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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

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Acoustofluidic Self-Assembly Of Colloidal Materials For Additive Manufacturing, Meghana Akella Jan 2019

Acoustofluidic Self-Assembly Of Colloidal Materials For Additive Manufacturing, Meghana Akella

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Additive manufacturing techniques like 3D printing are being used extensively to produce custom-designed products in all walks of life- from household items to human organs to space shuttle parts. However, most additive manufacturing platforms use single materials or use extremely complicated processes to print multi-material products. Also, the microstructure of the materials cannot be controlled in many cases. The 3D printing sector is a USD 7 Billion market and is expected to grow at a rate of 25% per annum. At this rate of development, the use of printing multi-material components and creating programmable material structures will be crucial for ...


Effect Of Nanoparticle Additives On The Tribological Behavior Of Oil Under Boundary Lubrication, Yosef Jazaa Jan 2018

Effect Of Nanoparticle Additives On The Tribological Behavior Of Oil Under Boundary Lubrication, Yosef Jazaa

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, three different nanoparticles (CuO, WC, WS2) of comparable nominal diameter, were added to a Polyalphaolefin (PAO) base oil to evaluate tribological response in the boundary lubrication regime. The concentration of particles was fixed at 1% by weight for this study and different surfactants (Oleic acid, polyisobutylene succinimide) and dispersion methods were employed to determine the impact on agglomeration and the observed tribological response. The results showed that of the methods studied, adding 10 % Oleic acid (OA) while sonicating the particles for 30 minutes reduced the agglomeration the most and adding 1% Oleic acid while sonicating the particles ...


Macromolecular Soft Templates For Synthesis And Self-Assembly Of Functional Nanomaterials, Srikanth Nayak Jan 2018

Macromolecular Soft Templates For Synthesis And Self-Assembly Of Functional Nanomaterials, Srikanth Nayak

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nanostructured composite materials made of organic matrices and inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) represent the new paradigm of functional hybrid materials. This dissertation is focused on the synthesis and self-assembly of NPs within organic matrices which act as templates, targeting the formation of use-inspired structures. Particularly, self-assembly of macromolecules such as proteins and polymers, and polymer-functionalized NPs is utilized to create ordered assemblies of NPs. Inspired by the formation of chains of magnetic NPs in a group of bacteria referred to as Magnetotactic bacteria, we used Mms6, a biomineralization protein, as a template towards the formation of self-assembled arrays of magnetic NPs ...


Solution Phase Synthesis And Computational Investigation Of Pnictide Based Nowotny-Juza Phases, Miles Arthur Burris White Jan 2018

Solution Phase Synthesis And Computational Investigation Of Pnictide Based Nowotny-Juza Phases, Miles Arthur Burris White

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Filled tetrahedral semiconductors comprised of elements from group I, II, and V of the periodic table are of interest to the thermoelectric, photovoltaic, and battery fields due to their tunable electronic structures. However, until recently, the synthesis of these materials in a facile and scalable manner had remained elusive. In this thesis, we demonstrate the solution phase synthesis of three members of this class of compounds (LiZnP, LiCdP, and LiZnSb). Furthermore, we explore the presence of polytypism in these compounds and computationally investigate which additional phases would be expected to display polytypism. Finally, we closely investigate the phase space of ...


Intramolecularly Enhanced Receptors With Unusual Binding And Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles As Nanoreactors And Sensors, Xiaoyu Xing Jan 2018

Intramolecularly Enhanced Receptors With Unusual Binding And Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles As Nanoreactors And Sensors, Xiaoyu Xing

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The conformational flexibility of a receptor is usually considered unfavorable to binding, due to the entropy loss upon binding. Inspired by the biological receptor with intra-receptor secondary binding sites which can strengthen guest binding, two series of artificial receptors with similar structures were constructed: pseudo crown ethers with aromatic donor/acceptor groups and aromatic tweezer molecules with carboxylic acids. When the guest binding was weakened by the solvents, i.e., pseudo crown ethers bound with cations in polar solvents and aromatic tweezers bound with counterparts in non-polar solvents, intra-receptor interactions became stronger and contributed to the guest binding. The overall ...


