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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

A Ph-Sensitive Delivery System For The Prevention Of Dental Caries Using Salivary Protein, Yi Zhu, Yizhi Xiao, Elizabeth Gillies, Walter L. Siqueira Jun 2019

A Ph-Sensitive Delivery System For The Prevention Of Dental Caries Using Salivary Protein, Yi Zhu, Yizhi Xiao, Elizabeth Gillies, Walter L. Siqueira

Western Research Forum

Dental caries remains one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. In previous studies, salivary proteins (e.g. histatin 3, statherin) have demonstrated biological functions including the inhibition of crystal growth, antibacterial activities, which are directly related to tooth homeostasis and prevention of dental caries. However, proteins are susceptible to the high proteolytic activities in the oral environment. Therefore, pH-sensitive chitosan nanoparticles (CNs) have been proposed as potential carriers to protect proteins against enzymatic degradation at physiological salivary pH, in addition to swell selectively at lower pH conditions to facilitate the release of the encapsulated proteins, as major oral complications ...


Microwave And Ultrasonic Assisted Synthesis Of Zeolites From Coal Fly Ash In Batch And Circulating Batch Operation, Tahani Hassn Aldahri Apr 2019

Microwave And Ultrasonic Assisted Synthesis Of Zeolites From Coal Fly Ash In Batch And Circulating Batch Operation, Tahani Hassn Aldahri

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This research was focused on the production of zeolites from CFA throughutilizing ultrasound and microwave power. The initial conventional heating process of 6 h prior to microwave irradiation for samples with high solid-to-liquid (S/L) ratio (CFA mass/ NaOH solution volume) led to a higher yield of zeolite and decreased the synthesis time and consumption of energy,while keeping the high quality of the synthesized zeolite intact. The crystal growth of the nuclei generated over 6 h of conventional hydrothermal treatment was enhanced by the post-microwave heating. Ultrasound-assisted zeolitizationCFA was also applied in this research.

When ultrasound energy was applied ...


Electrocatalysts With High Activity And Stability For Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Zhongxin Song Sep 2018

Electrocatalysts With High Activity And Stability For Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Zhongxin Song

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In addressing the activity and durability challenges facing electrocatalysts in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), atomic layer deposition (ALD) is emerging as a powerful technique for deposition of noble metals and transition metal oxides due to its exclusive advantages over other methods. The primary advantages of ALD are derived from the sequential, self-saturating, gas-surface reactions, and angstrom level control that take place during the deposition process. Therefore, ALD possesses the advantage in precisely control the particle size and uniform distribution on the substrate. By forming chemical bonds between the initial layer of ALD precursor and support atoms during the ...


Synthesis And Drop-On-Demand Deposition Of Graphene Derivative Inks For Flexible Thin Film Electronics, Dogan M. Sinar Aug 2018

Synthesis And Drop-On-Demand Deposition Of Graphene Derivative Inks For Flexible Thin Film Electronics, Dogan M. Sinar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation presents methods for deposition and post-processing of Graphene-Carboxymethyl Cellulose (G-CMC) and Graphene Oxide (GO) aqueous functional inks using a custom drop-on-demand (DOD) printer to fabricate mechanically flexible, non-transparent and transparent thin film electronic devices. Thin films on flexible substrates find use in lightweight, low profile, and conformable electronic devices. Such devices can include chemical sensors, flexible RFID tags, bioelectronics circuits, lightweight electronics for space systems, and transparent electrodes for optoelectronic systems. The goal of this research project is to provide simple methods for fabrication of these devices using environmentally friendly and easy to synthesize functional inks. Therefore, two ...


Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed Dec 2017

Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The fast diminishing of fossil fuels in the near future, as well as the global warming caused by increasing greenhouse gases have motivated the urgent quest to develop advanced materials as cost-effective photoanodes for solar light harvesting and many other photocatalytic applications. Recently, titania nanotube arrays (TNTAs) fabricated by anodization process has attracted great interest due to their excellent properties such as: high surface area, vertically oriented, highly organized, one-dimensional, nanotubular structure, photoactivity, chemical stability and biocompatibility. This unique combination of excellent properties makes TNTAs an excellent photoanode for solar light harvesting. However, the relatively wide band gap energy of ...


