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Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Bio-renewable

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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Utilization Of Bio-Renewable Lignin In Building High Capacity, Durable, And Low-Cost Silicon-Based Negative Electrodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Tao Chen Jan 2017

Utilization Of Bio-Renewable Lignin In Building High Capacity, Durable, And Low-Cost Silicon-Based Negative Electrodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Tao Chen

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Silicon-based electrodes are the most promising negative electrodes for the next generation high capacity lithium ion batteries (LIB) as silicon provides a theoretical capacity of 3579 mAh g-1, more than 10 times higher than that of the state-of-the-art graphite negative electrodes. However, silicon-based electrodes suffer from poor cycle life due to large volume expansion and contraction during lithiation/delithiation. In order to improve the electrochemical performance a number of strategies have been employed, such as dispersion of silicon in active/inactive matrixes, devising of novel nanostructures, and various coatings for protection. Amongst these strategies, silicon-carbon coating based composites are ...