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Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada Jul 2019

Fabrication Of High-Resolution Graphene-Based Flexible Electronics Via Polymer Casting, Metin Uz, Kyle Jackson, Maxsam S. Donta, Juhyung Jung, Matthew T. Lentner, John A. Hondred, Jonathan C. Claussen, Surya K. Mallapragada

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

In this study, a novel method based on the transfer of graphene patterns from a rigid or flexible substrate onto a polymeric film surface via solvent casting was developed. The method involves the creation of predetermined graphene patterns on the substrate, casting a polymer solution, and directly transferring the graphene patterns from the substrate to the surface of the target polymer film via a peeling-off method. The feature sizes of the graphene patterns on the final film can vary from a few micrometers (as low as 5 µm) to few millimeters range. This process, applied at room temperature, eliminates the ...


Thin Biobased Transparent Uv-Blocking Coating Enabled By Nanoparticle Self-Assembly, Emily Olson, Yifan Li, Fang-Yi Lin, Ana Miller, Fei Liu, Ayuna Tsyrenova, Devin Palm, Greg W. Curtzwiler, Keith L. Vorst, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang Jun 2019

Thin Biobased Transparent Uv-Blocking Coating Enabled By Nanoparticle Self-Assembly, Emily Olson, Yifan Li, Fang-Yi Lin, Ana Miller, Fei Liu, Ayuna Tsyrenova, Devin Palm, Greg W. Curtzwiler, Keith L. Vorst, Eric W. Cochran, Shan Jiang

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

A waterborne, UV-blocking, and visually transparent nanocomposite coating was formulated with ZnO nanoparticles and 2-hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). The coating is highly effective (< 5% UV and ~ 65% visible transmittance) and the film thickness (0.2 – 2.5 μm) is ~100 times thinner than the conventional coatings of similar UV-blocking performance. The superior properties are due to the fractal structures of ZnO nanoparticles assembled within the HEC matrix, revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). Changing the binder to 2-hydroxyethyl starch (HES) diminishes the UV-blocking performance, as ZnO nanoparticles form dense globular aggregates, with an aggregation number measured by SAXS three orders of magnitude larger than the HEC coating. Since HEC and HES share the same same chemical compositionrepeating glucose unit in the polymer backbone, it suggests that the conformational characteristics of the binder polymer have a strong influence on the nanoparticle aggregation, which plays a key role in determining the optical performance. Similar structures were achieved with TiO2 nanoparticles. This study not only offers a cost-effective and readily scalable method to fabricate transparent UV-blocking coating, but also demonstrates that the unique fractal aggregation structures in a nanocomposite material can provide high performance and functionality without fully dispersing the nanoparticles.


Improving The Stability And Monodispersity Of Layered Cesium Lead Iodide Perovskite Thin Films By Tuning Crystallization Dynamics, Atefe Hadi, Bradley J. Ryan, Rainie D. Nelson, Kalyan Santra, Fang-Yi Lin, Eric W. Cochran, Matthew G. Panthani Jun 2019

Improving The Stability And Monodispersity Of Layered Cesium Lead Iodide Perovskite Thin Films By Tuning Crystallization Dynamics, Atefe Hadi, Bradley J. Ryan, Rainie D. Nelson, Kalyan Santra, Fang-Yi Lin, Eric W. Cochran, Matthew G. Panthani

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Assembling halide perovskites into layered structures holds promise for addressing chemical and phase stability challenges; however, several other challenges need to be addressed to create efficient and stable halide perovskite devices. Layered halide perovskites (LHPs) suffer from broad distribution of layer thicknesses and bandgaps within thin films. Reducing polydispersity could substantially improve charge transport within LHP films and the performance of LHP-based solar cells. Herein, we focused on layering α-CsPbI3 ((C4H9NH3)2Csn-1PbnI3n+1) thin films. We found that (C4H9NH3)2Csn-1PbnI3n+1 with nominal layer thicknesses of n = 1, 2, 3, and 4 can be deposited at temperatures as low as ...


