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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Transcriptome Studies On The Toxicity Of Silica Nanoparticles, Shih-Yi Hsu Jun 2020

Transcriptome Studies On The Toxicity Of Silica Nanoparticles, Shih-Yi Hsu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nanotechnology enables more precise harmony in health condition via reducing the dosage amount, improving the delivery of hydrophobic drugs, more specific targeting to the cancerous sites, and so on. Nevertheless, issues regarding the toxicity of nanotechnology have begun to call for attention several decades later after the innovation of nanotechnology. Tools about risk management of nanotechnology have been developed, but recently not much evidence recognizes the toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) except for some animal studies, which demonstrated organ damage after the exposure to NPs. Toxicogenomic approach refers to the method utilizing gene expression to evaluate the chemical toxicity. Databases as ...


Role Of Thyroid Hormone Modulating Astrocyte Activation, Payal Ghosh Mar 2020

Role Of Thyroid Hormone Modulating Astrocyte Activation, Payal Ghosh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Astrocytes are the specialized cells in the central nervous system (CNS). They play an important role in neuronal homeostasis. When activated, astrocytes may cause neuronal inflammation and degeneration. Thyroid hormones are important in maintaining neuronal development and homeostasis. Astrocytes play a pivotal role in this process. However, the role of levothyroxine (T4) in neuroinflammation is not clear. It is hypothesized that thyroid hormone treatment will reduce the inflammatory activation in astrocytes. Available oral T4 supplementations allow accumulation of T4 in the body and cause toxicity and side effects. It is hypothesized that the encapsulation of T4 in liposomes would reduce ...


To Compare Cyclosporine A Nanoformulations For Their Effectiveness In Reducing Nephrotoxicity, Ilkin Nasirli Jun 2019

To Compare Cyclosporine A Nanoformulations For Their Effectiveness In Reducing Nephrotoxicity, Ilkin Nasirli

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cyclosporine (CsA) is one of the main immune-suppressant agents which has been used widely in organ transplantation against graft rejection. However, the low oral bioavailability and the associated adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity are the main drawbacks of current usage of this drug. Thus, purpose of this research is to formulate PLGA nanoparticles of CsA to improve its effectiveness and to reduce the nephrotoxicity induced by the plain drug. CsA-loaded PLGA nanoparticles were prepared by the nanoprecipitation method. Particle size and zeta potential of the formulation was determined and percent drug entrapment were also determined. Quantitative estimation was carried out ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Molybdenum Disulfide/Conducting Polymer Nanocomposite Materials For Supercapacitor Applications, Turki S. Alamro Apr 2019

Synthesis And Characterization Of Molybdenum Disulfide/Conducting Polymer Nanocomposite Materials For Supercapacitor Applications, Turki S. Alamro

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The needs for energy storage devices have kindled researchers desire to explore and synthesize nanocomposite materials. Storing energy efficiently, effectively and sustainably are the science and engineering communities’ highest priorities to develop electrochemical energy storage devices. Supercapacitors have become power solution not only because supercapacitors can bridge the gap between the traditional capacitors and rechargeable batteries but also because of many other advantages which include extraordinary electrochemical properties, wide working-temperature range, cost effective, safe operation and long/stable cycle life. They have higher current pules than batteries due to the mechanism of charging and discharging. Batteries charging and discharging via ...


Nanoparticle Synthesis For Glucose-Loaded Mesoporous Silica And Sucrose Hydrolysis Strategies For Bioanalyte Detection Applications Using A Personal Glucose Meter, Xiomar Emauel Bustos Perez Mar 2019

Nanoparticle Synthesis For Glucose-Loaded Mesoporous Silica And Sucrose Hydrolysis Strategies For Bioanalyte Detection Applications Using A Personal Glucose Meter, Xiomar Emauel Bustos Perez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Point-of-care (POC) tests are a reliable, portable, easy to use, and more affordable alternative to regular laboratory diagnostic tests. They bypass the necessity of expensive equipment, human labor, and technical expertise. The personal glucose meter (PGM) is a POC device that measures glucose levels in blood. Lately, the PGM have been used as a tool to detect other bioanalytes in different applications. There are two analytes which POC detection would be beneficial for patients: creatinine and tacrolimus. Creatinine is used to calculate glomerular filtration rate, a measurement of kidneys function that can help to diagnose kidney failure, and other nephropathies ...


