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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Atom Scale Characterization Of The Near Apex Region Of An Atomic Force Microscope Tip, Christopher J. Tourek, Sriram Sundararajan Oct 2010

Atom Scale Characterization Of The Near Apex Region Of An Atomic Force Microscope Tip, Christopher J. Tourek, Sriram Sundararajan

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Three-dimensional atom probe tomography (APT) is successfully used to analyze the near-apex regions of an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip. Atom scale material structure and chemistry from APT analysis for standard silicon AFM tips and silicon AFM tips coated with a thin film of Cu is presented. Comparison of the thin film data with that observed using transmission electron microscopy indicates that APT can be reliably used to investigate the material structure and chemistry of the apex of an AFM tip at near atomic scales.


High Aspect Ratio Nanoscale Metallic Structures As Transparent Electrodes, Ping Kuang, Joong Mok Park, Wai Y. Leung, Tae-Geun Kim, Kristen P. Constant Aug 2010

High Aspect Ratio Nanoscale Metallic Structures As Transparent Electrodes, Ping Kuang, Joong Mok Park, Wai Y. Leung, Tae-Geun Kim, Kristen P. Constant

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

A novel technique based on the two polymer micro-transfer molding (2-P μTM) for fabricating one dimensional (1D) high aspect ratio nanoscale metallic structures is presented and experimental characterization is described. Glancing angle metal deposition and physical argon ion milling (etching) techniques were also employed in processing. The resulting metallic structures have high transmission (~80%) in the visible spectrum and have superior electrical conductivity (resistance from 2.4 -7.3 Ω) compared to standard indium-tin oxide (ITO) glass. Thus, the high aspect ratio metallic structures are a promising alternative with potentially superior performances to ITO glass as transparent electrodes for organic ...


Facile Preparation Of Quantum Cutting Gdf3 : Eu3+ Nanoparticles From Ionic Liquids, Chantal Lorbeer, Joanna Cybinska, Anja V. Mudring Jan 2010

Facile Preparation Of Quantum Cutting Gdf3 : Eu3+ Nanoparticles From Ionic Liquids, Chantal Lorbeer, Joanna Cybinska, Anja V. Mudring

Anja V. Mudring

Microwave reaction of Ln(OAc)3·xH2O, Ln = Gd, Eu; OAc = acetate) with and in the ionic liquid [C4mim][BF4] (C4mim = 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium) allows the fast and efficient synthesis of small, uniform, oxygen-free lanthanide nanofluorides with excellent photophysical behaviour. For GdF3 : Eu3+ nanoparticles a quantum efficiency of up to 145% was determined.


Furan Hydrogenation Over Pt(111) And Pt(100) Single-Crystal Surfaces And Pt Nanoparticles From 1 To 7 Nm: A Kinetic And Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Study, Christopher J. Kliewer, Cesar Aliaga, Marco Bieri, Wenyu Huang, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Jennifer B. Wood, Kyriankos Komvopoulos, Gabor A. Somorjai Jan 2010

Furan Hydrogenation Over Pt(111) And Pt(100) Single-Crystal Surfaces And Pt Nanoparticles From 1 To 7 Nm: A Kinetic And Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Study, Christopher J. Kliewer, Cesar Aliaga, Marco Bieri, Wenyu Huang, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Jennifer B. Wood, Kyriankos Komvopoulos, Gabor A. Somorjai

Wenyu Huang

Sum frequency generation surface vibrational spectroscopy and kinetic measurements using gas chromatography have been used to systematically study the adsorption and hydrogenation of furan over Pt(111) and Pt(100) single-crystal surfaces and size-controlled 1.0-nm, 3.5-nm and 7.0-nm Pt nanoparticles at Torr pressures (10 Torr of furan, 100 Torr of H2) to form dihydrofuran, tetrahydrofuran, and the ring-cracking products butanol and propylene. As determined by SFG, the furan ring lies parallel to all Pt surfaces studied under hydrogenation conditions. Upright THF and the oxametallacycle intermediate are observed over the nanoparticle catalysts under reaction conditions. Butoxy increases in ...