Synthesis Of Germanium Nanocrystals From Solid-State Disproportionation Of A Chloride-Derived Germania Glass, Yujie Wang, Utkarsh Ramesh, Charles K. A. Nyamekye, Bradley J. Ryan, Rainie D. Nelson, Abdulla M. Alebri, Umar H. Hamdeh, Atefe Hadi, Emily A. Smith, Matthew G. Panthani Apr 2019

Synthesis Of Germanium Nanocrystals From Solid-State Disproportionation Of A Chloride-Derived Germania Glass, Yujie Wang, Utkarsh Ramesh, Charles K. A. Nyamekye, Bradley J. Ryan, Rainie D. Nelson, Abdulla M. Alebri, Umar H. Hamdeh, Atefe Hadi, Emily A. Smith, Matthew G. Panthani

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Germanium nanocrystals (Ge NCs) have potential to be used in several optoelectronic applications such as photodetectors and light-emitting diodes. Here, we report a solid-state route to synthesizing Ge NCs through thermal disproportionation of a germania (GeOX) glass, which was synthesized by hydrolyzing a GeCl2·dioxane complex. The GeOX glass synthesized in this manner was found to have residual Cl content. The process of nanocrystal nucleation and growth was monitored using powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Compared to existing solid-state routes for synthesizing colloidal Ge NCs, this approach requires fewer steps and is amenable ...


A Data Analytics Approach For Rational Design Of Nanomedicines With Programmable Drug Release, Adam S. Mullis, Scott R. Broderick, Andrea M. Binnebose, Nathan Peroutka-Bigus, Bryan H. Bellaire, Krishna Rajan, Balaji Narasimhan Jan 2019

A Data Analytics Approach For Rational Design Of Nanomedicines With Programmable Drug Release, Adam S. Mullis, Scott R. Broderick, Andrea M. Binnebose, Nathan Peroutka-Bigus, Bryan H. Bellaire, Krishna Rajan, Balaji Narasimhan

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Drug delivery vehicles can improve the functional efficacy of existing antimicrobial therapies by improving biodistribution and targeting. A critical property of such nanomedicine formulations is their ability to control the release kinetics of their payloads. The combination of (and interactions between) polymer, drug, and nanoparticle properties gives rise to nonlinear behavioral relationships and a large data space. These factors complicate both first-principles modeling and screening of nanomedicine formulations. Predictive analytics may offer a more efficient approach toward rational design of nanomedicines by identifying key descriptors and correlating them to nanoparticle release behavior. In this work, antibiotic release kinetics data were ...


Effect Of (Poly)Electrolytes On The Interfacial Assembly Of Peg Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles, Srikanth Nayak, Max Fieg, Wenjie Wang, Wei Bu, Surya Mallapragada, David Vaknin Jan 2019

Effect Of (Poly)Electrolytes On The Interfacial Assembly Of Peg Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles, Srikanth Nayak, Max Fieg, Wenjie Wang, Wei Bu, Surya Mallapragada, David Vaknin

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

We report on the effect of interpolymer complexes (IPCs) of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) with poly(ethylene glycol) functionalized Au nanoparticles (PEG-AuNPs) as they assemble at the vapor-liquid interface, using surface sensitive synchrotron X-ray scattering techniques. Depending on the suspension pH, PAA functions both as a weak polyelectrolyte and a hydrogen bond donor, and these two roles affect the interfacial assembly of PEG-AuNPs differently. Above its isoelectric point, we find that PAA leads to the formation of a PEG-AuNPs monolayer at the interface with hexagonal structure. In the presence of high concentration of HCl (i.e., below the isoelectric point ...


Treatment Of Neurodegenerative Disorders Through The Blood-Brain Barrier Using Nanocarriers, Nitya Poovaiah, Zahra Davoudi, Haisheng Peng, Benjamin Schlichtmann, Surya K. Mallapragada, Balaji Narasimhan, Qun Wang Aug 2018

Treatment Of Neurodegenerative Disorders Through The Blood-Brain Barrier Using Nanocarriers, Nitya Poovaiah, Zahra Davoudi, Haisheng Peng, Benjamin Schlichtmann, Surya K. Mallapragada, Balaji Narasimhan, Qun Wang

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Neurodegenerative diseases refer to disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) that are caused by neuronal degradations, dysfunctions, or death. Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease (APHD) are regarded as the three major neurodegenerative diseases. There is a vast body of literature on the causes and treatments of these neurodegenerative diseases. However, the main obstacle in developing an effective treatment strategy is the permeability of the treatment components to the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Several strategies have been developed to improve this obstruction. For example, nanomaterials facilitate drug delivery to the BBB due to their size. They ...


A Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation Model With Low Reynolds Number Correction For Transitional Swirling Flow In A Multi-Inlet Vortex Nanoprecipitation Reactor, Zhenping Liu, James C. Hill, Rodney O. Fox, Alberto Passalacqua, Michael G. Olsen Aug 2018

A Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation Model With Low Reynolds Number Correction For Transitional Swirling Flow In A Multi-Inlet Vortex Nanoprecipitation Reactor, Zhenping Liu, James C. Hill, Rodney O. Fox, Alberto Passalacqua, Michael G. Olsen

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The objective of the presented work is to verify a delayed detached eddy simulation (DDES) model for simulating transitional swirling flow in a micro-scale multi-inlet vortex reactor (MIVR). The DDES model is a k-w based turbulence model with a low Reynolds number correction applied to the standard k-w model such that the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) component of the DDES model is able to account for low Reynolds number flow. By limiting the dissipation rate in the k-equation, the large-eddy simulation (LES) part of the DDES model behaves similarly to a one-equation sub-grid model. The turbulent Reynolds number is redefined to ...


Interpolymer Complexation As A Strategy For Nanoparticle Assembly And Crystallization, Srikanth Nayak, Nathan Horst, Honghu Zhang, Wenjie Wang, Surya Mallapragada, Alex Travesset, David Vaknin Jan 2018

Interpolymer Complexation As A Strategy For Nanoparticle Assembly And Crystallization, Srikanth Nayak, Nathan Horst, Honghu Zhang, Wenjie Wang, Surya Mallapragada, Alex Travesset, David Vaknin

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Controlled self-assembly of nanoparticles into ordered structures is a major step in fabricating nanotechnology based devices. Here, we report on the self-assembly of high quality superlattices of nanoparticles in aqueous suspensions induced via interpolymer complexation. Using small angle X-ray scattering, we demonstrate that the NPs crystallize into superlattices of FCC symmetry, initially driven by hydrogen bonding and subsequently by van der Waals forces between the complexed coronas of hydrogen-bonded polymers. We show that the lattice constant and crystal quality can be tuned by polymer concentration, suspension pH and the length of polymer chains. Interpolymer complexation to assemble nanoparticles is scalable ...


Ordered Networks Of Gold Nanoparticles Crosslinked By Dithiol‐Oligomers, Srikanth Nayak, Nathan Horst, Honghu Zhang, Wenjie Wang, Surya Mallapragada, Alex Travesset, David Vaknin Jan 2018

Ordered Networks Of Gold Nanoparticles Crosslinked By Dithiol‐Oligomers, Srikanth Nayak, Nathan Horst, Honghu Zhang, Wenjie Wang, Surya Mallapragada, Alex Travesset, David Vaknin

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Controlled aggregation of nanoparticles into superlattices is a grand challenge in material science, where ligand based self‐assembly is the dominant route. Here, the self‐assembly of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) that are crosslinked by water soluble oligo‐(ethylene glycol)‐dithiol (oEG‐dithiol) is reported and their 3D structure by small angle X‐ray scattering is determined. Surprisingly, a narrow region is found in the parameter space of dithiol linker‐length and nanoparticle size for which the crosslinked networks form short‐ranged FCC crystals. Using geometrical considerations and numerical simulations, the stability of the formed lattices is evaluated as a function ...


Interfacial Charge Distributions In Carbon-Supported Palladium Catalysts, Radhika Rao, Raoul Blume, Thomas W. Hansen, Erika Fuentes, Kathleen Dreyer, Simona Moldovan, Ovidiu Ersen, David D. Hibbitts, Yves J. Chabal, Robert Schlögl, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier Aug 2017

Interfacial Charge Distributions In Carbon-Supported Palladium Catalysts, Radhika Rao, Raoul Blume, Thomas W. Hansen, Erika Fuentes, Kathleen Dreyer, Simona Moldovan, Ovidiu Ersen, David D. Hibbitts, Yves J. Chabal, Robert Schlögl, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Controlling the charge transfer between a semiconducting catalyst carrier and the supported transition metal active phase represents an elite strategy for fine turning the electronic structure of the catalytic centers, hence their activity and selectivity. These phenomena have been theoretically and experimentally elucidated for oxide supports but remain poorly understood for carbons due to their complex nanoscale structure. Here, we combine advanced spectroscopy and microscopy on model Pd/C samples to decouple the electronic and surface chemistry effects on catalytic performance. Our investigations reveal trends between the charge distribution at the palladium–carbon interface and the metal’s selectivity for ...