Interface Energy Transport Of Two-Dimensional (2d) Mos2, Pengyu Yuan Jan 2018

Interface Energy Transport Of Two-Dimensional (2d) Mos2, Pengyu Yuan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The bottleneck of most modern technologies and energy solutions has been attributed to the thermal problems at the nanoscale. Especially, the thermal transport across interfaces and in-plane direction can significantly influence the overall performance of 2D nanosystems. So accurate thermal-physical characterization of the 2D materials is very important for both fundamental research and industrial applications.

Focusing on 2D mechanically exfoliated MoS2, at first, we conduct a detailed temperature and laser power dependent micro-Raman spectroscopy study of FL MoS2 (4.2 to 45 nm thick) on c-Si substrate. We measured the interfacial thermal resistance (R) at room temperature decreases with increased ...


Design And Simulation Of A Miniature Cylindrical Mirror Auger Electron Energy Analyzer With Secondary Electron Noise Suppression, Jay A. Bieber Nov 2017

Design And Simulation Of A Miniature Cylindrical Mirror Auger Electron Energy Analyzer With Secondary Electron Noise Suppression, Jay A. Bieber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the nanoscale metrology industry, there is a need for low-cost instruments, which have the ability to probe the structrure and elemental composition of thin films. This dissertation, describes the research performed to design and simulate a miniature Cylindrical Mirror Analyzer, (CMA), and Auger Electron Spectrometer, (AES). The CMA includes an integrated coaxial thermionic electron source. Electron optics simulations were performed using the Finite Element Method, (FEM), software COMSOL. To address the large Secondary Electron, (SE), noise, inherent in AES spectra, this research also included experiments to create structures in materials, which were intended to suppress SE backgound noise in ...


The Relationship Between Total Neuropathy Score-Reduced, Neuropathy Symptoms And Function., Ashraf Abulhaija Nov 2017

The Relationship Between Total Neuropathy Score-Reduced, Neuropathy Symptoms And Function., Ashraf Abulhaija

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (CIPN) is a common problem among cancer patients who receive a wide range of chemotherapy. This problem causes a decline in quality of life and increased disabilities. CIPN assessment instruments are either subjective, objective, or a combination of both. So far, there is no agreement on the best way for assessment. The goal of this study was to explore the relationships among subjective and objective CIPN assessment instruments. Specifically, this study aimed to 1) evaluate the relationship between the Total Neuropathy Score-reduced (mainly objective) and patients’ function, as measured by the interference scale of the Chemotherapy-Induced ...


Two Dimensional Layered Materials And Heterostructures, A Surface Science Investigation And Characterization, Yujing Ma Sep 2017

Two Dimensional Layered Materials And Heterostructures, A Surface Science Investigation And Characterization, Yujing Ma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The isolation of single layers of van der Waals materials has shown that their properties can be significantly different compared to their bulk counterparts. These observations, illustrates the importance of interface interactions for determining the materials properties even in weakly interacting materials and raise the question if materials properties of single layer van der Waals materials can be controlled by appropriate hetero-interfaces. To study interface effects in monolayer systems, surface science techniques, such as photoemission spectroscopy and scanning probe microscopy/spectroscopy, are ideally suited. However, before these characterization methods can be employed, approaches for the synthesis of hetero-van der Waals ...


Bisphosphonate Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles For The Study And Treatment Of Osteoporotic Disease, Christopher Conners Jul 2017

Bisphosphonate Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles For The Study And Treatment Of Osteoporotic Disease, Christopher Conners

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of nanoparticles for disease treatment is an increasingly popular area of research. The potential for multi-functionality allows nanoparticles to be used as transport and delivery vehicles for drugs and as diagnostic aides, among other applications, to address the unmet needs of many disease treatments. One such class of disease is osteoporosis including severe disorders, like Paget’s disease, Osteogenesis Imperfecta and Legg Calve Perthes disease. In this dissertation, we discuss a nanoparticle system consisting of gold nanoparticles surface functionalized with primary amine bisphosphonates, which is a classification of pharmaceuticals that is common in the treatment of osteoporosis. Functionalized ...


