Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Metamaterials On Parylene Thin Film Substrates: Design, Fabrication, And Characterization At Terahertz Frequency, Xianliang Liu, Samuel Macnaughton, David Shrekenhamer, Hu Tao, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Atcha Totachawattana, Richard Averitt, Mehmet Dokmeci, Sameer Sonkusale, Willie Padilla Jun 2011

Metamaterials On Parylene Thin Film Substrates: Design, Fabrication, And Characterization At Terahertz Frequency, Xianliang Liu, Samuel Macnaughton, David Shrekenhamer, Hu Tao, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Atcha Totachawattana, Richard Averitt, Mehmet Dokmeci, Sameer Sonkusale, Willie Padilla

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

We design, fabricate, and characterize terahertz (THz) resonant metamaterials on parylene free-standing thin film substrates. Several different metamaterials are investigated and our results show strong electromagnetic responses at THz frequencies ranging from 500 GHz to 2.5 THz. The complex frequency dependent dielectric properties of parylene are determined from inversion of reflection and transmission data, thus indicating that parylene is an ideal low loss substrate or coating material. The biostable and biocompatible properties of parylene coupled with the multifunctional exotic properties of metamaterials indicate great potential for medical purposes such as THz imaging for skin cancer detection.


Parylene-C Passivated Carbon Nanotube Flexible Transistors, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Xinghui Li, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Mehmet R. Dokmeci Jun 2011

Parylene-C Passivated Carbon Nanotube Flexible Transistors, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Xinghui Li, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Carbon nanotubes are extremely sensitive to the molecular species in the environment and hence require a proper passivation technique to isolate them against environmental variations for the realization of reliable nanoelectronic devices. In this paper, we demonstrate a parylene-C passivation approach for CNT thin film transistors fabricated on a flexible substrate. The CNT transistors are encapsulated with 1 and 3 μm thick parylene-C coatings, and the transistor characteristics are investigated before and after passivation. Our findings indicate that thin parylene-C films can be utilized as passivation layers for CNT transistors and this versatile technique can be readily applied for the ...


Direct Measurement Of Graphene Adhesion On Silicon Surface By Intercalation Of Nanoparticles, Zong Zong, Chia-Ling Chen, Mehmet Dokmeci, Kai-Tak Wan Jun 2011

Direct Measurement Of Graphene Adhesion On Silicon Surface By Intercalation Of Nanoparticles, Zong Zong, Chia-Ling Chen, Mehmet Dokmeci, Kai-Tak Wan

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

We report a technique to characterize adhesion of monolayered/multilayered graphene sheets on silicon wafer. Nanoparticles trapped at graphene-silicon interface act as point wedges to support axisymmetric blisters. Local adhesion strength is found by measuring the particle height and blister radius using a scanning electron microscope. Adhesion energy of the typical graphene-silicon interface is measured to be 151±28 mJ/m2. The proposed method and our measurements provide insights in fabrication and reliability of microelectromechanical/nanoelectromechanical systems.


Low-Voltage And Short-Channel Pentacene Field-Effect Transistors With Top-Contact Geometry Using Parylene-C Shadow Masks, Yoonyoung Chung, Boris Murmann, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Mehmet Dokmeci, Zhenan Bao Jun 2011

Low-Voltage And Short-Channel Pentacene Field-Effect Transistors With Top-Contact Geometry Using Parylene-C Shadow Masks, Yoonyoung Chung, Boris Murmann, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Mehmet Dokmeci, Zhenan Bao

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

We have fabricated high-performance top-contact pentacene field-effect transistors using a nanometer-scale gate dielectric and parylene-C shadow masks. The high-capacitance gate dielectric, deposited by atomic layer deposition of aluminum oxide, resulted in a low operating voltage of 2.5 V. The flexible and conformal parylene-C shadow masks allowed fabrication of transistors with channel lengths of L = 5, 10, and 20 μm. The field-effect mobility of the transistors was μ = 1.14 (±0.08) cm²/V s on average, and the IMAX/IMIN ratio was greater than 10⁶.


Mechanical And Electrical Evaluation Of Parylene-C Encapsulated Carbon Nanotube Networks On A Flexible Substrate, Chia-Ling Chen, Ernesto Lopez, Yung-Joon Jung, Sinan Müftü, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Mehmet R. Dokmeci May 2011

Mechanical And Electrical Evaluation Of Parylene-C Encapsulated Carbon Nanotube Networks On A Flexible Substrate, Chia-Ling Chen, Ernesto Lopez, Yung-Joon Jung, Sinan Müftü, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Carbon nanotube networks are an emerging conductive nanomaterial with applications including thin film transistors, interconnects, and sensors. In this letter, we demonstrate the fabrication of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) networks on a flexible polymer substrate and then provide encapsulation utilizing a thin parylene-C layer. The encapsulated SWNT network was subjected to tensile tests while its electrical resistance was monitored. Tests showed a linear-elastic response up to a strain value of 2.8% and nearly linear change in electrical resistance in the 0%–2% strain range. The networks’ electrical resistance was monitored during load-unload tests of up to 100 cycles and ...