Transparent Ohmic Contacts For Solution-Processed, Ultrathin Cdte Solar Cells, J. Matthew Kurley, Matthew G. Panthani, Ryan W. Crisp, Sanjini U. Nanayakkara, Gregory F. Pach, Matthew O. Reese, Margaret H. Hudson, Dmitriy S. Dolzhnikov, Vadim Tanygin, Joseph M. Luther, Dmitri V. Talapin Jan 2017

Transparent Ohmic Contacts For Solution-Processed, Ultrathin Cdte Solar Cells, J. Matthew Kurley, Matthew G. Panthani, Ryan W. Crisp, Sanjini U. Nanayakkara, Gregory F. Pach, Matthew O. Reese, Margaret H. Hudson, Dmitriy S. Dolzhnikov, Vadim Tanygin, Joseph M. Luther, Dmitri V. Talapin

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Recently, solution-processing became a viable route for depositing CdTe for use in photovoltaics. Ultrathin (∼500 nm) solar cells have been made using colloidal CdTe nanocrystals with efficiencies exceeding 12% power conversion efficiency (PCE) demonstrated by using very simple device stacks. Further progress requires an effective method for extracting charge carriers generated during light harvesting. Here, we explored solution-based methods for creating transparent Ohmic contacts to the solution-deposited CdTe absorber layer and demonstrated molecular and nanocrystal approaches to Ohmic hole-extracting contacts at the ITO/CdTe interface. We used scanning Kelvin probe microscopy to further show how the above approaches improved carrier ...


Identifying Low-Coverage Surface Species On Supported Noble Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts By Dnp-Nmr, Robert L. Johnson, Frederic A. Perras, Takeshi Kobayashi, Thomas J. Schwartz, James A. Dumesic, Brent H. Shanks, Marek Pruski Jan 2016

Identifying Low-Coverage Surface Species On Supported Noble Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts By Dnp-Nmr, Robert L. Johnson, Frederic A. Perras, Takeshi Kobayashi, Thomas J. Schwartz, James A. Dumesic, Brent H. Shanks, Marek Pruski

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

DNP-NMR spectroscopy has been applied to enhance the signal for organic molecules adsorbed on γ-Al2O3-supported Pd nanoparticle catalysts. By offering >2500-fold time savings, the technique enabled the observation of 13C–13C cross-peaks for low coverage species, which were assigned to products from oxidative degradation of methionine adsorbed on the nanoparticle surface.


Characterizing Graphitic Carbon With X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy: A Step-By-Step Approach, Raoul Blume, Dirk Rosenthal, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, Henan Li, Axel Knop-Gericke, Robert Schlögl Sep 2015

Characterizing Graphitic Carbon With X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy: A Step-By-Step Approach, Raoul Blume, Dirk Rosenthal, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, Henan Li, Axel Knop-Gericke, Robert Schlögl

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is a widely used technique for characterizing the chemical and electronic properties of highly ordered carbon nanostructures, such as carbon nanotubes and graphene. However, the analysis of XPS data—in particular the C 1s region—can be complex, impeding a straightforward evaluation of the data. In this work, an overview of extrinsic and intrinsic effects that influence the C 1s XPS spectra—for example, photon broadening or carbon–catalyst interaction—of various graphitic samples is presented. Controlled manipulation of such samples is performed by annealing, sputtering, and oxygen functionalization to identify different C[BOND]C bonding ...


Nanoneuromedicines For Degenerative, Inflammatory, And Infectious Nervous System Diseases, Howard E. Gendelman, Vellareddy Anatharam, Tatiana Bronich, Shivani Ghaisas, Huajun Jin, Anumantha G. Kanthasamy, Xinming Liu, Joellyn Mcmillan, R. Lee Mosley, Balagi Narasimhan, Surya K. Mallapragada Apr 2015

Nanoneuromedicines For Degenerative, Inflammatory, And Infectious Nervous System Diseases, Howard E. Gendelman, Vellareddy Anatharam, Tatiana Bronich, Shivani Ghaisas, Huajun Jin, Anumantha G. Kanthasamy, Xinming Liu, Joellyn Mcmillan, R. Lee Mosley, Balagi Narasimhan, Surya K. Mallapragada

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Interest in nanoneuromedicine has grown rapidly due to the immediate need for improved biomarkers and therapies for psychiatric, developmental, traumatic, inflammatory, infectious and degenerative nervous system disorders. These, in whole or in part, are a significant societal burden due to growth in numbers of affected people and in disease severity. Lost productivity of the patient and his or her caregiver, and the emotional and financial burden cannot be overstated. The need for improved health care, treatment and diagnostics is immediate. A means to such an end is nanotechnology. Indeed, recent developments of health-care enabling nanotechnologies and nanomedicines range from biomarker ...


