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Technological Cooperation Network In Biotechnology Analysis Of Patents With Brazil As The Priority Country, Cristiano Goncalves Pereira, Rodrigo Ribeiro Da Silva, Joao Ricardo Lavoie, Geciane Silveira Porto Jan 2019

Technological Cooperation Network In Biotechnology Analysis Of Patents With Brazil As The Priority Country, Cristiano Goncalves Pereira, Rodrigo Ribeiro Da Silva, Joao Ricardo Lavoie, Geciane Silveira Porto

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Purpose – The establishment of partnerships between companies, government and universities aims to enhance innovation and the technological development of institutions. The biotechnology sector has grown in recent years mainly driven by its cooperative business model. Compared to other countries, this sector is slowly advancing in Brazil, with delays in science, technology and innovation, especially in the private sector. This paper aims to examine, through social network analysis, the collaborative networks between institutions that filed patents in biotechnology – medicinal preparations from plants – whose inventions had Brazil as the priority country. Design/methodology/approach – The study of technological cooperation using patent documents ...


Exploring Adoption Of Augmented Reality Smart Glasses: Applications In The Medical Industry, Nuri A. Basoglu, Muge Goken, Marina Dabic, Dilek Ozdemir Gungor, Tugrul U. Daim Oct 2018

Exploring Adoption Of Augmented Reality Smart Glasses: Applications In The Medical Industry, Nuri A. Basoglu, Muge Goken, Marina Dabic, Dilek Ozdemir Gungor, Tugrul U. Daim

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study explores the use of augmented reality smart glasses (ARSGs) by physicians and their adoption of these products in the Turkish medical industry. Google Glass was used as a demonstrative example for the introduction of ARSGs. We proposed an exploratory model based on the technology acceptance model by Davis. Exogenous factors in the model were defined by performing semi-structured in-depth interviews, along with the use of an expert panel in addition to the technology adoption literature. The framework was tested by means of a field study, data was collected via an Internet survey, and path analysis was used. The ...


Technology Foresight: A Bibliometric Analysis To Identify Leading And Emerging Methods, Elizabeth Gibson, Tugrul U. Daim, Edwin Garces, Marina Dabic Jan 2018

Technology Foresight: A Bibliometric Analysis To Identify Leading And Emerging Methods, Elizabeth Gibson, Tugrul U. Daim, Edwin Garces, Marina Dabic

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Foresight studies provide essential information used by the government, industry and academia for technology planning and knowledge expansion. They are complicated, resource-intensive, and quite expensive. The approach, methods, and techniques must be carefully identified and selected. Despite the global importance of foresight activities, there are no frameworks to help one develop and plan a proper foresight study. This paper begins Keywords: technology foresight; strategic foresight; adaptive foresight; Social Network Analysis (SNA); bibliometric tools; data mining; text mining. to close this gap by analyzing and comparing different schools of thought and updating the literature with the most current tools and methods ...


Technology Trajectory Mapping Using Data Envelopment Analysis: The Ex-Ante Use Of Disruptive Innovation Theory On Flat Panel Technologies, Dong-Joon Lim, Timothy R. Anderson Nov 2016

Technology Trajectory Mapping Using Data Envelopment Analysis: The Ex-Ante Use Of Disruptive Innovation Theory On Flat Panel Technologies, Dong-Joon Lim, Timothy R. Anderson

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this paper, we propose a technology trajectory mapping approach using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) that scrutinizes technology progress patterns from multidimensional perspectives. Literature reviews on technology trajectory mappings have revealed that it is imperative to identify key performance measures that can represent different value propositions and then apply them to the investigation of technology systems in order to capture indications of the future disruption. The proposed approach provides a flexibility not only to take multiple characteristics of technology systems into account but also to deal with various tradeoffs among technology attributes by imposing weight restrictions in the DEA model ...


