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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Aligning Skills In Personnel With The Lean System's Requirements, Anjushree Bangre May 2018

Aligning Skills In Personnel With The Lean System's Requirements, Anjushree Bangre

Masters Theses

The sustainability of lean systems for long term is a major concern across various organizations implementing lean manufacturing methods. This issue can be attributed to inadequate infrastructure, inefficient process management, unsuitable personnel management methods and strategic tools. There is a strong need for addressing the risks for lean system sustainability. The resolution of the risks from a 'soft side' (people) perspective has not been addressed. The primary focus of this study is on the people-related risks.

The current study elicits a five-phase approach to enhance the implementation of the lean system by accounting for these risks. The first phase classifies ...


Developing Leading And Lagging Indicators To Enhance Equipment Reliability In A Lean System, Dhanush Agara Mallesh Dec 2017

Developing Leading And Lagging Indicators To Enhance Equipment Reliability In A Lean System, Dhanush Agara Mallesh

Masters Theses

With increasing complexity in equipment, the failure rates are becoming a critical metric due to the unplanned maintenance in a production environment. Unplanned maintenance in manufacturing process is created issues with downtimes and decreasing the reliability of equipment. Failures in equipment have resulted in the loss of revenue to organizations encouraging maintenance practitioners to analyze ways to change unplanned to planned maintenance. Efficient failure prediction models are being developed to learn about the failures in advance. With this information, failures predicted can reduce the downtimes in the system and improve the throughput.

The goal of this thesis is to predict ...


Developing A Platform For Integrating Disability Issues Into City Municipality Decisions; Case Study: City Of Knoxville, Sravanthi Pamu Dec 2017

Developing A Platform For Integrating Disability Issues Into City Municipality Decisions; Case Study: City Of Knoxville, Sravanthi Pamu

Masters Theses

The People with Disabilities (PWD) & Senior Citizen (SC) are isolated from the mainstream society, and they face several barriers in everyday life. There is no communication platform for them to express their concerns, in turn, participate in the city municipality policy decisions related to PWD- & SC-friendly city development. The purpose of this research is to integrate disability and senior citizen issues in the city of Knoxville to the city council decisions. The comprehensive literature search is done to identify the frequently mentioned disability and age-friendly city factors. An effective survey was designed to identify the issues in collaboration with Knoxville ...


Impacts Of The Heterogeneity In Consumer Valuation Of Fuel Economy On Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Compliance, Nawei Liu Dec 2017

Impacts Of The Heterogeneity In Consumer Valuation Of Fuel Economy On Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Compliance, Nawei Liu

Masters Theses

This study investigated potential impacts of the heterogeneity in consumer valuation of fuel economy on the compliance with fuel economy standards with two analytical approaches. One approach is to provide theoretical analysis of the heterogeneity impacts on the market acceptance of high-efficiency vehicles. The other approach utilizes a consumer choice based simulation method to analyze the heterogeneity impacts on the compliance with the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards for the entire light duty vehicle fleet in the U.S. Our findings suggest two possible conditions which are defined based on relative acceptance of high-efficiency vehicles in the market, and ...


Two Multi-Objective Stochastic Models For Project Team Formation Under Uncertainty In Time Requirements, Fahimeh Rahmanniyay Aug 2017

Two Multi-Objective Stochastic Models For Project Team Formation Under Uncertainty In Time Requirements, Fahimeh Rahmanniyay

Masters Theses

Team formation is one of the key stages in project management. The cost associated with the individuals who form a team and the quality of the tasks completed by the team are two of the main concerns in team formation problems. In this study, two mathematical models to optimize simultaneously cost and quality in a team formation problem are developed. Because team formation problem arises in uncertain environment, different scenarios are defined for the time requirement of the project. Two-stage stochastic programming and multi-stage stochastic programming are applied to solve the first and the second model respectively. The presented models ...


Viability Of Additive Manufacturing For Production And Tooling Applications: A Development Of The Business Case, Christopher Charles Griffin May 2017

Viability Of Additive Manufacturing For Production And Tooling Applications: A Development Of The Business Case, Christopher Charles Griffin

Masters Theses

As marketplace competition drives industrial innovation to increase product value and decrease production costs, emerging technologies foster a new era through Industry 4.0. One aspect of the movement, additive manufacturing, or 3D [three-dimensional] printing, contains potential to revolutionize traditional manufacturing techniques and approach to design. However, uncertainties within the processes and high investment costs deter corporations from implementing and developing the technology. While several industries are benefitting from additive manufacturing’s current state, as the technology continues to progress, more companies will need to evaluate it for industrial viability and adoption. As such, there exists a need for a ...