Development Of Nanomaterials For Lithium-Ion Batteries By Atomic Layer Deposition, Biqiong Wang Oct 2017

Development Of Nanomaterials For Lithium-Ion Batteries By Atomic Layer Deposition, Biqiong Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) have been the dominant candidate in the field of energy storage. The ever-growing demand of high energy and power density, longer battery life, and more assured safety level has geared the development of LIBs towards all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs). The solid-state nature allows more flexibility in battery design and higher area capacity to be obtained within limited space. Moreover, replacing liquid electrolytes with solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) is a most effective approach to achieve safer battery system. In addition, ASSBs hold great promise in the actual fabrication of microbatteries for microelectronics. Therefore, a technique which can synthesize materials ...


Metal Sulfides As Anode For Lithium Ion And Sodium Ion Battery, Ali Abdulla Oct 2017

Metal Sulfides As Anode For Lithium Ion And Sodium Ion Battery, Ali Abdulla

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

Nanomaterials have been studied intensively in the last decades due to their unique physical and chemical properties and their potential for applications in different domains. Among these applications, energy storage has become the center of focus by many research groups and companies to develop high efficiency and reliable energy devices such as the commercial lithium ion batteries (LIBs). However, LIBs has not yet met the growing requirements of the high demand for increasing energy density. More efforts are requested to improve the performance of the batteries by designing better electrode materials and increasing the battery safety. Another type of ...


Development Of High-Performance Carbon And Phosphorus Anode Materials For Sodium-Ion Batteries, Wei Xiao Oct 2017

Development Of High-Performance Carbon And Phosphorus Anode Materials For Sodium-Ion Batteries, Wei Xiao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries, as dominant power sources for prevailing consumer electronics and electric vehicles, have been plagued by limited lithium resources with the soaring prices. Sodium-ion batteries, benefitted from ubiquitous and inexpensive sodium resources without toxicity and pollution, have emerged as promising alternatives for large-scale applications. Considering their kinetic challenges and disadvantageous energy densities, it is urgently necessary to pursue high-performance electrode materials to remedy these intrinsic defects. For anode materials, the primary choices of sodium metal and graphite are correspondingly denied for safety issues and intercalation incapability. Therefore, the objective for this doctoral work is to develop high-performance anode ...


Modelling And Simulation Of The Flexoelectric Effect On A Cantilevered Piezoelectric Nanoplate, Xining Wang Oct 2016

Modelling And Simulation Of The Flexoelectric Effect On A Cantilevered Piezoelectric Nanoplate, Xining Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Piezoelectric nanomaterials have attracted increasing attentions due to their distinct electromechanical features, especially the size-dependent properties, which differ greatly from their bulk counterparts.

Due to the large strain gradients presented in nanostructures, the flexoelectricity is believed to be responsible for such size-dependent properties. In this thesis, based on the Kirchhoff plate model and the extended linear piezoelectric theory, a modified continuum mechanics based model is developed to study the size-dependent flexoelectric effect upon the static bending behaviors of a cantilevered piezoelectric nanoplate (PNP). Finite difference method (DFM) is employed to obtain the approximate numerical solutions.

The numerical results indicate that ...


Development Of Novel Nanomaterials For Lithium Sulfur Batteries, Xia Li Sep 2016

Development Of Novel Nanomaterials For Lithium Sulfur Batteries, Xia Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lithium-sulfur batteries are considered as the most promising next generation high-energy batteries. Compared with other kinds of battery, Li-S batteries have ultra-high theoretical energy density, which is a good candidate for electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles in future. However, there are still many challenges to be addressed in Li-S batteries. Design of electrodes, selection of electrolytes, and battery assemble have direct effects on the safety, cost and electrochemical performance of Li-S batteries. Therefore, it is greatly important to develop novel electrodes to achieve high-energy for Li-S batteries. This thesis mainly focuses on the design of sulfur cathode of Li-S ...


