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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Anti-Bacterial Activity Of Indoor Light Activated Photocatalysts, Suresh Pillai, Michael Seery, Damian Synnott, Stephen Hinder, Georg Michlits Feb 2013

Anti-Bacterial Activity Of Indoor Light Activated Photocatalysts, Suresh Pillai, Michael Seery, Damian Synnott, Stephen Hinder, Georg Michlits

Articles

Nanocrystalline photocatalysts, prepared under ambient conditions using a microwave assisted syn-thesis, show indoor light photocatalytic activity for the degradation of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The zinc sulphide (ZnS) nanomaterials, prepared by a microwave assisted synthesis, are shown to be cubic blende structure with an average crystallite size of 4–6 nm. The anti-bacterial activ-ity of these nanomaterials is investigated under irradiation from a 60 W light bulb and photocatalytic activity is revealed to be due to the defects present in the crystal structure. The ZnS shows anti-bacterial action as both a bacteriostatic and bacteriocidal (88% reduction in the amount ...


Ecotoxicological Assessment Of Silica And Polystyrene Nanoparticles Assessed By A Multitrophic Test Battery, Maria Casado-Gavalda, Ailbhe Macken, Hugh Byrne Jan 2013

Ecotoxicological Assessment Of Silica And Polystyrene Nanoparticles Assessed By A Multitrophic Test Battery, Maria Casado-Gavalda, Ailbhe Macken, Hugh Byrne

Articles

The acute ecotoxicity of different diameters of silica and polyethyleneimine polystyrene (PS-PEI)nanoparticles (NPs)was assessed on a test battery of aquatic organisms representing different trophic levels. Daphnia magna, Thamnocephalus platyurus, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Vibrio fischeri, were employed in a series of standard acute ecotoxicity tests and work was complemented with two cytotoxicological end points on a rainbow trout gonadal cell line (RTG-2). Physico-chemical characterization of the NPs was performed in the different test media employed, using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potentiometry. In contrast to silica NPs exposure, for which no effect was observed for concentrations up to ...