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Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Cobalt-Doped Ceria/Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite As An Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalyst And Supercapacitor Material, Shaikh Parwaiz, Kousik Bhunia, Ashok Kumar Das, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, Debabrata Pradhan Aug 2017

Cobalt-Doped Ceria/Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite As An Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalyst And Supercapacitor Material, Shaikh Parwaiz, Kousik Bhunia, Ashok Kumar Das, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, Debabrata Pradhan

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

 Design and development of highly active and durable oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst to replace Pt- and Pt-based materials are present challenges in fuel cell research including direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC). The methanol crossover and its subsequent oxidation at the cathode is another unwanted issue that reduces the efficiency of DMFC. Herein we report cobalt-doped ceria (Co-CeO2) as a promising electrocatalyst with competent ORR kinetics mainly through a four-electron reduction pathway, and it surpasses Pt/C by a great margin in terms of stability and methanol tolerance. The Co-CeO2 nanoparticles of diameter 4–7 nm were uniformly ...


Au@Tio2 Nanocomposites For The Catalytic Degradation Of Methyl Orange And Methylene Blue: An Electron Relay Effect, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, J. Lee, M. H. Cho Aug 2014

Au@Tio2 Nanocomposites For The Catalytic Degradation Of Methyl Orange And Methylene Blue: An Electron Relay Effect, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Au@TiO2 nanocomposites were used for the catalytic degradation of methyl orange and methylene blue by NaBH4. A detail pathway for step by step reduction, oxidation and complete mineralization of intermediates into the respective end-products was established by UV-vis spectroscopy, chemical oxygen demand, ion chromatography and cyclic voltammetry (CV). CV studies confirmed that the dyes were reduced and oxidized to the end-products by NaBH4 in the presence of Au@TiO2 nanocomposites and O2•, •OH and HO2• radicals generated in-situ. Results suggest that Au@TiO2 nanocomposites not only assist in the decolorization of dyes, but also promote their complete mineralization into ...


Highly Visible Light Active Ag@Zno Nanocomposites Synthesized By Gel-Combustion Route, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. Lee, M. H. Cho Aug 2014

Highly Visible Light Active Ag@Zno Nanocomposites Synthesized By Gel-Combustion Route, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Highly visible light active 1% and 3% Ag@ZnO nanocomposites were synthesized via a gel combustion route using citric acid as a fuel. The formation of the nanocomposites with enhanced properties was confirmed using a range of characterization techniques, photocatalysis and photoelectrochemical studies. Compared to the pristine ZnO nanoparticles, the Ag@ZnO nanocomposites exhibited enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity for the degradation of methylene blue and photoelectrochemical response. A mechanism was proposed to account for the photocatalytic activities of the Ag@ZnO nanocomposite that showed the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of Ag is an effective way of enhancing the visible ...


Biogenic Fabrication Of Au@Ceo2 Nanocomposite With Enhanced Visible Light Activity, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, M. O. Ansari, B. K. Min, J Lee, M. H. Cho Apr 2014

Biogenic Fabrication Of Au@Ceo2 Nanocomposite With Enhanced Visible Light Activity, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, M. O. Ansari, B. K. Min, J Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

This study reports a biogenic approach to the synthesis of Au@CeO2 nanocomposite using electrochemically active biofilms (EABs) in water under normal pressure and 30 °C. This work presents the results of extensive morphological, structural, optical, visible light photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic studies of Au@CeO2 nanocomposite. The presence of a large number of interfaces between Au nanoparticles and CeO2 for charge transfer is believed to play a key role in enhancing the optical and visible light photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic performance of Au@CeO2 nanocomposite. The enhanced visible light degradation of methyl orange and methylene blue by Au@CeO2 nanocomposite was ...