A Neural Network For Collaborative Forecasting, Abdulrahman M. Enani Dec 2016

A Neural Network For Collaborative Forecasting, Abdulrahman M. Enani

Masters Theses

As the supply chain activities’ backbone, demand forecasting must be accurate. This paper proposes an artificial neural network forecasting model, which integrates and synchronizes shared information, such as sales or consumption rate among different partners, to improve the forecasting’s accuracy. This information sharing is part of the collaborative planning, forecasting and replenishment (CPFR) model, which is a supply chain model aiming to enhance the supply chain’s efficiency by jointly planning and forecasting between two or more supply chain partners that will be used as the base for production and replenishment activities. The model is validated using a tuna ...


A Mixed Integer Linear Programming Approach For Developing Salary Administration Systems, Taner Cokyasar Dec 2016

A Mixed Integer Linear Programming Approach For Developing Salary Administration Systems, Taner Cokyasar

Masters Theses

Determining salary increases of executive personnel is a challenging decision process for many companies. Salary administration policies that aid in the determination of salary increases and other compensation benefits have a wide variety of advantages for both a company and its employees. This thesis develops a mathematical programming approach to create a salary administration system that recognizes the importance of performance and potential of employees for future promotions as major components of a salary increase policy for executive personnel. A number of companies all over the world use salary administration systems that integrate work performance and potential for advancement to ...


Heuristic Solution For Separated Manufacturing Process, James Dee Davis Dec 2015

Heuristic Solution For Separated Manufacturing Process, James Dee Davis

Masters Theses

Downtime is a major issue for manufactures. Downtime may occur from breakdowns, quality issues, lack of manpower, lack of materials, or in this case a lack of storage containers. A manufacturing system was studied that consists of an injection machine that supplies two assembly lines. The injection machine suffered from frequent downtime from lack of containers. The process was analyzed for root cause of downtime. After analysis of the system it was found that the injection process had high variability in production quantity and quality. The scheduling scheme called for production until all available containers were full regardless of actual ...


Truckload Carrier Selection, Routing And Cost Optimization, Zhixin Han Dec 2015

Truckload Carrier Selection, Routing And Cost Optimization, Zhixin Han

Masters Theses

The aim of this thesis was to investigate the routing decision combined with common carrier selection for dedicated contract carriers to reduce full truckload routing cost on pickup and delivery service within time windows in a multiple depots scenario. Mixed Integer Programming and some heuristic algorithms such as the genetic algorithm and annealing algorithm have been successfully used to solve vehicle routing problems for a long time, but researchers seldom simultaneously focus on issues of carrier selection, multiple depots, time window, and the government regulations for a dedicated contract carrier. Therefore, this thesis involved constraints of pickup and delivery with ...


Modelling Supercomputer Maintenance Interrupts: Maintenance Policy Recommendations, Jagadish Cherukuri Aug 2015

Modelling Supercomputer Maintenance Interrupts: Maintenance Policy Recommendations, Jagadish Cherukuri

Masters Theses

A supercomputer is a repairable system with large number of compute nodes interconnected to work in harmony to achieve superior computational performance. Reliability of such a complex system depends on an effective maintenance strategy that involves both emergency and preventive maintenance. This thesis analyzes the maintenance records of four supercomputers operational at The National Institute of Computational Science located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. We propose to use the generalized proportional intensities model (GPIM) to model the maintenance interrupts as it can capture both the reliability parameters and maintenance parameters and allows the inclusion of both emergency and preventive maintenance ...


Integration Of Maintenance Into Design And Sustainability Of Buildings, Dinesh Reddy Patlolla Aug 2015

Integration Of Maintenance Into Design And Sustainability Of Buildings, Dinesh Reddy Patlolla

Masters Theses

Custodial maintenance is an important aspect of operational maintenance in a facility. Custodial maintenance improves an organization's discipline, performance and keeps surroundings healthy. That being said maintaining clean surroundings involves considerable cost. Custodial maintenance cost forms significant portion of building budgets, however these costs are often neglected. This research deals with the identification of variables that affect maintenance costs in a facility and reduction of maintenance costs. The minimization of cost is done by giving the administrator or facilities manager the option of selecting alternatives in frequency of maintenance, level of maintenance and the number of people required to ...