Axitinib Loaded Plga Nanoparticles For Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Priya P. Narvekar Mar 2019

Axitinib Loaded Plga Nanoparticles For Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Priya P. Narvekar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite of all the research going on for the treatment of ocular diseases, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) remains one of the serious vision threatening disease worldwide. Choroidal neovascularization, a pathophysiological characteristic of wet AMD, is the growth of anomalous blood vessels in the eye choroidal layer. Neovascularization is a key factor in AMD and thus anti-angiogenic therapy is beneficial in reducing the development of new abnormal blood vessels to prevent progression of AMD. Axitinib, multi-receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a small molecule that works by blocking vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR) and platelet derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR) responsible ...


Investigation Of The Photophysical Properties Of Energy-Relevant Inorganic Nanocrystals, Brett Boote Jan 2019

Investigation Of The Photophysical Properties Of Energy-Relevant Inorganic Nanocrystals, Brett Boote

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Environmental concerns over use of fossil fuels to generate power and the finite supply of these resources have driven major efforts for alternative energies. At the same time, the development of nanotechnology has blossomed to propose strategies and materials for renewable and less energy-intensive end-user devices, such as solar cells and LED lighting. Two examples of promising candidates for energy applications are germanium-based nanocrystals and lead halide perovskite nanocrystals.

Germanium-based materials have limited absorption efficiency due to their indirect band gap. To address this, germanium-tin alloy nanocrystals were synthesized to promote direct band gap character. A full characterization demonstrated tin ...


Combination Nanovaccines Against Respiratory Pathogens, Sean Kelly Jan 2019

Combination Nanovaccines Against Respiratory Pathogens, Sean Kelly

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Evidence of mass pandemic plagues dates back to the earliest recorded history, with the Book of Exodus describing plagues inflicted upon Egypt that devastated citizens and livestock. Since then, countless plagues have been recorded, including the Plague of Athens (430-416 BCE), Justinian’s plague (541-542 AD), and the Black Death (1346-1352 AD), which are responsible for the deaths of hundreds of millions of people throughout history.

Among the deadliest pathogens are Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of the plague, and Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax. Y. pestis is responsible for Justinian’s plague and the Black Death and ...


Structure Prediction Of Self-Assembled Nanoparticle Superlattices, Nathan Robert Horst Jan 2019

Structure Prediction Of Self-Assembled Nanoparticle Superlattices, Nathan Robert Horst

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, the self-assembly of nanoparticle superlattices is studied through the development of theoretical models and computational techniques that elucidate the interactions of constituents during the self-assembly process. Specifically, configurational characteristics of various core-shell nanoparticle morphologies are explored with models of increasing complexity, aided by the implementation of molecular dynamics simulations and dynamic lattice theory.


Acoustofluidic Self-Assembly Of Colloidal Materials For Additive Manufacturing, Meghana Akella Jan 2019

Acoustofluidic Self-Assembly Of Colloidal Materials For Additive Manufacturing, Meghana Akella

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Additive manufacturing techniques like 3D printing are being used extensively to produce custom-designed products in all walks of life- from household items to human organs to space shuttle parts. However, most additive manufacturing platforms use single materials or use extremely complicated processes to print multi-material products. Also, the microstructure of the materials cannot be controlled in many cases. The 3D printing sector is a USD 7 Billion market and is expected to grow at a rate of 25% per annum. At this rate of development, the use of printing multi-material components and creating programmable material structures will be crucial for ...


Physical Electronic Properties Of Self-Assembled 2d And 3d Surface Mounted Metal-Organic Frameworks, Radwan Elzein Nov 2018

Physical Electronic Properties Of Self-Assembled 2d And 3d Surface Mounted Metal-Organic Frameworks, Radwan Elzein

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Metal-organic frameworks stand at the frontiers of molecular electronic research because they combine desirable physical properties of organic and inorganic components. They are crystalline porous solids constructed by inorganic nodes coordinated to organic ligands to form 1D, 2D, or 3D structures. They possess unique characteristics such as ultrahigh surface area crystal lattices up to 10000 m2 g-1, and tunable nanoporous sizes ranging from 0.2 to 50 nm. Their unprecedented structural diversity and flexibility beyond solid state materials can lead to unique properties such as tailorable electronic and ionic conductivity which can serve as interesting platforms for a ...