Ptsa Doped Conducting Graphene/Polyaniline Nanocomposite Fibers: Thermoelectric Behavior And Electrode Analysis, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. O. Ansari, S. A. Ansari, M. I. Amal, J Lee, M. H. Cho Apr 2014

Ptsa Doped Conducting Graphene/Polyaniline Nanocomposite Fibers: Thermoelectric Behavior And Electrode Analysis, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. O. Ansari, S. A. Ansari, M. I. Amal, J Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Highly conducting graphene/polyaniline (GN@Pani) nanocomposite was prepared by the in-situ oxidative polymerization of aniline in the presence of GN and the surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The micellar structure of CTAB assisted both, the formation of GN@Pani tubules and the dispersion of GN. Sheet-like GN was distributed uniformly in the Pani matrix, leading to high electrical conductivity because of the π-π interactions between Pani and GN. Studies of the thermoelectrical behavior using isothermal and cyclic aging techniques showed that GN@Pani possessed a high combination of electrical conductivity and thermal stability, even beyond 150°C. GN@Pani was ...


Mixed Culture Electrochemically Active Biofilms And Their Microscopic And Spectroelectrochemical Studies, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. H. Lee, J. Lee, M. H. Cho Feb 2014

Mixed Culture Electrochemically Active Biofilms And Their Microscopic And Spectroelectrochemical Studies, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. H. Lee, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Mixed culture electrochemically active biofilms (EABs) were developed on carbon paper using a sludge with mixed culture bacteria for microscopic and pectroelectrochemical studies because a naturally mixed culture bacterial strain is more applicable than a pure culture strain. EAB development was confirmed by microbial fuel cells (MFCs) by obtaining a constant increase in potential (∼0.36 V). Microscopic and spectroscopic studies showed that a mixed culture EABs formed on the support. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which are nondestructive voltammetry techniques, indicated that the EABs could be source of electrons and used effectively ...


Highly Photoactive Sno2 Nanostructures Engineered By Electrochemically Active Biofilm, S. A. Ansari, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. O. Ansari, J. Lee, M. H. Cho Feb 2014

Highly Photoactive Sno2 Nanostructures Engineered By Electrochemically Active Biofilm, S. A. Ansari, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. O. Ansari, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

This paper reports the defect-induced band gap narrowing of pure SnO2 nanostructures (p-SnO2) using an electrochemically active biofilm (EAB). The proposed approach is biogenic, simple and green. Systematic characterization of the modified SnO2 nanostructures (m-SnO2) revealed EAB-mediated defects in pure SnO2 nanostructures (p-SnO2). m-SnO2 nanostructures in visible light showed the enhanced photocatalytic degradation of p-nitrophenol and methylene blue compared to p-SnO2 nanostructures. Photoelectrochemical studies, such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and linear scan voltammetry, also revealed a significant increase in the visible light response of m-SnO2 compared to p-SnO2 nanostructures. The enhanced activities of m-SnO2 in visible light was attributed to ...


Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance And Ammonia Sensing Properties Of Sulfonated Polyaniline/Graphene Thin Films,, M. O. Ansari, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. Lee, M. I. Amal, M H. Cho Jan 2014

Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance And Ammonia Sensing Properties Of Sulfonated Polyaniline/Graphene Thin Films,, M. O. Ansari, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. Lee, M. I. Amal, M H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Highly conducting nanocomposite film of polyaniline (Pani) with graphene (GN) was prepared by incorporating GN nanoplatelets in Pani matrix, followed by sulfonating it with fuming sulfuric acid. Sheet-like GN nanoplatelets were distributed uniformly in a Pani matrix, leading to high electrical conductivity due to π-π interaction between sulfonated Pani (s-Pani) and GN. Studies of the thermoelectrical behavior and ammonia-sensing behavior on GN@s-Pani showed high DC electrical conductivity retention under ageing conditions as well as excellent reproducible sensing response towards ammonia vapor in contrast to acid-protonated Pani.


