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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

The Business Case For Industrial Safety: Revealing The Comprehensive Value Of Ergonomic Investments For Manufacturing Enterprises In Industry 4.0, Shane Stan Oct 2019

The Business Case For Industrial Safety: Revealing The Comprehensive Value Of Ergonomic Investments For Manufacturing Enterprises In Industry 4.0, Shane Stan

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

How can today’s manufacturing enterprises construct, implement, and optimize modern safety initiatives in a manner that will present maximum return on investment and facilitate enterprise growth? Furthermore, how can these manufacturers assure individual ergonomic investments become part of a larger strategy to facilitate organizational change in safety? This work addresses these questions by placing industrial ergonomics in a business improvement context which comprehensively presents the financial returns and growth opportunities poised by modern safety initiatives. Additionally, to further strengthen the business case for industrial safety, an ergonomic action planning framework is established to guide the creation of holistic safety ...


Maquiladoras In Central America: An Analysis Of Workforce Schedule, Productivity And Fatigue., Jose L. Barahona Jul 2019

Maquiladoras In Central America: An Analysis Of Workforce Schedule, Productivity And Fatigue., Jose L. Barahona

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Textile factories or Maquiladoras are very abundant and predominant in Central American economies. However, they all do not have the same standardized work schedule or routines. Most of the Maquiladoras only follow schedules and regulations established by the current labor laws without taking into consideration many variables within their organization that could affect their overall performance. As a result, the purpose of the study is to analyze the current working structure of a textile Maquiladora and determine the most suitable schedule that will abide with the current working structure but also increase production levels, employee morale and decrease employee fatigue ...


An Energy Profile Model For Fused Deposition Modeling 3d Printing Process, Calvin Hawkins Jan 2019

An Energy Profile Model For Fused Deposition Modeling 3d Printing Process, Calvin Hawkins

ROEU 2018-19

This project develops a strategy to monitor and estimate the energy consumption of fused deposition modeling (FDM) additive manufacturing, which will benefit manufacturers and designers seeking to design and manufacture products with minimal energy consumption.


Modeling Uncertainty In Rooftop Pv Investment, Anuj Mittal, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Caroline C. Krejci, Taylor B. Elkins May 2018

Modeling Uncertainty In Rooftop Pv Investment, Anuj Mittal, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Caroline C. Krejci, Taylor B. Elkins

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

No abstract provided.


Supply Chain Risk Analysis Using Dynamic Fault Tree, Xue Lei, Cameron A. Mackenzie May 2018

Supply Chain Risk Analysis Using Dynamic Fault Tree, Xue Lei, Cameron A. Mackenzie

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Outline: 1. Motivations 2. Main-backup supply chain 3. Mutual-assistance supply chain 4. Conclusions


Decision Making For Different Types Of Variation In A Manufacturing System, Xue Lei, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Caroline Krejci May 2018

Decision Making For Different Types Of Variation In A Manufacturing System, Xue Lei, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Caroline Krejci

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Common cause variation: Natural part of the process; Acting on process.

Special cause variation: From external sources; searching and mitigating causes.


Optimizing Design For Resilience For Risk-Averse Firms Using Expected Utility And Value-At-Risk, Ramin Giahi, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Chao Hu May 2018

Optimizing Design For Resilience For Risk-Averse Firms Using Expected Utility And Value-At-Risk, Ramin Giahi, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Chao Hu

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Research Problem •Determine how resilience should be integrated into a firm’s design decisions •Optimize design for a risk-averse firm that incorporates resilience


Online Testing To Assess Performance Of Students In A Large Engineering Class, Vrishtee Rane, Cameron A. Mackenzie May 2018

Online Testing To Assess Performance Of Students In A Large Engineering Class, Vrishtee Rane, Cameron A. Mackenzie

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Fall 2017: Engineering Economic Analysis course •242 students: in-class and distance learning •New assessment procedure: Online testing modules •7 required online testing modules •2 bonus testing modules to earn an A •Semester grades determined completely by number of modules passed •Unlimited number of attempts for each testing module •Randomly chosen questions


Design Optimization Under Long-Range Uncertainty, Ramin Giahi, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Chao Hu May 2018

