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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Generalizing The Quantum Dot Lab Towards Arbitrary Shapes And Compositions, Matthew A. Bliss, Prasad Sarangapani, James Fonseca, Gerhard Klimeck Aug 2016

Generalizing The Quantum Dot Lab Towards Arbitrary Shapes And Compositions, Matthew A. Bliss, Prasad Sarangapani, James Fonseca, Gerhard Klimeck

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

As applications in nanotechnology reach the scale of countable atoms, computer simulation has become a necessity in the understanding of new devices, such as quantum dots. To understand the various optoelectronic properties of these nanoparticles, the Quantum Dot Lab (QDL) has been created and powered by NEMO5 to simulate on multi-scale, multi-physics bases. QDL is easy to use by offering choices of different QD geometries such as shapes and sizes to the users from a predefined menu. The simplicity of use, however, limits the simulation of general QD shapes and compositions. A method to import generic strained crystalline and amorphous ...


Quantum Dot Lab : Incorporation Of Alloys In The Capping Layer Of Multi-Layer Quantum Dot, Unmesha U. Kale, Prasad Sarangapani, Jim Fonseca, Gerhard Klimeck Aug 2016

Quantum Dot Lab : Incorporation Of Alloys In The Capping Layer Of Multi-Layer Quantum Dot, Unmesha U. Kale, Prasad Sarangapani, Jim Fonseca, Gerhard Klimeck

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Quantum dots have enhanced the performance of several optoelectronic devices. Designing and obtaining optimal quantum dot structures requires intensive simulation. Quantum Dot Lab on nanoHUB provides such a simulation platform. The simulation is fully parallelized and depending on the structure, the tool decides the computational resource which is to be used for the simulation. To obtain accurate predictions of quantum dot structures it is essential to provide a variety of simulation parameters to the user. In this research, a user interface was created where the user can simulate alloys by Random distribution and by Virtual Crystal Approximation(VCA) type distribution ...


Fluence Dependent Surface Modification On Tungsten Coatings Using Low Energy Helium Ion Irradiation At Elevated Temperatures, Cheng Ji, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Valeryi Sizyuk, Ahmed Hassanein Aug 2016

Fluence Dependent Surface Modification On Tungsten Coatings Using Low Energy Helium Ion Irradiation At Elevated Temperatures, Cheng Ji, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Valeryi Sizyuk, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Nuclear fusion is the most promising renewable energy source for the near future. It can provide a large amount of energy using a very small amount of fuel, as compared with that of the coal, oil, or nuclear fission. The chain reaction in nuclear fusion produces the energy and fuel, from hydrogen isotopes available in see water. Tungsten (W) is a leading candidate material for the plasma-facing component (PFC) in nuclear fusion reactors such as ITER (international thermonuclear experimental reactor), because of its high melting point, high yield strength, low erosion and low hydrogen isotope retention. Recent studies showed deeply ...


Assembly Of Nucleic Acid-Based Nanoparticles By Gas-Liquid Segmented Flow Microfluidics, Matthew L. Capek, Ross Verheul, David H. Thompson Aug 2016

Assembly Of Nucleic Acid-Based Nanoparticles By Gas-Liquid Segmented Flow Microfluidics, Matthew L. Capek, Ross Verheul, David H. Thompson

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

The development of novel and efficient mixing methods is important for optimizing the efficiency of many biological and chemical processes. Tuning the physical and performance properties of nucleic acid-based nanoparticles is one such example known to be strongly affected by mixing efficiency. The characteristics of DNA nanoparticles (such as size, polydispersity, ζ-potential, and gel shift) are important to ensure their therapeutic potency, and new methods to optimize these characteristics are of significant importance to achieve the highest efficacy. In the present study, a simple segmented flow microfluidics system has been developed to augment mixing of pDNA/bPEI nanoparticles. This DNA ...


Temperature Dependent Surface Modification Of Tungsten Exposed To High-Flux Low-Energy Helium Ion Irradiation, Antony Q. Damico, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Gennady Miloshevsky, Ahmed Hassanein Aug 2016

Temperature Dependent Surface Modification Of Tungsten Exposed To High-Flux Low-Energy Helium Ion Irradiation, Antony Q. Damico, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Gennady Miloshevsky, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Nuclear fusion is a great potential energy source that can provide a relatively safe and clean limitless supply of energy using hydrogen isotopes as fuel material. ITER (international thermonuclear experimental reactor) is the world first fusion reactor currently being built in France. Tungsten (W) is a prime candidate material as plasma facing component (PFC) due to its excellent mechanical properties, high melting point, and low erosion rate. However, W undergoes a severe surface morphology change when exposed to helium ion (He+) bombardment under fusion conditions. It forms nanoscopic fiber-form structures, i.e., fuzz on the surface. Fuzz is brittle and ...