Exploring The Adoption And Use Of The Smartphone Technology In Emerging Regions: Case Of Saudi Arabia, Fahad Aldhaban, Tugrul Unsal Daim, Robert Harmon Sep 2016

Exploring The Adoption And Use Of The Smartphone Technology In Emerging Regions: Case Of Saudi Arabia, Fahad Aldhaban, Tugrul Unsal Daim, Robert Harmon

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper starts with a preliminary theoretical research model which is developed based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). A number of qualitative methods, namely brainstorming, focus group and individual interviews, have been conducted to evaluate, select and validate the existing factors, as well as introduce new factors, to identify only the most related factors to be included in the preliminary research model. A survey questionnaire has been developed and validated to survey general users of the Smartphone in Saudi Arabia. A web-based survey has been designed and sent through email to 5,000 randomly ...


A Model Of Academic Community Entrepreneurship (Ace): Initiation, Innovation, And Impacts Of Picmet, Min-Seok Cha Sep 2016

A Model Of Academic Community Entrepreneurship (Ace): Initiation, Innovation, And Impacts Of Picmet, Min-Seok Cha

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Entrepreneurship is the process of creating problem solving system that generate knowledge and provide value. It is also seen as an innovation engine. It could be applied in many fields including academic community. This attempt of creating academic community can be view as an academic entrepreneurship. The impactful process of academic entrepreneurship is worthwhile to be noticed and shared. Because PICMET has shown a model of building a sustainable scholar community and its coordinating organization in the international level, it could be a successful case of academic community entrepreneurship (ACE) Model. ACE is focused on creating new value of academic ...


Technology Evaluation Of Robotics Technology In Power Industry, Byung Sung Yoon, Judith Estep, Terry Oliver, Robert Grizzi Sep 2016

Technology Evaluation Of Robotics Technology In Power Industry, Byung Sung Yoon, Judith Estep, Terry Oliver, Robert Grizzi

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The electric power utilities as important social infrastructures should be operated stably without any failure in supply of electricity. For stable operation, it is necessary to input huge amount of resource and investment throughout power generation, transmission and distribution facilities. Particularly, constant inspection and maintenance of the facilities requires highly skilled manpower and advanced technologies. In spite of endless efforts, the electric power industry is facing serious challenges from social, economic and environmental problems. In this regard, a number of robotic systems have been tested and applied for inspection and maintenance in nuclear power plants and high voltage power transmission ...


Understanding Risk Perception Using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, Pei Zhang, Antoine J. Jetter Sep 2016

Understanding Risk Perception Using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps, Pei Zhang, Antoine J. Jetter

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

When making decision that can have far-researching effects, such as governmental policies or decisions on new technologies, decision-makers use their understanding of the risks that are associated with their choices to guide their decisions. Measuring how people perceive risks can be helpful for understanding and possibly improving the decision-making process. Building on a review of existing methods for investigating risk perceptions, this paper suggests Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (FCM) as a method for investigating differences in risk perception among stakeholders and stakeholder groups. The approach is illustrated with an example of wildfire risk perceptions. Results suggest that FCM can contribute to ...


Consistency Thresholds For Hierarchical Decision Model, Mustafa S. Abbas, Dundar F. Kocaoglu Sep 2016

Consistency Thresholds For Hierarchical Decision Model, Mustafa S. Abbas, Dundar F. Kocaoglu

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The objective of this research is to establish consistency thresholds linked to alpha (α) levels for HDM's (Hierarchical Decision Model) judgment quantification method. Measuring consistency in order to control it is a crucial and inseparable part of any AHP/HDM experiment. The researchers on the subject recommend establishing thresholds that are statistically based on hypothesis testing, and are linked to the number of decision variables and a level. Such thresholds provide the means with which to evaluate the soundness and validity of an AHP/HDM decision. The linkage of thresholds to a levels allows the decision makers to set ...


