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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Physically Equivalent Intelligent Systems For Reasoning Under Uncertainty At Nanoscale, Santosh Khasanvis Jan 2015

Physically Equivalent Intelligent Systems For Reasoning Under Uncertainty At Nanoscale, Santosh Khasanvis

Doctoral Dissertations

Machines today lack the inherent ability to reason and make decisions, or operate in the presence of uncertainty. Machine-learning methods such as Bayesian Networks (BNs) are widely acknowledged for their ability to uncover relationships and generate causal models for complex interactions. However, their massive computational requirement, when implemented on conventional computers, hinders their usefulness in many critical problem areas e.g., genetic basis of diseases, macro finance, text classification, environment monitoring, etc. We propose a new non-von Neumann technology framework purposefully architected across all layers for solving these problems efficiently through physical equivalence, enabled by emerging nanotechnology. The architecture builds ...


Functional Nanostructures From Nanoparticle Building Blocks, Jimmy Lawrence Jan 2015

Functional Nanostructures From Nanoparticle Building Blocks, Jimmy Lawrence

Doctoral Dissertations

Advances in the synthetic strategies of engineered nanomaterials, multifunctional molecules and polymers have opened pathways for the development of functional nanomaterials having unique optoelectronic, mechanical, and biological properties. By designing the chemistry of surface ligands, the organic interface of nanoparticles, one can further the versatility and utilization of engineered nanomaterials, opening pathways for breakthroughs in sensing, catalysis, and delivery using nanomaterials.

This thesis describes the synthesis and characterization of small molecule and polymer ligand functionalized inorganic nanoparticles (e.g., metal, semiconducting). Embedding specific chemical functionality into the ligand periphery of nanoparticles enables the resulting functional nanoparticles to react selectively with ...


Tunable Photonic Multilayers From Stimulus-Responsive, Photo-Crosslinkable Polymers, Maria C. Chiappelli Jan 2015

Tunable Photonic Multilayers From Stimulus-Responsive, Photo-Crosslinkable Polymers, Maria C. Chiappelli

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes the synthesis of photo-crosslinkable copolymers and their utilization for the fabrication and testing of tunable and responsive one-dimensional (1D) photonic multilayers. Photonic multilayers exhibit structural color due to the interference of incident light at layer interfaces, providing a convenient route towards optically responsive materials that do not rely on potentially light- or oxygen-sensitive chromophore-containing pigments and dyes. A fabrication technique based on sequential spin-coating and crosslinking of photo-crosslinkable polymers is used to assemble tunable and responsive photonic multilayers.

Chapter One introduces the fundamental underlying principles of 1D photonic structures and explores their importance in a variety of ...