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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Asymptotic Decay Of Radius Of A Weakly Conductive Viscous Jet, A.F. Spivak, Yuris A. Dzenis Nov 1998

Asymptotic Decay Of Radius Of A Weakly Conductive Viscous Jet, A.F. Spivak, Yuris A. Dzenis

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

Motion of a weakly conductive viscous jet accelerated by an external electric field is considered. Nonlinear rheological constitutive equation applicable for polymer fluids (Oswald–deWaele law) is applied. A differential equation for the variation of jet radius with axial coordinate is derived. Asymptotic variation of the jet radius at large distances from the jet origin is analyzed. It is found that the well-known power-law asymptote for Newtonian fluids with the exponent 1/4 holds for more general class of fluids, i.e., pseudoplastic (shear thinning) and dilatant (shear thickening) fluids with the flow index between 0 and 2. Dilatant fluids ...


Processing Of Hydroxylapatite Coatings On Titanium Alloy Bone Prostheses, Michael A. Nastasi, Timothy E. Levine, James W. Mayer, Vincent B. Pizziconi Oct 1998

Processing Of Hydroxylapatite Coatings On Titanium Alloy Bone Prostheses, Michael A. Nastasi, Timothy E. Levine, James W. Mayer, Vincent B. Pizziconi

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Processing of hydroxylapatite Sol-gel films on titanium alloy bone prostheses. A method utilizing non-line-of-Sight ion beam implantation and/or rapid thermal processing to provide improved bonding of layers of hydroxylapatite to titanium alloy Substrates while encouraging bone ingrowth into the hydroxylapatite layers located away from the substrate, is described for the fabrication of prostheses. The first layer of hydroxylapatite is mixed into the Substrate by the ions or rapidly thermally annealed, while Subsequent layers are heat treated or densified using ion implantation to form layers of decreasing density and larger crystallization, with the outermost layers being Suitable for bone ingrowth.


The Effect Of Grain Size On Magnetic Properties In Sm2Fe17NX, Jeffrey E. Shield, D.J. Branagan, C.P. Li, R.W. Mccallum May 1998

The Effect Of Grain Size On Magnetic Properties In Sm2Fe17NX, Jeffrey E. Shield, D.J. Branagan, C.P. Li, R.W. Mccallum

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The microstructures of melt spun Sm11Fe89 and (Sm11Fe89)94Ti3C3 have been investigated under different solidification conditions. The magnetic properties of the nitrided materials have been related to the observed microstructures. Melt spinning of the Sm11Fe89 alloys resulted in grain sizes at or above the single domain limit. The addition of Ti and C resulted in an order of magnitude refinement in the microstructural scale. The magnetic properties of the samples with grain sizes below the single domain limit decreased with decreasing grain size due to increased intergranular exchange coupling.


Characterisation Of Non-Condensable Sulphur Containing Gases From Kraft Pulp Mills, João F. Gomes Jan 1998

Characterisation Of Non-Condensable Sulphur Containing Gases From Kraft Pulp Mills, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

This paper describes work performed on the sampling and analysis of non-condensable gases (NCG) emitted from diffuse sources of a Portuguese kraft pulp mill, which is the background information for a NCG collection, treatment and disposal system. The variability found in the composition of the gaseous compounds showed the existence of gaseous streams other than typical total reduced sulphur (TRS) compounds as usually described.


A Simple Way To Measure Particle Size, João F. Gomes Jan 1998

A Simple Way To Measure Particle Size, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

The size range of particles is an important parameter for subsequent dispersion estimates and sometimes is quite useful for analysing the performance of combustion equipment as well as dedusting equipment efficiency. So far, no standard method has been developed but several laboratories use laser-beam techniques which are usually quite expensive ones. In this paper a method is presented where the particles are collected isokinetically in a filter from gases circulating in a stack as described in USEPA method 5. Afterwards particles are observed at an optical microscope and measured. In spite of some limitations this appears to be an inexpensive ...


Assessment Of Opacimeter Calibration On Kraft Pulp Mills, João F. Gomes Dec 1997

Assessment Of Opacimeter Calibration On Kraft Pulp Mills, João F. Gomes

João F Gomes

This paper describes the methodology and specific techniques for calibrating automatic on-line industrial emission analysers, specifically equipments that measure total suspended dust installed in pulp mills within the scope of Portuguese Regulation Nº 286/93 on air quality. The calibration of opacimeters is a multi-parameter relationship instead of the bi-dimensional calibration which is used in industrial practice. For a stationary source from a pulp mill such as the recovery boiler stack, which is subjected to significant variations, the effects of parameters such as the humidity and gas temperature, deviations on isokinetism, size range of particles and characteristic transmitance of equipment ...