Value Stream Segmentation And New Product Development, Richard Lee Vaughn May 2015

Value Stream Segmentation And New Product Development, Richard Lee Vaughn

Masters Theses

This research paper expands upon prior research into the pursuit of the successful new product launch. It reviews the evolution of how new product launches were handled in the past and the best practices used today. The article “Value Stream Segmentation Focuses on Customer Needs” expands upon the success and failure of the practices and poses a new concept for future new product launches. The concept of “value stream segmentation” is how a company should use value stream mapping to streamline its processes to achieve a successful new product launch. By analyzing and segmenting market requirements, a business that is ...


A Stochastic Model For Self-Scheduling Problem, Lili Zhang Aug 2014

A Stochastic Model For Self-Scheduling Problem, Lili Zhang

Masters Theses

The unit commitment (UC) problem is a typical application of optimization techniques in the power generation and operation. Given a planning horizon, the UC problem is to find an optimal schedule of generating units, including on/off status and production level of each generating unit at each time period, in order to minimize operational costs, subject to a series of technical constraints. Because technical constraints depend on the characteristics of energy systems, the formulations of the UC problem vary with energy systems. The self-scheduling problem is a variant of the UC problem for the power generating companies to maximize their ...


Benefits Of Obtaining An Advanced Degree In Engineering Management, Inna Majdalani Aug 2014

Benefits Of Obtaining An Advanced Degree In Engineering Management, Inna Majdalani

Masters Theses

In this study, an attempt to evaluate factual benefits of an advanced degree in the field of Engineering Management has been made. The study concentrated on estimation of economic and non-monetary benefits, reported by various groups of Engineering Management alumni of The University of Tennessee. The comparison between age, gender and career variation groups was completed, and the possible reasons for these findings were discussed. Also, additional data pertaining to program cost coverage, demographics, composition of alumni pool, and appreciation of the Engineering Management program in their post-graduation careers was collected and analyzed. The study suggests that, even though there ...


A Lean Information Management Model For Efficient Operations Of An Educational Entity At The University Of Tennessee, Harshitha Muppaneni Aug 2014

A Lean Information Management Model For Efficient Operations Of An Educational Entity At The University Of Tennessee, Harshitha Muppaneni

Masters Theses

A software based Management Information System (MIS) is designed and implemented in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering at University of Tennessee to handle different types of data requests that are currently processed through multiple steps. This thesis addresses the current resource intensive data management model in educational institutions and proposes a decentralized and customized solution. The proposed software based data management system provides information to authorized sources in the requested format with minimal or no time consumption. The quantification of the new systems’ impact is done by comparing it with current data management process using Graph Theoretic Approach ...


Optimizing Boat Hull And Deck Mold Storage Scheduling With Linear Programming, Tron Bjorn Dareing Aug 2014

Optimizing Boat Hull And Deck Mold Storage Scheduling With Linear Programming, Tron Bjorn Dareing

Masters Theses

With a wide range of products, Sea Ray uses a vast amount of large boat molds for each of the different boat models. Storing and transporting these molds can be an issue with introducing high variability in the production process. One of the largest problems deals with the utilization of the employees’ time with the large amount of boat production. Having the boat molds being ready for production is a critical part of the manufacturing of quality boats. There is non-value added time spent on preparing the molds for the lamination process and storing them in various areas. This problem ...


Energy Efficiency In Residential Buildings In Knoxville, Tn, U.S, Minoo Mardookhy May 2013

Energy Efficiency In Residential Buildings In Knoxville, Tn, U.S, Minoo Mardookhy

Masters Theses

Energy efficiency is an essential aspect in the design and operation of residential buildings. Residential energy consumption has been shown to account for approximately 8% of the electricity and 3.5% of the natural gas consumption in the U.S. The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system and lighting system are two major factors influencing energy consumption in residential buildings with about 52~72% of the average energy consumed used to keep buildings at comfortable temperatures, provide hot water, and circulate fresh air indoors. In the service region of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), 92% of electricity is non-renewable ...