A New Approach To The Development Of An Rsv Anti-Viral Targeted Nanocarrier For Dual Inhibition Of Viral Infection And Replication, Anthony N. Singer Jun 2018

A New Approach To The Development Of An Rsv Anti-Viral Targeted Nanocarrier For Dual Inhibition Of Viral Infection And Replication, Anthony N. Singer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a potentially life-threatening respiratory pathogen that infects approximately 64 million children and immunocompromised adults globally per year. Currently, there is a need for prophylactic and therapeutic approaches effective against primary and secondary RSV infections. This project focuses on the development of a simple, smart, and scalable anti-RSV nanotherapeutic that combines novel cellular antiviral defense mechanisms targeting the inhibition of viral fusion and replication. An ICAM-1 targeted liposomal nanocarrier will be synthesized and coated with a layer of chitosan containing the anti-fusion HR2-D peptide as an extracellular defense mechanism. Additionally, chitosan complexed to dual expressing short ...


Effect Of Nanoparticle Additives On The Tribological Behavior Of Oil Under Boundary Lubrication, Yosef Jazaa Jan 2018

Effect Of Nanoparticle Additives On The Tribological Behavior Of Oil Under Boundary Lubrication, Yosef Jazaa

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, three different nanoparticles (CuO, WC, WS2) of comparable nominal diameter, were added to a Polyalphaolefin (PAO) base oil to evaluate tribological response in the boundary lubrication regime. The concentration of particles was fixed at 1% by weight for this study and different surfactants (Oleic acid, polyisobutylene succinimide) and dispersion methods were employed to determine the impact on agglomeration and the observed tribological response. The results showed that of the methods studied, adding 10 % Oleic acid (OA) while sonicating the particles for 30 minutes reduced the agglomeration the most and adding 1% Oleic acid while sonicating the particles ...


Solution Phase Synthesis And Computational Investigation Of Pnictide Based Nowotny-Juza Phases, Miles Arthur Burris White Jan 2018

Solution Phase Synthesis And Computational Investigation Of Pnictide Based Nowotny-Juza Phases, Miles Arthur Burris White

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Filled tetrahedral semiconductors comprised of elements from group I, II, and V of the periodic table are of interest to the thermoelectric, photovoltaic, and battery fields due to their tunable electronic structures. However, until recently, the synthesis of these materials in a facile and scalable manner had remained elusive. In this thesis, we demonstrate the solution phase synthesis of three members of this class of compounds (LiZnP, LiCdP, and LiZnSb). Furthermore, we explore the presence of polytypism in these compounds and computationally investigate which additional phases would be expected to display polytypism. Finally, we closely investigate the phase space of ...


Toxicological Effects Of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles In Combination With Microbial Components And Inflammatory Mediators On Intestinal Epithelial Cells, Jorrell N. Fredericks Jan 2018

Toxicological Effects Of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles In Combination With Microbial Components And Inflammatory Mediators On Intestinal Epithelial Cells, Jorrell N. Fredericks

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are inflammatory disorders with multi-factorial etiologies and many contributing factors (e.g., genetic disposition, luminal antigen, gut microbiota, and environment) that occur in about 1 in 300 persons in the United States and other western countries, but its etiology is still not well understood. Research has shown that maintenance of epithelial barrier plays an important role in mucosal homeostasis. Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) play a critical role in formation and maintenance of the intestinal epithelial barrier which functions as a protective barrier from microbial components, environmental pollutants, food particles, and other luminal content and xenobiotics. As ...


Macromolecular Soft Templates For Synthesis And Self-Assembly Of Functional Nanomaterials, Srikanth Nayak Jan 2018

Macromolecular Soft Templates For Synthesis And Self-Assembly Of Functional Nanomaterials, Srikanth Nayak

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nanostructured composite materials made of organic matrices and inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) represent the new paradigm of functional hybrid materials. This dissertation is focused on the synthesis and self-assembly of NPs within organic matrices which act as templates, targeting the formation of use-inspired structures. Particularly, self-assembly of macromolecules such as proteins and polymers, and polymer-functionalized NPs is utilized to create ordered assemblies of NPs. Inspired by the formation of chains of magnetic NPs in a group of bacteria referred to as Magnetotactic bacteria, we used Mms6, a biomineralization protein, as a template towards the formation of self-assembled arrays of magnetic NPs ...