Design Optimization Under Long-Range Uncertainty, Ramin Giahi, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Chao Hu

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Flexibility in engineering system design: •Flexibility in system design and implications for aerospace systems (Saleh et.al 2003) •A flexible and robust approach for preliminary engineering design based on designer's preference (Nahmet.al, 2007) •A real options approach to hybrid electric vehicle architecture design for flexibility (Kang et.al 2016) •Our research: •Simulation optimization •Long range uncertainty •Add flexibility and robustness to design


A Multi-Stage Stochastic Programming For Lot-Sizing And Scheduling Under Demand Uncertainty, Zhengyang Hu, Guiping Hu May 2018

A Multi-Stage Stochastic Programming For Lot-Sizing And Scheduling Under Demand Uncertainty, Zhengyang Hu, Guiping Hu

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

A stochastic lot-sizing and scheduling problem with demand uncertainty is studied in this paper. Lot-sizing determines the batch size for each product and scheduling decides the sequence of production. A multi-stage stochastic programming model is developed to minimize overall system costs including production cost, setup cost, inventory cost and backlog cost. We aim to find the optimal production sequence and resource allocation decisions. Demand uncertainty is represented by scenario trees using moment matching technique. Scenario reduction is used to select scenarios with the best representation of original set. A case study based on a manufacturing company has been conducted to ...


A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall Jan 2018

A Design For Affordances Framework For Product Packaging: Food Packaging Case Study, Ahmad Abdelhafiz Mumani, Richard T. Stone, Esraa Abdelall

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Since affordances provided by packaging features play a major role in facilitating user packaging interaction, it is important to integrate the concept of affordances into the packaging design process and to understand the interrelationships between packaging features and affordances. A framework is proposed for linking user requirements to packaging design features utilizing the concept of affordances. The framework is accomplished in two main steps; first, determine the affordances required to facilitate performing packaging-related tasks, and second, link these affordances to packaging features. Previous packaging usability studies were reviewed to elicit requirements in terms of affordance properties such as intuitiveness, responsiveness ...


Application Of Bayesian Belief Network For Agile Kanban Backlog Estimation, Eric D. Weflen, Kevin Korniejczuk, Sharon Lau, Steven S. Kryk, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Iris V. Rivero Jan 2018

Application Of Bayesian Belief Network For Agile Kanban Backlog Estimation, Eric D. Weflen, Kevin Korniejczuk, Sharon Lau, Steven S. Kryk, Cameron A. Mackenzie, Iris V. Rivero

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

What is Agile Kanban?

  • Different from Kanban for JIT manufacturing!
  • Visualization of workflow
  • Limit work in process (WIP)


An Investigation On Selected Factors That Cause Variability In Additive Manufacturing, Anusha Velineni, Elif Elçin Günay, Kijung Park, Gül E. Okudan Kremer, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone Jan 2018

An Investigation On Selected Factors That Cause Variability In Additive Manufacturing, Anusha Velineni, Elif Elçin Günay, Kijung Park, Gül E. Okudan Kremer, Thomas M. Schnieders, Richard T. Stone

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Additive manufacturing (AM) brings significant freedom in design, yet it can get hard to produce the same part at identical dimensional tolerances; this is also known as the reproducibility problem. Reproducibility, the ability to produce the same part under similar conditions, is one of the major challenges in AM as reproducibility plays an important role in the replacement of worn-out or damaged parts in an assembly. The objective of this paper is to identify the impacts of two most common factors (i.e., layer thickness and printing speed) on the dimensional accuracy of additively manufactured parts through a designed experiment ...


A Design Framework For Additive Manufacturing Through The Synergistic Use Of Axiomatic Design Theory And Triz, Sarath C. Renjith, Gül E. Okudan Kremer, Kijung Park Jan 2018

A Design Framework For Additive Manufacturing Through The Synergistic Use Of Axiomatic Design Theory And Triz, Sarath C. Renjith, Gül E. Okudan Kremer, Kijung Park

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Additive manufacturing has emerged as an integral part of modern manufacturing because of its unique capabilities for rapid prototyping and the design flexibility. In order to take full advantage of additive manufacturing, Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM) has risen to provide design frameworks, methodologies, and a set of guidelines for effective product designs under additive manufacturing. However, the existing DfAM methods have limitations in that most methods rely on either too general or too specific design requirements and parameters for additive manufacturing; an effective design framework that can consider the capabilities and constraints of additive manufacturing at an early design ...