Enhanced Visible Light Photocatalytic Remediation Of Organics In Water Using Zinc Oxide And Titanium Oxide Nanostructures, Srikanth Gunti Jun 2017

Enhanced Visible Light Photocatalytic Remediation Of Organics In Water Using Zinc Oxide And Titanium Oxide Nanostructures, Srikanth Gunti

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The techniques mostly used to decontaminate air as well as water pollutants have drawbacks in terms of higher costs, require secondary treatment, and some methods are very slow. So, emphasis has been given to water though the use of photocatalysts, which break organic pollutants to water and carbon dioxide and leave no trace of by-products at the end. Photocatalytic remediation aligns with the waste and wastewater industries’ zero waste schemes with lower cost, eco-friendly and sustainable treatment technology. The commonly used photocatalysts such as titanium oxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), tungsten oxide (WO3) have band gap of nearly ...


Precise Control Over Morphology And Density Of Metal And Transition Metal Nanostructures For Sensing And Energy Related Applications, Minh Hoang Tran Jan 2017

Precise Control Over Morphology And Density Of Metal And Transition Metal Nanostructures For Sensing And Energy Related Applications, Minh Hoang Tran

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Metallic nanostructures are of great interest due to their applicability in various modern technologies, such as catalysis, sensing, and optoelectronics. In this work, we employed three solution-based methods, including colloidal suspension synthesis, modified galvanic displacement, and electrodeposition, to synthesize nanostructured metals and transition metals, including gold (Au), copper (Cu), platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), nickel (Ni), and cobalt (Co). Our focus was to establish process-structure-property relationship and explore their applicability in the field of sensing and clean energy generation. More precisely we established relationships between experimental parameters, such as temperature, applied potential, electrolyte pH, reactant concentration, additive, and the number of ...


Advances In Single Molecule Microscopy: Protein Characterization, Force Analysis And Fluorescence Localization, Chi-Fu Yen Jan 2017

Advances In Single Molecule Microscopy: Protein Characterization, Force Analysis And Fluorescence Localization, Chi-Fu Yen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Recent advances in single molecule techniques have allowed scientists to address biological questions which cannot be resolved by traditional ensemble measurements. In this dissertation, I integrate single molecule and bulk measurements to establish a direct link between copper exposure and neurotoxicity in prion disease. Furthermore, I develop a new analysis method to improve the accuracy of kinetic parameter estimation in single molecule Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) experiments. Finally, I develop a new fluorescence localization microscopy to identify the axial position of a single fluorescent object with sub-nanometer accuracy.

Prion diseases are characterized by the misfolding and oligomerization of prion protein ...


Mems Tunable Infrared Metamaterial And Mechanical Sensors, Qiugu Wang Jan 2017

Mems Tunable Infrared Metamaterial And Mechanical Sensors, Qiugu Wang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sub-wavelength resonant structures open the path for fine controlling the near-field at the nanoscale dimension. They constitute into macroscopic “metamaterials” with macroscale properties such as transmission, reflection, and absorption being tailored to exhibit a particular electromagnetic response. The properties of the resonators are often fixed at the time of fabrication wherein the tunability is demanding to overcome fabrication tolerances and afford fast signal processing. Hybridizing dynamic components such as optically active medium into the device makes tunable devices. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) compatible integrated circuit fabrication process is a promising platform that can be merged with photonics or novel 2D materials ...


Periodically Patterned Structures For Nanoplasmonic And Biomedical Applications, Akshit Peer Jan 2017

Periodically Patterned Structures For Nanoplasmonic And Biomedical Applications, Akshit Peer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Periodically patterned nanostructures have imparted profound impact on diverse scientific disciplines. In physics, chemistry, and materials science, artificially engineered photonic crystals have demonstrated an unprecedented ability to control the propagation of photons through light concentration and diffraction. The field of photonic crystals has led to many technical advances in fabricating periodically patterned nanostructures in dielectric/metallic materials and controlling the light-matter interactions at the nanoscale. In the field of biomaterials, it is of great interest to apply our knowledge base of photonic materials and explore how such periodically patterned structures control diverse biological functions by varying the available surface area ...


Characterization Of The Influence Of External Stimulus On Protein-Nucleic Acid Complex Through Multiscale Computations, Agnivo Gosai Jan 2017

Characterization Of The Influence Of External Stimulus On Protein-Nucleic Acid Complex Through Multiscale Computations, Agnivo Gosai

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The concomitant detection, monitoring and analysis of biomolecules have assumed utmost importance in the field of medical diagnostics as well as in different spheres of biotechnology research such as drug development, environmental hazard detection and biodefense. There is an increased demand for the modulation of the biological response for such detection / sensing schemes which will be facilitated by the sensitive and controllable transmission of external stimuli. Electrostatic actuation for the controlled release/capture of biomolecules through conformational transformations of bioreceptors provides an efficient and feasible mechanism to modulate biological response. In addition, electrostatic actuation mechanism has the advantage of allowing ...