Impacts To Productivity In Metal Stud Framing, And The Hanging And Finishing Of Gypsum Drywall, Gerald H. Williams Jr., Timothy R. Anderson Sep 2016

Impacts To Productivity In Metal Stud Framing, And The Hanging And Finishing Of Gypsum Drywall, Gerald H. Williams Jr., Timothy R. Anderson

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Stud Framing, Drywall, and Tape and Finishing trade-work is a major component of every building project. Labor productivity is the largest single variable affecting of the Framing and Drywall contractors' cost of performance. In spite of these facts, no major study of labor productivity in this major construction trade has previously been done. This study was undertaken to fill this gap in the literature; specifically to investigate external impacts to labor productivity in this construction sector. The study measured the impact of thirty-eight (38) variables on 226 separate projects. The study found that poor quality design documents, unexpected labor congestion ...


Comparative Analysis For Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping, Byung Sung Yoon, Antoine J. Jetter Sep 2016

Comparative Analysis For Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping, Byung Sung Yoon, Antoine J. Jetter

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping (FCM) is a semi-quantitative system modeling technique that is used in technology management to capture, synthesize and analyze expert and stakeholder knowledge for the purpose of technology assessment, product planning, and scenario studies. The resulting FCM models are generated in interviews, focus groups, or workshops and represent complex and dynamic systems as elements (so-called concepts) and cause-and-effect relationships. Researchers often compare FCM to investigate cognitive differences between individuals or groups, identify unique perspectives on a specific topic, or track changes in knowledge (i.e. learning). Using a variety of metrics, comparison studies investigate diverse characteristics of FCMs ...


Technology Planning For Emerging Business Model And Regulatory Integration: The Case Of Electric Vehicle Smart Charging, Kelly Cowan, Tugrul U. Daim Sep 2016

Technology Planning For Emerging Business Model And Regulatory Integration: The Case Of Electric Vehicle Smart Charging, Kelly Cowan, Tugrul U. Daim

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Smart grid has been described as the Energy Internet: Where Energy Technology meets Information Technology. The incorporation of such technology into vast existing utility infrastructures offers many advantages, including possibilities for new smart appliances, energy management systems, better integration of renewable energy, value added services, and new busiss models, both for supply-and demand-side management. This paper proposes to build upon existing roadmapping processes by considering an integrated set of factors, including policy issues, that are specifically tuned to the needs of smart grid and have not generally been considered in other types of roadmapping efforts. It will also incorporate expert ...


A Framework For Technology Transfer Potential Assessment, Judith Estep, Tugrul U. Daim Sep 2016

A Framework For Technology Transfer Potential Assessment, Judith Estep, Tugrul U. Daim

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper is motivated by a need to move research into application, specifically in the utility industry. There are many challenges facing the industry: an aging infrastructure, a growing population, and aggressive energy efficiency targets are just a few examples. Many technologies exist or are in development but the rate at which they are being adopted is slow. Despite a clear need to apply research results to the utility industry, a cursory review of how research proposals are evaluated within the utility industry confirms that technology transfer is only peripherally addressed. In addition, there is no mechanism to quantitatively assess ...


Managing The Ethical And Risk Implications Of Rapid Advances In Artificial Intelligence: A Literature Review, Taylor Meek, Husam Barham, Nader Beltaif, Amani Kaadoor, Tanzila Akhter Sep 2016

Managing The Ethical And Risk Implications Of Rapid Advances In Artificial Intelligence: A Literature Review, Taylor Meek, Husam Barham, Nader Beltaif, Amani Kaadoor, Tanzila Akhter

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The development of emergent technologies carries with it ethical issues and risks. We review ways to better manage the ethical issues and risks of one emerging technology: Artificial Intelligence (AI). Depending on how AI's development is managed, it may have beneficial and/or deleterious effects. The processing capacity of Tianhe-2, the world's fastest supercomputer, by some measures, exceeds the processing capacity of a single human brain. but at a prohibitive processing/power consumption ratio and physical size. Given the current pace of AI R&D activities, some estimates in the literature suggest that the technology could become capable ...