Polymeric Multifunctional Nanomaterials For Theranostics, Haisheng Peng, Xiaoying Liu, Guangtian Wang, Minghui Li, Kaitlin M. Bratlie, Eric W. Cochran, Qun Wang Jan 2015

Polymeric Multifunctional Nanomaterials For Theranostics, Haisheng Peng, Xiaoying Liu, Guangtian Wang, Minghui Li, Kaitlin M. Bratlie, Eric W. Cochran, Qun Wang

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Nanocarriers provide a platform to integrate therapy and diagnostics, which is an emerging direction in medical practice. Beyond simply therapeutic functionality, theranostic nanomaterials have been designed to deliver multiple components and imaging agents, facilitating simultaneous and synergistic diagnosis and therapies. In this article, polymeric materials with diverse functionalities and properties for manufacturing theranostic nanomaterials are discussed and compared. We focused on recent advancements in polymeric multifunctional nanomaterials for synergistic theranostics. The drugs and imaging agents were encapsulated within and/or conjugated to the surface of the nanocarriers, according to the fabrication process and carrier type. In parallel with therapy, polymeric ...


Gas Sensing Properties And P-Type Response Of Ald Tio2 Coated Carbon Nanotubes, Catherine Marichy, Nicola Donato, Mariangela Latino, Marc Georg Willinger, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, Giovanni Neri, Nicola Pinna Jan 2015

Gas Sensing Properties And P-Type Response Of Ald Tio2 Coated Carbon Nanotubes, Catherine Marichy, Nicola Donato, Mariangela Latino, Marc Georg Willinger, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, Giovanni Neri, Nicola Pinna

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Amorphous titanium dioxide-coated carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were prepared by atomic layer deposition (ALD) and investigated as sensing layers for resistive NO2 and O2 gas sensors. By varying ALD process conditions and CNT structure, heterostructures with different metal oxide grain size, morphology and coating thickness were synthesized. Higher responses were observed with homogeneous and continuous 5.5 nm thick films onto CNTs at an operating temperature of 150 °C, while CNTs decorated with either discontinuous film or TiO2 nanoparticles showed a weak response close to the one of device made of bare CNTs. An unexpected p-type behavior in presence of the ...


Functional Carbons And Carbon Nanohybrids For The Catalytic Conversion Of Biomass To Renewable Chemicals In The Condensed Phase, John Matthiesen, Thomas Hoff, Chi Liu, Charles Pueschel, Radhika Rao, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier Jun 2014

Functional Carbons And Carbon Nanohybrids For The Catalytic Conversion Of Biomass To Renewable Chemicals In The Condensed Phase, John Matthiesen, Thomas Hoff, Chi Liu, Charles Pueschel, Radhika Rao, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The production of chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass provides opportunities to synthesize chemicals with new functionalities and grow a more sustainable chemical industry. However, new challenges emerge as research transitions from petrochemistry to biorenewable chemistry. Compared to petrochemisty, the selective conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates requires most catalytic reactions to take place at low temperatures (< 300 °C) and in the condensed phase to prevent reactants and products from degrading. The stability of heterogeneous catalysts in liquid water above the normal boiling point represents one of the major challenges to overcome. Herein, we review some of the latest advances in the field with an emphasis on the role of carbon materials and carbon nanohybrids in addressing this challenge.


Multiscale Modeling For Host-Guest Chemistry Of Dendrimers In Solution, Seung Ha Kim, Monica H. Lamm Feb 2012

Multiscale Modeling For Host-Guest Chemistry Of Dendrimers In Solution, Seung Ha Kim, Monica H. Lamm

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Dendrimers have been widely used as nanostructured carriers for guest species in a variety of applications in medicine, catalysis, and environmental remediation. Theory and simulation methods are an important complement to experimental approaches that are designed to develop a fundamental understanding about how dendrimers interact with guest molecules. This review focuses on computational studies aimed at providing a better understanding of the relevant physicochemical parameters at play in the binding and release mechanisms between polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers and guest species. We highlight recent contributions that model supramolecular dendrimer-guest complexes over the temporal and spatial scales spanned by simulation methods ranging ...