Hydraulic And Electrokinetic Delivery Of Remediants For In-Situ Remediation, Ahmed I. A. Chowdhury Sep 2016

Hydraulic And Electrokinetic Delivery Of Remediants For In-Situ Remediation, Ahmed I. A. Chowdhury

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Nano-scale zero valent iron (nZVI) has shown promising mobility and in-situ reactivity with chlorinated volatile organic compounds when injected into saturated porous media. The current study evaluated nZVI mobility and subsequent reactivity with in-situ contaminants in a variably saturated porous media. The nZVI particles, synthesized onsite at subzero temperatures, demonstrated complete trichloroethene (TCE) degradation within the target area. Furthermore, a three dimensional finite difference model (CompSim) was utilized to investigate nZVI mobility in variably saturated zones. Model predicted well head data were in very good agreement with field observations. Simulation results showed that the injected slurry migrated radially outward from ...


Studies On Nanocomposite Coating Produced By Laser-Assisted Process To Prevent Silicone Hydrogels From Bio-Fouling, Vishnuvardhana Wuppaladhodi Aug 2016

Studies On Nanocomposite Coating Produced By Laser-Assisted Process To Prevent Silicone Hydrogels From Bio-Fouling, Vishnuvardhana Wuppaladhodi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, silver nanoparticles incorporated into polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were deposited on silicone hydrogel to improve the hydrophilicity of the silicone hydrogel and prevent the growth of bacteria. Two different processes were employed to produce Ag nanoparticles: (1) Process-A is a photochemical reduction; (2) Process-B is laser ablation in liquid. Following that, MAPLE process was employed to deposit the Ag-PVP nanocomposites on the surface of silicone hydrogel. A solid-state pulsed laser (Nd:YAG) with a wavelength of 532 nm at a fluence of 50.4 mJ/cm2 was used in the MAPLE system to deposit Ag-PVP nanocomposite coating. Our ...


Electrically Conductive Cotton Textile And Its Applications, Sicong Liu Jun 2016

Electrically Conductive Cotton Textile And Its Applications, Sicong Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Electronic textiles (e-textiles) have been considered as important applications in wearable electronics, which can combine the functionality of smart electronic devices with the comfort and flexibility of stylish clothing. Herein, we have successfully prepared a conductive textile via electroless deposition onto cotton textiles by using a three-step treatment process. The cotton textiles are first dipped in P4VP-SU8 solution to form a uniform layer for the subsequent absorption of silver ions. Then, the cotton textiles are immersed in silver nitrate solution in preparation for the next step electroless deposition. The sheet resistance can be as low as 0.05 Ωsq-1 ...


Kinetics Of Length Scale Dependent Deformation Of Gold Microspheres And Micropillars, A Z M Ariful Islam Apr 2016

Kinetics Of Length Scale Dependent Deformation Of Gold Microspheres And Micropillars, A Z M Ariful Islam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis length and time scale dependence of the operative plastic deformation mechanisms in Au is studied. Uniaxial compression tests were performed at various loading rates on FIB-milled Au micropillars and single-crystalline Au microspheres of diameter ranging from 0.8 to 6.0 µm to investigate the incipient and bulk plasticity events. Constant-load ambient-temperature creep tests were performed on the micropillars to study the time-dependent plasticity at very slow strain rates. Uniaxial compression tests were also performed on coated Au microspheres to study the effect of extrinsic constraint on the deformation mechanisms.

During uniaxial compression, both the Au micropillars ...


Doped Tio2 Nanowires For Applications In Dye Sensitized Solar Cells And Sacrifical Hydrogen Production, Qasem Alsharari Apr 2016

Doped Tio2 Nanowires For Applications In Dye Sensitized Solar Cells And Sacrifical Hydrogen Production, Qasem Alsharari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis explores the synthesis of metal oxide 1-D nanowires using a sol-gel method in supercritical carbon dioxide (sc-CO2), as an environmental friendly enabling solvent. Porous nanowires were synthesized and their performance was tested in dye sensitized solar cell and sacrifical hydrogen production. Titanium isopropoxide (TIP) was used as a precursor for titania synthesis while copper, bismuth and indium were examined as dopants, respectively. The sol-gel reactions were catalyzed by acetic acid in CO2 at a temperature of 60 °C and pressure of 5000 psi. It was observed that acetic acid/monomer ratio > 4 produced nanowires while a ...