Size Effect Of Ruthenium Nanoparticles In Catalytic Carbon Monoxide Oxidation, Sang Hoon Joo, Jeong Y. Park, J. Russell Renzas, Derek R. Butcher, Wenyu Huang, Gabor A. Somorjai Jan 2010

Size Effect Of Ruthenium Nanoparticles In Catalytic Carbon Monoxide Oxidation, Sang Hoon Joo, Jeong Y. Park, J. Russell Renzas, Derek R. Butcher, Wenyu Huang, Gabor A. Somorjai

Wenyu Huang

Carbon monoxide oxidation over ruthenium catalysts has shown an unusual catalytic behavior. Here we report a particle size effect on CO oxidation over Ru nanoparticle (NP) catalysts. Uniform Ru NPs with a tunable particle size from 2 to 6 nm were synthesized by a polyol reduction of Ru(acac)3 precursor in the presence of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) stabilizer. The measurement of catalytic activity of CO oxidation over two-dimensional Ru NPs arrays under oxidizing reaction conditions (40 Torr CO and 100 Torr O2) showed an activity dependence on the Ru NP size. The CO oxidation activity increases with NP size, and ...


Easy Access To Ultra Long-Time Stable, Luminescent Europium(Ii) Fluoride Nanoparticles In Ionic Liquids, Nina Von Prondzinski, Joanna Cybinska, Anja V. Mudring Jan 2010

Easy Access To Ultra Long-Time Stable, Luminescent Europium(Ii) Fluoride Nanoparticles In Ionic Liquids, Nina Von Prondzinski, Joanna Cybinska, Anja V. Mudring

Anja V. Mudring

Physical vapour deposition into ionic liquids allows for the first time the synthesis of a reduced lanthanide halide on the nanoscale. The obtained EuF2 nanoparticles show a bright blue luminescence and form long-time stable-colloidal solutions in the ionic liquids.


Seedless Polyol Synthesis And Co Oxidation Activity Of Monodisperse (111)- And (100)-Oriented Rhodium Nanocrystals In Sub-10 Nm Sizes, Yawen Zhang, Michael E. Grass, Wenyu Huang, Gabor A. Somoraji Jan 2010

Seedless Polyol Synthesis And Co Oxidation Activity Of Monodisperse (111)- And (100)-Oriented Rhodium Nanocrystals In Sub-10 Nm Sizes, Yawen Zhang, Michael E. Grass, Wenyu Huang, Gabor A. Somoraji

Wenyu Huang

Monodisperse sub-10 nm (6.5 nm) sized Rh nanocrystals with (111) and (100) surface structures were synthesized by a seedless polyol reduction in ethylene glycol, with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) as a capping ligand. When using [Rh(Ac)2]2 as the metal precursor, (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra containing 76% (111)-twinned hexagons (in 2D projection) were obtained; whereas, when employing RhCl3 as the metal precursor in the presence of alkylammonium bromide, such as tetramethylammonium bromide and trimethyl(tetradecyl)ammonium bromide, (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were obtained with 85% selectivity. The {100} faces of the Rh nanocrystals are stabilized by chemically adsorbed ...


Highly Active Heterogeneous Palladium Nanoparticle Catalysts For Homogeneous Electrophilic Reactions In Solution And The Utilization Of A Continuous Flow Reactor, Wenyu Huang, Jack Hung Chang Liu, Pinar Alayoglu, Yimin Li, Cole A. Whitman, Chia-Kuang Tsung, F. Dean Toste, Gabor A/ Somorjai Jan 2010

Highly Active Heterogeneous Palladium Nanoparticle Catalysts For Homogeneous Electrophilic Reactions In Solution And The Utilization Of A Continuous Flow Reactor, Wenyu Huang, Jack Hung Chang Liu, Pinar Alayoglu, Yimin Li, Cole A. Whitman, Chia-Kuang Tsung, F. Dean Toste, Gabor A/ Somorjai

Wenyu Huang

highly active heterogeneous Pd-nanoparticle catalyst for the intramolecular addition of phenols to alkynes was developed and employed in a continuous flow reaction system. Running the reaction in flow mode revealed reaction kinetics, such as the activation energy and catalyst deactivation, and provides many potential practical advantages.


An Alternative Method To Determining Optical Lever Sensitivity In Atomic Force Microscopy Without Tip-Sample Contact, Christopher J. Tourek, Sriram Sundararajan Jan 2010

An Alternative Method To Determining Optical Lever Sensitivity In Atomic Force Microscopy Without Tip-Sample Contact, Christopher J. Tourek, Sriram Sundararajan

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Force studies using atomic force microscopy generally require knowledge of the cantilever spring constants and the optical lever sensitivity. The traditional method of evaluating the optical lever sensitivity by pressing the tip against a hard surface can damage the tip, especially sharp ones. Here a method is shown to calculate the sensitivity without having to bring the tip into contact. Instead a sharpened tungsten wire is used to cause a point contact directly onto the cantilever and cause cantilever bending. Using beam theory, the sensitivity thus found can be converted to the equivalent sensitivity that would be obtained using the ...