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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Analysis Of The Risks And Benefits Of Flight Deck Adaptive Systems, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Robert Demers Jan 2012

Analysis Of The Risks And Benefits Of Flight Deck Adaptive Systems, Michael C. Dorneich, William Rogers, Stephen D. Whitlow, Robert Demers

Michael C. Dorneich

The objectives of this work were to identify human performance risks and benefits of adaptive systems through a systematic analysis and heuristic evaluation of adaptive system component types and characteristics. As flight deck automated systems have more access to aircraft data, sensor data, stored databases, communicated information, and real time flight crew inputs, as well as more ability to process that information in sophisticated ways to identify situational priorities and context, it is becoming more realistic for those automated systems to adapt their behavior based on context. Automated systems that can make such changes on their own are called adaptive ...


Evaluation Of A Shared Representation To Support Collaborative, Distributed, Coalition, Multilevel Planning, Michael C. Dorneich, David Mott, Ali Bahrami, Jitu Patel, Cheryl Giammanco Sep 2011

Evaluation Of A Shared Representation To Support Collaborative, Distributed, Coalition, Multilevel Planning, Michael C. Dorneich, David Mott, Ali Bahrami, Jitu Patel, Cheryl Giammanco

Michael C. Dorneich

This paper presents the extension and evaluation of a formal representation that enables planners at different levels of command, and in different functional area, to jointly share, develop, and modify plans. Planning has moved from a co-located, concurrent, small team activity to an activity that involves a large, culturally diverse, hierarchical, globally-distributed team. However, significant benefits of distributed planning can only come if the team is able to communicate and maintain a shared understanding of the commander’s intent, objectives, resources and constraints, as well as decisions made and justifications for planning options chosen or alternatives rejected. Effective automated support ...


The Crew Workload Manager: An Open-Loop Adaptive System Design For Next Generation Flight Decks, Michael C. Dorneich, Bretislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiri Vasek, Stephen D. Whitlow, Martijin Beekhuyzen Jan 2011

The Crew Workload Manager: An Open-Loop Adaptive System Design For Next Generation Flight Decks, Michael C. Dorneich, Bretislav Passinger, Christopher Hamblin, Claudia Keinrath, Jiri Vasek, Stephen D. Whitlow, Martijin Beekhuyzen

Michael C. Dorneich

This paper presents an open loop adaptive system intended to address workload imbalances in future, high-workload flight decks. Air traffic in Europe is expected to more than double by 2020. New technologies being proposed will significantly add to pilot roles and responsibilities, and has the potential to add further periods of high workload to pilot operations. The CAMMI (Cognitive Adaptive Man Machine Interface) program addresses human factors priorities in the aviation domain by developing concepts that balance operator workload, support added future operator roles and responsibilities and resulting new task and information requirements, while allowing operators to focus on the ...


Integrated Data Link Concept - An Adaptive System Facilitating Controller Pilot Data Link Communication, Michael C. Dorneich, Jiri Vasek, Claudia Keinrath, Petr Krupansky, Bretislav Passinger, Stephen Whitlow, Chris Hamblin Jan 2011

Integrated Data Link Concept - An Adaptive System Facilitating Controller Pilot Data Link Communication, Michael C. Dorneich, Jiri Vasek, Claudia Keinrath, Petr Krupansky, Bretislav Passinger, Stephen Whitlow, Chris Hamblin

Michael C. Dorneich

An adaptive system to address workload issues due to the migration towards datalink communications in future flight decks is presented in this paper. Air traffic in Europe is expected to more than double by 2020. New technologies being proposed will significantly add to pilot roles and responsibilities, and has the potential to add further periods of high workload to pilot operations. The CAMMI (Cognitive Adaptive Man Machine Interface) program addresses human factors priorities in the aviation domain by developing concepts that balance operator workload, support added future operator roles and responsibilities and resulting new task and information requirements, while allowing ...


Hybrid Rationale For Shared Understanding, David Mott, Cheryl Giammanco, Michael C. Dorneich, Dave Braines Sep 2010

Hybrid Rationale For Shared Understanding, David Mott, Cheryl Giammanco, Michael C. Dorneich, Dave Braines

Michael C. Dorneich

Understanding the reasoning of others is a key aspect to achieving a shared understanding when collaboratively solving a problem, such as the generation of a plan, and recent observations of military planners suggest that it plays a key role in the planning process. An example of rationale is described where a misunderstanding is only resolved by the joint exploration and cross-challenging of the rationale. A prototype tool is described that permits the creation and visualization of the basic rationale via the use of Controlled English (CE). Using the example, the paper explores mechanisms that could potentially make more effective use ...


Making Plans Alive, Jitu Pater, Michael C. Dorneich, David Mott, Ali Bahrami, Cheryl Giammanco Sep 2010

Making Plans Alive, Jitu Pater, Michael C. Dorneich, David Mott, Ali Bahrami, Cheryl Giammanco

Michael C. Dorneich

Over the years, researchers have expended considerable effort in attempts to improve military planning, most notably via the provision of automated planning support tools. While there have been some successes (e.g. the DART system which was used for movement planning during Gulf war), planning still remains a very human‐orientated activity with little technical support. Why? A possible reason for this predicament is that researchers have not fully conceptualized the problem that planners face. For instance, a common approach has been to consider planning as a single process or a homogenous set of problems to be solved. Unfortunately, military ...