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Nuclear Engineering Commons

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2019

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Nuclear Engineering

The Impact Of The State-Level Concept On “Newcomers”: A Case Study Of The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo Sep 2019

The Impact Of The State-Level Concept On “Newcomers”: A Case Study Of The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo

Ayodeji B. Alajo

The International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) latest reports indicate a growing number of states (newcomers) considering the deployment of nuclear energy programs. In developing nuclear infrastructure, newcomers have to employ the prevailing standards to deploy the nuclear program in a secure, safe, and sustainable manner. State-Level Concept (SLC) refers to a comprehensive approach that uses information about a state’s nuclear facilities and capabilities to implement safeguards within the scope of the state’s safeguards agreement. SLC focuses on strengthening the effectiveness and improving the efficiency of the safeguards system considering the State as whole. SLC has been implemented ...


Low-Power Core Reconfiguration For Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr), Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo Sep 2019

Low-Power Core Reconfiguration For Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr), Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo

Ayodeji B. Alajo

The Missouri University of Sciences and Technology Reactor (MSTR) is pool-type research reactor which operates up to 200 kilowatt (kW). MSTR used for training and educating nuclear engineering students at Missouri S&T. A several of nuclear researches and irradiation experiments have been conducted in MSTR for example, neutron activation analysis (NAA), neutron radiography, radiolysis, image processing, etc. MSTR initial criticality took place on December 9, 1961. The first power level that MSTR operates at, was 10 kW. The power level alongside the core configuration was upgraded to the current ones, see Fig. 1. MSTR used light-water for moderation and ...


Analysis Of The Developing States In The Mena Region Seeking Civilian Nuclear Energy, With A Primary Focus On The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia (Ksa) And The United Arab Emirates (Uae), Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo Sep 2019

Analysis Of The Developing States In The Mena Region Seeking Civilian Nuclear Energy, With A Primary Focus On The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia (Ksa) And The United Arab Emirates (Uae), Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo

Ayodeji B. Alajo

The comprehensive analysis presented here attempts to ana­lyze “newcomer” states in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), primarily the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and Unit­ed Arab Emirates (UAE), seeking to implement civilian nuclear energy according to their political and economic situations. By investigating their motivations and funding resources for fu­ture nuclear projects, this analysis provides guidance for these states in terms of their nuclear infrastructure and nonprolifera­tion. The overall approach of this analysis relies on the factors for the success of civilian nuclear energy programs identified in experiential studies conducted since the Atoms for ...


Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham Aug 2019

Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham

Shoaib Usman

Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations were used to calculate the positron stopping profiles in tungsten positron moderator foils. Stopping profiles were numerically integrated with efficiency kernels derived from Green's function solutions of the 3D diffusion equation to determine the moderation efficiency in both the backscattering and transmission geometries. Stopping profiles and efficiencies were calculated for positron energies from 10 keV to 10 MeV and incident angles from 0° to 75°. The resulting efficiencies agreed with other calculated and measured values in the literature, especially when similar values of the positron diffusion length and surface emission branching ratio were used ...


Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham Aug 2019

Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham

Joseph T. Graham

Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations were used to calculate the positron stopping profiles in tungsten positron moderator foils. Stopping profiles were numerically integrated with efficiency kernels derived from Green's function solutions of the 3D diffusion equation to determine the moderation efficiency in both the backscattering and transmission geometries. Stopping profiles and efficiencies were calculated for positron energies from 10 keV to 10 MeV and incident angles from 0° to 75°. The resulting efficiencies agreed with other calculated and measured values in the literature, especially when similar values of the positron diffusion length and surface emission branching ratio were used ...


Temperature Measurements During High Flux Ion Beam Irradiations, M. L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Y. Zhang, W. J. Weber Feb 2019

Temperature Measurements During High Flux Ion Beam Irradiations, M. L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Y. Zhang, W. J. Weber

Joseph T. Graham

A systematic study of the ion beam heating effect was performed in a temperature range of -170 to 900 °C using a 10 MeV Au3+ ion beam and a Yttria stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) sample at a flux of 5.5 x 1012 cm-2 s-1. Different geometric configurations of beam, sample, thermocouple positioning, and sample holder were compared to understand the heat/charge transport mechanisms responsible for the observed temperature increase. The beam heating exhibited a strong dependence on the background (initial) sample temperature with the largest temperature increases occurring at cryogenic temperatures and decreasing with increasing ...


