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Nanowires

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Engineering Science and Materials

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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Doped Tio2 Nanowires For Applications In Dye Sensitized Solar Cells And Sacrifical Hydrogen Production, Qasem Alsharari Apr 2016

Doped Tio2 Nanowires For Applications In Dye Sensitized Solar Cells And Sacrifical Hydrogen Production, Qasem Alsharari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis explores the synthesis of metal oxide 1-D nanowires using a sol-gel method in supercritical carbon dioxide (sc-CO2), as an environmental friendly enabling solvent. Porous nanowires were synthesized and their performance was tested in dye sensitized solar cell and sacrifical hydrogen production. Titanium isopropoxide (TIP) was used as a precursor for titania synthesis while copper, bismuth and indium were examined as dopants, respectively. The sol-gel reactions were catalyzed by acetic acid in CO2 at a temperature of 60 °C and pressure of 5000 psi. It was observed that acetic acid/monomer ratio > 4 produced nanowires while a ...


Semiconductor Nanowires: Optical Properties And All-Optical Switching, Brian Edward Piccione Jan 2012

Semiconductor Nanowires: Optical Properties And All-Optical Switching, Brian Edward Piccione

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The optical properties of semiconductor nanowires are both important from a fundamental materials physics standpoint and necessary to understand in engineering applications: nanowire photovoltaic devices, sensors, and lasers, among others, could all benefit. Unfortunately, these optical properties are not easy to ascertain. Transmission times are short, in-coupling of white probe light is difficult, and the angle-resolved measurements typically used to determine material dispersion relations in bulk materials are hindered by diffraction effects at subwavelength nanowire end facets.

Here, we present a series of experimental techniques and theoretical models developed to study of the optical properties of active nanowire waveguides. Beginning ...