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Transportation For Liveable Cities: Problems, Obstacles, And Successful Solutions, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 2010

Transportation For Liveable Cities: Problems, Obstacles, And Successful Solutions, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This chapter focuses on urban transportation. It is written by the moderator of the session on Land Transportation. He asked the five speakers to report on positive achievements and challenges in their cities or countries. The chapter starts with the moderator's review of developments and trends in urban transportation and a summary of the five reports by participants presented in the session. It is followed by a brief review of the conditions in urban transportation and its impact on cities. Following a review of problems most cities face and mistakes in transportation planning many cities continue to make, this ...


Transport Systems And Policies For Sustainable Cities, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 2008

Transport Systems And Policies For Sustainable Cities, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

The 20(th) century witnessed revolutionary developments in transportation technology with major impacts on the form and character of cities. Progress in increasing mobility has brought many benefits as well as serious problems, particularly in deterioration of livability and sustainability. Increase in auto ownership led to serious problems of chronic traffic congestion. Attempts to rebuild cities to provide full accommodation of private cars have led to serious problems of auto dependency and deterioration of cities. Experiences from recent decades have shown that urban transportation is much more complex than usually realized. Livable and sustainable cities require policies that lead to ...


Impacts Of Suppressing Bicycles On Mobility And Transportation Efficiency, Huafang Cui, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 2006

Impacts Of Suppressing Bicycles On Mobility And Transportation Efficiency, Huafang Cui, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Light Rail And Brt: Competitive Or Complementary?, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 2005

Light Rail And Brt: Competitive Or Complementary?, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Since the 1970s great progress has been made to develop transit systems which provide service considerably better than buses can offer in mixed traffic, but which require significantly lower investment than metro systems with exclusive ways. This “semirapid transit” category of modes, using mostly partially separated ways, has been introduced extensively in medium-sized cities, as well as supplementing metros in suburban areas of large cities.


Transportation Problems Of Moscow And Possible Solutions (In Russian), Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 2005

Transportation Problems Of Moscow And Possible Solutions (In Russian), Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Medium Capacity Guided Transit Systems, Vukan R. Vuchic Apr 2002

Medium Capacity Guided Transit Systems, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Presentation slides from Workshop on Medium-Capacity Transit, Korea Railroad Research Institute, Korea, 25-26 Apr. 2002.


Washington Metro: Planning For Growth, Vukan R. Vuchic, Jeffrey M. Casello Mar 2002

Washington Metro: Planning For Growth, Vukan R. Vuchic, Jeffrey M. Casello

Departmental Papers (ESE)

In 1966, the United States Congress created the Washington Metropoli­tan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) to take control of the District's priva­te bus system and develop a new Metro network for the Nation's capital. Following extensive planning, cons­truction of Washington's Metrorail transit system started in 1969. Seven years later, revenue service began on a 7-kilometre line section with five sta­tions in operation. Another 25 years later, in 2001, the originally planned Washington Metrorail system, shown in Figure 1, was completed, reaching a total of 166 kilometres with 83 sta­tions.


Städte Und Stadtverkehr Im 21. Jahrhundert, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 2002

Städte Und Stadtverkehr Im 21. Jahrhundert, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Wenn man heute die komplexen Probleme des Verhaltnisses zwischen Verkehr und Stadten im soeben angebrochenen Jahrhun­dert voraussagen mochte, kann es nutzlich sein, das entsprechende Gedankengut aus dem letzten Jahrhundert und insbesondere aus den letzten Jahrzehnten zu analysieren. Es fall! dabei auf, dass viele Zusammenhan­ge zwischen der Verkehrs- und Stadtentwick­lung oftmals mit erheblicher Verzogerung verstanden wurden. Die ersten waren ver­standlicherweise die Fachleute und manche Politiker, welche auf diese Zusammenhange hingewiesen haben. Noch !anger dauerte es, bis sich die Einsicht in der Bevolkerung ge­nugend verbreitet hatte und es moglich war, praktische Maf3nahmen durchzufuhren.