Facile Large Scale Solution Synthesis Of Nanostructured Iron, Nickel And Cobalt Telluride And Possible Applications, Sungbum Hong Jan 2017

Facile Large Scale Solution Synthesis Of Nanostructured Iron, Nickel And Cobalt Telluride And Possible Applications, Sungbum Hong

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transition metal chalcogenides existing in a wide variety of stoichiometries have shown captivating electrical performances. Among them, the earth-abundance and environmental friendliness of iron (Fe), cobalt (Co) and nickel (Ni) chalcogenides have dragged scientists’ attention. Moreover, as state-of-art nanotechnology has impacted on conventional bulk technology in regard to enhancement in performance and discovery of new characteristics, it has been found that nanostructured the Fe, Co and Ni chalcogenides can be exploited for many applications such as superconductor, battery, thermoelectric materials and magnetic material, yet synthesis of these materials has been only accomplished in several milligram scales and normally involved costly ...


Bottom-Up Approach To Fabricate Nanostructured Thin Films From Colloidal Nanocrystal Precursors, Santosh Shaw Jan 2017

Bottom-Up Approach To Fabricate Nanostructured Thin Films From Colloidal Nanocrystal Precursors, Santosh Shaw

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Control over microstructures at the nanoscale (<100nm) still seems challenging due to, among other things, the stochastic nature of nucleation in the bulk phase. The densification of assemblies of ligand-capped nanocrystals (colloidal nanocrystal assemblies, CNAs) could bypass this challenge that limits our control over the nanostructure and, therefore, the properties of materials. However, the removal of the ligands and the cracking that follows it are the two critical hurdles that have been stymieing this approach.

We show that low-pressure plasma processing can effectively remove ligands from CNAs (down to 0.6 at.% of carbon which can be accounted for adventitious carbon) without harming the properties of the inorganic cores of the nanoparticles and the structure of CNAs. The cracking of CNAs is correlated with the structure of the CNAs, which can be controlled and easily predicted by Hansen solubility parameters of solvent in which the nanoparticles are dispersed. While a fully solvated ligand shell leads to the formation of close-packed ordered CNAs – which cracked after self-assembly or ligand removal ...


Thermally Stable Encapsulated Intermetallic And Bimetallic Nanoparticles For Heterogeneous Catalysis, Raghu Maligal Ganesh Jan 2017

Thermally Stable Encapsulated Intermetallic And Bimetallic Nanoparticles For Heterogeneous Catalysis, Raghu Maligal Ganesh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Intermetallic compounds have shown promise as efficient heterogeneous catalysts, displaying improved performance over their monometallic parent metals for chemical transformations. Furthermore, colloidal intermetallic nanoparticles (iNPs) afford additional improvements via increased catalyst surface area and enhanced catalytic performance. However, these iNPs are not efficiently protected against sintering during thermal treatment procedures such as catalyst regeneration, resulting in a loss of their active surface area. Herein, we have successfully developed porous encapsulation strategies using inert silica that afford monodisperse iNPs that address this concern. These iNPs are highly stable thermally and the inert silica-based mesoporous encapsulation doesn't present mass transfer obstacles ...


Confinement Effects And Magnetic Interactions In Magnetic Nanostructures, Kristen Lee Stojak Repa Nov 2016

Confinement Effects And Magnetic Interactions In Magnetic Nanostructures, Kristen Lee Stojak Repa

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Multifunctional nanocomposites are promising for a variety of applications ranging from microwave devices to biomedicine. High demand exists for magnetically tunable nanocomposite materials. My thesis focuses on synthesis and characterization of novel nanomaterials such as polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with magnetic nanoparticle (NP) fillers.

Magnetite (Fe3O4) and cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) NPs with controlled shape, size, and crystallinity were successfully synthesized and used as PNC fillers in a commercial polymer provided by the Rogers Corporation and poly(vinylidene fluoride). Magnetic and microwave experiments were conducted under frequencies of 1-6 GHz in the presence of ...