Interface Energy Transport Of Two-Dimensional (2d) Mos2, Pengyu Yuan Jan 2018

Interface Energy Transport Of Two-Dimensional (2d) Mos2, Pengyu Yuan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The bottleneck of most modern technologies and energy solutions has been attributed to the thermal problems at the nanoscale. Especially, the thermal transport across interfaces and in-plane direction can significantly influence the overall performance of 2D nanosystems. So accurate thermal-physical characterization of the 2D materials is very important for both fundamental research and industrial applications.

Focusing on 2D mechanically exfoliated MoS2, at first, we conduct a detailed temperature and laser power dependent micro-Raman spectroscopy study of FL MoS2 (4.2 to 45 nm thick) on c-Si substrate. We measured the interfacial thermal resistance (R) at room temperature decreases with increased ...


Intramolecularly Enhanced Receptors With Unusual Binding And Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles As Nanoreactors And Sensors, Xiaoyu Xing Jan 2018

Intramolecularly Enhanced Receptors With Unusual Binding And Molecularly Imprinted Nanoparticles As Nanoreactors And Sensors, Xiaoyu Xing

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The conformational flexibility of a receptor is usually considered unfavorable to binding, due to the entropy loss upon binding. Inspired by the biological receptor with intra-receptor secondary binding sites which can strengthen guest binding, two series of artificial receptors with similar structures were constructed: pseudo crown ethers with aromatic donor/acceptor groups and aromatic tweezer molecules with carboxylic acids. When the guest binding was weakened by the solvents, i.e., pseudo crown ethers bound with cations in polar solvents and aromatic tweezers bound with counterparts in non-polar solvents, intra-receptor interactions became stronger and contributed to the guest binding. The overall ...


Design And Simulation Of A Miniature Cylindrical Mirror Auger Electron Energy Analyzer With Secondary Electron Noise Suppression, Jay A. Bieber Nov 2017

Design And Simulation Of A Miniature Cylindrical Mirror Auger Electron Energy Analyzer With Secondary Electron Noise Suppression, Jay A. Bieber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the nanoscale metrology industry, there is a need for low-cost instruments, which have the ability to probe the structrure and elemental composition of thin films. This dissertation, describes the research performed to design and simulate a miniature Cylindrical Mirror Analyzer, (CMA), and Auger Electron Spectrometer, (AES). The CMA includes an integrated coaxial thermionic electron source. Electron optics simulations were performed using the Finite Element Method, (FEM), software COMSOL. To address the large Secondary Electron, (SE), noise, inherent in AES spectra, this research also included experiments to create structures in materials, which were intended to suppress SE backgound noise in ...


The Relationship Between Total Neuropathy Score-Reduced, Neuropathy Symptoms And Function., Ashraf Abulhaija Nov 2017

The Relationship Between Total Neuropathy Score-Reduced, Neuropathy Symptoms And Function., Ashraf Abulhaija

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (CIPN) is a common problem among cancer patients who receive a wide range of chemotherapy. This problem causes a decline in quality of life and increased disabilities. CIPN assessment instruments are either subjective, objective, or a combination of both. So far, there is no agreement on the best way for assessment. The goal of this study was to explore the relationships among subjective and objective CIPN assessment instruments. Specifically, this study aimed to 1) evaluate the relationship between the Total Neuropathy Score-reduced (mainly objective) and patients’ function, as measured by the interference scale of the Chemotherapy-Induced ...


Two Dimensional Layered Materials And Heterostructures, A Surface Science Investigation And Characterization, Yujing Ma Sep 2017

Two Dimensional Layered Materials And Heterostructures, A Surface Science Investigation And Characterization, Yujing Ma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The isolation of single layers of van der Waals materials has shown that their properties can be significantly different compared to their bulk counterparts. These observations, illustrates the importance of interface interactions for determining the materials properties even in weakly interacting materials and raise the question if materials properties of single layer van der Waals materials can be controlled by appropriate hetero-interfaces. To study interface effects in monolayer systems, surface science techniques, such as photoemission spectroscopy and scanning probe microscopy/spectroscopy, are ideally suited. However, before these characterization methods can be employed, approaches for the synthesis of hetero-van der Waals ...


