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Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Nuclear Engineering

Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham May 2019

Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations were used to calculate the positron stopping profiles in tungsten positron moderator foils. Stopping profiles were numerically integrated with efficiency kernels derived from Green's function solutions of the 3D diffusion equation to determine the moderation efficiency in both the backscattering and transmission geometries. Stopping profiles and efficiencies were calculated for positron energies from 10 keV to 10 MeV and incident angles from 0° to 75°. The resulting efficiencies agreed with other calculated and measured values in the literature, especially when similar values of the positron diffusion length and surface emission branching ratio were used ...


Radiation Detector Deadtime And Pile Up: A Review Of The Status Of Science, Shoaib Usman, Amol Patil Oct 2018

Radiation Detector Deadtime And Pile Up: A Review Of The Status Of Science, Shoaib Usman, Amol Patil

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Since the early forties, researchers from around the world have been studying the phenomenon of deadtime in radiation detectors. Many have attempted to develop models to represent this phenomenon. Two highly idealized models; paralyzable and non-paralyzable are commonly used by most individuals involved in radiation measurements. Most put little thought about the operating conditions and applicability of these ideal models for their experimental conditions. So far, there is no general agreement on the applicability of any given model for a specific detector under specific operating conditions, let alone a universal model for all detectors and all operating conditions. Further the ...


Direct Synthesis Of Radioactive Nanoparticles Involving Neutrons, Carlos Henry Castano Giraldo, Maria Camila Garcia Toro, Brian Michael Mills Aug 2018

Direct Synthesis Of Radioactive Nanoparticles Involving Neutrons, Carlos Henry Castano Giraldo, Maria Camila Garcia Toro, Brian Michael Mills

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A method to synthesize radioactive nanoparticles includes the production of metallic and multimetallic nanoparticles in a single step by providing an aqueous solution of the metal precursor, and irradiating the aqueous solution thereby producing nanoparticles. The obtained nanoparticles include one or more radioactive isotopes of gold, such as 198Au and 199Au as well as radioisotopes of silver when the obtained nanoparticles are bimetallic. The aqueous solution is irradiated in a radiation field that includes neutrons and gamma rays. The radiation field may be provided by a nuclear reactor. The aqueous solution may include silver, and bimetallic nanoparticles may be produced ...


Integrated Microsphere Whispering Gallery Mode Probe For Highly Sensitive Refractive Index Measurement, Hanzheng Wang, Lei Yuan, Cheol-Woon Kim, Jie Huang, Xinwei Lan, Hai Xiao Jun 2016

Integrated Microsphere Whispering Gallery Mode Probe For Highly Sensitive Refractive Index Measurement, Hanzheng Wang, Lei Yuan, Cheol-Woon Kim, Jie Huang, Xinwei Lan, Hai Xiao

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

We report an integrated whispering gallery mode microresonator-based sensor probe for refractive index sensing. The probe was made by sealing a borosilicate glass microsphere into a thin-wall glass capillary pigtailed with a multimode optical fiber. The intensities of the resonant peaks were found decreasing exponentially (linearly in a log scale) with the increasing refractive index of the medium surrounding the capillary. The sensing capability of the integrated probe was tested using sucrose solutions of different concentrations and the resolution was estimated to be about 2.5 x 10-5 in the index range of 1.3458 to 1.3847. The ...


Temperature Measurements During High Flux Ion Beam Irradiations, M. L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Y. Zhang, W. J. Weber Feb 2016

Temperature Measurements During High Flux Ion Beam Irradiations, M. L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Y. Zhang, W. J. Weber

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A systematic study of the ion beam heating effect was performed in a temperature range of -170 to 900 °C using a 10 MeV Au3+ ion beam and a Yttria stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) sample at a flux of 5.5 x 1012 cm-2 s-1. Different geometric configurations of beam, sample, thermocouple positioning, and sample holder were compared to understand the heat/charge transport mechanisms responsible for the observed temperature increase. The beam heating exhibited a strong dependence on the background (initial) sample temperature with the largest temperature increases occurring at cryogenic temperatures and decreasing with increasing ...


Convective Cooling In A Pool-Type Research Reactor, Susan Sipaun, Shoaib Usman Jan 2016

Convective Cooling In A Pool-Type Research Reactor, Susan Sipaun, Shoaib Usman

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A reactor produces heat arising from fission reactions in the nuclear core. In the Missouri University of Science and Technology research reactor (MSTR), this heat is removed by natural convection where the coolant/moderator is demineralised water. Heat energy is transferred from the core into the coolant, and the heated water eventually evaporates from the open pool surface. A secondary cooling system was installed to actively remove excess heat arising from prolonged reactor operations. The nuclear core consists of uranium silicide aluminium dispersion fuel (U3Si2Al) in the form of rectangular plates. Gaps between the plates allow ...