An Evaluation Of Maglev Technology And Its Comparison With High Speed Rail, Vukan R. Vuchic, Jeffrey Michael Casello Jan 2002

An Evaluation Of Maglev Technology And Its Comparison With High Speed Rail, Vukan R. Vuchic, Jeffrey Michael Casello

Departmental Papers (ESE)

High speed rail (HSR) systems have a proven record of efficient services in about a dozen countries. Recently, Magnetic Levitation (Maglev) technology for high speed ground transportation (HSGT) has been proposed for many intercity and regional lines in Germany, Japan, United States, and other countries. Maglev developers claim that their system can achieve higher speeds, have lower energy consumption and life cycle costs, attract more passengers, and produce less noise and vibration than high speed rail. This article presents a systematic comparison of the proposed Maglev system, specifically the German Transrapid, and high speed rail systems.

The analysis reaches the ...


Bus Semirapid Transit Mode Development And Evaluation, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 2002

Bus Semirapid Transit Mode Development And Evaluation, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

With little investment required for operating in streets, bus services are often designed to serve many overlapping routes with frequent stops. To upgrade services and attract choice riders, major bus routes should be provided with exclusive lanes, preferential signals, and fewer but more distinct stops.

The Federal Transit Administration’s (FTA) Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) program is aimed at upgrading bus services into semirapid transit category (technically, bus semirapid transit). Many similar programs in the past were initially successful but later degraded by allowing sharing of lanes by high-occupancy vehicles (HOV) and relaxed enforcement of traffic control. With the systems ...


Maglev Vs. High Speed Rail: The Debate, Vukan R. Vuchic Mar 2001

Maglev Vs. High Speed Rail: The Debate, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

February I 6, 2001 issue "The Urban Transportation Monitor" published a summary of Professor Vukan Vuchic's critical review of the decision by the US. Department of Transportation to select maglev as a High Speed Ground Transportation mode as well as to select the Washington D.C.-Baltimore corridor as one of two locations to develop a pilot project to test maglev technology. Phyllis M Wilkins, Executive Director of Maglev Maryland, in conjunction with the Maryland Mass Transportation Administration, prepared a response to Dr. Vuchic 's article. The "Urban Transportation Monitor" asked Dr. Vuchic to provide a rebuttal. Ms. Wilkins ...


Comparison Of Light Rail Transit With Bus Semirapid Transit, Vukan R. Vuchic Oct 2000

Comparison Of Light Rail Transit With Bus Semirapid Transit, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Selection of transit modes is one of the most important decisions in the transit planning process. A particularly important decision is the selection between bus and rail modes, because it influences the type of service that will be offered and, more importantly, the role transit will play in the city. Ultimately, such a decision has an impact on the quality of life in the city. It is therefore necessary to include in the selection process the physical and economic characteristics of modes, as well as the quality of service, attraction of passengers and the impacts of the transit system on ...


Light Rail Transit System: Its Forms And Roles In Urban Areas, Vukan R. Vuchic Mar 2000

Light Rail Transit System: Its Forms And Roles In Urban Areas, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Rapid Transit System Automation And Experiences From North America Summary / Die Automatisierung Des U-Bahn-Systems Und Erfahrungen Aus Nordamerika, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 2000

Rapid Transit System Automation And Experiences From North America Summary / Die Automatisierung Des U-Bahn-Systems Und Erfahrungen Aus Nordamerika, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Review Of Clifford Winston And Chat Shirley, Alternate Route: Toward Efficient Urban Transportation, Vukan R. Vuchic May 1999

Review Of Clifford Winston And Chat Shirley, Alternate Route: Toward Efficient Urban Transportation, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Achieving Intermodal Balance For Efficiency And Livability Of Cities, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 1999

Achieving Intermodal Balance For Efficiency And Livability Of Cities, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

At the closing of the second millennium our civilization can boast a remarkable progress in technological developments which have been growing at an exponential pace. Telecommunications, jumbo-jets and personal computers have become ubiquitous in many countries in recent decades. In the "softer" area of managing complex systems, and even more so in economic, social and ethical aspects, our achievements have not been as uniquely progressive, however. This dichotomy between technological advances and systemic difficulties is quite obvious in the focal areas of our civilization - the complex technical-social-environmental system of cities.

The heavily urbanized civilization entering the third millennium strongly depends ...


Time-Distance Diagrams: A Powerful Tool For Service Planning And Control, Eric C. Bruun, Vukan R. Vuchic, Yong-Eun Shin Jan 1999

Time-Distance Diagrams: A Powerful Tool For Service Planning And Control, Eric C. Bruun, Vukan R. Vuchic, Yong-Eun Shin

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Graphical scheduling is an old technique that has been neglected, or never acquired, in many NorthAmerican transit agencies. It retains its advantages in basic schedule design and analysis as it eases the solution to problems that are difficult to solve analytically. Even information about simple routes is enhanced by the detailed operating characteristics inherent in detailed vehicle trajectories and by the relative ease with which accelerated service and service recovery strategies can be investigated. It also can be used to confirm and refine solutions that are generated by analytic methods. The methodology is reviewed in the context of such planning ...


