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Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Fractal theory

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Nanoparticle Additives For Multiphase Systems: Synthesis, Formulation And Characterization, Vinod Kanniah Jan 2012

Nanoparticle Additives For Multiphase Systems: Synthesis, Formulation And Characterization, Vinod Kanniah

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Study on nanoparticle additives in multiphase systems (liquid, polymer) are of immense interest in developing new product applications. Critical challenges for nanoparticle additives include their synthesis, formulation and characterization. These challenges are addressed in three application areas: nanofluids for engine lubrication, ultrathin nanocomposites for optical devices, and nanoparticle size distribution characterization.

Nanoparticle additives in oligomer mixtures can be used to develop extended temperature range motor oils. A model system includes poly(α-olefin) based oligomers with a modest fraction of poly(dimethylsiloxane) oligomers along with graphite as nanoparticle additive. Partition coefficients of each oligomer are determined since the oligomer mixture phase ...