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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Design, Fabrication And Testing Of Monolithic Low-Power Passive Sigma-Delta Analog-To-Digital Converters, Angsuman Roy Aug 2016

Design, Fabrication And Testing Of Monolithic Low-Power Passive Sigma-Delta Analog-To-Digital Converters, Angsuman Roy

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Analog-to-digital converters are critically important in electronic systems. The

difficulty in meeting high performance parameters increases as integrated circuit design

process technologies advance into the deep nanometer region. Sigma-delta analog-todigital

converters are an attractive option to fulfill many data converter requirements.

These data converters offer high performance while relaxing requirements on the precision

of components within an integrated circuit. Despite this, the active integrators found within

sigma-delta analog-to-digital converters present two main challenges. These challenges are

the power consumption of the active amplifier and achieving gain-bandwidth necessary for

sigma-delta data converters in deep nanometer process technologies. Both of these

challenges ...


Self-Assembling Organic Semiconductors With Tunable Electronic Properties Based On Novel Asymmetric Phenazine And Bisphenazine, Kyoungmi Jang May 2011

Self-Assembling Organic Semiconductors With Tunable Electronic Properties Based On Novel Asymmetric Phenazine And Bisphenazine, Kyoungmi Jang

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Current demands in the area of organic semiconductors focus on both electronic and self-assembling properties. Particularly, one-dimensionally grown nanostructures of small organic semiconductors have drawn much attention for nanodevice fabrication. Self-assembly through various intermolecular interactions has been widely used to produce one-dimensionally grown nanostructures which can be induced by various methods such as rapid solution dispersion, a phase transfer method, vapor annealing, crystallization, and organogelation in conjunction with proper molecular design. Controlling the morphology of the nanostructures plays an important role in achieving desirable properties in optoelectronic device applications. While significant advancements have been made in developing molecular architectures for ...


Optical And Raman Characterization Of Ald Alumina Coated Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes And Nanoporous Gold Film, Naod Belai May 2011

Optical And Raman Characterization Of Ald Alumina Coated Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes And Nanoporous Gold Film, Naod Belai

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Due to their large surface to volume ratio nanostructures are inherently unstable. To insure long term stability of nano-devices, they have to be rendered inert to their environment. In this study, nanoporous gold films(NPGF) and multiwall carbon nanotubes were coated with ALD alumina of varying thicknesses. Subsequently, the plasmonic property of the former and electronic property of the latter was monitored by Transmittance and Raman Spectroscopy respectively. Transmittance spectra revealed that NPGF passivated by ALD-alumina maintains its plasmonic properties, i.e. its LSPR supporting properties remained intact. Raman spectra of ALD alumina passivated MWNTs show no coating induced changes ...


Fabrication, Characterization And Simulation Of Non-Lithographic Nanostructures And Their Potential Applications, Neelanjan Bhattacharya Aug 2010

Fabrication, Characterization And Simulation Of Non-Lithographic Nanostructures And Their Potential Applications, Neelanjan Bhattacharya

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The dissertation describes the formation of porous silicon through the pores of porous alumina on a silicon substrate. Porous silicon, by itself, is inherently a non-uniform material that has non-uniform optical and electronic properties. In addition, it is also mechanically fragile material requiring careful material handling. The porous silicon fabricated through the nanosized pores of porous alumina are expected to mitigate these problems, thereby enhancing commercial viability of the device. The porous silicon as well the porous alumina have been synthesized through anodisation for various parameters and also various types of anodizing electrolytes. The porous silicon, so obtained have been ...


Magnetic Sensors For Biodetection, Pranjali Vineet Sneha Deshpande May 2009

Magnetic Sensors For Biodetection, Pranjali Vineet Sneha Deshpande

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The objective of thesis is to design magnetic sensor for detection of nanoparticles. Recently integrating the standard laboratory techniques into integrated system on chip is growing attention. Recent development is to combine magnetic markers and magnetoresistive sensors together in magnetic chip. In this thesis two magnetoresistive sensors were studied and designed.

By applying magnetic fields, magnetic nanoparticles can be manipulated on-chip, which can be utilized to pull the molecules to specific binding sites or to test the binding strength and distinguish between specifically and non-specifically bound molecules

Magnetoresistive sensors are compatible with the semiconductor industry which provides electronic signal directly ...


Modulated Nanopores Using Pulse Anodization On Thin Aluminum, Mahesh Babu Gunukula May 2009

Modulated Nanopores Using Pulse Anodization On Thin Aluminum, Mahesh Babu Gunukula

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide has traditionally been made in one of two ways: "Mild Anodization (MA)" or "Hard Anodization (HA)". The former method produces self-ordered pore structures but it is slow and only works for a narrow range of processing conditions; the latter method, which is widely used in the aluminum industry, is faster but it produces films with disordered pore structures. Here we report a novel approach termed "pulse anodization" that combines the advantages of the MA and HA processes. By designing the pulse sequences it is possible to control both the composition and pore structure of the anodic ...


Spectroscopic Investigation Of Palladium-Copper Bimetallic Systems For Pem Fuel Cell Catalysts, Timo Hofmann Jan 2009

Spectroscopic Investigation Of Palladium-Copper Bimetallic Systems For Pem Fuel Cell Catalysts, Timo Hofmann

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

One of the main barriers to commercialization of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells systems is cost, which is largely due to the need of platinum (Pt)-containing catalysts. In this thesis we investigate bimetallic systems consisting of a base metal (copper) and a noble metal (palladium) that, as an alloy on the nanoscale, mimic the electronic properties that make Pt desirable as a catalyst.

We present a detailed investigation of the electronic structure of carbon-supported Pd/Cu nanoparticle catalysts, model bilayer thin film systems, alloys, and various metal reference samples. We have investigated the valence band structure of the catalysts ...


Metal Induced Crystallization Of Silicon Thin Films, Sandeep Kumar Raju Sangaraju Jan 2009

Metal Induced Crystallization Of Silicon Thin Films, Sandeep Kumar Raju Sangaraju

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Low temperature crystallization of thin film silicon is important for many industrial applications including flat panel displays and silicon thin film solar cells. Unfortunately this remains a major challenge since crystallization temperature of silicon is above 1,000 degrees Celsius, thus limiting to substrates that can tolerate high temperatures. The inability to deposit crystalline thin films on glass substrates is the reason why flat panel display industry uses amorphous silicon for LCD active matrix displays. Thus the ability to deposit crystallized thin film silicon at low temperatures will have significant impact on thin film silicon applications. It has been observed ...