Directed Assembly Of Gold Nanoparticle Nanowires And Networks For Nanodevices, Xugang Xiong, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Sivasubramanian Somu, Ming Wei, Joey Mead, Chia-Ling Chen, Juan Aceros, Prashanth Makaram, Mehmet R. Dokmeci May 2011

Directed Assembly Of Gold Nanoparticle Nanowires And Networks For Nanodevices, Xugang Xiong, Ahmed A. Busnaina, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Sivasubramanian Somu, Ming Wei, Joey Mead, Chia-Ling Chen, Juan Aceros, Prashanth Makaram, Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Alternating electric field is used to assemble gold nanoparticle nanowires from liquid suspensions. The effects of electrode geometry and the dielectrophoresis force on the chaining and branching of nanowire formation are investigated. The nanowire assembly processes are modeled using finite element calculations, and the particle trajectories under the combined influence of dielectrophoresis force and viscous drag are simulated. Nanoparticle nanowires with 10 nm resolution are fabricated. The wires can be further oriented along an externally introduced flow. This work provides an approach towards rapid assembly and organization of ultrasmall nanoparticle networks.


Toxicity Of Cdse Nanoparticles In Caco-2 Cell Cultures, Lin Wang, Dattatri Nagesha, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Mehmet Dokmeci, Rebecca Carrier May 2011

Toxicity Of Cdse Nanoparticles In Caco-2 Cell Cultures, Lin Wang, Dattatri Nagesha, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Mehmet Dokmeci, Rebecca Carrier

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

Background
Potential routes of nanomaterial exposure include inhalation, dermal contact, and ingestion. Toxicology of inhalation of ultra-fine particles has been extensively studied; however, risks of nanomaterial exposure via ingestion are currently almost unknown. Using enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells as a small intestine epithelial model, the possible toxicity of CdSe quantum dot (QD) exposure via ingestion was investigated. Effect of simulated gastric fluid treatment on CdSe QD cytotoxicity was also studied.


Results
Commercially available CdSe QDs, which have a ZnS shell and poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) coating, and in-house prepared surfactant coated CdSe QDs were dosed to Caco-2 cells. Cell viability and attachment ...


Nanoengineering Of A Negative-Index Binary-Staircase Lens For The Optics Regime, Bernard Didier F. Casse, Ravinder K. Banyal, W. T. Lu, Y. J. Huang, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Mehmet R. Dokmeci, Srinivas Sridhar May 2011

Nanoengineering Of A Negative-Index Binary-Staircase Lens For The Optics Regime, Bernard Didier F. Casse, Ravinder K. Banyal, W. T. Lu, Y. J. Huang, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Mehmet R. Dokmeci, Srinivas Sridhar

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

We show that a binary-staircase optical element can be engineered to exhibit an effective negative index of refraction, thereby expanding the range of optical properties theoretically available for future optoelectronic devices. The mechanism for achieving a negative-index lens is based on exploiting the periodicity of the surface corrugation. By designing and nanofabricating a planoconcave binary-staircase lens in the InP/InGaAsP platform, we have experimentally demonstrated at 1.55 μm that such negative-index concave lenses can focus plane waves. The beam propagation in the lens was studied experimentally and was in excellent agreement with the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain numerical simulations.


Three Dimensional Controlled Assembly Of Gold Nanoparticles Using A Micromachined Platform, Nishant Khanduja, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Chia-Ling Chen, Mehmet R. Dokmeci, Xugang Xiong, Prashanth Makaram, Ahmed A. Busnaina May 2011

Three Dimensional Controlled Assembly Of Gold Nanoparticles Using A Micromachined Platform, Nishant Khanduja, Selvapraba Selvarasah, Chia-Ling Chen, Mehmet R. Dokmeci, Xugang Xiong, Prashanth Makaram, Ahmed A. Busnaina

Mehmet R. Dokmeci

By using optical lithographic procedures, the authors present a micromachined platform for large scale three dimensional (3D) assembly of gold nanoparticles with diameters of ∼ 50 nm. The gold nanoparticles are formed into 3D low resistance bridges (two terminal resistance of ∼ 40 Ω) interconnecting the two microelectrodes using ac dielectrophoresis. The thickness of the parylene interlevel dielectric can be adjusted to vary the height of the 3D platform for meeting different application requirements. This research represents a step towards realizing high density, three dimensional structures and devices for applications such as nanosensors, vertical integration of nanosystems, and characterization of nanomaterials.