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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Understanding Photovoltaic Properties Of Pbs Quantum Dot Solids Via Solution Contacting, Vitalii Dereviankin, Erik Johansson May 2017

Understanding Photovoltaic Properties Of Pbs Quantum Dot Solids Via Solution Contacting, Vitalii Dereviankin, Erik Johansson

Student Research Symposium

Photovoltaic (PV) devices based on PbS quantum dot (QD) solids demonstrate high photontoelectron conversion yields. However, record power conversion efficiency remain low, in part due to small photovoltages, which in turn are affected by both bulk and interfacial defects. Their relative impacts on limiting the photovoltaic performance of QD solids are not known. Interfacial defects can be formed when contacting a semiconductor and may dominate the semiconductor/metal or metaloxide junction properties. The objective of this study is to explore whether electrochemical contacting using liquid electrolytes provides means of contacting QD solids without introducing interfacial defects. We have initially focused ...


One-Dimensional Nanostructure And Sensing Applications: Tin Dioxide Nanowires And Carbon Nanotubes, Hoang Anh Tran Feb 2016

One-Dimensional Nanostructure And Sensing Applications: Tin Dioxide Nanowires And Carbon Nanotubes, Hoang Anh Tran

Dissertations and Theses

The key challenge for a nanomaterial based sensor is how to synthesize in bulk quantity and fabricate an actual device with insightful understanding of operational mechanisms during performance. I report here effective, controllable methods that exploit the concepts of the "green approach" to synthesize two different one-dimensional nanostructures, including tin oxide nanowires and carbon nanotubes. The syntheses are followed by product characterization and sensing device fabrications as well as sensor performance understanding at the molecular level. Sensor-analyte response and recovery kinetics are also presented.

The first part of the thesis describes bulk-scale synthesis and characterization of tin oxide nanowires by ...


Zno Nanosheet Arrays Constructed On Weaved Titanium Wire For Cds-Sensitized Solar Cells, Cuncun Wu, Lin Wei, Yitan Li, Chang Liu, Jun Jiao, Yanxue Chen, Liangmo Mei Mar 2014

Zno Nanosheet Arrays Constructed On Weaved Titanium Wire For Cds-Sensitized Solar Cells, Cuncun Wu, Lin Wei, Yitan Li, Chang Liu, Jun Jiao, Yanxue Chen, Liangmo Mei

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Ordered ZnO nanosheet arrays were grown on weaved titanium wires by a low-temperature hydrothermal method. CdS nanoparticles were deposited onto the ZnO nanosheet arrays using the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method to make a photoanode. Nanoparticle-sensitized solar cells were assembled using these CdS/ZnO nanostructured photoanodes, and their photovoltaic performance was studied systematically. The best light-to-electricity conversion efficiency was obtained to be 2.17% under 100 mW/cm/cm2 illumination, and a remarkable shortcircuit photocurrent density of approximately 20.1 mA/cm2 was recorded, which could attribute to the relatively direct pathways for transportation of electrons ...


Cds Quantum Dot-Sensitized Solar Cells Based On Nano-Branched Tio2 Arrays, Chang Liu, Yitan Li, Lin Wei, Cuncun Wu, Yanxue Chen, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao Mar 2014

Cds Quantum Dot-Sensitized Solar Cells Based On Nano-Branched Tio2 Arrays, Chang Liu, Yitan Li, Lin Wei, Cuncun Wu, Yanxue Chen, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Nano-branched rutile TiO2 nanorod arrays were grown on F:SnO2 conductive glass (FTO) by a facile, two-step wet chemical synthesis process at low temperature. The length of the nanobranches was tailored by controlling the growth time, after which CdS quantum dots were deposited on the nano-branched TiO2 arrays using the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method to make a photoanode for quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSCs). The photovoltaic properties of the CdS-sensitized nano-branched TiO2 solar cells were studied systematically. A short-circuit current intensity of approximately 7 mA/cm2 and a light-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 0.95% were recorded for ...