Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Refractive Index Chemical Sensing With Noble Metal Nanoparticles, Phillip Blake Dec 2012

Refractive Index Chemical Sensing With Noble Metal Nanoparticles, Phillip Blake

Theses and Dissertations

Chemical sensing is a key component in modern society, especially in engineering applications. Because of their widespread impact, improvements to chemical sensors are a significant area of research. One class of sensors, plasmonic sensors, is being heavily researched because of their ability to detect low levels of analyte in near real time without destroying the analyte. This work studies a new class of plasmonic sensor that utilizes diffractive coupling to improve sensor performance. Specifically, this work outlines the first study of diffractive coupling sensors with typical nanoparticle shapes. Sensitivity of this new class of sensor is directly compared to typical ...


Research Inequality In Nanomedicine, Thomas Woodson Nov 2012

Research Inequality In Nanomedicine, Thomas Woodson

Thomas Woodson

The 10-90 gap is an idea in the healthcare literature that less than 10%of all research funding goes to solving health problems that are 90%of the global disease burden. This paper examines whether there is inequality in nanotechnology healthcare research (nanomedicine). To understand the inequality in nanomedicine, I conducted a bibliometric review of Web of Science and PubMed databases. Overall there is not large inequality in nanomedicine research. The bibliometric analysis shows that most nanomedicine research is done in high income countries, but their research portfolios extend beyond rich world diseases like Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes to ...


Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar Oct 2012

Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar

Srinivas Sridhar

Negative index metamaterials are demonstrated based on metal-dielectric nanocomposites prepared using a versatile bottom-up nanofabrication approach. The method involves the incorporation of vertically aligned metal nanowires such as Au and Ag inside dielectric aluminum oxide nanotemplates. Optical absorbance measurements show resonance peaks corresponding to the transverse and longitudinal surface plasmon modes. A quantitative model based on effective medium theory is in excellent agreement with experimental data, and points to specific composite configurations and wavelength regimes where such structures can have applications as negative refraction media for imaging.


Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar Oct 2012

Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar

Donald Heiman

Negative index metamaterials are demonstrated based on metal-dielectric nanocomposites prepared using a versatile bottom-up nanofabrication approach. The method involves the incorporation of vertically aligned metal nanowires such as Au and Ag inside dielectric aluminum oxide nanotemplates. Optical absorbance measurements show resonance peaks corresponding to the transverse and longitudinal surface plasmon modes. A quantitative model based on effective medium theory is in excellent agreement with experimental data, and points to specific composite configurations and wavelength regimes where such structures can have applications as negative refraction media for imaging.


Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar Oct 2012

Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar

Latika Menon

Negative index metamaterials are demonstrated based on metal-dielectric nanocomposites prepared using a versatile bottom-up nanofabrication approach. The method involves the incorporation of vertically aligned metal nanowires such as Au and Ag inside dielectric aluminum oxide nanotemplates. Optical absorbance measurements show resonance peaks corresponding to the transverse and longitudinal surface plasmon modes. A quantitative model based on effective medium theory is in excellent agreement with experimental data, and points to specific composite configurations and wavelength regimes where such structures can have applications as negative refraction media for imaging.


Magnetic Properties Of Gamnas Nanodot Arrays Fabricated Using Porous Alumina Templates, S. P. Bennett, L. Menon, D. Heiman Oct 2012

Magnetic Properties Of Gamnas Nanodot Arrays Fabricated Using Porous Alumina Templates, S. P. Bennett, L. Menon, D. Heiman

Latika Menon

Ordered arrays of GaMnAs magnetic semiconductor nanodots have been fabricated using anodic porous alumina templates as etch masks. The magnetic behavior is studied for prepared arrays with 40 nm dot diameter, 15 nm dot thickness, and 80 nm periodicity. The disklike nanodots exhibit an easy axis for fields applied in the radial direction and a hard axis in the smaller direction. In the radial direction superparamagnetism is observed with a blocking temperature of 30 K. The fabrication technique is convenient for preparing nanodot arrays of compound semiconductors that cannot be formed by self-assembly techniques.


A Study Of Titania Nanotube Synthesis In Chloride-Ion-Containing Media, E. Panaitescu, C. Richter, L. Menon Oct 2012

A Study Of Titania Nanotube Synthesis In Chloride-Ion-Containing Media, E. Panaitescu, C. Richter, L. Menon

Latika Menon

We have completed a detailed experimental investigation into the recently discovered synthesis of titania nanotubes in chloride-ion-containing media. We show that the role of the chloride ions is catalytic and it has a strong effect in increasing the reactivity of the solution, while the nature of cations has no visible role. We have identified the critical parameters for optimal growth and fast production of nanotubes, and a basic growth mechanism for the tubes is proposed. This opens routes for significant improvements of the method toward uniformity and/or better overall yield, making it a viable alternative to the present established ...


Ultrastable Synergistic Tetravalent Rna Nanoparticles For Targeting To Cancers, Farzin Haque, Dan Shu, Yi Shu, Luda S. Shlyakhtenko, Piotr G. Rychahou, B. Mark Evers, Peixuan Guo Aug 2012

Ultrastable Synergistic Tetravalent Rna Nanoparticles For Targeting To Cancers, Farzin Haque, Dan Shu, Yi Shu, Luda S. Shlyakhtenko, Piotr G. Rychahou, B. Mark Evers, Peixuan Guo

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

One of the advantages of nanotechnology is the feasibility to construct therapeutic particles carrying multiple therapeutics with defined structure and stoichiometry. The field of RNA nanotechnology is emerging. However, controlled assembly of stable RNA nanoparticles with multiple functionalities which retain their original role is challenging due to refolding after fusion. Herein, we report the construction of thermodynamically stable X-shaped RNA nanoparticles to carry four therapeutic RNA motifs by self-assembly of reengineered small RNA fragments. We proved that each arm of the four helices in the X-motif can harbor one siRNA, ribozyme, or aptamer without affecting the folding of the central ...