Engineered Quantum Dots For Eva Nanocomposite Films And Tio2 Photocatalysts, Md Abdul Mumin Apr 2016

Engineered Quantum Dots For Eva Nanocomposite Films And Tio2 Photocatalysts, Md Abdul Mumin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Light absorbing inorganic nanoparticles in transparent plastics such as poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) are of enormous interest in emerging solar materials, including photovoltaic (PV) modules and commercial greenhouse films. Quantum dots (QDs) have the potential to absorb UV light and selectively emit visible light. However, how to stabilize the QDs for long product life spans without "blinking" while enabling their easy integration into polymer systems is lacking. This work examines different approaches for loading mesoporous silica encapsulated QDs into EVA polymer films which can control plant growth in greenhouses or enhance PV panel efficiencies.

Highly luminescent CdS and CdS-ZnS core-shell ...


Doping Plasmon-Enhanced Tio2 With Zirconia To Improve Solar Energy Harvesting In Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Anastasia Pasche Dec 2015

Doping Plasmon-Enhanced Tio2 With Zirconia To Improve Solar Energy Harvesting In Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Anastasia Pasche

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Solar energy is a promising solution towards meeting the world’s ever-growing energy demand. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are hybrid organic-inorganic solar cells with potential for commercial application, but are plagued by inefficiency due to their poor sunlight absorption. Silver nanoparticles have been shown to enhance the absorptive properties of DSSCs, but their plasmonic resonance causes local hot spots, resulting in cell deterioration. This thesis studies the mitigation of thermal energy loss of plasmon-enhanced DSSCs by the co-incorporation of zirconia, a well-known thermostabilizer, into the cell’s photoactive material. TiO2 was also synthesized using green bio-sourced solvents in supercritical CO2 ...


Nanostructured Carbon Materials For Active And Durable Electrocatalysts And Supports In Fuel Cells, Adam Riese Sep 2015

Nanostructured Carbon Materials For Active And Durable Electrocatalysts And Supports In Fuel Cells, Adam Riese

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Meeting the energy demands of the future will require a breadth of technologies and materials for generating and converting electricity. Increasing activity and reducing costs of electrocatalysts for fuel cells is among the most important challenges for the technology. With advances in nanomaterials there has been increased interest in creating novel catalysts with both high activity and excellent long-term durability. This thesis aims to understand how modification of nanostructured carbons can be used to improve the activity and durability of catalysts and supports for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Using an integrating approach to synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical testing, it ...


Application Of 3d Printing Technology In Porous Anode Fabrication For Enhanced Power Output Of Microbial Fuel Cells, Bin Bian Sep 2015

Application Of 3d Printing Technology In Porous Anode Fabrication For Enhanced Power Output Of Microbial Fuel Cells, Bin Bian

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are widely researched for application in wastewater treatment. However, the current anodes used in MFCs often suffer from high fabrication cost and uncontrollable pore sizes. In this thesis, three-dimensional printing technique was utilized to fabricate anodes with different micro pore sizes for MFCs. Copper coating and carbonization were applied to the printed polymer anodes to increase the conductivity and specific surface area. Voltages of MFCs with various anodes were measured as well as other electrochemical tests such as linear sweep voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. 3D copper porous anode produced higher maximum voltages and power densities ...


Thermal Kinetics Of Ion Irradiation Hardening In Selected Alloys For The Canadian Gen. Iv Nuclear Reactor Concept, Heygaan Rajakumar Aug 2015

Thermal Kinetics Of Ion Irradiation Hardening In Selected Alloys For The Canadian Gen. Iv Nuclear Reactor Concept, Heygaan Rajakumar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Canada is designing supercritical water fission reactors (SCWR) to increase the thermal efficiency of nuclear power generation from ~34% to ~48%. The temperature and pressure of a supercritical water reactor core is very high compared to a CANDU reactor. This thesis examines irradiation hardening and thermal recovery of two candidate alloys, AISI 310 and Inconel 800H, for the Canadian SCWR.