Stochastic Bi-Level Optimization Models For Efficient Operating Room Planning, Amin Abedini, Wei Li, Honghan Ye Jan 2018

Stochastic Bi-Level Optimization Models For Efficient Operating Room Planning, Amin Abedini, Wei Li, Honghan Ye

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Within a hospital, the operating room (OR) department has the largest cost and revenue. Because of the aging population, the demand for surgical services has been increasing sharply in recent years. At the other hand, the rate of OR capacity expansion is lower than the rate of increasing demand. As a result, OR managers must leverage their resources by efficient OR planning. OR planning is challenging because of multiple competing\conflicting objectives such cost minimization and throughput maximization. Inherent uncertainty in the surgical procedures and patients arrivals complicate the decision making process. This increases the risk of non-realization of the ...


An Optimization Model For Operating Room Scheduling To Reduce Blocking Across The Perioperative Process, Amin Abedini, Wei Li, Honghan Ye Jul 2017

An Optimization Model For Operating Room Scheduling To Reduce Blocking Across The Perioperative Process, Amin Abedini, Wei Li, Honghan Ye

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Operating room (OR) scheduling is important. Because of increasing demand for surgical services, hospitals must provide high quality care more efficiently with limited resources. When constructing the OR schedule, it is necessary to consider the availability of downstream resources, such as intensive care unit (ICU) and post anaesthesia care unit (PACU). The unavailability of downstream resources causes blockings between every two consecutive stages. In this paper we address the master surgical schedule (MSS) problem in order to minimize blockings between two consecutive stages. First, we present a blocking minimization (BM) model for the MSS by using integer programming, based on ...


Modeling Of Selective Laser Sintering/ Selective Laser Melting, Xuan Wang, Connor West Jan 2017

Modeling Of Selective Laser Sintering/ Selective Laser Melting, Xuan Wang, Connor West

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Selective laser sintering and selective laser melting are powder based additive manufacturing (AM) process that can rapidly manufacture parts with comparable mechanical properties to conventional manufacturing methods directly from digital files. However, the processing recipe development and design optimization of AM parts are often based on trial and error which erodes the benefit of AM. Modeling is a powerful tool to enable faster development cycle by significantly reducing the experimental efforts. In this paper we discussed the current status of selective laser sintering/melting modeling, in which the laser and powder interaction was studied to understand and predict the process ...


Condition Assessment Of End-Of-Use Products For Remanufacturing, Jovan Morgan Jan 2017

Condition Assessment Of End-Of-Use Products For Remanufacturing, Jovan Morgan

ROEU 2016-17

The goal of the project is to use the automated 3-D laser scanner using a Capnut as a test object to detect surface defects, corrosion and calculation error through offline quality inspection. potentially reducing labor time and cost for both consumers and manufacturers.


Mechanisms And Solutions To The Brittle Solder Joint In Electroless Ni Plating, Xuan Wang, C. Key Chung Aug 2016

Mechanisms And Solutions To The Brittle Solder Joint In Electroless Ni Plating, Xuan Wang, C. Key Chung

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Brittle solder joints in Electroless Ni electroless Pd immersion Au (ENEPIG) surface finishes are one of the key reliability issues in electronics assembly. Previous characterization of the reflow process has indicated that interfacial voids formed after solder reflow are responsible for the decreases in solder joint strength. However, the mechanisms behind the formation of these voids in the ENEPIG process remain unclear. In this paper, the interaction between various aspects of the ENEPIG process and solder joint strength were investigated. Surface roughness, morphology, and nano-pitting at the interface between electroless Pd and Ni-P were characterized. The size and density of ...


