Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

The Surface Termination Of Cspbbr3 Perovskite Quantum Dots Determined By Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy, Yunhua Chen, Sara R. Smock, Anne H. Flintgruber, Frederic A. Perras, Richard L. Brutchey, Aaron J. Rossini Mar 2020

The Surface Termination Of Cspbbr3 Perovskite Quantum Dots Determined By Solid-State Nmr Spectroscopy, Yunhua Chen, Sara R. Smock, Anne H. Flintgruber, Frederic A. Perras, Richard L. Brutchey, Aaron J. Rossini

Chemistry Publications

Cesium lead halide perovskite quantum dots (QDs) have gained significant attention as next-generation optoelectronic materials; however, their properties are highly dependent on their surface chemistry. The surfaces of cuboidal CsPbBr3 QDs have been intensively studied by both theoretical and experimental techniques, but fundamental questions still remain about the atomic termination of the QDs. The binding sites and modes of ligands at the surface remain unproven. Herein, we demonstrate that solid-state NMR spectroscopy allows the unambiguous assignments of organic surface ligands via 1H, 13C, and 31P NMR. Surface-selective 133Cs solid-state NMR spectra show the presence of an additional 133Cs NMR signal ...


Gd5si4-Pvdf Nanocomposite Films And Their Potential For Triboelectric Energy Harvesting Applications, S. M. Harstad, P. Zhao, N. Soin, A. A. El-Gendy, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, J. Luo, Ravi L. Hadimani Mar 2019

Gd5si4-Pvdf Nanocomposite Films And Their Potential For Triboelectric Energy Harvesting Applications, S. M. Harstad, P. Zhao, N. Soin, A. A. El-Gendy, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, J. Luo, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The triboelectric energy generators prepared using the combination of self-polarized, high beta-phase nanocomposite films of Gd5Si4-PVDF and polyamide-6 (PA-6) films have generated significantly higher voltage of 425 V, short-circuit current density of 30 mA/m(2) and a charge density of similar to 116.7 C/m(2) as compared to corresponding values of 300 V, 30 mA/m(2) and 94.7 mu C/m(2), respectively for the pristine PVDF-(PA-6) combination. The magnetic measurements of the Gd5Si4-PVDF films display a ferromagnetic behavior as compared to diamagnetic nature of pristine PVDF. The presence of magnetic nanoparticles in the ...


Gadolinium Silicide (Gd5si4) Nanoparticles For Tuneable Broad Band Microwave Absorption, Pritom J. Bora, S. M. Harstad, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, K. J. Vinoy, Praveen C. Ramamurthy, Ravi L. Hadimani Jan 2019

Gadolinium Silicide (Gd5si4) Nanoparticles For Tuneable Broad Band Microwave Absorption, Pritom J. Bora, S. M. Harstad, Shalabh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, K. J. Vinoy, Praveen C. Ramamurthy, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Soft magnetic Gd5Si4 nanoparticles exhibit excellent microwave absorption in the Ku-band (12.4-18 GHz) when dispersed in poly (dimethyl siloxane), PDMS. The minimum experimentally recorded reflection loss (RL) of Gd5Si4-PDMS nanocomposite is −69 dB, with a large bandwidth for a single 6 mm-thick layer. The bandwidth can be further extended by using a novel design where 1 mm-thick layers of the nanocomposite are arranged into a modified pyramid-shaped absorber. Standard electromagnetic (EM) simulations confirm experimental results.


Sequence‐Selective Recognition Of Peptides In Aqueous Solution: A Supramolecular Approach Through Micellar Imprinting, Yan Zhao Sep 2018

Sequence‐Selective Recognition Of Peptides In Aqueous Solution: A Supramolecular Approach Through Micellar Imprinting, Yan Zhao

Chemistry Publications

Sequence‐selective recognition of peptides in water has been one of the most important and yet unsolved problems in bioorganic and supramolecular chemistry. The motivation comes from not only the importance of these molecules in biology but also the fundamental challenges involved in the research. Molecular imprinting in doubly cross‐linked surfactant micelles offers a unique solution to this problem by creating a “supramolecular code” on the micelle surface that matches the structural features of the peptide chain. Hydrophobic “dimples” are constructed on imprinted micelles that match the hydrophobic side chains of the peptide precisely in size and shape. Polar ...


Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani May 2018

Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Gadolinium silicide (Gd5Si4) nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit different properties compared to their parent bulk materials due to finite size, shape, and surface effects. NPs were prepared by high energy ball-milling of the as-cast Gd5Si4ingot and size separated into eight fractions using time sensitive sedimentation in an applied dc magnetic field with average particle sizes ranging from 700 nm to 82 nm. The largest Gd5Si4 NPs order ferromagnetically at 316 K. A second anomaly observed at 110 K can be ascribed to a Gd5Si3 impurity. As the particle sizes decrease, the volume fraction of Gd5Si3 phase increases at the expense of the ...