Samples of both alloys are mechanically ground and polished, then irradiated using 8.0 MeV Fe ions. The use of ion irradiation safely and quickly simulates neutron damage. The change in the hardness of the samples is then studied during ...


Field Scale Application Of Nanoscale Zero Valent Iron: Mobility, Contaminant Degradation, And Impact On Microbial Communities, Chris M.D. Kocur Aug 2015

Field Scale Application Of Nanoscale Zero Valent Iron: Mobility, Contaminant Degradation, And Impact On Microbial Communities, Chris M.D. Kocur

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis began by verifying that nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) synthesis methods could be scaled up and implemented at the field scale in a safe manner. This led to successful demonstration of nZVI injection and mobility under constant head gravity injection into a contaminated utility corridor in Sarnia, Ontario. Where field studies have fallen short in the past was linking the somewhat qualitative field geochemical parameters to other evidence of nZVI transport. Definitive nZVI detection was elusive in previous field studies due to the highly reactive nature of the particles caused by their high surface area. nZVI was detected ...


Studies Of Periodic And Quasiperiodic Gold Nanohole Arrays And Their Applications, Zhaoliang Yang May 2015

Studies Of Periodic And Quasiperiodic Gold Nanohole Arrays And Their Applications, Zhaoliang Yang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Wavelength to refractive index sensitivity and resonance wavelength position are two very important performance characteristics for nanohole array based surface plasmon resonance sensors while these characteristics are mostly researched on periodic nanohole arrays, instead of quasiperiodic nanohole arrays. This thesis deduces theoretical equations about the wavelength to refractive index sensitivity and resonance wavelength position of quasiperiodic nanohole arrays. Theoretical analysis shows that wavelength to refractive index sensitivity is not associated with geometry pattern, hole size or pitch but with the wavelength. A novel surface plasmon resonance platform is built by transferring gold films patterned with quasiperiodic nanohole arrays to the ...


Thermal Convection Of Non-Fourier Fluids, Rahim Mohammadhasani Khorasany Sep 2014

Thermal Convection Of Non-Fourier Fluids, Rahim Mohammadhasani Khorasany

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The natural convection of non-Fourier fluids of the dual-phase-lagging (DPL) type is examined. These fluids possess a relaxation time and a retardation time, reflecting the delay in the response of the heat flux and the temperature gradient with respect to one another. DPL fluids span a wide range of applications, including low-temperature liquids, fluids subjected to fast heat transfer processes, and nanofluids (NFs), for which both the relaxation and retardation times are expressed in terms of nanoparticle concentration and solution properties. Both stationary and oscillatory convection become equally probable as the relaxation time increases. A nonlinear spectral approach is also ...


Size-Dependent Electroelastic Properties Of Piezoelectric Nanoplates, Zhengrong Zhang Aug 2014

Size-Dependent Electroelastic Properties Of Piezoelectric Nanoplates, Zhengrong Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With the development of nanotechnology, piezoelectric nanostructures have attracted a surge of interests in research communities for the potential applications as transistors, sensors, actuators, resonators and energy harvesters in nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) due to their high electromechanical coupling and unique features at the nano-scale. Piezoelectric nanomaterials have been characterized to possess size-dependent electromechanical coupling properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. Therefore it is of great importance to investigate the physical mechanisms of these distinct nano-scale structure features in order to fulfill the design and application of those piezoelectricity-based nanodevices.

Due to large surface to volume ratio and manifest strain ...


Surfactant Assisted Dispersion Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes In Polyvinylpyrrolidone Solutions, Tennison Yu Aug 2014

Surfactant Assisted Dispersion Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes In Polyvinylpyrrolidone Solutions, Tennison Yu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Obtaining stable aqueous dispersions is one of the main challenges hindering a widespread and effective use of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) in many applications. Although it has been recognized that their versatility makes them an extremely attractive material, the unique molecular structure that gives SWNTs their unmatched electronic, mechanical, and thermal properties is also responsible for strong van der Waals interactions. This, combined with extremely high aspect ratios and flexibility, causes SWNTs to adhere strongly into tightly bundled ropes. In these bundles, SWNTs are not as useful as their linearized unbundled equivalents. Thus, in order to take advantage of their ...


