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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani May 2018

Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Gadolinium silicide (Gd5Si4) nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit different properties compared to their parent bulk materials due to finite size, shape, and surface effects. NPs were prepared by high energy ball-milling of the as-cast Gd5Si4ingot and size separated into eight fractions using time sensitive sedimentation in an applied dc magnetic field with average particle sizes ranging from 700 nm to 82 nm. The largest Gd5Si4 NPs order ferromagnetically at 316 K. A second anomaly observed at 110 K can be ascribed to a Gd5Si3 impurity. As the particle sizes decrease, the volume fraction of Gd5Si3 phase increases at the expense of the ...


Progress Towards Terahertz Acoustic Phonon Generation In Doping Superlattices, Thomas E. Wilson Mar 2017

Progress Towards Terahertz Acoustic Phonon Generation In Doping Superlattices, Thomas E. Wilson

Thomas E. Wilson

Progress is described in experiments to generate coherent terahertz acoustic phonons in silicon doping superlattices by the resonant absorption of nanosecond-pulsed far-infrared laser radiation. Future experiments are proposed that would use the superlattice as a transducer in a terahertz cryogenic acoustic reflection microscope with sub-nanometer resolution.


Laser Direct Written Silicon Nanowires For Electronic And Sensing Applications, Woongsik Nam Aug 2016

Laser Direct Written Silicon Nanowires For Electronic And Sensing Applications, Woongsik Nam

Open Access Dissertations

Silicon nanowires are promising building blocks for high-performance electronics and chemical/biological sensing devices due to their ultra-small body and high surface-to-volume ratios. However, the lack of the ability to assemble and position nanowires in a highly controlled manner still remains an obstacle to fully exploiting the substantial potential of nanowires. Here we demonstrate a one-step method to synthesize intrinsic and doped silicon nanowires for device applications. Sub-diffraction limited nanowires as thin as 60 nm are synthesized using laser direct writing in combination with chemical vapor deposition, which has the advantages of in-situ doping, catalyst-free growth, and precise control of ...


Modeling The Interphase Of A Polymer-Based Nanodielectric, Connor S. Daily, Weixing Sun, Michael R. Kessler, Xiaoli Tan, Nicola Bowler Jan 2014

Modeling The Interphase Of A Polymer-Based Nanodielectric, Connor S. Daily, Weixing Sun, Michael R. Kessler, Xiaoli Tan, Nicola Bowler

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

A three-phase theoretical model is proposed that is suitable for describing the effective permittivity of polymer-matrix composites containing spherical nanoparticles. The model accounts for the presence of an interphase region, which surrounds each nanosphere, whose permittivity is allowed to be different from that of the matrix polymer. The nanoparticles themselves are approximated as hard (non-overlapping) spheres, whereas the interphase regions of neighboring nanoparticles are permitted to overlap. The volume fraction of the interphase region is computed by assuming that the nanoparticles are arranged on the nodes of a simple-cubic lattice. The effective permittivity of the composite is subsequently computed via ...


Novel Silicon And Tin Alloy Nano-Particulate Materials Via Spark Erosion For High Performance And High Capacity Anodes In Lithium Ion Batteries, Emma Marie Hamilton White Jan 2014

Novel Silicon And Tin Alloy Nano-Particulate Materials Via Spark Erosion For High Performance And High Capacity Anodes In Lithium Ion Batteries, Emma Marie Hamilton White

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The advent and popularity of portable electronics, as well as the need to reduce carbon-based fuel dependence for environmental and economic reasons, has led to the search for higher energy density portable power storage methods. Lithium ion batteries offer the highest energy density of any portable energy storage technology, but their potential is limited by the currently used materials. Theoretical capacities of silicon (3580 mAh/g) and tin (990 mAh/g) are significantly higher than existing graphitic anodes (372 mAh/g). However, silicon and tin must be scaled down to the nano-level to mitigate the pulverization from drastic volume changes ...


