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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Label-Free Detection Of Cancer Cells With Polysilicon Sensor Chips And Biomolecule-Assisted Synthesis Of Shape-Controlled Nanoparticles, Menglu Shi Feb 2015

Label-Free Detection Of Cancer Cells With Polysilicon Sensor Chips And Biomolecule-Assisted Synthesis Of Shape-Controlled Nanoparticles, Menglu Shi

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Constant effort has been made for the detection of cancer cells. Recently, ovarian and kidney cancer cell lines have been shown to have higher cellular elasticity as compared to normal cells assessed by monitoring the degree of deformation under hyposmotic pressure. This method has been modified and applied to various cases. In cancer cells, the oncogenic mutant p53 (mtp53) protein is present at high levels and contributes to tumor growth and metastasis. Herein the influence of mtp53 on the mechanical property of breast cancer cells was assessed by monitoring the swelling ratio of cells with time using the impedance measurements ...


Highly-Selective Chemiresistive Sensing And Analysis Of Vapors Using Functionalized Nanotubes, Deon Hines Feb 2015

Highly-Selective Chemiresistive Sensing And Analysis Of Vapors Using Functionalized Nanotubes, Deon Hines

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Specifically, the project involves the development of a diversified array of nanostructured gas-sensors comprised of selectively, novel surface-functionalized carbon nanotubes (for analyte selectivity by virtue of functionality). Harnessing carbon nanotubes with various electron withdrawing and donating groups help in determining their affinity toward certain prognostic gaseous markers thus increasing specificity of such created sensors. We have devised synthetic routes that have led to the facile production of covalently polyfunctionalized nanotubes in high yield. Seven carbon nanotube analogues were systematically considered and then chemically synthesized, from pristine single-walled nanotubes (SWNT's), for use as the main component of sensory units that ...


Biomolecule Mediating Synthesis Of Inorganic Nanoparticles And Their Applications, Zengyan Wei Feb 2015

Biomolecule Mediating Synthesis Of Inorganic Nanoparticles And Their Applications, Zengyan Wei

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Project 1.

The conventional phage display technique focuses on screening peptide sequences that can bind on target substrates, however the selected peptides are not necessary to nucleate and mediate the growth of the target inorganic crystals, and in many cases they only show moderate affinity to the targets. Here we report a novel phage display approach that can directly screen peptides catalytically growing inorganic nanoparticles in aqueous solution at room temperature. In this study, the phage library is incubated with zinc precursor at room temperature. Among random peptide sequences displayed on phages, those phages that can grow zinc oxide (ZnO ...