Plasmonic Optical Sensors: Performance Analysis And Engineering Towards Biosensing, Peipei Jia Jun 2014

Plasmonic Optical Sensors: Performance Analysis And Engineering Towards Biosensing, Peipei Jia

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensing for quantitative analysis of chemical reactions and biological interactions has become one of the most promising applications of plasmonics. This thesis focuses on performance analysis for plasmonic sensors and implementation of plamonic optical sensors with novel nanofabrication techniques.

A universal performance analysis model is established for general two-dimensional plasmonic sensors. This model is based on the fundamental facts of surface plasmon theory. The sensitivity only depends on excitation light wavelength as well as dielectric properties of metal and dielectrics. The expression involves no structure-specified parameters, which validates this formula in broad cases of periodic, quasiperiodic ...


Oriented Collagen And Applications Of Waveguide Evanescent Field Scattering (Wefs) Microscopy, Qamrun Nahar Apr 2014

Oriented Collagen And Applications Of Waveguide Evanescent Field Scattering (Wefs) Microscopy, Qamrun Nahar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, Waveguide Evanescent Field Scattering (WEFS) microscopy is developed as a non-invasive, label-free live cell imaging technique. This new high-contrast imaging can be employed to study the first hundred nanometers from the surface as it utilizes the evanescent field of a waveguide as the illumination source. Previously, waveguide evanescent field fluorescence (WEFF) microscopy was developed as a fluorescence imaging technique comparable to the total internal reflection fluorescent (TIRF) microscopy. Both the WEFF and WEFS technique utilizes the same fundamental concepts except in WEFS microscopy imaging is accomplished without the application of any fluorescent labeling. In this work, bacterial ...


Nanostructured Tin-Based Anodes For Lithium Ion Batteries With X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Studies, Dongniu Wang Sep 2013

Nanostructured Tin-Based Anodes For Lithium Ion Batteries With X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Studies, Dongniu Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The practical applications of lithium ion batteries are highly dependent on the choice of electrodes, where boosting the materials innovations to design and achieve high capacity, excellent cycling performance, rate capability, low-cost and safe electrode materials provide the best solution. Based on this, tin-based anodes have gained great attention due to its high theoretical capacity, low cost and nontoxic nature to environment. Nevertheless, it undergoes significant volume variation(259%)during the operation of the battery, leading to pulverization and significant capacity fade. Thus, the practical application of tin-based anodes is still quite challenging. This thesis tackles issues related to tin-based ...


Development Of Nanostructured Limpo4 (M=Fe, Mn) As Cathodes For High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries, Jinli Yang Sep 2013

Development Of Nanostructured Limpo4 (M=Fe, Mn) As Cathodes For High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries, Jinli Yang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Olivine LiFePO4 has garnered the most interest because of its environmental benignity, high safety and theoretical capacity. However, the major limitation for LiFePO4 is the intrinsically poor electronic conductivity and ionic conductivity. The sluggish kinetics for LiFePO4 could be overcome by reducing the size, coating with conductive carbon, or doping with isovalent ions. The decrease of the size to nanoscale could shorten the diffusion time of Li ions in LiFePO4 during intercalation/deintercalation process, but the nano-size active material usually accompanies with low tap density. Carbon coating and carbon addition could alleviate the poor electronic conductivity ...


Development Of Advanced Nanomaterials For Potential Lithium-Ion Battery Application, Jian Liu Aug 2013

Development Of Advanced Nanomaterials For Potential Lithium-Ion Battery Application, Jian Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are promising energy storage media under serious consideration for practical applications in electric vehicle (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). However, to meet the requirements for EVs and HEVs, the performance of commercially available LIBs needs to be greatly improved in terms of the energy density, cycling life, rate capability, safety and cost. It is well known that the LIB performance is highly dependent on the choice of electrode materials. Therefore, it is greatly important to develop new electrode materials as replacements for graphite/LiCoO2 used in commercial LIBs, in order to achieve high-performance LIBs desirable ...