Towards Sustainable Development Of Nanomanufacturing, Sasikumar Ramdas Naidu May 2012

Towards Sustainable Development Of Nanomanufacturing, Sasikumar Ramdas Naidu

Doctoral Dissertations

"Sustainability" is a buzz word these days not just among regulatory agencies but even with corporations, as evident by the release of annual sustainability report by a large number of firms. Companies are starting to portray profit making along with corporate environmental responsibility.

Nanotechnology and nanomanufacturing which holds a lot of promise for development in a multitude of fields in science and engineering is the new kid on the block and carries a lot of apprehension due to public concern about their potential unwanted side effects that may result in the case of an untoward incident or lack of oversight ...


Characterization And Manipulation Of Nanorods Via An Applied Magnetic Field, Summer Wu '13 Apr 2012

Characterization And Manipulation Of Nanorods Via An Applied Magnetic Field, Summer Wu '13

Student Publications & Research

A remote system capable of controlling the motion of magnetic nanorods was created. Two different systems, electromagnets and magnetic stirrers, were used to create continuously changing magnetic fields thus applying a constant torque to make nanorods rotate as “nano stirbars”. The system was tested on three different types of synthesized nanorods: multi-segmented Ni/Au, pure Ni, and pure Au nanorods. Ni and Au were chosen due to the combination of the magnetic properties of Ni and the biocompatible properties of Au. Variables such as length, shape, and geometries of the nanorods were characterized by a scanning electron microscope and an ...


High-Throughput Assembly Of Nanoelements In Nanoporous Alumina Templates, Evin Gultepe, Dattatri K. Nagesha, Latika Menon, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Srinivas Sridhar Apr 2012

High-Throughput Assembly Of Nanoelements In Nanoporous Alumina Templates, Evin Gultepe, Dattatri K. Nagesha, Latika Menon, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Srinivas Sridhar

Srinivas Sridhar

The authors demonstrate a nanofabrication method utilizing nanoporous alumina templates which involves directed three dimensional assembly of nanoparticles inside the pores by means of an electrophoretic technique. In their demonstration, they have assembled polystyrene nanobeads with diameter of 50 nm inside nanopore arrays of height of 250 nm and diameter of 80 nm. Such a technique is particularly useful for large-scale, rapid assembly of nanoelements for potential device applications.


Directed Assembly Of Gold Nanoparticle Nanowires And Networks For Nanodevices, Xugang Xiong, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Sivasubramanian Somu, Ming Wei, Joey Mead, Chia-Ling Chen, Juan Aceros, Prashanth Makaram, Mehmet R. Dokmeci Apr 2012

Directed Assembly Of Gold Nanoparticle Nanowires And Networks For Nanodevices, Xugang Xiong, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Sivasubramanian Somu, Ming Wei, Joey Mead, Chia-Ling Chen, Juan Aceros, Prashanth Makaram, Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Sivasubramanian Somu

Alternating electric field is used to assemble gold nanoparticle nanowires from liquid suspensions. The effects of electrode geometry and the dielectrophoresis force on the chaining and branching of nanowire formation are investigated. The nanowire assembly processes are modeled using finite element calculations, and the particle trajectories under the combined influence of dielectrophoresis force and viscous drag are simulated. Nanoparticle nanowires with 10 nm resolution are fabricated. The wires can be further oriented along an externally introduced flow. This work provides an approach towards rapid assembly and organization of ultrasmall nanoparticle networks.


Scalable Nanotemplate Assisted Directed Assembly Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes For Nanoscale Devices, Prashanth Makaram, Sivasubramanian Somu, Xugang Xiong, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Yung-Joon Jung, Nicol E. Mcgruer Apr 2012

Scalable Nanotemplate Assisted Directed Assembly Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes For Nanoscale Devices, Prashanth Makaram, Sivasubramanian Somu, Xugang Xiong, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Yung-Joon Jung, Nicol E. Mcgruer

Sivasubramanian Somu

The authors demonstrate precise alignment and controlled assembly of single wall nanotube (SWNT) bundles at a fast rate over large areas by combining electrophoresis and dip coating processes. SWNTs in solution are assembled on prepatterned features that are 80 nm wide and separated by 200 nm. The results show that the direction of substrate withdrawal significantly affects the orientation and alignment of the assembled SWNT bundles. I-V characterization is carried out to demonstrate electrical continuity of these assembled SWNT bundles.


Effect Of Temperature On Surface Tension Of A Bubble And Hierarchical Ruptured Bubbles For Nanofiber Fabrication, Ji-Huan He Jan 2012

Effect Of Temperature On Surface Tension Of A Bubble And Hierarchical Ruptured Bubbles For Nanofiber Fabrication, Ji-Huan He

Ji-Huan He

Polymer bubbles can be used to fabrication of nanofibers using the bubble electrospinning. Temperature is one of the most effective parameters to control the spinning process. Suitable choice of inner and outer temperatures results in a minimal surface tension. A bubble under electronic field will be broken to form daughter bubble cascades, which can be used for nanofiber fabrication.