Increasing Potential Of Road Pricing For Improved Efficiency Of Urban Transportation, Vukan R. Vuchic, Antonio Musso Jan 1998

Increasing Potential Of Road Pricing For Improved Efficiency Of Urban Transportation, Vukan R. Vuchic, Antonio Musso

Departmental Papers (ESE)

There are a number of factors which contribute to the continuous pressure for driving in different cities. However most serious, but often overlooked is the problem that the structure of costs of driving stimulates excessive car use. This paper presents the structure of driving costs and classifies then into user, social and environmental costs. The incidence of all these costs is discussed. The importance of using road pricing for a more effective control of the demand for car travel is shown. The paper reviews objectives of road pricing and actions for their implementation and concludes that the need for road ...


Personal Rapid Transit: An Unrealistic System, Vukan R. Vuchic Nov 1996

Personal Rapid Transit: An Unrealistic System, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

The concept of "Personal Rapid Transit," or PRT, was conceived nearly 30 years ago. It is supposed to have an extensive network of elevated guideways--light concrete or steel beams on columns--with stations every 2-3 blocks. Small, electrically powered vehicles, with 3-5 seats, would carry passengers automatically to any station in the network.


Deregulation: A Return To The Primitive | Deregulacija: Povratak Načetak, Vukan R. Vuchic Feb 1996

Deregulation: A Return To The Primitive | Deregulacija: Povratak Načetak, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Rapporto Di Vukan Vuchic In Linea C: La Scelta Tecnologica: Un'expertise Internazionale, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 1996

Rapporto Di Vukan Vuchic In Linea C: La Scelta Tecnologica: Un'expertise Internazionale, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Tra le opere previste per ii giubileo del 2000, Cotral ha progettato di costruire la terza linea di metropolitana di Roma, linea C. L'ipotesi avanzata e di realizzare tale linea utilizzando la tecnologia ferroviaria standard, aggiornata ai suoi ultimi sviluppi tecnologici. In seguiLo, altri soggetti hanno proposto di modificare questa impostazione, sugge­rendo principalmente quanto segue:

  • impiego di un sistema a guida automatizzata (Automated Guided Transit, Agt, come Val, Kawasaki, Westinghouse sistemi Utdc) invece del sistema ferroviario standard. Tra questi sistemi e posto in particolare rilievo ii Val;
  • realizzazione della linea, attraverso un contratto chiavi in mano, da parte ...


Lrt - A Dynamic Transit Mode With Continuing Innovations, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 1996

Lrt - A Dynamic Transit Mode With Continuing Innovations, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

When increasing use of the private automobile intensified street traffic congestion, cities, generally pursued one or two types of policies. The "Car accommodation policy" was aimed 'primarily at accommodating the car and highway traffic, neglecting all other modes. The "Balanced transportation policy" was directed to achievement of a co-ordinated system of different transportation modes.

The former group of cities eliminated streetcars I tramways. The latter upgraded them through numerous innovations, into Light Rail Transit - LRT. The intermediate transit modes, which LRT represents, have been increasingly found effective as a solution for the cities which need better services than buses on ...


Erfahrungen Mit Busspuren In Usa, Vukan R. Vuchic Nov 1994

Erfahrungen Mit Busspuren In Usa, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

No abstract provided.


Short-Term Improvements For Septa's Regional Rail System, Vukan R. Vuchic, Shinya Kikuchi, Eric C. Bruun, Partha Chakroborty, Yong Shin Eun, Janaki Parameswaran, Nikola Krstanoski, Natasa Vukadinovic Aug 1994

Short-Term Improvements For Septa's Regional Rail System, Vukan R. Vuchic, Shinya Kikuchi, Eric C. Bruun, Partha Chakroborty, Yong Shin Eun, Janaki Parameswaran, Nikola Krstanoski, Natasa Vukadinovic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

SEPTA has made significant improvements on its Regional Rail System since its takeover from Conrail some 10 years ago. This system now offers highly reliable service; stations are clean, many have obtained improved platforms, signs and other equipment; Trailpasses are used extensively. Yet, the ridership is low relative to the excellent coverage the network provides, and it has had a predominantly declining trend. Moreover, financial results are unsatisfactory: the Regional Rail Division's operating ratio is considerably lower than the other SEPTA divisions' ratios. There is a serious danger that the system will continue along a "spiral" of increasing fares ...