Novel Magnetic Nanostructures For Enhanced Magnetic Hyperthermia Cancer Therapy, Zohreh Nemati Porshokouh Nov 2016

Novel Magnetic Nanostructures For Enhanced Magnetic Hyperthermia Cancer Therapy, Zohreh Nemati Porshokouh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, I present the results of a systematic study on novel multifunctional nanostructure systems for magnetic hyperthermia applications. All the samples have been synthesized, structurally/magnetically characterized, and tested for magnetic hyperthermia treatment at the Functional Materials Laboratory of the University South Florida. This work includes studies on four different systems: (i) Core/shell Fe/γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles; (ii) Spherical and cubic exchange coupled FeO/Fe3O4 nanoparticles; (iii) Fe3O4 nano-octopods with different sizes; (iv) High aspect ratio FeCo nanowires and Fe3O4 nanorods.

In particular, we demonstrated the ...


Molybdenum Disulfide-Conducting Polymer Composite Structures For Electrochemical Biosensor Applications, Hongxiang Jia Nov 2016

Molybdenum Disulfide-Conducting Polymer Composite Structures For Electrochemical Biosensor Applications, Hongxiang Jia

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Lactic acid is widely existing in human bodies, animals and microorganisms. Recently, using biosensor to detect the concentration of lactic acid and diagnose disease have attracted great research and development interests. Nanocomposites is one of the best material used for biosensor because their wonderful conductivity, optical and electrochemical properties. In the study, MoS2 and polypyrrole (PPY) are used for the composite material electrode. To determine whether lactate oxidase (LOD) was helpful for the biosensor’s detective properties, both PPY-MoS2 film with LOD and PPY-MoS2 film without LOD are being tested. The fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and ...


Electrospinning Of Polymeric Solutions Using Opuntia Ficus-Indica Mucilage And Iron Oxide For Nanofiber Membranes For Treating Arsenic Contaminated Water, Venkatesh Eppili Jun 2016

Electrospinning Of Polymeric Solutions Using Opuntia Ficus-Indica Mucilage And Iron Oxide For Nanofiber Membranes For Treating Arsenic Contaminated Water, Venkatesh Eppili

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Water is the essential part of every organism and it is also a vital constituent of healthy living and diet. Unfortunately water contamination over the past decade has increased dramatically leading to various diseases. As technology advances, we are detecting many pollutants at smaller levels of concentrations. Arsenic (As) is one of those major pollutants, and Arsenic poisoning is a condition caused due to excess levels of arsenic in the body. The main basis for Arsenic poisoning is from ground water which naturally contains high concentrations of arsenic. A case study from 2007 states that over 137 million people in ...


Preparation And Characterization Of Van Der Waals Heterostructures, Horacio Coy Diaz Jun 2016

Preparation And Characterization Of Van Der Waals Heterostructures, Horacio Coy Diaz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation different van der Waals heterostructures such as graphene-MoS2 and MoTe2-MoS2 were prepared and characterized. In the first heterostructure, polycrystalline graphene was synthesized by chemical vapor deposition and transferred on top of MoS2 single crystal. In the second heterostructure, MoTe2 monolayers were deposited on MoS2 by molecular beam epitaxy.

Characterization of graphene-MoS2 heterostructures was conducted by spin and angle resolve spectroscopy which showed that the electronic structure of the bulk MoS2 and graphene in this van der Waals heterostructures is modified. For MoS2 underneath the graphene, a band ...


Al/Ti Nanostructured Multilayers: From Mechanical, Tribological, To Corrosion Properties, Sina Izadi Apr 2016

Al/Ti Nanostructured Multilayers: From Mechanical, Tribological, To Corrosion Properties, Sina Izadi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nanostructured metallic multilayers (NMMs) are well-known for their high strength in smaller bilayer thicknesses. Six Al/Ti (NMM) with different individual layer thickness were tested for their mechanical hardness using a nanoindentation tool. Individual layer thicknesses were chosen carefully to cover the whole confined layer slip (CLS) model. Nano-hardness had a reverse relation with the square root of individual layer thickness and reached a steady state at ~ 5 nm bilayer thickness. Decreasing the layer bilayer thickness from ~ 104 nm to ~ 5 nm, improved the mechanical hardness up to ~ 101%. Residual stresses were measured using grazing incident X-ray diffraction (GIXRD). Effect ...