Densification Of W-Ni-Fe Powders Using Laser Sintering, Xuan Wang, Matthew Wraith, Stephen Burke, Howard Rathbun, Kyle Devlugt Apr 2016

Densification Of W-Ni-Fe Powders Using Laser Sintering, Xuan Wang, Matthew Wraith, Stephen Burke, Howard Rathbun, Kyle Devlugt

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

In this paper, Laser Sintering (LS) of 90%W–7%Ni–3%Fe (wt.%) powders have been investigated, with the goal to understand the influence of final density by laser power, scanning speed, laser trace width, and the number of scanning passes. The results suggest that the laser power and scanning speed are the most important factors influencing density; the influence of trace width and number of scanning passes are not significant. With the increase of laser power and decrease of scanning speed, higher density can be achieved. The microstructure analysis indicated that the porosity changed from open porosity to ...


Optimization Of Process Parameters In Micro Electrical Discharge Machining (Edm) Of Ti-6al-4v Alloy, Farshid Alavi Apr 2016

Optimization Of Process Parameters In Micro Electrical Discharge Machining (Edm) Of Ti-6al-4v Alloy, Farshid Alavi

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Ti-6Al-4V has a wide range of applications such as in the automotive and aerospace industries. Nevertheless, titanium alloys are very difficult to machine by conventional methods. Micro-EDM is a non-conventional machining method that uses the thermal effect of precisely controlled sparks. Manufacturers are looking for the methods and optimal settings to increase the productivity of micro-EDM in terms of lessening machining time and tool wear. Moreover, surface integrity of the machined area is crucial for some products such as biomedical implants.

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the micro-EDM process parameters on response variables, in ...


Ultrahard Polycrystalline Cubic Boron Nitride Composite Through Hybrid Laser/Waterjet Heat (Lwh) Treatment, Jingnan Zhao, Pranav Shrotriya Jan 2016

Ultrahard Polycrystalline Cubic Boron Nitride Composite Through Hybrid Laser/Waterjet Heat (Lwh) Treatment, Jingnan Zhao, Pranav Shrotriya

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Ultra-hard materials that are chemically inert and thermally stable at high temperatures are desirable for enhancing machining and wear performance in demanding chemical and thermal environments. Single and polycrystalline diamonds are the hardest tool materials; however, at high temperatures, diamond reacts with ferrous alloys, losing its chemical inertness and thermal stability. In contrast, cubic boron nitride (cBN) has exceptional chemical and thermal stability but has much lower hardness (35-45 GPa). Increasing the hardness of BN is expected to fill the property gap in state-of-the-art tool materials as shown and to generate huge industrial interest for meeting the stringent design requirements ...


The Reconfigurable Machinery Efficient Workspace Analysis Based On The Twist Angles, Ana M. Djuric, Vukica Jovanovic, Mirjana Filipovic, Ljubinko Kevac Jan 2016

The Reconfigurable Machinery Efficient Workspace Analysis Based On The Twist Angles, Ana M. Djuric, Vukica Jovanovic, Mirjana Filipovic, Ljubinko Kevac

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

A novel methodology for the calculation, visualisation and analysis of the Reconfigurable Machinery Efficient Workspace (RMEW), based on the twist angles, is presented in this paper. The machinery's kinematic parameters are used for calculating the workspace, while the efficient workspace is associated with the machinery's path and includes the end-effector position and orientation. To analyse and visualise many different machinery efficient workspaces at the same time, the calculation is based on the previously developed and validated complex reconfigurable machinery's kinematic structure named n-DOF Global Kinematic Model (n-GKM). An industrial robot is used as an example ...


Period Batch Control - A Production Planning System Applied To Virtual Manufacturing Cells, Z. Tesic, B. Stevanaov, V. Jovanovic, M. Tomic, C. Kafol Jan 2016

Period Batch Control - A Production Planning System Applied To Virtual Manufacturing Cells, Z. Tesic, B. Stevanaov, V. Jovanovic, M. Tomic, C. Kafol

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

Period Batch Control (PBC) system has been known for its implementation with the classical group technology (GT) cells, and it has been known for its simplicity. The main production planning decisions concern the choice of the period length and the stage number and contents. Also, in order to better integrate the production planning with the application of GT cells at the shop floor, the concept of virtual manufacturing cells has been applied. Since virtual cells configurations are changing periodically, a model for implementing the PBC system into virtual manufacturing cells environment is developed. The model enables alignment of the PBC ...


