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2013

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Materials Science and Engineering Publications

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Electrical Poling Below Coercive Field For Large Piezoelectricity, Hanzheng Guo, Cheng Ma, Xiaoming Luo, Xiaoli Tan Mar 2013

Electrical Poling Below Coercive Field For Large Piezoelectricity, Hanzheng Guo, Cheng Ma, Xiaoming Luo, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Isotropic polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramics have to be electrically poled to develop a net macroscopic polarization and hence piezoelectricity. It is well accepted that a sufficient poling can only be realized under an electric field that is much higher than the coercive field. In this study, we observed in (Bi1/2 Na 1/2)TiO3-BaTiO3 ceramics that large piezoelectricity can develop at poling fields far below the measured coercive field. Using in situ transmission electron microscopy, such an unusual behavior, is interpreted with the polarization alignment of polar nanodomains in the non-ergodic relaxor phase.