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Theses/Dissertations

Doctoral Dissertations

2017

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Transport Of Water And Ions Through Single-Walled Armchair Carbon Nanotubes: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Michelle Patricia Aranha Dec 2017

Transport Of Water And Ions Through Single-Walled Armchair Carbon Nanotubes: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Michelle Patricia Aranha

Doctoral Dissertations

The narrow hydrophobic interior of a carbon nanotube (CNT) poses a barrier to the transport of water and ions, and yet, unexpectedly, numerous experimental and simulation studies have confirmed fast water transport rates comparable to those seen in biological aquaporin channels. These outstanding features of high water permeability and high solute rejection of even dissolved ions that would typically require a lot of energy for separation in commercial processes makes carbon nanotubes an exciting candidate for desalination membranes. Extending ion exclusion beyond simple mechanical sieving by the inclusion of electrostatics via added functionality to the nanotube bears promise to not ...


Advanced Purification And Direct-Write 3d Nanoprinting Via Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition, Brett Bloxton Lewis Aug 2017

Advanced Purification And Direct-Write 3d Nanoprinting Via Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition, Brett Bloxton Lewis

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation addresses three difficulties with focused electron beam induced deposition preventing broader application; purity, spatial control, and mechanical characterization.

Focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID) has many advantages as a nanoscale fabrication tool. It is compatible for implementation into current lithographic techniques and has the potential to direct-write in a single step nanostructures of a high degree of complexity. FEBID is a very versatile tool capable of fabricating structures of many different compositions ranging from insulating oxides to conducting metals.

Due to the complexity of the technique and the difficulty in directly measuring many important variables, FEBID has remained ...


Solution-Based Assembly Of Conjugated Polymers Into Nanofibers For Organic Electronics, Daniel E. Acevedo Cartagena Jan 2017

Solution-Based Assembly Of Conjugated Polymers Into Nanofibers For Organic Electronics, Daniel E. Acevedo Cartagena

Doctoral Dissertations

Solution-based crystallization of conjugated polymers offers a scalable and attractive route to develop hierarchical structures for electronic devices. The introduction of well-defined nucleation sites into metastable solutions provides a way to regulate the crystallization behavior, and therefore the morphology of the material. A crystallization method for generating metastable solutions of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) was established. These metastable solutions allow P3HT to selectively crystallize into nanofibers (NFs) on graphene-coated surfaces. It was found that the crystallization kinetics is faster with increasing P3HT molecular weight and concentration. Through in situ atomic force microscopy, it was confirmed that NFs grow vertically in a ...


Aliovalent Dopants In Zno Nanocrystals: Synthesis To Electronic Structure, Dongming Zhou Jan 2017

Aliovalent Dopants In Zno Nanocrystals: Synthesis To Electronic Structure, Dongming Zhou

Doctoral Dissertations

Semiconductor nanocrystal doping has stimulated broad interest for many applications including solar energy conversion, nanospintronics, and phosphors or optical labels. The study of the chemistry and physics of doped colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals has been dominated in the literature by isovalent dopants such as Mn2+ and Co2+ ions in II-VI semiconductors, in which the dopant oxidation state is the same as the cation ions. Until recently, aliovalent dopants has received much attention due to the plasmonic properties. Aliovalent is when the oxidation states of the dopant in the lattice differs from the cation ions. In the plasmonic semiconductor nanocrystals ...


Development Of A Nonlinear Model For The Prediction Of Response Times Of Glucose Affinity Sensors Using Concanavalin A And Dextran And The Development Of A Differential Osmotic Glucose Affinity Sensor, Louis G. Reis Jan 2017

Development Of A Nonlinear Model For The Prediction Of Response Times Of Glucose Affinity Sensors Using Concanavalin A And Dextran And The Development Of A Differential Osmotic Glucose Affinity Sensor, Louis G. Reis

Doctoral Dissertations

With the increasing prevalence of diabetes in the United States and worldwide, blood glucose monitoring must be accurate and reliable. Current enzymatic sensors have numerous disadvantages that make them unreliable and unfavorable among patients. Recent research in glucose affinity sensors correct some of the problems that enzymatic sensors experience. Dextran and concanavalin A are two of the more common components used in glucose affinity sensors. When these sensors were first explored, a model was derived to predict the response time of a glucose affinity sensor using concanavalin A and dextran. However, the model assumed the system was linear and fell ...