Cross‐Linked Micelles With Enzyme‐Like Active Sites For Biomimetic Hydrolysis Of Activated Esters, Lan Hu, Yan Zhao Aug 2017

Cross‐Linked Micelles With Enzyme‐Like Active Sites For Biomimetic Hydrolysis Of Activated Esters, Lan Hu, Yan Zhao

Chemistry Publications

Enzymes have substrate‐tailored active sites with optimized molecular recognition and catalytic features. Although many different platforms have been used by chemists to construct enzyme mimics, it is challenging to tune the structure of their active sites systematically. By molecularly imprinting template molecules within doubly cross‐linked micelles, we created protein‐sized nanoparticles with catalytically functionalized binding sites. These enzyme mimics accelerated the hydrolysis of activated esters thousands of times over the background reaction, whereas the analogous catalytic group (a nucleophilic pyridyl derivative) was completely inactive in bulk solution under the same conditions. The template molecules directly controlled the size ...


Comparative Study Of Magnetic Properties Of Nanoparticles By High-Frequency Heat Dissipation And Conventional Magnetometry, V. Malik, J. Goodwill, Surya K. Mallapragada, Tanya Prozorov, Ruslan Prozorov Nov 2014

Comparative Study Of Magnetic Properties Of Nanoparticles By High-Frequency Heat Dissipation And Conventional Magnetometry, V. Malik, J. Goodwill, Surya K. Mallapragada, Tanya Prozorov, Ruslan Prozorov

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The rate of heating of 15 nm uniformly-sized magnetic aqueous nanoparticles suspension by high-amplitude and high-frequency ac magnetic field induced by the resonating LC circuit was measured. The results are analyzed in terms of specific energy absorption rate (SAR). Fitting field amplitude and frequency dependences of SAR to the linear response theory, magnetic moment per particles was extracted. The value of magnetic moment was independently evaluated from dc magnetization measurements of a frozen colloid by fitting field-dependent magnetization to a Langevin function. The two methods produced similar results, which are compared to the theoretical expectation for this particle size. Additionally ...


Modeling The Interphase Of A Polymer-Based Nanodielectric, Connor S. Daily, Weixing Sun, Michael R. Kessler, Xiaoli Tan, Nicola Bowler Jan 2014

Modeling The Interphase Of A Polymer-Based Nanodielectric, Connor S. Daily, Weixing Sun, Michael R. Kessler, Xiaoli Tan, Nicola Bowler

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

A three-phase theoretical model is proposed that is suitable for describing the effective permittivity of polymer-matrix composites containing spherical nanoparticles. The model accounts for the presence of an interphase region, which surrounds each nanosphere, whose permittivity is allowed to be different from that of the matrix polymer. The nanoparticles themselves are approximated as hard (non-overlapping) spheres, whereas the interphase regions of neighboring nanoparticles are permitted to overlap. The volume fraction of the interphase region is computed by assuming that the nanoparticles are arranged on the nodes of a simple-cubic lattice. The effective permittivity of the composite is subsequently computed via ...


Preparation And Characterization Of Whey Protein Isolate Films Reinforced With Porous Silica Coated Titania Nanoparticles, Dattatreya M. Kadam, Mahendra Thunga, Sheng Wang, Michael R. Kessler, David A. Grewell, Buddhi P. Lamsal, Chenxu Yu Jul 2013

Preparation And Characterization Of Whey Protein Isolate Films Reinforced With Porous Silica Coated Titania Nanoparticles, Dattatreya M. Kadam, Mahendra Thunga, Sheng Wang, Michael R. Kessler, David A. Grewell, Buddhi P. Lamsal, Chenxu Yu

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Whey protein isolate (WPI) films embedded with TiO2@@SiO2 (porous silica (SiO2) coated titania (TiO2)) nanoparticles for improved mechanical properties were prepared by solution casting. A WPI solution of 1.5 wt% TiO2@@SiO2 nanoparticles was subjected to sonication at amplitudes of 0, 16, 80 and 160 μm prior to casting in order to improve the film forming properties of protein and to obtain a uniform distribution of nanoparticles in the WPI films. The physical and mechanical properties of the films were determined by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and tensile testing. Water vapor permeability (WVP) measurements revealed ...


Size-Dependent Magnetic Properties Of High Oxygen Content Ymn2o5±Δ Multiferroic Nanoparticles, C. Ma, J.-Q. Yan, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, Xiaoli Tan Feb 2009

Size-Dependent Magnetic Properties Of High Oxygen Content Ymn2o5±Δ Multiferroic Nanoparticles, C. Ma, J.-Q. Yan, Kevin W. Dennis, R. William Mccallum, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The effect of particle size on magnetic properties in single-crystalline multiferroic YMn2O5.07nanoparticles was investigated. A modified Pechini’s method was employed to synthesize YMn2O5.07powders with different particle sizes under an atmosphere of 10 bar O2. It was found that the multiferroic YMn2O5.07 compound displays a profound size dependence in its magnetic properties when the particles were smaller than 160 nm. With a decrease in particle size, a ferromagnetic-like phase with a broad transition emerges and the transition temperature increases. This ferromagnetic-like phase might be attributed to the surface layer of the nanoparticles and the broad magnetic transition ...