Prognostics-Based Two-Operator Competition For Maintenance And Service Part Logistics, Faranak Fathi Aghdam Dec 2011

Prognostics-Based Two-Operator Competition For Maintenance And Service Part Logistics, Faranak Fathi Aghdam

Masters Theses

Prognostics and timely maintenance of components are critical to the continuing operation of a system. By implementing prognostics, it is possible for the operator to maintain the system in the right place at the right time. However, the complexity in the real world makes near-zero downtime difficult to achieve partly because of a possible shortage of required service parts. This is realistic and quite important in maintenance practice. To coordinate with a prognostics-based maintenance schedule, the operator must decide when to order service parts and how to compete with other operators who also need the same parts. This research addresses ...


Dynamic Human Resource Predictive Model For Complex Organizations, Tachapon Saengsureepornchai Aug 2011

Dynamic Human Resource Predictive Model For Complex Organizations, Tachapon Saengsureepornchai

Masters Theses

Every organization has to deal with planning of the appropriate level of human resources over time. The workforce is not always aligned with the requirements of the organization and it increases an organization’s budget. A literature review reveals that there is no model that can systematically predict accurate human resource required within a complex organization. To address this gap, a human resource predictive model was developed based on material requirements planning (MRP). This approach accounts for complexity in workforce planning and generalized it with a logistic regression model. The model estimates the employee turnover number and forecasts the expected ...


An Experimental Approach For Developing Rfid Ready Receiving And Shipping, Amoldeep Singh Jaggi Aug 2011

An Experimental Approach For Developing Rfid Ready Receiving And Shipping, Amoldeep Singh Jaggi

Masters Theses

Abstract:

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and related technologies have been touted to allow exponential improvements in supply chain logistics and management. However, many industrial users have indicated that these technologies have not provided the anticipated benefits. The two complimentary strategies required to address the RFID reliability are: to improve the reliability of RFID technology and to design the supply chain infrastructure that enables RFID. The focus of this paper is on designing the supply chain infrastructure to enable RFID by developing guidelines for “RFID Ready Facilities”. These guidelines were developed based on a set of experiments conducted in the RFID ...


Analyzing Supercomputer Utilization Under Queuing With A Priority Formula And A Strict Backfill Policy, Michael David Vanderlan May 2011

Analyzing Supercomputer Utilization Under Queuing With A Priority Formula And A Strict Backfill Policy, Michael David Vanderlan

Masters Theses

Supercomputers have become increasingly important in recent years due to the growing amount of data available and the increasing demand for quicker results in the scientific community. Since supercomputers carry a high cost to build and maintain, efficiency becomes more important to the owners, administrators, and users of these supercomputers. One important factor in determining the efficiency of a supercomputer is the scheduling of jobs that are submitted by users of the system. Previous work has dealt with optimizing the schedule on the system’s end while the users are blinded from the process. The work presented in this thesis ...


Interaction Between Primary Resources And Root Causes In Lean Production Systems, Ernest Anene Iwuchukwu May 2011

Interaction Between Primary Resources And Root Causes In Lean Production Systems, Ernest Anene Iwuchukwu

Masters Theses

A model to analyze lean systems reliability is developed based on the premises that lean production systems require four primary resources; materials, equipment, personnel, and schedule (Sawhney, R., Subburaman, K., Sonntag, C., Capizzi, C. and Rao, P.V., 2009). The four primary lean resources were independently analyzed, without due consideration to underlying relationships within each other. In this research, relationships and interaction between root-causes and lean primary resources were conceptualized and developed. The development applied a five-phase approach: 1. review of related literature, 2. decompositions of lean primary resources, 3. selection of consensus root causes items and questionnaire construct, 4 ...


Increasing Accuracy Of Simulation Modeling Via A Dynamic Modeling Approach, Prasanna Rao Venkateswara Rao May 2011

Increasing Accuracy Of Simulation Modeling Via A Dynamic Modeling Approach, Prasanna Rao Venkateswara Rao

Masters Theses

Simulating processes is a valuable tool which provides in-depth knowledge about overall performance of a system and caters valuable insight on improving processes. Current simulation models are developed and run based on the existing business and operations conditions at the time during which the simulation model is developed. Therefore a simulation run over one year will be based on operational and business conditions defined at the beginning of the run. The results of the simulation therefore are unrealistic, as the actual process will be going through dynamic changes during that given year. In essence the simulation model does not have ...