Bisphosphonate Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles For The Study And Treatment Of Osteoporotic Disease, Christopher Conners Jul 2017

Bisphosphonate Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles For The Study And Treatment Of Osteoporotic Disease, Christopher Conners

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of nanoparticles for disease treatment is an increasingly popular area of research. The potential for multi-functionality allows nanoparticles to be used as transport and delivery vehicles for drugs and as diagnostic aides, among other applications, to address the unmet needs of many disease treatments. One such class of disease is osteoporosis including severe disorders, like Paget’s disease, Osteogenesis Imperfecta and Legg Calve Perthes disease. In this dissertation, we discuss a nanoparticle system consisting of gold nanoparticles surface functionalized with primary amine bisphosphonates, which is a classification of pharmaceuticals that is common in the treatment of osteoporosis. Functionalized ...


Enhanced Visible Light Photocatalytic Remediation Of Organics In Water Using Zinc Oxide And Titanium Oxide Nanostructures, Srikanth Gunti Jun 2017

Enhanced Visible Light Photocatalytic Remediation Of Organics In Water Using Zinc Oxide And Titanium Oxide Nanostructures, Srikanth Gunti

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The techniques mostly used to decontaminate air as well as water pollutants have drawbacks in terms of higher costs, require secondary treatment, and some methods are very slow. So, emphasis has been given to water though the use of photocatalysts, which break organic pollutants to water and carbon dioxide and leave no trace of by-products at the end. Photocatalytic remediation aligns with the waste and wastewater industries’ zero waste schemes with lower cost, eco-friendly and sustainable treatment technology. The commonly used photocatalysts such as titanium oxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), tungsten oxide (WO3) have band gap of nearly ...


Advances In Single Molecule Microscopy: Protein Characterization, Force Analysis And Fluorescence Localization, Chi-Fu Yen Jan 2017

Advances In Single Molecule Microscopy: Protein Characterization, Force Analysis And Fluorescence Localization, Chi-Fu Yen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Recent advances in single molecule techniques have allowed scientists to address biological questions which cannot be resolved by traditional ensemble measurements. In this dissertation, I integrate single molecule and bulk measurements to establish a direct link between copper exposure and neurotoxicity in prion disease. Furthermore, I develop a new analysis method to improve the accuracy of kinetic parameter estimation in single molecule Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) experiments. Finally, I develop a new fluorescence localization microscopy to identify the axial position of a single fluorescent object with sub-nanometer accuracy.

Prion diseases are characterized by the misfolding and oligomerization of prion protein ...


Precise Control Over Morphology And Density Of Metal And Transition Metal Nanostructures For Sensing And Energy Related Applications, Minh Hoang Tran Jan 2017

Precise Control Over Morphology And Density Of Metal And Transition Metal Nanostructures For Sensing And Energy Related Applications, Minh Hoang Tran

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Metallic nanostructures are of great interest due to their applicability in various modern technologies, such as catalysis, sensing, and optoelectronics. In this work, we employed three solution-based methods, including colloidal suspension synthesis, modified galvanic displacement, and electrodeposition, to synthesize nanostructured metals and transition metals, including gold (Au), copper (Cu), platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), nickel (Ni), and cobalt (Co). Our focus was to establish process-structure-property relationship and explore their applicability in the field of sensing and clean energy generation. More precisely we established relationships between experimental parameters, such as temperature, applied potential, electrolyte pH, reactant concentration, additive, and the number of ...


Mems Tunable Infrared Metamaterial And Mechanical Sensors, Qiugu Wang Jan 2017

Mems Tunable Infrared Metamaterial And Mechanical Sensors, Qiugu Wang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sub-wavelength resonant structures open the path for fine controlling the near-field at the nanoscale dimension. They constitute into macroscopic “metamaterials” with macroscale properties such as transmission, reflection, and absorption being tailored to exhibit a particular electromagnetic response. The properties of the resonators are often fixed at the time of fabrication wherein the tunability is demanding to overcome fabrication tolerances and afford fast signal processing. Hybridizing dynamic components such as optically active medium into the device makes tunable devices. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) compatible integrated circuit fabrication process is a promising platform that can be merged with photonics or novel 2D materials ...