A Hierarchical Decision Model (Hdm) For Exploring The Adoption Of Electronic Health Records, Caroline Mudavadi, Liliya Hogaboam, Tugrul Unsal Daim Sep 2016

A Hierarchical Decision Model (Hdm) For Exploring The Adoption Of Electronic Health Records, Caroline Mudavadi, Liliya Hogaboam, Tugrul Unsal Daim

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Information systems have been making a noticeable entrance in the healthcare, although their adoption has been slow. This paper examines the factors influencing the electronic healthcare records (EHR) adoption by modeling behavioral intention of physicians towards EHR adoption. Three main criteria: perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and external factors along with the subcriteria, are studied by the authors. Analytical hierarchical process (AHP) model is tested through the expert judgment quantification of physicians in Portland metro area. The results showed high importance of the Perceived Ease of Use criteria on the behavioral intensions of physicians towards EHR adoption. Search ability ...


Survey Of Value Assessment Programs Within Transportation Construction Projects In U.S, Rafaa Khalifa, Robert Stewart Sep 2016

Survey Of Value Assessment Programs Within Transportation Construction Projects In U.S, Rafaa Khalifa, Robert Stewart

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

In order to deliver transportation project on time and within budget, project planners and decision makers need to understand the desirable outcomes of projects or programs to make intelligent decisions. In addition, they also need effective tools and techniques to guide those decisions. In development of a guide that identifies available tools and techniques to foster useable and improved practices for key stakeholders of transportation projects, this paper as a preliminary study assessed current utilization of project delivery value improvement programs such as value engineering (VE), risk analysis/management (RA/RM) and constructability reviews (CR) for transportation projects. To determine ...


Technology Readiness, Market Readiness And The Triple Bottom Line: An Empirical Analysis Of Innovating Startups In An Incubator, Rainer Hasenauer, Andreas Gschöpf, Charles Weber Sep 2016

Technology Readiness, Market Readiness And The Triple Bottom Line: An Empirical Analysis Of Innovating Startups In An Incubator, Rainer Hasenauer, Andreas Gschöpf, Charles Weber

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper shares the experiences of INITS, a business incubator located in Vienna, Austria, which consults to startup firms in Austria and (with partners) in Europe. INITS has investigated the technology readiness levels and market readiness levels of 57 startup firms in a variety of industries, who are engaged in social or environmental entrepreneurship, where the impact motive prevails over the profit motive. Thus, INITS provides 57 longitudinal case studies of social and environmental innovation in startup firms that have gone through the complete incubation process. Thirteen of these cases underwent an 'open incubation' process developed by INITS. INITS has ...


Decision-Making Model On Dslr Camera Choosing For 18 ∼ 30 Years Old College Students, Pei Zhang, Chih-Jen Yu, Jiabing Zhang, Monticha Khammuang, Dundar F. Kocaoglu Sep 2016

Decision-Making Model On Dslr Camera Choosing For 18 ∼ 30 Years Old College Students, Pei Zhang, Chih-Jen Yu, Jiabing Zhang, Monticha Khammuang, Dundar F. Kocaoglu

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

A 3-level Hierarchical Decision Model (HDM) 111 is established in this paper to help 18-30 year old college students make a decision of choosing a desirable digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) from 5 famous DSLR camera manufacturers. The HDM has been utilized in this paper, because it measures the relative contribution of each criterion to the final decision based on quantified judgments of the respondents. A group of experts, consists of 12 male and 9 female provided their quantified judgements with different weighted value in each element at each level of the decision hierarchy. By applying desirable functions, there was ...


On Valuing Biopharmaceutical Product Pipelines: An Effectuation Model And Evidence, Mark J. Ahn, Anne S. York, Wei Wu, Yulianto Suharto, Tugrul Unsal Daim Dec 2015

On Valuing Biopharmaceutical Product Pipelines: An Effectuation Model And Evidence, Mark J. Ahn, Anne S. York, Wei Wu, Yulianto Suharto, Tugrul Unsal Daim

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

New creative approaches are needed to manage emerging biotechnology innovations, regulations, and payor environments to enhance product pipeline productivity, valuation, and risk management. Biopharmaceutical firms must make dynamic resource allocation decisions on their relative levels of internal R&D and external strategic alliances in furthering their pipelines. As the predominant method of using discounted cash flow (DCF) methodologies may lead to chronic underinvestment and performance, we evaluated the integration of traditional DCF with an effectuation model of analysis. Unlike traditional financial models that begin with the end goal of assumed known cash flows and recursively solve for portfolio optimization, the ...