Spectroscopy Of A Deterministic Single-Donor Device In Silicon, M. Fuechsle, J. A. Miwa, S. Mahapatra, H. Ryu, S. Lee, O. Warschkow, L. C. L. Hollenberg, G. Klimeck, M. Y. Simmons Nov 2013

Spectroscopy Of A Deterministic Single-Donor Device In Silicon, M. Fuechsle, J. A. Miwa, S. Mahapatra, H. Ryu, S. Lee, O. Warschkow, L. C. L. Hollenberg, G. Klimeck, M. Y. Simmons

Gerhard Klimeck

We present a single electron transistor (SET) based on an individual phosphorus dopant atom in an epitaxial silicon environment. Using scanning tunneling microscope (STM) hydrogen lithography, the single impurity is deterministically placed with a spatial accuracy of ±1 lattice site within a donor-based transport device. Low temperature transport measurements confirm the presence of the single donor and show that the donor charge state can be precisely controlled via gate voltages. We observe a charging energy that is remarkably similar to the value expected for isolated P donors in bulk silicon, which is in sharp contrast to previous experiments on single-dopant ...


Toward Surround Gates On Vertical Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Devices, Aaron D. Franklin, Robert A. Sayer, Timothy D. Sands, Timothy S. Fisher, David B. Janes Oct 2013

Toward Surround Gates On Vertical Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Devices, Aaron D. Franklin, Robert A. Sayer, Timothy D. Sands, Timothy S. Fisher, David B. Janes

Robert A Sayer

The one-dimensional, cylindrical nature of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) suggests that the ideal gating geometry for nanotube field-effect transistors (FETs) is a surround gate (SG). Using vertical SWCNTs templated in porous anodic alumina, SGs are formed using top-down processes for the dielectric/metal depositions and definition of the channel length. Surround gates allow aggressive scaling of the channel to 25% of the length attainable with a bottom-gate geometry without incurring short-channel effects. The process demonstrated here for forming SGs on vertical SWCNTs is amenable for large-scale fabrication of multinanotube FETs.


Metal-Assisted Etching Of Silicon Molds For Electroforming, Ralu Divan, Dan Rosenthal '14, Karim Ogando, Leonidas E. Ocola, Daniel Rosenmann, Nicolaie Moldovan Sep 2013

Metal-Assisted Etching Of Silicon Molds For Electroforming, Ralu Divan, Dan Rosenthal '14, Karim Ogando, Leonidas E. Ocola, Daniel Rosenmann, Nicolaie Moldovan

Student Publications & Research

Ordered arrays of high-aspect-ratio micro/nanostructures in semiconductors stirred a huge scientific interest due to their unique one-dimensional physical morphology and the associated electrical, mechanical, chemical, optoelectronic, and thermal properties. Metal-assisted chemical etching enables fabrication of such high aspect ratio Si nanostructures with controlled diameter, shape, length, and packing density, but suffers from structure deformation and shape inconsistency due to uncontrolled migration of noble metal structures during etching. Hereby the authors prove that a Ti adhesion layer helps in stabilizing gold structures, preventing their migration on the wafer surface while not impeding the etching. Based on this finding, the authors ...


Spectroscopy Of A Deterministic Single-Donor Device In Silicon, M. Fuechsle, J. A. Miwa, S. Mahapatra, H. Ryu, S. Lee, O. Warschkow, L. C. L. Hollenberg, G. Klimeck, M. Y. Simmons May 2012

Spectroscopy Of A Deterministic Single-Donor Device In Silicon, M. Fuechsle, J. A. Miwa, S. Mahapatra, H. Ryu, S. Lee, O. Warschkow, L. C. L. Hollenberg, G. Klimeck, M. Y. Simmons

Birck and NCN Publications

We present a single electron transistor (SET) based on an individual phosphorus dopant atom in an epitaxial silicon environment. Using scanning tunneling microscope (STM) hydrogen lithography, the single impurity is deterministically placed with a spatial accuracy of ±1 lattice site within a donor-based transport device. Low temperature transport measurements confirm the presence of the single donor and show that the donor charge state can be precisely controlled via gate voltages. We observe a charging energy that is remarkably similar to the value expected for isolated P donors in bulk silicon, which is in sharp contrast to previous experiments on single-dopant ...


Interfacial And Electrokinetic Characterization Of Ipa Solutions Related To Semiconductor Wafer Drying And Cleaning, Jin-Goo Park, Sang-Ho Lee, Ju-Suk Ryu, Yi-Koan Hong, Tae-Gon Kim, Ahmed A. Busnaina Apr 2012

Interfacial And Electrokinetic Characterization Of Ipa Solutions Related To Semiconductor Wafer Drying And Cleaning, Jin-Goo Park, Sang-Ho Lee, Ju-Suk Ryu, Yi-Koan Hong, Tae-Gon Kim, Ahmed A. Busnaina

Jin-Goo Park

In this study, the interfacial and electrokinetic phenomena of mixtures of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and deionized (DI) water in relation to semiconductor wafer drying is investigated. The dielectric constant of an IPA solution linearly decreased from 78 to 18 with the addition of IPA to DI water. The viscosity of IPA solutions increased as the volume percentage of IPA in DI water increased. The zeta potentials of silica particles and silicon wafers were also measured in IPA solutions. The zeta potential approached neutral values as the volume ratio of IPA in DI water increased. A surface tension decrease from 72 ...


Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Nanoparticle Removal Using Acoustic Streaming And The Effect Of Time, Kaveh Bakhtari, Rasim O. Guldiken, Prashanth Makaram, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Jin-Goo Park Apr 2012

Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Nanoparticle Removal Using Acoustic Streaming And The Effect Of Time, Kaveh Bakhtari, Rasim O. Guldiken, Prashanth Makaram, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Jin-Goo Park

Jin-Goo Park

Theremoval of nanoparticles is becoming increasingly challenging as the minimumlinewidth continues to decrease in semiconductor manufacturing. In this paper,the removal of nanoparticles from flat substrates using acoustic streamingis investigated. Bare silicon wafers and masks with a 4 nmsilicon cap layer are cleaned. The silicon-cap films are usedin extreme ultraviolet masks to protect Mo–Si reflective multilayers. Theremoval of 63 nm polystyrene latex (PSL) particles from these substratesis conducted using single-wafer megasonic cleaning. The results show higherthan 99% removal of PSL nanoparticles. The results also showthat dilute SC1 provides faster removal of particles, which isalso verified by the analytical analysis ...


Direct Measurement Of Graphene Adhesion On Silicon Surface By Intercalation Of Nanoparticles, Zong Zong, Chia-Ling Chen, Mehmet R. Dokmeci, Kai-Tak Wan Jun 2011

Direct Measurement Of Graphene Adhesion On Silicon Surface By Intercalation Of Nanoparticles, Zong Zong, Chia-Ling Chen, Mehmet R. Dokmeci, Kai-Tak Wan

Kai-tak Wan

We report a technique to characterize adhesion of monolayered/multilayered graphene sheets on silicon wafer. Nanoparticles trapped at graphene-silicon interface act as point wedges to support axisymmetric blisters. Local adhesion strength is found by measuring the particle height and blister radius using a scanning electron microscope. Adhesion energy of the typical graphene-silicon interface is measured to be 151±28 mJ/m2. The proposed method and our measurements provide insights in fabrication and reliability of microelectromechanical/nanoelectromechanical systems.


Direct Measurement Of Graphene Adhesion On Silicon Surface By Intercalation Of Nanoparticles, Zong Zong, Chia-Ling Chen, Mehmet Dokmeci, Kai-Tak Wan Jun 2011

Direct Measurement Of Graphene Adhesion On Silicon Surface By Intercalation Of Nanoparticles, Zong Zong, Chia-Ling Chen, Mehmet Dokmeci, Kai-Tak Wan

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

We report a technique to characterize adhesion of monolayered/multilayered graphene sheets on silicon wafer. Nanoparticles trapped at graphene-silicon interface act as point wedges to support axisymmetric blisters. Local adhesion strength is found by measuring the particle height and blister radius using a scanning electron microscope. Adhesion energy of the typical graphene-silicon interface is measured to be 151±28 mJ/m2. The proposed method and our measurements provide insights in fabrication and reliability of microelectromechanical/nanoelectromechanical systems.


Interfacial And Electrokinetic Characterization Of Ipa Solutions Related To Semiconductor Wafer Drying And Cleaning, Jin-Goo Park, Sang-Ho Lee, Ju-Suk Ryu, Yi-Koan Hong, Tae-Gon Kim, Ahmed A. Busnaina Jun 2011

Interfacial And Electrokinetic Characterization Of Ipa Solutions Related To Semiconductor Wafer Drying And Cleaning, Jin-Goo Park, Sang-Ho Lee, Ju-Suk Ryu, Yi-Koan Hong, Tae-Gon Kim, Ahmed A. Busnaina

Ahmed A. Busnaina

In this study, the interfacial and electrokinetic phenomena of mixtures of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and deionized (DI) water in relation to semiconductor wafer drying is investigated. The dielectric constant of an IPA solution linearly decreased from 78 to 18 with the addition of IPA to DI water. The viscosity of IPA solutions increased as the volume percentage of IPA in DI water increased. The zeta potentials of silica particles and silicon wafers were also measured in IPA solutions. The zeta potential approached neutral values as the volume ratio of IPA in DI water increased. A surface tension decrease from 72 ...


Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Nanoparticle Removal Using Acoustic Streaming And The Effect Of Time, Kaveh Bakhtari, Rasim O. Guldiken, Prashanth Makaram, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Jin-Goo Park Jun 2011

Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Nanoparticle Removal Using Acoustic Streaming And The Effect Of Time, Kaveh Bakhtari, Rasim O. Guldiken, Prashanth Makaram, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Jin-Goo Park

Ahmed A. Busnaina

Theremoval of nanoparticles is becoming increasingly challenging as the minimumlinewidth continues to decrease in semiconductor manufacturing. In this paper,the removal of nanoparticles from flat substrates using acoustic streamingis investigated. Bare silicon wafers and masks with a 4 nmsilicon cap layer are cleaned. The silicon-cap films are usedin extreme ultraviolet masks to protect Mo–Si reflective multilayers. Theremoval of 63 nm polystyrene latex (PSL) particles from these substratesis conducted using single-wafer megasonic cleaning. The results show higherthan 99% removal of PSL nanoparticles. The results also showthat dilute SC1 provides faster removal of particles, which isalso verified by the analytical analysis ...


Toward Surround Gates On Vertical Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Devices, Aaron D. Franklin, Robert A. Sayer, Timothy D. Sands, Timothy S. Fisher, David B. Janes Mar 2009

Toward Surround Gates On Vertical Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Devices, Aaron D. Franklin, Robert A. Sayer, Timothy D. Sands, Timothy S. Fisher, David B. Janes

PRISM: NNSA Center for Prediction of Reliability, Integrity and Survivability of Microsystems

The one-dimensional, cylindrical nature of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) suggests that the ideal gating geometry for nanotube field-effect transistors (FETs) is a surround gate (SG). Using vertical SWCNTs templated in porous anodic alumina, SGs are formed using top-down processes for the dielectric/metal depositions and definition of the channel length. Surround gates allow aggressive scaling of the channel to 25% of the length attainable with a bottom-gate geometry without incurring short-channel effects. The process demonstrated here for forming SGs on vertical SWCNTs is amenable for large-scale fabrication of multinanotube FETs.


Generating Random Surfaces With Desired Autocorrelation Length, Yilei Zhang, Sriram Sundararajan Jan 2006

Generating Random Surfaces With Desired Autocorrelation Length, Yilei Zhang, Sriram Sundararajan

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A versatile surface processing method based on electrostatic deposition of particles and subsequent dry etching is shown to be able to tailor the autocorrelation length of a random surface by varying particle size and coverage. An explicit relation between final autocorrelation length, surface coverage of the particles, particle size, and etch depth is built. The autocorrelation length of the final surface closely follows a power law decay with particle coverage, the most significant processing parameter. Experimental results on silicon substrates agree reasonably well with model predictions.


Progress Towards Terahertz Acoustic Phonon Generation In Doping Superlattices, Thomas E. Wilson Oct 2005

Progress Towards Terahertz Acoustic Phonon Generation In Doping Superlattices, Thomas E. Wilson

Physics Faculty Research

Progress is described in experiments to generate coherent terahertz acoustic phonons in silicon doping superlattices by the resonant absorption of nanosecond-pulsed far-infrared laser radiation. Future experiments are proposed that would use the superlattice as a transducer in a terahertz cryogenic acoustic reflection microscope with sub-nanometer resolution.


The Effect Of Autocorrelation Length On The Real Area Of Contact And Friction Behavior Of Rough Surfaces, Yilei Zhang, Sriram Sundararajan Jan 2005

The Effect Of Autocorrelation Length On The Real Area Of Contact And Friction Behavior Of Rough Surfaces, Yilei Zhang, Sriram Sundararajan

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Autocorrelation length (ACL) is a surface roughness parameter that provides spatial information of surfacetopography that is not included in amplitude parameters such as root-mean-square roughness. This paper presents a relationship between ACL and the friction behavior of a rough surface. The influence of ACL on the peak distribution of a profile is studied based on Whitehouse and Archard’s classical analysis [Whitehouse and ArchardProc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A316, 97 (1970)] and their results are extended to compare profiles from different surfaces. The probability density function of peaks and the mean peak height of a profile are given as functions ...