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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Thin Film Cocaine Sensors, Datta Sheregar, Vick Hung, Jenna Walker, Orlando Hoilett, Jacqueline Linnes, Robert Nawrocki Aug 2018

Thin Film Cocaine Sensors, Datta Sheregar, Vick Hung, Jenna Walker, Orlando Hoilett, Jacqueline Linnes, Robert Nawrocki

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Over 7 million Americans suffer from a drug use disorder and up to 60% of individuals treated for addiction will ultimately relapse. We are developing ultra-thin film electrodes on a wearable substrate for a sensor that can detect minute amounts of cocaine in sweat droplets secreted from the skin. This will enable wearable drug monitoring for personalized rehabilitation treatment plans and improve long-term addiction recovery rates. The current research focuses on developing a thin-film sensor that can be applied directly to the skin. First a layer of PVP (poly4-vinylphenol) was prepared and then spun coated onto a piece of glass ...


Predicting And Optimizing Solar Cell Performance With Material/Surface Characteristics, Yiheng Zhu, Allison Perna, Peter Bermel Aug 2018

Predicting And Optimizing Solar Cell Performance With Material/Surface Characteristics, Yiheng Zhu, Allison Perna, Peter Bermel

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Renewable energy sources have begun replacing fossil fuels at the utility scale. In particular, photovoltaics has grown rapidly in recent years. To further improve solar technology in terms of cost and efficiency and promote adoption, researchers often seek material and device level advancements. Photovoltaic simulation tools can be utilized to predict device performance before fabrication and experimentation, streamline research processes, and interpret experimental results. Therefore, we developed ContourPV, which simulates various combinations of values of different device characteristics to optimize and predict photovoltaic performance. ContourPV sweeps the inputted range of values for each chosen device or layer characteristic and obtains ...


Spice Based Compact Model For Electrical Switching Of Antiferromagnet, Xe Jin Chan, Jan Kaiser, Pramey Upadhyaya Aug 2018

Spice Based Compact Model For Electrical Switching Of Antiferromagnet, Xe Jin Chan, Jan Kaiser, Pramey Upadhyaya

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

A simulation framework that can model the behavior of antiferromagnets (AFMs) is essential to building novel high-speed devices. The electrical switching of AFMs allows for high performance memory applications. With new phenomena in spintronics being discovered, there is a need for flexible and expandable models. With that in mind, we developed a model for AFMs which can be used to simulate AFM switching behavior in SPICE. This approach can be modified for adding modules, keeping pace with new developments. The proposed AFM switching model is based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation (LLG). LLG along with an exchange coupling module is implemented ...


Investigation Of Itx Derivative Photoinitiators For Depletion Lithography, Ran Le, Paul Somers, Liang Pan, Xianfan Xu, Teng Chi, Bryan Boudouris Aug 2018

Investigation Of Itx Derivative Photoinitiators For Depletion Lithography, Ran Le, Paul Somers, Liang Pan, Xianfan Xu, Teng Chi, Bryan Boudouris

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Direct laser writing (DLW) with two-photon polymerization (TPP) allows for fabricating 3-dimensional nano-scale polymer structures by focusing an ultrafast laser inside a photoresist system consisting of a monomer and photoinitiator. The photoinitiator is excited by the laser and triggers the polymerization process of the monomer. Stimulated emission depletion (STED), which was designed for resolution enhancement for microscopy, could be applied to this process and inhibit the polymerization with an additional laser for depletion. This STED process can be used to increase the resolution of the 3D printing. However, the photoresist for STED-DLW should contain a photoinitiator that is sensitive to ...