The Prediction Predicament, William "Ike" Eisenhauer Dec 2015

The Prediction Predicament, William "Ike" Eisenhauer

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The article focuses on the prediction of predicament in terms of forecasting at industrial engineering level. Topics discussed include business optimize resources via forecasting; audience who cannot comprehend the methodology used for forecasting in healthcare operations; and use of forecasting for performance measurement.


If You Commit, That Old Gown Looks Just Fine, William "Ike" Eisenhauer Oct 2015

If You Commit, That Old Gown Looks Just Fine, William "Ike" Eisenhauer

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this article, the author discusses issues pertaining to improvement of health systems, comparing the systems with Victorian ball gown. He states that significant elements of the improvement processes of the systems like removal of clutter, and workflow and paperwork, and mentions roles of industrial and systems engineering beyond business process improvement. He highlights the need of commitment for improving the systems by business enterprises.


Supporting Sustainable Technology Cluster Development: A Performance Measurement Problem, Elizabeth Gibson Aug 2015

Supporting Sustainable Technology Cluster Development: A Performance Measurement Problem, Elizabeth Gibson

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Managers require metrics to measure organizational performance. However, metrics used by organizations that support technology cluster development are poorly understood in the literature. The most frequently referenced indicator for cluster development is regional economic and jobs data. These macro level indicators are not sufficient to measure the performance inside the cluster, leaving champions and policy makers to struggle with ad-hoc trial and error experimentation. The difficulty in defining and developing a performance measurement system is addressed. This paper lays the groundwork for improved approaches towards measuring the performance of technology cluster initiatives.


Exploring The Adoption And Use Of The Smartphone Technology In Emerging Regions: A Literature Review And Hypotheses Development, Fahad Aldhaban, Tugrul Unsal Daim, Robert Harmon Aug 2015

Exploring The Adoption And Use Of The Smartphone Technology In Emerging Regions: A Literature Review And Hypotheses Development, Fahad Aldhaban, Tugrul Unsal Daim, Robert Harmon

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Users’ acceptance of a new information technology (IT) is a determining factor of its market success. A solid understanding of the users’ adoption process and use behavior enables a more robust definition of user requirements and better market alignment. This is especially important in markets characterized by rapid technological change such as smartphones. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) is often used to assess the factors affecting adoption of new technologies. However, TAM models often omit the role of important variables such as human and social factors in the adoption process. In developing markets such as China, cultural and social influences ...


Managing Technology Push Through Marketing Testbeds: The Case Of The Hi-Tech Center In Vienna, Austria, Rainer Hasenauer, Charles M. Weber, Peter Filo, Jozef Orgonáš Aug 2015

Managing Technology Push Through Marketing Testbeds: The Case Of The Hi-Tech Center In Vienna, Austria, Rainer Hasenauer, Charles M. Weber, Peter Filo, Jozef Orgonáš

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The ‘technology push’ approach to technology development rests on the assumption that if you make it, they will come. This assumption carries significant market risk. The technology may miss its intended market window, or the market that was anticipated at the inception of technology development no longer exists at the time of market release. This paper discusses how the Hi Tech Center in Vienna, Austria, a multi national collaborative effort between industry and universities in Central Europe, helps its clients manage technology push by deploying the marketing testbed approach. After identifying lead users for a client’s technology, it characterizes ...


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Big Data Initiatives, Nayem Rahman, Fahad Aldhaban Aug 2015

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Big Data Initiatives, Nayem Rahman, Fahad Aldhaban

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

There is a great enthusiasm with the prospect of big data among business and industry leaders, academia and researchers. A lot of big data tools and technologies have emerged recently to capture, store, process and analyze big data. One remarkable achievement is that a handful of open source technologies have been introduced by Apache Hadoop Foundation that allows any organization to undertake big data projects. Many big data projects have been implemented during the last few years. This paper explores the benefits achieved with those projects. Big data has been applied in diverse fields including scientific and medical discovery projects ...