The Change In Nutritional Status In Traumatic Brain Injury Patients: A Retrospective Descriptive A Retrospective Descriptive Study, Dina A. Masha'al Apr 2016

The Change In Nutritional Status In Traumatic Brain Injury Patients: A Retrospective Descriptive A Retrospective Descriptive Study, Dina A. Masha'al

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is a high prevalence in malnutrition among traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to the hypermetabolism and hypercatabolism which develop post injury. Traumatic brain injury patients are different, even among themselves, in their energy requirements and response to nutritional therapy. This implies that there are other factors that affect the energy intake of these patients and enhance the incidence of malnutrition.

This dissertation study examines the nutritional status of TBI patients upon admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) and during their hospital stay to describe baseline status, detect changes in nutritional status over 7 days, and identify the factors ...


Elastin Like Polypeptides As Drug Delivery Vehicles In Regenerative Medicine Applications, Alex Leonard Mar 2016

Elastin Like Polypeptides As Drug Delivery Vehicles In Regenerative Medicine Applications, Alex Leonard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Elastin like polypeptides (ELPs) are a class of naturally derived biomaterials that are non-immunogenic, genetically encodable, and biocompatible making them ideal for a variety of biomedical applications, ranging from drug delivery to tissue engineering. Also, ELPs undergo temperature-mediated inverse phase transitioning, which allows them to be purified in a relatively simple manner from bacterial expression hosts. Being able to genetically encode ELPs allows for the incorporation of bioactive peptides and functionalization of ELPs. This work utilizes ELPs for regenerative medicine and drug delivery.

The goal of the first study was to synthesize a biologically active epidermal growth factor-ELP (EGF-ELP) fusion ...


Synthesis And Modification Of Ternary And Quaternary Chalcogenide Nanocrystals, Michelle J. Thompson Jan 2016

Synthesis And Modification Of Ternary And Quaternary Chalcogenide Nanocrystals, Michelle J. Thompson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) is a promising quaternary material for solar energy conversion and catalysis, but until recently, synthesis of phase pure, anisotropic CZTS nanocrystals remained a challenge. In this thesis, we demonstrate control over the morphology and composition of CZTS nanorods, controlled doping of CZTS nanorods with several transition metal cations, and we extend the synthetic method to ternary sulfide nanocrystals.

We begin by showing that the initial concentration of cationic precursors has a dramatic effect on the morphology and composition of hexagonal wurtzite CZTS nanorods. Our experiments strongly indicate that Cu(C5H7O2)2 is the most reactive of the ...


Mechanical Behavior Of Nanotwinned Materials-Experimental And Computational Approaches, Hakan Yavas Jan 2016

Mechanical Behavior Of Nanotwinned Materials-Experimental And Computational Approaches, Hakan Yavas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nanotwinned materials exhibit high strength combined with excellent thermal stability, making them potentially attractive for numerous applications. When deposited on cold substrates at high rates, for example, silver films can be prepared with a high-density of growth twins with an average twin boundary spacing of less than 10 nm. These films show a very strong {111} texture, with the twin boundaries being perpendicular to the growth direction. The origins of superior mechanical and thermal properties of nanotwinned materials, however, are not yet fully understood and need further improvements.

The aim of this research is to develop a connected experimental and ...


Development Of An Enzymatic Glucose Biosensor For Applications In Wearable Sweat-Based Sensing, Allison Anne Cargill Jan 2016

Development Of An Enzymatic Glucose Biosensor For Applications In Wearable Sweat-Based Sensing, Allison Anne Cargill

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The recent development and commercial availability of wearable devices like the FITBIT® and Apple Watch® reflect an increasing consumer interest in actively monitoring health parameters. Though wearable devices are beginning to emerge in a variety of fields and applications, there is particular interest in the development of wearable monitors for continuously sensing blood glucose levels. Diabetes currently affects nearly 10% of the American population, a number that is expected to rise in the near future, prompting increased interest in noninvasive methods of monitoring glucose levels. This interest in noninvasive monitoring and the recent advent of continuous monitoring products ...