Crystallographic Changes In Lead Zirconate Titanate Due To Neutron Irradiation, Alexandra Henriques, Joseph T. Graham, Sheldon Landsberger, Jon F. Ihlefeld, Geoff L. Brennecka, Donald W. Brown, Jennifer S. Forrester, Jacob L. Jones Nov 2014

Crystallographic Changes In Lead Zirconate Titanate Due To Neutron Irradiation, Alexandra Henriques, Joseph T. Graham, Sheldon Landsberger, Jon F. Ihlefeld, Geoff L. Brennecka, Donald W. Brown, Jennifer S. Forrester, Jacob L. Jones

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials are useful as the active element in non-destructive monitoring devices for high-radiation areas. Here, crystallographic structural refinement (i.e., the Rietveld method) is used to quantify the type and extent of structural changes in PbZr0.5Ti0.5O3 after exposure to a 1 MeV equivalent neutron fluence of 1.7x1015 neutrons/cm2. The results showa measurable decrease in the occupancy of Pb and O due to irradiation, with O vacancies in the tetragonal phase being created preferentially on one of the two O sites. The results demonstrate a method by ...


Neutron Irradiation Effects On Domain Wall Mobility And Reversibility In Lead Zirconate Titanate Thin Films, Joseph T. Graham, Geoff L. Brennecka, Paulo Ferreira, Leo Small, David Duquette, Christopher Apblett, Sheldon Landsberger, Jon F. Ihlefeld Mar 2013

Neutron Irradiation Effects On Domain Wall Mobility And Reversibility In Lead Zirconate Titanate Thin Films, Joseph T. Graham, Geoff L. Brennecka, Paulo Ferreira, Leo Small, David Duquette, Christopher Apblett, Sheldon Landsberger, Jon F. Ihlefeld

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The effects of neutron-induced damage on the ferroelectric properties of thin film lead zirconate titanate (PZT) were investigated. Two sets of PbZr0.52Ti0.48O3 films of varying initial quality were irradiated in a research nuclear reactor up to a maximum 1 MeV equivalent neutron fluence of (5.16± 0.03) x 1015 cm-2. Changes in domain wall mobility and reversibility were characterized by polarization-electric field measurements, Rayleigh analysis, and analysis of first order reversal curves (FORC). With increasing fluence, extrinsic contributions to the small-signal permittivity diminished. Additionally, redistribution of irreversible hysterons towards higher ...


Virtual Prototype Modeling And Simulation Of Pipe Wagon Articulating System, Y. Li, Samuel Frimpong, W. Y. Liu Jan 2011

Virtual Prototype Modeling And Simulation Of Pipe Wagon Articulating System, Y. Li, Samuel Frimpong, W. Y. Liu

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Virtual prototype of pipe wagon articulating (PWA) system has been developed and simulated based on the kinematics and dynamics of machinery and Automatic Dynamic Analysis of Mechanical Systems (ADAMS) software. It has been integrated with real-time three dimensional (3-D) system simulations for detailed and responsive interaction with dynamic virtual environments. By using this virtual model, the conceptual design examination and performance analysis of the PWA system have been realized dynamically in virtual laboratory. System dynamic force, displacement and tension of pipe have been measured through verifying this 3- D virtual prototype. By comparing the static tension and dynamic tension of ...


Interaction Between Supersonic Disintegrating Liquid Jets And Their Shock Waves, K.-S. Im, S.-K. Cheong, Xin Liu, J. Wang, M.-C. Lai, M. W. Tate, A. Ercan, M. J. Renzi, D. R. Schuette, S. M. Gruner Jan 2009

Interaction Between Supersonic Disintegrating Liquid Jets And Their Shock Waves, K.-S. Im, S.-K. Cheong, Xin Liu, J. Wang, M.-C. Lai, M. W. Tate, A. Ercan, M. J. Renzi, D. R. Schuette, S. M. Gruner

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The use of additional spectral filtration for dual-energy (DE) imaging using a dual-source CT (DSCT) system was investigated and its effect on the material-specific DEratio was evaluated for several clinically relevant materials. The x-ray spectra, data acquisition, and reconstruction processes for a DSCT system (Siemens Definition) were simulated using information provided by the system manufacturer, resulting in virtual DE images. The factory-installed filtration for the 80 kV spectrum was left unchanged to avoid any further reductions in tube output, and only the filtration for the high-energy spectrum was modified. Only practical single-element filter materials within the atomic number range of ...