A Call Center Simulation Study: Comparing The Reliability Of Cross-Trained Agents To Specialized Agents, Louis Franklin Ali Iii May 2010

A Call Center Simulation Study: Comparing The Reliability Of Cross-Trained Agents To Specialized Agents, Louis Franklin Ali Iii

Masters Theses

Call centers are an important function of most companies’ day to day business activities. They are often the link between a company and its customers and hugely impact the customer’s perspective or point of view (POV) of a company. A call center in the most general sense is a place, representing a business, which receives inbound calls from customers and/or makes outbound calls to customers, the latter being most commonly referred to as telemarketing. There was a time when a typical call center strictly consisted of agents who handled inbound/outbound calls; these agents are considered specialized agents ...


Path Forward To Design And Implement An On-Going Engineering Management Handbook, Robert B. Kring May 2008

Path Forward To Design And Implement An On-Going Engineering Management Handbook, Robert B. Kring

Masters Theses

The purpose of this thesis was to determine a path forward to design and implement an on-going Engineering Management Handbook. A review was performed to establish a definition of Engineering Management, the history of Engineering Management, how this history has impacted the Body of Knowledge in Engineering Management over the years, and the current state of the Engineering Management Handbook. Two surveys were performed to discover how users perceive the Handbook. It was found that there was a desire for a useful on-line EM Handbook. This research allows for decisions to be made in the future as the Handbook is ...


Demand Forecasting Model For Emergent Manufacturing, Naveed Ahmed Nasar Ahmed May 2008

Demand Forecasting Model For Emergent Manufacturing, Naveed Ahmed Nasar Ahmed

Masters Theses

Emergence of outsourcing and global partnerships has driven the need for emergent manufacturing. Emergent manufacturing is a concept and mechanism that allows manufacturing based organizations to mitigate the risk of outsourcing their manufacturing functions. The implementation of emergent manufacturing is on a rise and yet many industrial facilities have to decide when to switch to emergent manufacturing.

To achieve a strategic fit of emergent manufacturing with the existing manufacturing facilities is the current need of the Industry. There is a strong need to develop a body of literature and models specifically for this task.

This thesis aims to develop a ...


The Impact Of Organizational Attributes On Project Performance As Measured By On-Time Delivery And Budget, Zeid El-Akkad Aug 2007

The Impact Of Organizational Attributes On Project Performance As Measured By On-Time Delivery And Budget, Zeid El-Akkad

Masters Theses

Before we determine what lean tools are suitable for an office environment and how to modify those tools to make them more suitable and in order to develop a lean office, it is important to understand the different processes and aspects within an office. For this reason, better understanding of office processes and aspects helps facilitate the deployment and implementation and modification of different lean techniques to better suit the office environment. The purpose of this paper is to identify seven different factors to compare against one another and against project performance in terms of on-time delivery and budget. The ...


Developing A Model To Evaluate Maintenance Operations, Soundararajan Kannan Dec 2006

Developing A Model To Evaluate Maintenance Operations, Soundararajan Kannan

Masters Theses

Maintenance has become a prominent function in today's manufacturing environment. Tremendous efforts have been put into in developing different types of maintenance strategies for enhancing the performance of the equipment but very little has been done in actually streamlining maintenance activities. This refers to systematically evaluating and analyzing the non-value added activities within the maintenance function. One of the primary lean tools that can provide a different dimension in identifying and analyzing non-value added activities is Value Stream Mapping (VSM). However, the traditional VSM cannot be utilized "as is" because the maintenance activities do not completely correspond with VSM ...


Utilizing Employee Stress To Establish Guidelines For Managing Personnel During Lean Transition, Nezhad Naim Jallal Hossiney May 2006

Utilizing Employee Stress To Establish Guidelines For Managing Personnel During Lean Transition, Nezhad Naim Jallal Hossiney

Masters Theses

Employee resistance has been one of the many primary obstacles during Lean execution. Employee stress is a principal outcome of resistance when implementing Lean systems. This research is directed towards finding the relationship between employee stress and Lean. The hypothesis states-Lean implementation increases employee stress.

The research methodology involves investigating employee stress during various phases of Lean. This research proposes three phases of Lean that are- Lean Introduction Phase, Lean Implementation Phase, and Lean Refinement Phase. Surveys are used to collect data for the study. Two questionnaires are used 1) Lean Environment Evaluation Profile (LEEP) 2) Work Stress Profile (WSP ...