Synthesis, Characterization, And Activity Of Co/Fe Alumina/Silica Supported Ft Catalysts And The Study Of Promoter Effect Of Ruthenium, Sunday Azubike Esumike Jan 2017

Synthesis, Characterization, And Activity Of Co/Fe Alumina/Silica Supported Ft Catalysts And The Study Of Promoter Effect Of Ruthenium, Sunday Azubike Esumike

Doctoral Dissertations

The alumina and hybrid alumina-silica FT catalyst were prepared by one-step solgel/oil-drop methods using metal-nitrate-solutions (method-I), and nanoparticle-metaloxides (method-2). The nanoparticle-metal-oxides did not participate in solubility equilibria in contrast to metal nitrate in method-1 causing no metal ion seepage; therefore, method-2 yields higher XRF metal loading efficiency than method-1. The thermal analysis confirmed that the metal loading by method-1 and method-2 involved two different pathways. Method-1 involves solubility equilibria in the conversion of metal-nitrate to metal- hydroxide and finally to metal-oxide, while in method-2 nanoparticle-metal-oxide remained intact during sol-gel-oil-drop and calcination steps.

The alumina supported catalysts were dominated by ...


Guiding The Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymers In 2d And 3d With Minimal Patterning, Jaewon Choi Jan 2017

Guiding The Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymers In 2d And 3d With Minimal Patterning, Jaewon Choi

Doctoral Dissertations

Directed self-assembly (DSA) of block copolymers (BCPs) based on topographic patterns is one of the most promising strategies for overcoming resolution limitations in the current lithographic process and fabricating the next generation data storage devices. While the DSA of BCPs with deep topographic patterning has been extensively studied both experimentally and theoretically over the past two decades, less attention has been paid to the development of the DSA process using minimal topographic patterning. This dissertation focuses on understanding the effect of minimal topographic patterning on guiding the self-assembly of BCPs in 2D and 3D. We demonstrate that minimal trench patterns ...


Modeling Of Nanoscale Transport In Mesoporous Membranes, Ashutosh Rathi Jan 2017

Modeling Of Nanoscale Transport In Mesoporous Membranes, Ashutosh Rathi

Doctoral Dissertations

Mesoporous membranes with pore sizes in the range 2-50 nm provide an energy efficient alternative for separation of mixtures such as CO2 from stack effluents and volatile organic compounds (VOC) from air. Transport mechanisms such as capillary condensation, Knudsen diffusion and surface adsorption help in enrichment of a more condensable component based on the bulk mixture thermodynamics, surface chemistry and geometry of the mesopores. Despite the progress in synthesis techniques, design of better mesoporous materials for targeted separations is still a challenge due to the absence of clear design rules. Modeling techniques can be used to quantify the relevant ...


The Rheology And Roll-To-Roll Processing Of Shear-Thickening Particle Dispersions, Sunilkumar Khandavalli Jan 2017

The Rheology And Roll-To-Roll Processing Of Shear-Thickening Particle Dispersions, Sunilkumar Khandavalli

Doctoral Dissertations

Particle dispersions are ubiquitous in our daily lives ranging from food and pharmaceutical products to inks. There has been great interest in the recent years in formulation of functional inks to fabricate myriad flexible electronic devices through high-throughput roll-to-roll technologies. The formulations often contain several functional additives or rheological modifiers that can affect the microstructure, rheology and processing. Understanding the rheology of formulations is important for tuning the formulation for optimal processing. This thesis presents investigations on the rheology of particle dispersions and their impact on roll-to-roll technologies.

Shear-thickening behavior is common in particle dispersions, particularly, concentrated particulate inks. We ...