The Bus Transit System: Its Underutilized Potential, Vukan R. Vuchic, Eric Christian Bruun, Nikola B Krstanoski, Yong Eun Shin, Shinya Kikuchi, Partha Chakroborty, Vijay Perincherry May 1994

The Bus Transit System: Its Underutilized Potential, Vukan R. Vuchic, Eric Christian Bruun, Nikola B Krstanoski, Yong Eun Shin, Shinya Kikuchi, Partha Chakroborty, Vijay Perincherry

Departmental Papers (ESE)

The bus system represents the most widely used transit mode. Upgraded bus services, primarily those which have partially or fully separated rights-of-way, represent a very cost effective method to improve the balance between automobile and transit. Many measures for improving bus services were introduced since 1970. However, many of these improvements were not maintained: buses were gradually returned to operations in mixed traffic. The report examines the quality of bus services in various cities in North America and worldwide and analyzes the reasons for the phenomenon of “backsliding” or disappearance of bus transit priority measures.


Urban Transportation - A Special Challenge For Civil Engineers, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 1994

Urban Transportation - A Special Challenge For Civil Engineers, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Transportation has historically had a major influence on cities - their locations, growth and form. Civil engineers were the leading public servants in construction of railway and transit systems. With diversification of transportation and, particularly, growth of highways, the solutions to urban transportation have become extremely complex. Instead of only building new facilities, it is now necessary to coordinate different modes.

Planning of transportation is defined at four levels: individual facilities, single mode networks, intermodal systems and city-transportation relationships. It is shown that the latter two levels have not been adequately performed. Coordination of systems must be given greater attention. A ...


A Plan For Septa's Regional Metrorail System, Vukan R. Vuchic, Shinya Kikuchi Apr 1993

A Plan For Septa's Regional Metrorail System, Vukan R. Vuchic, Shinya Kikuchi

Departmental Papers (ESE)

This report presents a plan for an investment, physical and operational upgrading of the RGR System. The intent of this plan should be creation of a modern Regional Metrorail System, more similar to such electrified regional rapid transit systems as the Washington Metrorail, Atlanta's MARTA and San Francisco's BART than to diesel-powered commuter rail systems, such as the Chicago METRA or the new Los Angeles Metrolink.


The Role Of Automated Guided Transit Systems In Urban Transportation, Vukan R. Vuchic Dec 1992

The Role Of Automated Guided Transit Systems In Urban Transportation, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

New transportation systems have always attracted attention of both transportation experts and general public: the first railway in England, first automobile and streetcar in Germany, first airplane in the United States - all of these inventions attracted excitement, curiosity, enthusiasm - and skepticism.

With time, many inventions fulfilled or exceeded expectations: they have been developed into major transportation systems which influence our lives and shape our cities. However, an even greater number of inventions never developed into viable systems; incorrectly conceived, they never matured into operating systems.

For the last 20-30 years there have been many inventions of automated transit systems. They ...


Regional Rail Developments In North America, Vukan R. Vuchic Jan 1992

Regional Rail Developments In North America, Vukan R. Vuchic

Departmental Papers (ESE)

The increasing importance of regional rail systems for growing cities and metropolitan areas has been shown more clearly in North America than anywhere else in the world. In spite of extremely auto-oriented developments and policies which do not favor railways, a number of North American cities have extended and improved their regional rail systems in recent decades.


Role And Organization Of Transfers In Transit Networks, Vukan R. Vuchic, Antonio Musso Jan 1992

Role And Organization Of Transfers In Transit Networks, Vukan R. Vuchic, Antonio Musso

Departmental Papers (ESE)

Passenger transfers among transit lines involve certain "resistance", because they cause some delay and require passenger orientation and walking between vehicles on different lines. Therefore it is sometimes believed that transfers are undesirable and that they should be avoided whenever possible.

The fact is, however, that transit networks with many transfer opportunities offer passengers much greater selection of travel paths than networks with disconnected lines which involve no transferring. In addition, the more transferring is performed, the greater is network efficiency, because each line can be designed optimally for its physical conditions, volume and character of demand. Consequently, when transfers ...