Neutron Irradiation Effects On Domain Wall Mobility And Reversibility In Lead Zirconate Titanate Thin Films, Joseph T. Graham, Geoff L. Brennecka, Paulo Ferreira, Leo Small, David Duquette, Christopher Apblett, Sheldon Landsberger, Jon F. Ihlefeld Feb 2019

Neutron Irradiation Effects On Domain Wall Mobility And Reversibility In Lead Zirconate Titanate Thin Films, Joseph T. Graham, Geoff L. Brennecka, Paulo Ferreira, Leo Small, David Duquette, Christopher Apblett, Sheldon Landsberger, Jon F. Ihlefeld

Joseph T. Graham

The effects of neutron-induced damage on the ferroelectric properties of thin film lead zirconate titanate (PZT) were investigated. Two sets of PbZr0.52Ti0.48O3 films of varying initial quality were irradiated in a research nuclear reactor up to a maximum 1 MeV equivalent neutron fluence of (5.16± 0.03) x 1015 cm-2. Changes in domain wall mobility and reversibility were characterized by polarization-electric field measurements, Rayleigh analysis, and analysis of first order reversal curves (FORC). With increasing fluence, extrinsic contributions to the small-signal permittivity diminished. Additionally, redistribution of irreversible hysterons towards higher ...


Crystallographic Changes In Lead Zirconate Titanate Due To Neutron Irradiation, Alexandra Henriques, Joseph T. Graham, Sheldon Landsberger, Jon F. Ihlefeld, Geoff L. Brennecka, Donald W. Brown, Jennifer S. Forrester, Jacob L. Jones Feb 2019

Crystallographic Changes In Lead Zirconate Titanate Due To Neutron Irradiation, Alexandra Henriques, Joseph T. Graham, Sheldon Landsberger, Jon F. Ihlefeld, Geoff L. Brennecka, Donald W. Brown, Jennifer S. Forrester, Jacob L. Jones

Joseph T. Graham

Piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials are useful as the active element in non-destructive monitoring devices for high-radiation areas. Here, crystallographic structural refinement (i.e., the Rietveld method) is used to quantify the type and extent of structural changes in PbZr0.5Ti0.5O3 after exposure to a 1 MeV equivalent neutron fluence of 1.7x1015 neutrons/cm2. The results showa measurable decrease in the occupancy of Pb and O due to irradiation, with O vacancies in the tetragonal phase being created preferentially on one of the two O sites. The results demonstrate a method by ...


Interaction Between Supersonic Disintegrating Liquid Jets And Their Shock Waves, K.-S. Im, S.-K. Cheong, Xin Liu, J. Wang, M.-C. Lai, M. W. Tate, A. Ercan, M. J. Renzi, D. R. Schuette, S. M. Gruner Jan 2019

Interaction Between Supersonic Disintegrating Liquid Jets And Their Shock Waves, K.-S. Im, S.-K. Cheong, Xin Liu, J. Wang, M.-C. Lai, M. W. Tate, A. Ercan, M. J. Renzi, D. R. Schuette, S. M. Gruner

Xin Liu

The use of additional spectral filtration for dual-energy (DE) imaging using a dual-source CT (DSCT) system was investigated and its effect on the material-specific DEratio was evaluated for several clinically relevant materials. The x-ray spectra, data acquisition, and reconstruction processes for a DSCT system (Siemens Definition) were simulated using information provided by the system manufacturer, resulting in virtual DE images. The factory-installed filtration for the 80 kV spectrum was left unchanged to avoid any further reductions in tube output, and only the filtration for the high-energy spectrum was modified. Only practical single-element filter materials within the atomic number range of ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.