Financial Analysis And Comparison Of Compact Electric And Gasoline Cars, Jing Jiang, Alexander Blank, Felix Maier, Anjan Bharthepudi Aug 2015

Financial Analysis And Comparison Of Compact Electric And Gasoline Cars, Jing Jiang, Alexander Blank, Felix Maier, Anjan Bharthepudi

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

In the paper, a PESTLE (political, economic, social, technical, legal, and environmental) analysis is used to conduct an initial evaluation for electric vehicles (EV) and gasoline cars. Furthermore, two cash flow models are created to describe the scenarios of both gasoline and electric car respectively. Based upon the proposed models, the equivalent uniform annual cost (EUAC) methodology is used to calculate the cost during the period of car ownership. Four compact EVs and five compact gasoline cars are selected in the analysis. The results expose that the actual return of federal tax credit impacts the EUAC value. The 50% return ...


Siting A Wind Farm In Oregon: Considering A Hierarchical Decision Model With Four Scenarios, Diane Yates Aug 2015

Siting A Wind Farm In Oregon: Considering A Hierarchical Decision Model With Four Scenarios, Diane Yates

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper primarily serves two purposes: first, it looks to develop a methodology that takes scenarios and certain hard-to-measure intangibles such as politics, social impact, and even religion; as well as more tangible and measurable variables such as environmental impacts, cost and types of materials, storage and wind turbine technologies, to name a few, that then could be used as input to a decision-making model on where to build a wind farm. The hierarchical decision model (HDM) then analyzes these variables, based on an independent judging panel, in order to come up with a recommendation for the best site on ...


Cloud Service Adoption Decision, Greg Wease, Chih-Jen Yu, Kwasi Boateng, Leong Chan Aug 2015

Cloud Service Adoption Decision, Greg Wease, Chih-Jen Yu, Kwasi Boateng, Leong Chan

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

Many organizations with an IT infrastructure consisting of a combination of hardware and software, look for ways to achieve greater efficiencies, cost-savings associated with maintenance and upkeep, ease of use, while maintaining a great level of security. The main idea behind this research paper is to better understand the decision-making process with respect to how an IT organization evaluates its needs and chooses between different computer-hosting environments, i.e.: public cloud, private cloud, hybrid – combination of public and private cloud, lastly, an in-house platform, which is hosted internal to the organization and/or via a datacenter. A widely-accepted definition of ...


The Time Has Come For Nursing Engineering, William "Ike" Eisenhauer Aug 2015

The Time Has Come For Nursing Engineering, William "Ike" Eisenhauer

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The article discusses the need for healthcare and educational organizations to create nursing engineering program. Topics discussed include successes in healthcare systems as engineers and healthcare professionals, integration of industrial engineering or lean and Six Sigma courses into nursing programs of the University of Alabama and modern healthcare system and modern healthcare participants that can be addressed by the new profession.


Internal Or External Knowledge: Which Is More Important For The Performance Of National Laboratories In Technology Latecomer Countries?, Pattravadee Ploykitikoon, Charles M. Weber Aug 2015

Internal Or External Knowledge: Which Is More Important For The Performance Of National Laboratories In Technology Latecomer Countries?, Pattravadee Ploykitikoon, Charles M. Weber

Engineering and Technology Management Faculty Publications and Presentations

The national laboratories in countries that are latecomers to advanced technological development are considered a significant source of scientific knowledge and technology for local industries that the national government deems strategic and for developing the country’s infrastructure. This knowledge comes from both inside and outside the national laboratories. We investigate the relative impact of internal and external sources of knowledge on the performance of the national laboratories of a rapidly developing country, whose stated missions are 1) satisfying the needs of targeted local technology users; 2) commercialization of technology; and 3) developing a long-term R&D capability for the country. We conduct a survey-based study, which covers 208 recently completed R&D projects that span three industries: biotechnology; electronics and computers; materials ...