Development Of Micro-/Nano-Architectures For Intracellular Sensing Platform, Ryan M. Preston, Dae Seung Wie, Chi Hwan Lee Aug 2016

Development Of Micro-/Nano-Architectures For Intracellular Sensing Platform, Ryan M. Preston, Dae Seung Wie, Chi Hwan Lee

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Currently available nanotechnologies are capable of creating various nanostructures in controlled dimensions such as particles (0D), wires (1D), membranes (2D), and cubes (3D) by exploiting “top-down” or “bottom-up” methods. However, there exist limitations to systematically construct hierarchical nanostructures with geometric complexities. This study is focused on developing a novel nanofabrication strategy that can rationally produce a set of hierarchical nanostructures configured with precisely engineered facets, tip shapes, and tectonic motifs. We aim to identify a collection of optimal materials, array layouts, basic components, and nanofabrication techniques for the production of hierarchical nanostructures by exploiting device-grade semiconducting silicon materials. To accomplish ...


Performance Of Tf-Vls Grown Inp Photovoltaic Cells, Junyan Shi, Yubo Sun, Peter Bermel Aug 2016

Performance Of Tf-Vls Grown Inp Photovoltaic Cells, Junyan Shi, Yubo Sun, Peter Bermel

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

A grand challenge of photovoltaics (PV) is to find materials offering a promising combination of low costs and high efficiencies. While III-V material-based PV cells have set many world records, often their cost is much greater than other commercial cells. To help address this gap, thin-film vapor-liquid-solid (TF-VLS) grown Indium Phosphide (InP) PV cells have recently been developed, which both eliminate a key source of high costs and offer a direct bandgap of 1.34eV with potential to approach maximum theoretical efficiencies. However, the unanticipated phenomenon of open circuit voltage (Voc) degradation has prevented TF-VLS grown InP PV cells ...


Dislocation Engineering In Novel Nanowire Structures, Christopher Y. Chow, Samuel T. Reeve, Alejandro Strachan Aug 2016

Dislocation Engineering In Novel Nanowire Structures, Christopher Y. Chow, Samuel T. Reeve, Alejandro Strachan

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Leveraging defects is a cornerstone of materials science, and has become increasingly important from bulk to nanostructured materials. We use molecular dynamics simulations to explore the limits of defect engineering by harnessing individual dislocations in nanoscale metallic specimens and utilizing their intrinsic behavior for application in mechanical dampening. We study arrow-shaped, single crystal copper nanowires designed to trap and control the dynamics of dislocations under uniaxial loading. We characterize how nanowire cross-section and stacking-fault energy of the material affects the ability to trap partial or full dislocations. Cyclic loading simulations show that the periodic motion of the dislocations leads to ...


Modeling Of A Roll-To-Roll Plasma Cvd System For Graphene, Yudong Chen, Majed A. Alrefae, Anurag Kumar, Timothy S. Fisher Aug 2016

Modeling Of A Roll-To-Roll Plasma Cvd System For Graphene, Yudong Chen, Majed A. Alrefae, Anurag Kumar, Timothy S. Fisher

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Graphene is a 2D carbon material that has extraordinary physical properties relevant to many industrial applications such as electronics, oxidation barrier and biosensors. Roll-to-roll plasma chemical vapor deposition (CVD) has been developed to manufacture graphene at large scale. In a plasma CVD chamber, graphene is grown on a copper foil as it passes through a high-temperature plasma region. The temperatures of the gas and the copper foil play important roles in the growth of graphene. Consequently, there is a need to understand the temperature and gas velocity distributions in the system. The heat generated in the plasma creates a thermal ...


Effect Of Particle Concentration And Ac Electric Field Strength On Particle Trapping In Rapid Electrokinetic Patterning (Rep), Sixuan Li, Avanish Mishra, Steve Wereley Aug 2016

Effect Of Particle Concentration And Ac Electric Field Strength On Particle Trapping In Rapid Electrokinetic Patterning (Rep), Sixuan Li, Avanish Mishra, Steve Wereley

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Rapid Electrokinetic Patterning (REP) is an optoelectric technique for trapping and translating micro- and nanoparticles non-invasively. It uses a combination of laser-induced AC electrothermal flow and particle-electrode interactions in the presence of a uniform AC electric field. The trapping is governed by laser power, electric field strength, AC frequency and dielectric properties of the particle and the medium. A REP trap has an AC frequency, termed critical frequency, above which particles cannot be trapped. It is expected to be dependent on dielectric properties of the particle and the medium. However, we propose that the particle concentration and AC field strength ...


Energy Transfer In Cdse Nanoplatelet Superlattices, Kelly Wang, Jordan Snaider, Libai Huang Aug 2016

Energy Transfer In Cdse Nanoplatelet Superlattices, Kelly Wang, Jordan Snaider, Libai Huang

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Two-dimension CdSe semiconductor nanoplatelets (NPLs) exhibit unique, highly desirable optical and electronic properties, such as large absorption crossection and bright emission. Fӧrster resonance energy transfer (FRET) between NPLs is responsible for the utility of these NPLs in fields such as lasing, lighting, solar energy, and sensing. Here we study energy transfer processes in NPL superlattices using photoluminescence (PL) and time resolved PL (TRPL) spectroscopic methods. Information on the effect of thickness of NPL is obtained through correlating PL and TRPL spectra of CdSe superlattices with AFM measurements. PL spectrum showed narrow fluorescence and absorption peaks at room temperature corresponding to ...