Preliminary Evidence Of Field Induced Rhenium Etching By Xef₂ At High Vacuum, M. Aghazarian, D. N. Ruzic, Carlos Henry Castano Giraldo Feb 2008

Preliminary Evidence Of Field Induced Rhenium Etching By Xef₂ At High Vacuum, M. Aghazarian, D. N. Ruzic, Carlos Henry Castano Giraldo

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Preliminary evidence of enhanced etching of rhenium by XeF2 under the influence of an electric field (3.36 GV/m) is presented. Scanning electron microscope photographs of sharp rhenium tips show etching of at least 0.40 µm ±0.07 in 32 min at the point of maximum electric field, indicating a field enhanced etching rate of 13 nm/min ±2. A control experiment shows a maximum spontaneous etching of rhenium by XeF2 of 0.1 µm ±0.07 in 30 min, indicating a maximum possible spontaneous etching rate of rhenium by XeF2 of 3 nm/min ±2. The spontaneous ...


Reactivity Control Schemes For Fast Spectrum Space Nuclear Reactors, Aaron E. Craft, Jeffrey C. King Jan 2008

Reactivity Control Schemes For Fast Spectrum Space Nuclear Reactors, Aaron E. Craft, Jeffrey C. King

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Several different reactivity control schemes are considered for future space nuclear reactor power systems. Each of these control schemes uses a combination of boron carbide absorbers and/or beryllium oxide reflectors to achieve sufficient reactivity swing to keep the reactor subcritical during launch and to provide sufficient excess reactivity to operate the reactor over its expected 7-15 year lifetime. The size and shape of the control system directly impacts the size and mass of the space reactor's reflector and shadow shield, leading to a tradeoff between reactivity swing and total system mass. This paper presents a trade study of ...


Gamma-Ray Induced Photoconductivity In Pyrex, Quartz, And Vycor, Shoaib Usman, Lubna Shoaib, James N. Anno Jan 2005

Gamma-Ray Induced Photoconductivity In Pyrex, Quartz, And Vycor, Shoaib Usman, Lubna Shoaib, James N. Anno

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Results of an experimental investigation are reported on photoconductive response of Pyrex, Quartz and Vycor. This research was conducted as a feasibility study for developing a new gamma dose measurement device based on the principle of photoconductivity. However, data collected in this study are equally valuable for various other applications where these materials are to be used in high radiation field. Our experiments and analyzes indicated that the selected dosimeter materials exhibit photoconductivity and respond to changes in gamma dose rate within a useful range. Pyrex glass suffered radiation damage at a relatively high dose rate of 0.25 Gys ...


Optimizing Sequential Dual Tracer P.E.T. Studies Using A Combined 2d/3d Imaging Protocol, John W. Wilson, S. Borges-Neto, Timothy G. Turkington, James G. Colsher, R. E. Reiman, R. E. Coleman Jan 2004

Optimizing Sequential Dual Tracer P.E.T. Studies Using A Combined 2d/3d Imaging Protocol, John W. Wilson, S. Borges-Neto, Timothy G. Turkington, James G. Colsher, R. E. Reiman, R. E. Coleman

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have investigated a combined 2D/3D protocol for minimizing contamination in dual tracer P.E.T. studies in which the tracers are administered on a timescale that is short compared to the half-lives. We have performed a series of phantom studies on an Advance and a Discovery ST (GE Healthcare Technologies), using a torso phantom with cardiac insert (Data Spectrum Corporation) to simulate a combined FDG and NH3 scan protocol for a patient with ischemia. The phantom was imaged in a series of alternating 2D/3D acquisitions as it decayed over 6 half-lives. By comparing 2D and 3D images ...


Niel Calculations For High-Energy Heavy Ions, John W. Wilson, I. Jun, M. A. Xapsos, E. A. Burke, F. F. Badavi, L. W. Townsend Jan 2004

Niel Calculations For High-Energy Heavy Ions, John W. Wilson, I. Jun, M. A. Xapsos, E. A. Burke, F. F. Badavi, L. W. Townsend

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Calculations of NIEL are reported for heavy ions prominent in the space environment for energies ranging from 200 MeV per nucleon to 2 GeV per nucleon.