten Filipović, Gordana Ostojić, Stevan Stankovski, Milovan Lazarević

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

The barcodes and Radio Frequency Identification tags that are being used during manufacturing, assembly, warehousing, and distribution could also be reused at the end of the product lifecycle for an identification of the correct disassembly process that would result in recycling of its components. The barcodes or RFID tags can be helpful in identifying objects in terms of sustainable development, regarding disassembly, recycling and reuse. In this paper, the analysis of the current applications of RFID Technology in the final phase of the product lifecycle will be presented. The simulation of the disassembly process supported by both barcode and RFID-enabled ...


Analyzing And Implementing A Feature Mapping Approach To Cad System Interoperability, John Altidor, Jack C. Wileden, Yiwen Yang, Leen Hanayneh, Yan Wang Jan 2009

Analyzing And Implementing A Feature Mapping Approach To Cad System Interoperability, John Altidor, Jack C. Wileden, Yiwen Yang, Leen Hanayneh, Yan Wang

Center for e-Design Proceedings

Interoperable information exchange between computer-aided design (CAD) systems is one of the major problems to enable information integration in a collaborative engineering environment. Although a significant amount of work has been done on the extension and standardization of CAD data formats as well as the cooperation of CAD systems in both academy and industry, these approaches are generally low-level and narrowly targeted. Lack of fundamental study of interoperability and generic solution to this problem is the major issue. Our intention of this research is to design a solution of CAD feature interoperability as generic as possible based on a theoretical ...