Band Gap Engineered Tio2 Nanoparticles For Visible Light Induced Photoelectrochemical And Photocatalytic Studies, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S A. Ansari, D Pradhan, D H. Han, J Lee, M. H. Cho Dec 2013

Band Gap Engineered Tio2 Nanoparticles For Visible Light Induced Photoelectrochemical And Photocatalytic Studies, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S A. Ansari, D Pradhan, D H. Han, J Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Visible light-active TiO2 (m-TiO2) nanoparticles were obtained by an electron beam treatment of commercial TiO2 (p-TiO2) nanoparticles. The m-TiO2 nanoparticles exhibited a distinct red-shift in the UV-visible absorption spectrum and a much narrower band gap (2.85 eV) due to defects as confirmed by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), photoluminescence (PL), X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and linear scan voltammetry (LSV). The XPS revealed changes in the surface states, composition, Ti4+ to Ti3+ ratio, and oxygen deficiencies in the m-TiO2. The valence band XPS, DRS and PL results ...


Biogenic Synthesis, Photocatalytic, And Photoelectrochemical Performance Of Ag–Zno Nanocomposite, S. A. Ansari, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. O. Ansari, J. Lee, M. H. Cho Dec 2013

Biogenic Synthesis, Photocatalytic, And Photoelectrochemical Performance Of Ag–Zno Nanocomposite, S. A. Ansari, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. O. Ansari, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

The development of coupled photoactive materials (metal/semiconductor) has resulted in significant advancements in heterogeneous visible light photocatalysis. This work reports the novel biogenic synthesis of visible light active Ag–ZnO nanocomposite for photocatalysis and photoelectrode using an electrochemically active biofilm (EAB). The results showed that the EAB functioned as a biogenic reducing tool for the reduction of Ag+, thereby eliminating the need for conventional reducing agents. The as-prepared Ag–ZnO nanocomposite was characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The photocatalytic experiments showed that the Ag–ZnO nanocomposite possessed excellent ...


Optimization Of Gold Nanoparticles Synthesis By Stainless Steel For H2o2 And Glucose Detection, T. H. Han, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, J. Lee, M. H. Cho Sep 2013

Optimization Of Gold Nanoparticles Synthesis By Stainless Steel For H2o2 And Glucose Detection, T. H. Han, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

The synthesis of (+)AuNPs procedure using a stainless-steel mesh was optimized. The optimal synthetic parameters were found to be one piece of stainless-steel mesh (22.5 cm2 in surface area) in 100 mL of a 1 mM precursor, precursor solution pH 4, and reaction temperature of 30°C. Under the optimal conditions, the as-synthesized (+)AuNPs were highly positively charged (+24.2 mV). Therefore, the as-synthesized (+)AuNPs act as a peroxidase mimic and provide a simple, fast, highly sensitive and selective colorimetric method for H2O2 detection with a detection limit of 0.06 mM in the linear range from 0.06 ...


Oxygen Vacancy Induced Band Gap Narrowing Of Zno Nanostructure By Electrochemically Active Biofilm, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, A. A. Ansari, S. Kalathil, A. Nisar, J. Lee, M. H. Cho Jul 2013

Oxygen Vacancy Induced Band Gap Narrowing Of Zno Nanostructure By Electrochemically Active Biofilm, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, A. A. Ansari, S. Kalathil, A. Nisar, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Band gap narrowing is important and advantageous for potential visible light photocatalytic applications involving metal oxide nanostructures. This paper reports simple biogenic approach for the promotion of oxygen vacancies in pure zinc oxide (p-ZnO) nanostructures using an electrochemically active biofilm (EAB), which is different from traditional techniques for narrowing the band gap of nanomaterials. The novel protocol improved the visible photocatalytic activity of modified ZnO (m-ZnO) nanostructures through the promotion of oxygen vacancies, which resulted in band gap narrowing of the ZnO nanostructure (Eg = 3.05 eV) without dopants. X-ray diffraction, UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic ...


