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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Exceeding Conventional Photovoltaic Efficiency Limits Using Colloidal Quantum Dots, Gregory F. Pach Apr 2017

Exceeding Conventional Photovoltaic Efficiency Limits Using Colloidal Quantum Dots, Gregory F. Pach

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) are a widely investigated field of research due to their highly tunable nature in which the optical and electronic properties of the nanocrystal can be manipulated by merely changing the nanocrystal’s size. Specifically, colloidal quantum dot solar cells (QDSCs) have become a promising candidate for future generation photovoltaic technology. Quantum dots exhibit multiple exciton generation (MEG) in which multiple electron-hole pairs are generated from a single high-energy photon. This process is not observed in bulk-like semiconductors and allows for QDSCs to achieve theoretical efficiency limits above the standard single-junction Shockley-Queisser limit. However, the fast expanding ...


Flexible, Photopatterned, Colloidal Cdse Semiconductor Nanocrystal Integrated Circuits, Franklin Scott Stinner Jan 2017

Flexible, Photopatterned, Colloidal Cdse Semiconductor Nanocrystal Integrated Circuits, Franklin Scott Stinner

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

As semiconductor manufacturing pushes towards smaller and faster transistors, a parallel goal exists to create transistors which are not nearly as small. These transistors are not intended to match the performance of traditional crystalline semiconductors; they are designed to be significantly lower in cost and manufactured using methods that can make them physically flexible for applications where form is more important than speed. One of the developing technologies for this application is semiconductor nanocrystals.

We first explore methods to develop CdSe nanocrystal semiconducting “inks” into large-scale, high-speed integrated circuits. We demonstrate photopatterned transistors with mobilities of 10 cm2/Vs on ...