Applications Of Digital Manufacturing In Manufacturing Process Support, Vukica Jovanovic, Mihael Debevec, Niko Herakovic, Alok Verma, Mileta Tomovic Jan 2016

Applications Of Digital Manufacturing In Manufacturing Process Support, Vukica Jovanovic, Mihael Debevec, Niko Herakovic, Alok Verma, Mileta Tomovic

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

In this study, the authors developed three new approaches and models for improvements related to manufacturing processes. The main focus was on planning in a digital environment before the actual manufacturing process is carried out. The first approach is digital manufacturing, which gives affords the opportunity for performing an entire manufacturing process in a virtual environment. In this way, engineers virtually define, plan, create, monitor, and control all production processes. The planning phase can be done simultaneously, while other manufacturing processes are already in place. In this way, processes can continue with no interruption. Various product lifecycle management tools have ...


Optimal Configuration Of Remanufacturing Supply Network With Return Quality Decision, Mohannad Radhi, Guoqing Zhang Sep 2015

Optimal Configuration Of Remanufacturing Supply Network With Return Quality Decision, Mohannad Radhi, Guoqing Zhang

Mechanical, Automotive & Materials Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Warpage And Shape Distortion In Laser Metal Sintering, Xuan Wang May 2015

Warpage And Shape Distortion In Laser Metal Sintering, Xuan Wang

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is the primary method to fabricate metal and ceramic components in additive manufacturing. Due to the anisotropy of powder material, the sintering rate difference will inevitably causes shape change, distortion , and other defects of sintered parts. In this paper, a continuum model was developed to simulate the SLS process. The developed model has been successful to predict sintering kinetics. The impact of processing parameters, such as laser power, scanning speed, hatching distance, and particle size has been studied . The proposed method provides an innovative tool to optimize SLS process parameters.


A Case Study Of Multiple-Use Finish Electrodes For Die-Sinking Edm, Troy A. Robertson May 2015

A Case Study Of Multiple-Use Finish Electrodes For Die-Sinking Edm, Troy A. Robertson

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

This study examines the use of one finishing electrode to finish multiple dies without remachining the electrode. The multiple-use electrode finishing experiment in this study addresses technology in the die-forging industry. Methods of manufacturing spherical straight bevel forge gear dies have relied on die-sinking Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) practices that showed great potential for advancement. The focus of this study is solely on the improvements of electrode use in EDM finishing-processes. The surface finish quality itself is not an area of concern other than maintaining that it does not diminish. The focused concern is maximizing the process by using one ...


A Simulation-Based Approach To Risk Assessment And Mitigation In Supply Chain Networks, Mamadou Seck, Ghaith Rabadi, Christian Koestler Jan 2015

A Simulation-Based Approach To Risk Assessment And Mitigation In Supply Chain Networks, Mamadou Seck, Ghaith Rabadi, Christian Koestler

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

We present in this paper a simulation-based approach to evaluate the risk associated with supply chain disruptions caused by failures in some supply chains nodes and measure the impact of such disruptions on supply chain key performance measures (KPIs) of interest. The proposed framework enables analysts and managers to repeatedly assess the risk to their supply chains based on various simulated scenarios and identify the most critical nodes whose disruption will have the highest impact on the KPIs of interest. As a result, companies can focus on the most critical supply chain assets and develop targeted mitigation plans that minimize ...


Size Effects In Human Visual Inspection For Micro/Meso Scale Parts, Sri Harsha Kavuri Jan 2015

Size Effects In Human Visual Inspection For Micro/Meso Scale Parts, Sri Harsha Kavuri

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Visual inspection has been a major method of quality control in conventional manufacturing processes for the last fifty years. Utilizing trained human inspectors to perform this visual inspection has been the most effective means of maintaining quality control. Extensive research has been performed to understand the factors that influence the human inspection process.

In the recent years, there has been a significant emphasis on manufacturing at the smaller end of the size-spectrum such as Micro and Meso scale manufacturing. Quality control at becomes a challenging task due to the extremely small sizes. Several automated visual inspection techniques have been proposed ...