Novel Ag@Tio2 Nanocomposite Synthesized By Electrochemically Active Biofilm For Nonenzymatic Hydrogen Peroxide Sensor, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. Lee, M. H. Cho Jul 2013

Novel Ag@Tio2 Nanocomposite Synthesized By Electrochemically Active Biofilm For Nonenzymatic Hydrogen Peroxide Sensor, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. A. Ansari, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

A novel nonenzymatic sensor for H2O2 was developed based on an Ag@TiO2 nanocomposite synthesized using a simple and cost effective approach with an electrochemically active biofilm. The optical, structural, morphological and electrochemical properties of the as-prepared Ag@TiO2 nanocomposite were examined by UV-vis spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The Ag@TiO2 nanocomposite was fabricated on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and their electrochemical performance was analyzed by CV, differential pulse voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The Ag@TiO2 nanocomposite modified GCE (Ag@TiO2/GCE) displayed excellent performance towards H2O2 sensing at −0.73 V ...


Simultaneous Enhancement Of The Methylene Blue Degradation And Power Generation In Microbial Fuel Cell By Gold Nanoparticles, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, T. H. Han, S. Kalathil, J. Lee, M. H. Cho May 2013

Simultaneous Enhancement Of The Methylene Blue Degradation And Power Generation In Microbial Fuel Cell By Gold Nanoparticles, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, T. H. Han, S. Kalathil, J. Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

This study examined the effect of positively charged gold nanoparticles ((+)AuNPs) on the enhancement of methylene blue (MB) degradation in microbial fuel cell (MFC) cathode. The maximum electricity production of 36.56 mW/m2 and complete MB degradation were achieved simultaneously. The MFC performance and MB degradation are strictly dependent on cathodic conditions, such as N2 bubbling, air bubbling and addition of H2O2. MB was reduced rapidly under anaerobic condition, whereas complete oxidative mineralization of MB occurred in the presence of dissolved oxygen (DO) or H2O2. (+)AuNPs enhanced the electricity generation in the MFCs involving MB degradation owing to its ...


Production Of Bioelectricity, Bio-Hydrogen, High Value Chemicals And 3 Bioinspired Nanomaterials By Electrochemically Active Biofilms, S. Kalathil, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. H. Cho, J. Lee May 2013

Production Of Bioelectricity, Bio-Hydrogen, High Value Chemicals And 3 Bioinspired Nanomaterials By Electrochemically Active Biofilms, S. Kalathil, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. H. Cho, J. Lee

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Microorganisms naturally form biofilms on solid surfaces for their mutual benefits including protection from environmental stresses caused by contaminants, nutritional depletion or imbalances. The biofilms are normally dangerous to human health due to their inherited robustness. On the other hand, a recent study suggested that electrochemically active biofilms (EABs) generated by electrically active microorganisms have properties that can be used to catalyze or control the electrochemical reactions in a range of fields, such as bioenergy production, bioremediation, chemical/biological synthesis, bio-corrosion mitigation and biosensor development. EABs have attracted considerable attraction in bioelectrochemical systems (BESs), such as microbial fuel cells and ...


Enhanced Optical, Visible Light Catalytic And Electrochemical Properties Of Au@Tio2 Nanocomposites, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, Sajid A. Ansari Mar 2013

Enhanced Optical, Visible Light Catalytic And Electrochemical Properties Of Au@Tio2 Nanocomposites, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, Sajid A. Ansari

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Au@TiO2 nanocomposites and pure TiO2 were successfully used to know the effect of Au on TiO2 and their comparative optical, visible light catalytic andelectrochemical activities were investigated. Optical parameters such as band gap energy (Eg = 2.4 eV), absorption coefficient (a), refractive index (n) and dielectric constants (s) have been determined using different methods. Visible light (590 nm) catalytic activity of Au@TiO2 nanocomposites was performed for reducing methyl orange (MO) under visible light irradiation. CV, EIS and DPV studies demonstrate that Au@TiO2 nanocomposites exhibit redox behavior, charged its surface by accumulating electrons, store and release the electrons.