Thermally Stable Encapsulated Intermetallic And Bimetallic Nanoparticles For Heterogeneous Catalysis, Raghu Maligal Ganesh Jan 2017

Thermally Stable Encapsulated Intermetallic And Bimetallic Nanoparticles For Heterogeneous Catalysis, Raghu Maligal Ganesh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Intermetallic compounds have shown promise as efficient heterogeneous catalysts, displaying improved performance over their monometallic parent metals for chemical transformations. Furthermore, colloidal intermetallic nanoparticles (iNPs) afford additional improvements via increased catalyst surface area and enhanced catalytic performance. However, these iNPs are not efficiently protected against sintering during thermal treatment procedures such as catalyst regeneration, resulting in a loss of their active surface area. Herein, we have successfully developed porous encapsulation strategies using inert silica that afford monodisperse iNPs that address this concern. These iNPs are highly stable thermally and the inert silica-based mesoporous encapsulation doesn't present mass transfer obstacles ...


Characterization Of The Influence Of External Stimulus On Protein-Nucleic Acid Complex Through Multiscale Computations, Agnivo Gosai Jan 2017

Characterization Of The Influence Of External Stimulus On Protein-Nucleic Acid Complex Through Multiscale Computations, Agnivo Gosai

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The concomitant detection, monitoring and analysis of biomolecules have assumed utmost importance in the field of medical diagnostics as well as in different spheres of biotechnology research such as drug development, environmental hazard detection and biodefense. There is an increased demand for the modulation of the biological response for such detection / sensing schemes which will be facilitated by the sensitive and controllable transmission of external stimuli. Electrostatic actuation for the controlled release/capture of biomolecules through conformational transformations of bioreceptors provides an efficient and feasible mechanism to modulate biological response. In addition, electrostatic actuation mechanism has the advantage of allowing ...


Facile Large Scale Solution Synthesis Of Nanostructured Iron, Nickel And Cobalt Telluride And Possible Applications, Sungbum Hong Jan 2017

Facile Large Scale Solution Synthesis Of Nanostructured Iron, Nickel And Cobalt Telluride And Possible Applications, Sungbum Hong

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transition metal chalcogenides existing in a wide variety of stoichiometries have shown captivating electrical performances. Among them, the earth-abundance and environmental friendliness of iron (Fe), cobalt (Co) and nickel (Ni) chalcogenides have dragged scientists’ attention. Moreover, as state-of-art nanotechnology has impacted on conventional bulk technology in regard to enhancement in performance and discovery of new characteristics, it has been found that nanostructured the Fe, Co and Ni chalcogenides can be exploited for many applications such as superconductor, battery, thermoelectric materials and magnetic material, yet synthesis of these materials has been only accomplished in several milligram scales and normally involved costly ...


Bottom-Up Approach To Fabricate Nanostructured Thin Films From Colloidal Nanocrystal Precursors, Santosh Shaw Jan 2017

Bottom-Up Approach To Fabricate Nanostructured Thin Films From Colloidal Nanocrystal Precursors, Santosh Shaw

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Control over microstructures at the nanoscale (<100nm) still seems challenging due to, among other things, the stochastic nature of nucleation in the bulk phase. The densification of assemblies of ligand-capped nanocrystals (colloidal nanocrystal assemblies, CNAs) could bypass this challenge that limits our control over the nanostructure and, therefore, the properties of materials. However, the removal of the ligands and the cracking that follows it are the two critical hurdles that have been stymieing this approach.

We show that low-pressure plasma processing can effectively remove ligands from CNAs (down to 0.6 at.% of carbon which can be accounted for adventitious carbon) without harming the properties of the inorganic cores of the nanoparticles and the structure of CNAs. The cracking of CNAs is correlated with the structure of the CNAs, which can be controlled and easily predicted by Hansen solubility parameters of solvent in which the nanoparticles are dispersed. While a fully solvated ligand shell leads to the formation of close-packed ordered CNAs – which cracked after self-assembly or ligand removal ...