Enhanced Performance Of A Microbial Fuel Cell Using Cnt/Mno2 Nanocomposites As A Bioanode Materials, S. Kalathil, A Hoa, J Shim, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, J Lee, M H. Cho Jan 2013

Enhanced Performance Of A Microbial Fuel Cell Using Cnt/Mno2 Nanocomposites As A Bioanode Materials, S. Kalathil, A Hoa, J Shim, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, J Lee, M H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

The anode electrode material is a crucial factor for the overall performance of a microbial fuel cell (MFC). In this study, a plain carbon paper modified with the CNT/MnO 2 nanocomposite was used as the anode for the MFC and a mixed culture inoculum was used as the biocatalyst. The modified anode showed better electrochemical performance than that of plain carbon paper, and Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) analysis showed the high surface area (94.6 m2/g) of the composite. The Mn4+ in the nanocomposite may enhance the electron transfer between the microorganisms and the anode material which facilitates ...


Synthesis Of Gold Nanoparticles Using A Stainless Steel Mesh, Thi Hiep Han, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S Kalathil, J Lee, M H. Cho Dec 2012

Synthesis Of Gold Nanoparticles Using A Stainless Steel Mesh, Thi Hiep Han, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S Kalathil, J Lee, M H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

A novel, rapid, one-pot, and facile approach was developed to synthesize positively charged gold nanoparticles [(+) AuNPs] by employing an aqueous solution of HAuCl4·3H2O as a precursor at 30 °C and a stainless-steel mesh as a reducing agent. The penetration of Cl− ions into the stainless-steel surface results in corrosion on the stainless-steel surface and excretion of electrons which are used for reduction of Au3+ → Au0. As a result, (+) AuNPs 5-20 nm in size, mostly monodispersed, were synthesized within 3 h. The as-synthesized AuNPs were charaterized by UV-vis, DLS, XRD, TEM, HR-TEM, EDX and SAED. The utilization of non-toxic chemicals ...


Positively Charged Gold Nanoparticles Synthesized By Electrochemically Active Biofilm – A Biogenic Approach, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. Kalathil, J. Lee, Moo Hwan Cho Dec 2012

Positively Charged Gold Nanoparticles Synthesized By Electrochemically Active Biofilm – A Biogenic Approach, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, S. Kalathil, J. Lee, Moo Hwan Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Positively charged gold nanoparticles [(+) AuNPs] of 5-20 nm were synthesized by using electrochemically active biofilm (EAB) formed on a stainless steel mesh, within 30 minutes, in aqueous solution containing HAuCl4 as a precursor and sodium acetate as an electron donor. Electrochemically active bacteria present on biofilm oxidize the sodium acetate by producing electrons. Simultaneously, stainless steel also provides electrons because of the Cl− ions penetration into the stainless steel. Combined effect of both the EAB and stainless steel mesh enhances the availability of electrons for the reduction of Au3+ in the solution, which makes this synthesis efficient and fast. Therefore ...


Enhancement In The Photocatalytic Activity Of Au@Tio2 Nanocomposites By Pretreatment Of Tio2 With Uv Light, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. H. Cho Dr Dec 2011

Enhancement In The Photocatalytic Activity Of Au@Tio2 Nanocomposites By Pretreatment Of Tio2 With Uv Light, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. H. Cho Dr

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

A novel, efficient and controlled protocol for the synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of Au@TiO2 nanocomposite is developed. TiO2 (P25) was pretreated by employing UV light (λ = 254 nm) and the pretreated TiO2 was uniformly decorated by gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in presence of sodium citrate and UV light. UV pretreatment makes the TiO2 activated, as electrons were accumulated within the TiO2 in the conduction band. These accumulated electrons facilitate the formation of AuNPs which were of very small size (2-5 nm), similar morphology and uniformly deposited at TiO2 surface. It leads to formation of stable and crystalline Au@TiO2 ...